Search results for 'Cultural relativism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Seungbae Park (2011). Defence of Cultural Relativism. Cultura. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology 8 (1):159-170.score: 182.0
    I attempt to rebut the following standard objections against cultural relativism: 1. It is self-defeating for a cultural relativist to take the principle of tolerance as absolute; 2. There are universal moral rules, contrary to what cultural relativism claims; 3. If cultural relativism were true, Hitler’s genocidal actions would be right, social reformers would be wrong to go against their own culture, moral progress would be impossible, and an atrocious crime could be made (...)
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  2. Paresh Kathrani (2012). Quality Circles and Human Rights: Tackling the Universalism and Cultural Relativism Divide. [REVIEW] AI and Society 27 (3):369-375.score: 180.0
    The implementation of international human rights law has traditionally been undermined by the dichotomy between universalism and cultural relativism. Some groups regard human rights as more reflective of other culture’s and are unwilling to subscribe to them. One response to this is to enable groups to take co-ownership of human rights. Quality Circles based on institutions and technology, and the collaboration they encourage, provide one such means for doing so. What is required is for states to facilitate rather (...)
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  3. Seungbae Park (2014). Cultural Relativism and the Theory of Relativity. Filosofija. Sociologija 25 (1):44-51.score: 180.0
    Cornea (2012) argues that I (2011) was wrong to use the analogy between morality and motion to defend cultural relativism. I reply that the analogy can be used to clarify what cultural relativism asserts and how a cultural relativist can reply to the criticisms against it. Ockham’s Razor favours the relativist view that there are no moral truths, and hence no culture is better than another. Contrary to what Cornea claims, cultural relativism does (...)
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  4. Ruth Macklin (1999). Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine. Oxford University Press.score: 162.0
    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of (...)
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  5. Marcelo Dascal (ed.) (1991). Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives. E.J. Brill.score: 156.0
  6. Koshy Tharakan (2010). Making Sense of Other Culture: Phenomenological Critique of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research 25 (4):61-74.score: 150.0
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  7. Christopher Norris (1996). Reclaiming Truth: Contribution to a Critique of Cultural Relativism. Duke University Press.score: 150.0
    "Reclaiming Truth "will be welcomed by readers concerned with the uses and abuses of theory at a time when such questions are in urgent need of sustained and serious debate. "These are brilliant and stimulating essays.
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  8. Melville J. Herskovits (1972). Cultural Relativism; Perspectives in Cultural Pluralism. New York,Random House.score: 150.0
  9. Michael Brannigan (2000). Cultural Diversity and the Case Against Ethical Relativism. Health Care Analysis 8 (3):321-327.score: 144.0
    The movement to respect culturaldiversity, known as multiculturalism, poses a dauntingchallenge to healthcare ethics. Can we construct adefensible passage from the fact of culturaldifferences to any claims regarding morality? Or doesmulticulturalism lead to ethical relativism? Macklinargues that, in view of a leading distinction betweenuniversalism in ethics and moral absolutism, the onlyreasonable passage avoids both absolutism andrelativism. She presents a strong case againstethical relativism and its pernicious consequences forcross-cultural issues in healthcare. She alsoprovides sound criteria for the assessment (...)
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  10. Donelson R. Forsyth, Ernest H. O.’Boyle & Michael A. McDaniel (2008). East Meets West: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Cultural Variations in Idealism and Relativism. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):813 - 833.score: 144.0
    Ethics position theory (EPT) maintains that individuals’ personal moral philosophies influence their judgments, actions, and emotions in ethically intense situations. The theory, when describing these moral viewpoints, stresses two dimensions: idealism (concern for benign outcomes) and relativism (skepticism with regards to inviolate moral principles). Variations in idealism and relativism across countries were examined via a meta-analysis of studies that assessed these two aspects of moral thought using the ethics position questionnaire (EPQ; Forsyth, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (...)
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  11. Daniel Beck (2014). Between Relativism and Imperialism: Navigating Moral Diversity in Cross‐Cultural Bioethics. Developing World Bioethics 14 (2).score: 126.0
    The need for explicit theoretical reflection on cross-cultural bioethics continues to grow as the spread of communication technologies and increased human migration has made interactions between medical professionals and patients from different cultural backgrounds much more common. I claim that this need presents us with the following dilemma. On the one hand, we do not want to operate according to an imperialist ethical framework that denies and silences the legitimacy of cultural values other than our own. On (...)
