Search results for 'Cross-cultural studies' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Carola Sandbacka (1987). Understanding Other Cultures: Studies in the Philosophical Problems of Cross-Cultural Interpretation. Distributed by Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.score: 441.0
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  2. Antonio Sánchez-Bayón (2013). History, Historiology and Historiography of U.S. Cross-Cultural Studies. Cinta de Moebio 48:147-157.score: 360.0
    This article explains the History (past reality), the Historiology (the theories and methods to study the past), and the Historiography (the academic literature) about Cross-Cultural Studies in the U.S.A., from traditional and native subjects (i.e. American Studies), until the current version. It pays attention to religion, as a relevant factor in the evolution of U.S. culture and its model of social relations. En este artículo se explica la Historia (la realidad pasada), la Historiología (las teorías y métodos (...)
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  3. Ali Ansari (2001). The Greening of Engineers: A Cross-Cultural Experience. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):105-115.score: 348.0
    Experience with a group of mechanical engineering seniors at the University of Colorado led to an informal experiment with engineering students in India. An attempt was made to qualitatively gauge the students’ ability to appreciate a worldview different from the standard engineering worldview—that of a mechanical universe. Qualitative differences between organic and mechanical systems were used as a point of discussion. Both groups were found to exhibit distinct thought and behavior patterns which provide important clues for sensitizing engineers to environmental (...)
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  4. Cecilia Essau (1992). Primary-Secondary Control and Coping: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. S. Roderer Verlag.score: 306.0
     
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  5. Marco Gemignani & Ezequiel Peña (2007). Postmodern Conceptualizations of Culture in Social Constructionism and Cultural Studies. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (2-1):276-300.score: 300.0
  6. Gael McDonald (2000). Cross-Cultural Methodological Issues in Ethical Research. Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):89 - 104.score: 297.0
    Despite the fundamental and administrative difficulties associated with cross-cultural research the rewards are significant and, given an increasing trend toward globalisation, the move away from singular location studies to more comparative research is to be encouraged. In order to facilitate this research process it is imperative, however, that considerable attention is given to the methodological issues that can beset cross-cultural research, specifically as these issues relate to the primary domain or discipline of investigation, which in this instance (...)
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  7. Yameng Liu (1999). Justifying My Position in Your Terms: Cross-Cultural Argumentation in a Globalized World. [REVIEW] Argumentation 13 (3):297-315.score: 297.0
    A ‘community of minds’ has long been presumed to be a condition of possibility for genuine argumentative interactions. In part because of this disciplinary presupposition, argumentation scholars tend to exclude from their scope of inquiry conflict resolution among culturally heterogeneous and ideologically incompatible formations. Such a stance needs to be reexamined in view of recent developments in the on-going process of globalization. The unprecedented worldwide economic and financial integration has created for the first time a ‘generalized interest’ across national and (...)
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  8. Elizabeth Cashdan & Matthew Steele (2013). Pathogen Prevalence, Group Bias, and Collectivism in the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample. Human Nature 24 (1):59-75.score: 297.0
    It has been argued that people in areas with high pathogen loads will be more likely to avoid outsiders, to be biased in favor of in-groups, and to hold collectivist and conformist values. Cross-national studies have supported these predictions. In this paper we provide new pathogen codes for the 186 cultures of the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample and use them, together with existing pathogen and ethnographic data, to try to replicate these cross-national findings. In support of the theory, we (...)
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  9. Michael J. Gift, Paul Gift & QinQin Zheng (2013). Cross-Cultural Perceptions of Business Ethics: Evidence From the United States and China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (4):633-642.score: 297.0
    A number of empirical studies have examined business ethics across cultures, focusing primarily on differences in ethical profiles between cultures and groups. When managers consider whether or not to develop a business relationship with those from a different culture, their decision may be affected by actual differences in ethical profiles, but potentially even more so by their perceptions of ethicality in the counterpart culture. The latter issue has been largely ignored in extant empirical research regarding cross-cultural ethical profiles. (...)
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  10. Max Miller (1987). Culture and Collective Argumentation. Argumentation 1 (2):127-154.score: 279.0
    What are the mechanisms underlying the reproduction and change of collective beliefs? The paper suggests that a productive and promising approach for dealing with this question can be found in ontogenetic and cross-cultural studies on ‘collective argumentations and belief systems’; this is illustrated with regard to moral beliefs: After a short discussion of the rationality/relativity issue in cultural anthropology some basic elements of a conceptual framework for the empirical study of collective argumentations are outlined. A few empirical case (...)
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  11. Eli Franco & Karin Preisendanz (eds.) (2007). Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.score: 279.0
    The ground plan for the present volume is unique in Indological studies.
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  12. Yoonjung Choi & Minsik Choi (2012). Korean Social Studies Preservice Teachers' Cross-Cultural Learning and Global Perspective Development. Journal of Social Studies Research 36 (1):75-104.score: 270.0
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  13. Daniel W. Sellen & Diana B. Smay (2001). Relationship Between Subsistence and Age at Weaning in “Preindustrial” Societies. Human Nature 12 (1):47-87.score: 270.0
    Cross-cultural studies have revealed broad quantitative associations between subsistence practice and demographic parameters for preindustrial populations. One explanation is that variationin the availability of suitable weaning foods influenced the frequency and duration of breastfeeding and thus the length of interbirth intervals and the probability of child survival (the “weaning food availability” hypothesis). We examine the available data on weaning age variation in preindustrial populations and report results of a cross-cultural test of the predictions that weaning occurred earlier (...)
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  14. Yohtaro Takano (1989). Methodological Problems in Cross-Cultural Studies of Linguistic Relativity. Cognition 31 (2):141-162.score: 270.0
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  15. Stantley Coren (1989). Cross-Cultural Studies of Visual Illusions: The Physiological Confound. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):76.score: 270.0
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  16. Reilly J. (2009). Cross-Cultural Studies of Williams Syndrome. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 270.0
  17. Peter Donovan (1995). Thomas Dean (Ed.). Religious Pluralism and Truth: Essays on Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion (SUNY Series in Religious Studies). Pp. 282. (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1995.) $19.95 Hb. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 31 (4):544.score: 270.0
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  18. T. R. F. (1972). Comparative Judicial Behavior. Cross-Cultural Studies of Political Decision-Making in East and West. Review of Metaphysics 25 (4):767-768.score: 270.0
  19. Cf E. Franco & K. Preisendanz (2006). To the Profound Regret of Indologists, Philosophers and Scholars of Religion and Cross-Cultural Studies, Our Esteemed Colleague Wilhelm Halbfass Passed Away on May 25, 2000, After Suf-Fering a Severe Stroke. He Passed Away Peacefully the Next Day. Halbfass' Premature Death, Shortly After His Sixtieth Birthday, has Bereaved Indologists and Philosophers of a Major and Unique Voice, and of an Irreplaceable Authoritative Presence. In an Obituary John Taber Said. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 2000:426.score: 270.0
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  20. Aliakbar Jafari (2009). Misconceptions of Culture in Cross-Cultural Business and Management Studies. International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 3 (4):349.score: 261.0
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  21. Malin Tillmar (2012). 10 Cross-Cultural Comparative Case Studies: A Means of Uncovering Dimensions of Trust. In Fergus Lyon, Guido Möllering & Mark Saunders (eds.), Handbook of Research Methods on Trust. Edward Elgar Pub.. 102.score: 261.0
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  22. Susan Bordo & Giovanna Borradori (1994). Altarriba, J.(Ed.), Cognition and Culture: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Cognitive Psychology (= Advances in Psychology 103). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, 1993. Alvesson, Mats and Per Olof Berg, Corporate Culture and Organizational Symbolism: An Overview (= de Gruyter Studies in Organization 34). New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1992. [REVIEW] Semiotica 102 (3/4):345-348.score: 261.0
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  23. Marlene Dobkin De Rios (1993). Twenty‐Five Years of Hallucinogenic Studies in Cross‐Cultural Perspective. Anthropology of Consciousness 4 (1):1-8.score: 261.0
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  24. Mara Miller (forthcoming). Paintings of Agriculture as the Image of Ethics: Cross-Cultural Case Studies. New Rurality.score: 261.0
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  25. Laurence Fiddick, Denise Dellarosa Cummins, Maria Janicki, Sean Lee & Nicole Erlich (2013). A Cross-Cultural Study of Noblesse Oblige in Economic Decision-Making. Human Nature 24 (3):318-335.score: 260.0
    A cornerstone of economic theory is that rational agents are self-interested, yet a decade of research in experimental economics has shown that economic decisions are frequently driven by concerns for fairness, equity, and reciprocity. One aspect of other-regarding behavior that has garnered attention is noblesse oblige, a social norm that obligates those of higher status to be generous in their dealings with those of lower status. The results of a cross-cultural study are reported in which marked noblesse oblige was (...)
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  26. Christian J. Resick, Paul J. Hanges, Marcus W. Dickson & Jacqueline K. Mitchelson (2006). A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Endorsement of Ethical Leadership. Journal of Business Ethics 63 (4):345 - 359.score: 245.0
    The western-based leadership and ethics literatures were reviewed to identify the key characteristics that conceptually define what it means to be an ethical leader. Data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE) project were then used to analyze the degree to which four aspects of ethical leadership – Character/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation, and Encouragement – were endorsed as important for effective leadership across cultures. First, using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses measurement equivalence of the ethical leadership scales was found, which (...)
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  27. Kristina Orfali & Elisa Gordon (2004). Autonomy Gone Awry: A Cross-Cultural Study of Parents' Experiences in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):329-365.score: 244.0
    This paper examines parents experiences of medical decision-making and coping with having a critically ill baby in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) from a cross-cultural perspective (France vs. U.S.A.). Though parents experiences in the NICU were very similar despite cultural and institutional differences, each system addresses their needs in a different way. Interviews with parents show that French parents expressed overall higher satisfaction with the care of their babies and were better able to cope with the loss of (...)
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  28. Mariya A. Yukhymenko-Lescroart (2014). Ethical Beliefs Toward Academic Dishonesty: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Undergraduate Students in Ukraine and the United States. Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (1):29-41.score: 243.0
    Little work has been done on beliefs toward academic misconduct in Ukraine. This study explored the beliefs of Ukrainian students toward various forms of academic misconduct and compared the results to the U.S. undergraduate students (N = 270). Twenty-two forms of cheating, plagiarism, and questionable academic behaviors were grouped in five categories: unilateral cheating, collective cheating, falsification gaining favoritism, and performing extra work to receive better grades. Cross-cultural comparisons of beliefs were pivotal in this study. Results indicated that, in (...)
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  29. Goran Svensson, Greg Wood, Jang Singh, Emily Carasco & Michael Callaghan (2009). Ethical Structures and Processes of Corporations Operating in Australia, Canada, and Sweden: A Longitudinal and Cross-Cultural Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):485 - 506.score: 227.3
    Based on the 'Partnership Model of Corporate Ethics' (Wood, 2002), this study examines the ethical structures and processes that are put in place by organizations to enhance the ethical business behavior of staff. The study examines the use of these structures and processes amongst the top companies in the three countries of Australia, Canada, and Sweden over two time periods (2001–2002 and 2005–2006). Subsequendy, a combined comparative and longitudinal approach is applied in the study, which we contend is a unique (...)
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  30. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi & Isabella Selega Csikszentmihalyi (eds.) (1988). Optimal Experience: Psychological Studies of Flow in Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.score: 225.0
    What constitutes enjoyment of life? Optimal Experience: Psychological Studies of Flow in Consciousness offers a comprehensive survey of theoretical and empirical investigations of the "flow" experience, a desirable or optimal state of consciousness that enhances a person's psychic state. "Flow" can be said to occur when people are able to meet the challenges of their environment with appropriate skills, and accordingly feel a sense of well-being, a sense of mastery, and a heightened sense of self-esteem. The authors show the (...)
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  31. Bernadett Koles & Balakrishnan Kondath (forthcoming). Organizational Climate in Hungary, Portugal, and India: A Cultural Perspective. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-9.score: 225.0
    Organizational climate has been linked to a variety of positive outcomes, including increased organizational success, lower employee turnover, higher job satisfaction, and enhanced employee and overall firm performance. The purpose of this paper is to explore similarities and differences in organizational climate across an emerging, a post-transitional, and a developed economy, more specifically focusing on India, Hungary, and Portugal. A comprehensive multi-dimensional measure of organizational climate is used, incorporating 17 scales across four quadrants: human relations, internal process, open systems, and (...)
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  32. Bobbi S. Low (1996). Behavioral Ecology of Conservation in Traditional Societies. Human Nature 7 (4):353-379.score: 222.0
    A common exhortation by conservationists suggests that we can solve ecological problems by returning to the attitudes of traditional societies: reverence for resources, and willingness to assume short-term individual costs for long-term, group-beneficial sustainable management. This paper uses the 186-society Standard Cross-Cultural Sample to examine resource attitudes and practices. Two main findings emerge: (1) resource practices are ecologically driven and do not appear to correlate with attitude (including sacred prohibition) and (2) the low ecological impact of many traditional societies (...)
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  33. Pailin Trongmateerut & John T. Sweeney (2013). The Influence of Subjective Norms on Whistle-Blowing: A Cross-Cultural Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 112 (3):437-451.score: 219.0
    This research consists of two studies with interrelated objectives. The purpose of the first study is to develop and validate scales measuring whistle-blowing subjective norms, attitudes, and intentions. The objective of the second study is to test a model of whistle-blowing intentions, motivated by the theory of reasoned action, across two contrasting cultures: the collectivist Thai and the individualistic American. To achieve cross-cultural comparisons, we first perform measurement and structural invariance tests. Tests of latent mean differences lend support (...)
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  34. Ruth Macklin (1999). Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine. Oxford University Press.score: 216.0
    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of cultural diversity: the physician-patient (...)
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  35. Russell Abratt, Deon Nel & Nicola Susan Higgs (1992). An Examination of the Ethical Beliefs of Managers Using Selected Scenarios in a Cross-Cultural Environment. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):29 - 35.score: 216.0
    Academic literature addressing the topic of business ethics has paid little attention to cross-cultural studies of business ethics. Uncertainty exists concerning the effect of culture on ethical beliefs. The purpose of this research is to compare the ethical beliefs of managers operating in South Africa and Australia. Responses of 52 managers to a series of ethical scenarios were sought. Results indicate that despite differences in socio-cultural and political factors there are no statistically significant differences between the two groups (...)
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  36. Stephen Davies & Peter Goldie, Cross-Cultural Musical Expressiveness: Theory and the Empirical Programme.score: 216.0
    In sections I-VII of this chapter I outline the theoretical background for a research programme considering whether the expressiveness of a culture’s music can be recognised by people from different musical cultures, that is, by people whose music is syntactically and structurally distinct from that of the target culture. In sections VIII-IX, I examine and assess the cross-cultural studies that have been undertaken by psychologists. Most of these studies are compromised by methodological inadequacies.
     
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  37. Alan Roland (1996). Cultural Pluralism and Psychoanalysis: The Asian and North American Experience. Routledge.score: 216.0
    The influence of culture and sociohistorical change on all aspects of the psyche and on psychoanalytic theory is the missing dimension in psychoanalysis. This dimension is especially relevant to clinicians in the mental health field--whether psychoanalyst, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker or marriage counselor--to enable them to understand what is at stake in working with those from various Asian cultures in North America and European societies. It is even more relevant than most clinicians realize to working with those from one's own (...)
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  38. Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Ziad Swaidan & Mine Oyman (2005). Consumer Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Turkish and American Consumers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):183 - 195.score: 214.3
    The ethical climate in Turkey is beset by ethical problems. Bribery, environmental pollution, tax frauds, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products, and the ethical violations that involved politicians and business professionals are just a few examples. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the ethical beliefs of American and Turkish consumers using the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) of Forsyth (1980), the Machiavellianism scale, and the Consumer Ethical Practices of Muncy and Vitell questionnaire (MVQ). A sample of 376 (...)
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  39. Terence Jackson & Marian Calafell Artola (1997). Ethical Beliefs and Management Behaviour: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1163-1173.score: 213.0
    A cross-cultural empirical study is reported in this article which looks at ethical beliefs and behaviours among French and German managers, and compares this with previous studies of U.S. and Israeli managers using a similar questionnaire. Comparisons are made between what managers say they believe, and what they do, between managers and their peers' attitudes and behaviours, and between perceived top management attitudes and the existence of company policy. In the latter, significant differences are found by national ownership (...)
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  40. John L. Lyons (2010). Autonomous Cross-Cultural Hardship Travel (Acht) as a Medium for Growth, Learning, and a Deepened Sense of Self. World Futures 66 (3 & 4):286 – 302.score: 213.0
    In this article, I argue that significant potential for psychological growth and self-learning exists in independent foreign travel characterized by long periods of movement under challenging conditions and combined with intense cross-cultural contact. I call this style of travel autonomous cross-cultural hardship travel (ACHT). A number of studies regarding the personal effects of travel and cross-cultural contact are reviewed. The relevance of humanistic psychology and transformative learning (TL) theory is also considered. I propose that the psychological (...)
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  41. Christian D. Schunn & Alonso H. Vera (2004). Cross-Cultural Similarities in Category Structure. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (3):273 – 287.score: 213.0
    Categories, as mental structures, are more than simply sums of property frequencies. A number of recent studies have supported the view that the properties of categories may be organised along functional lines and possibly dependency structures more generally. The study presented here investigates whether earlier findings reflect something unique in the English language/North American culture or whether the functional structuring of categories is a more universal phenomenon. A population of English-speaking Americans was compared to a population of Cantonese-speaking Hong (...)
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  42. Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton (2005). “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.score: 212.0
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range (...)
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  43. Emma Cohen, Emily Burdett, Nicola Knight & Justin Barrett (2011). Cross-Cultural Similarities and Differences in Person-Body Reasoning: Experimental Evidence From the United Kingdom and Brazilian Amazon. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1282-1304.score: 211.0
    We report the results of a cross-cultural investigation of person-body reasoning in the United Kingdom and northern Brazilian Amazon (Marajó Island). The study provides evidence that directly bears upon divergent theoretical claims in cognitive psychology and anthropology, respectively, on the cognitive origins and cross-cultural incidence of mind-body dualism. In a novel reasoning task, we found that participants across the two sample populations parsed a wide range of capacities similarly in terms of the capacities’ perceived anchoring to bodily function. (...)
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  44. John Cherry (2006). The Impact of Normative Influence and Locus of Control on Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):113 - 132.score: 211.0
    The study extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cross-cultural setting, incorporating ethical judgments and locus of control in a comparison of Taiwanese and US businesspersons. A self-administered survey of 698 businesspersons from the US and Taiwan examined several hypothesized differences. Results indicate that while Taiwanese respondents have a more favorable attitude toward a requested bribe than US counterparts, and are less likely to view it as an ethical issue, their higher locus externality causes ethical judgments and (...)
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  45. Roger J. Volkema & Maria Tereza Leme Fleury (2002). Alternative Negotiating Conditions and the Choice of Negotiation Tactics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 36 (4):381 - 398.score: 211.0
    The growth in international trade in recent years necessitates a better understanding of customs and expectations in cross-cultural negotiations. While several researchers have sought to examine and detail the similarities and differences between select countries, their data have generally been obtained under neutral or unspecified negotiating conditions. However, issue importance, opponent (prowess, ethical reputation), and context (location, confederate awareness, urgency) can play a significant role in the use of negotiating tactics. This paper describes a study comparing the perceptions of (...)
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  46. Subrata Chattopadhyay & Alfred Simon (2008). East Meets West: Cross-Cultural Perspective in End-of-Life Decision Making From Indian and German Viewpoints. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):165-174.score: 211.0
    Culture creates the context within which individuals experience life and comprehend moral meaning of illness, suffering and death. The ways the patient, family and the physician communicate and make decisions in the end-of-life care are profoundly influenced by culture. What is considered as right or wrong in the healthcare setting may depend on the socio-cultural context. The present article is intended to delve into the cross-cultural perspectives in ethical decision making in the end-of-life scenario. We attempt to address the (...)
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  47. Zhenzhong Ma (2010). The SINS in Business Negotiations: Explore the Cross-Cultural Differences in Business Ethics Between Canada and China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):123 - 135.score: 211.0
    Ethical dilemmas are inescapable components of business negotiations. It is thus important for negotiators to understand the differences in what is ethically appropriate and what is not. This study explores the cross-cultural differences in business ethics between Canada and China by examining the perceived appropriateness of five categories of ethically questionable strategies often used in business negotiations. The results show that the Chinese are more likely to consider it appropriate to use ethically inappropriate negotiation strategies, but the impact of (...)
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  48. Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis (1994). Contextualizing Science: From Science Studies to Cultural Studies. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:402 - 412.score: 209.0
    This paper consists of two parts: the first is a brief historical summary of relevant discussions to date involving members of the panel; the second part is a discussion of the new contextualism within science studies, the consequent move towards the cultural study of scientific knowledge, and what this means for intellectual/cultural historians of science in terms of specific procedures. Thus, my role on this panel-as I understand it-- will be to play the sociologically and philosophically minded historian to (...)
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  49. Robert Bernasconi (2010). Francois Bernier si Brahmanii: Un obstacol în calea conversatiei inter-culturale/ Francois Bernier and the Brahmans: Exposing an Obstacle to Cross-cultural Conversation. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):107-117.score: 199.0
    Taking its cue from François Bernier’s Voyages and focusing on the assumptions that stand in the background of Immanuel Kant’s view of the encounter between Christianity and Hinduism, this text endeavors to bring to light the theoretical framework that shaped the dialogue between the West and the East since the 18th century. The author’s contention is that the way that Western philosophy has tended to conceive of universal values has been one of the fundamental obstacles that has hindered a genuine (...)
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  50. Donelson R. Forsyth, Ernest H. O.’Boyle & Michael A. McDaniel (2008). East Meets West: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Cultural Variations in Idealism and Relativism. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):813 - 833.score: 198.0
    Ethics position theory (EPT) maintains that individuals’ personal moral philosophies influence their judgments, actions, and emotions in ethically intense situations. The theory, when describing these moral viewpoints, stresses two dimensions: idealism (concern for benign outcomes) and relativism (skepticism with regards to inviolate moral principles). Variations in idealism and relativism across countries were examined via a meta-analysis of studies that assessed these two aspects of moral thought using the ethics position questionnaire (EPQ; Forsyth, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39, (...)
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