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  12. John J. Tilley (1998). The Problem for Normative Cultural Relativism. Ratio Juris 11 (3):272-290.score: 120.0
    The key problem for normative (or moral) cultural relativism arises as soon as we try to formulate it. It resists formulations that are (1) clear, precise, and intelligible; (2) plausible enough to warrant serious attention; and (3) faithful to the aims of leading cultural relativists, one such aim being to produce an important alternative to moral universalism. Meeting one or two of these conditions is easy; meeting all three is not. I discuss twenty-four candidates for the label (...)
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  13. Dennis H. Wrong (1997). Cultural Relativism as Ideology. Critical Review 11 (2):291-300.score: 120.0
    Abstract The concept of culture was originally an expression of German nationalism, which reacted to the French Enlightenment by asserting the uniqueness and incomparability of all cultures as historical creations. This understanding of cultural diversity, which prevailed in American anthropology, is widely understood to imply the moral equality of all cultures. Yet its relativism originally applied to different individuals socialized in the values of their culture, rather than to different cultures. The debate over multiculturalism, which presupposes cultural (...)
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  14. Harvey B. Sarles (1991). Cultural Relativism and Critical Naturalism. In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Cultural Relativism and Philosophy: North and Latin American Perspectives. E.J. Brill. 7--195.score: 120.0
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  15. Rui Silva (2013). Intercultural Communication and the Challenge of Linguistic and Cultural Relativism. Dialogue and Universalism 23 (1):77-90.score: 120.0
    The paper analyses the conditions and limits of intercultural communication in the light of a critical assessment of linguistic and cultural relativism. The analysis of linguistic relativism departs from Humboldt’s claim that every language contains a specific world-view and from the famous Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, according to which our thought and perception of reality is influenced or even, in a stronger version, determined by language. Many cognitive scientists consider that the cognitive influence of language on thought is negligible; (...)
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  16. Jeffrey Spike (2001). Cultural Diversity and Patients with Reduced Capacity: The Use of Ethics Consultation to Advocate for Mentally Handicapped Persons in Living Organ Donation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):519-526.score: 108.0
    Living organ donation will soon become the source of the majority of organs donations for transplant. Should mentally handicapped people be allowed to donate, or should they be considered a vulnerable group in need of protection? I discuss three cases of possible living organ donors who are developmentally disabled, from three different cultures, the United States, Germany, and India. I offer a brief discussion of three issues raised by the cases: (1) cultural diversity and cultural relativism; (2) (...)
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  17. Merrilee H. Salmon (1999). Relativist Ethics, Scientific Objectivity, and Concern for Human Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (3):311-318.score: 102.0
    This paper comments on the conflict between ethical relativism and anthropologists’ concerns with rights, and tries to show that neither scientific objectivity nor respect for cultural diversity require denying an extracultural stance for ethical judgments.
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  18. Jeffrey Spike (2000). Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine, by Ruth Macklin. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 304 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):577-579.score: 102.0
    Ruth Macklin's new book, AgainstRelativism, says in its subtitle that it intends to address cultural diversity and the search for ethical universals in medicine. This it does very well. Every chapter includes some discussion of cultural relativism, cultural anthropology, or postmodernism, and her analyses are acute and scathing. Macklin is unabashed in her defense of the principles of medical ethics, and she gives a strong argument that principles are essential elements of any ethical system that is (...)
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  19. Harald Stelzer (2008). Challenging Cultural Relativism From a Critical-Rationalist Ethical Perspective. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:401-407.score: 102.0
    This paper is based on the assumption that critical rationalism represents a middle position between absolutist and relativistic positions because it rejects all attempts of ultimate justification as well as basic relativistic claims. Even though the critical-rationalist problem-solving-approach based on the method of trial and error leads to an acknowledgment of the plurality of theories and moral standards, it must not be confused with relativism. The relativistic claims of the incommensurability of cultures and the equality of all views of (...)
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  20. R. Forsyth Donelson, H. O.’Boyle Ernest & A. McDaniel Michael (2008). East Meets West: A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Cultural Variations in Idealism and Relativism. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4).score: 96.0
    Ethics position theory (EPT) maintains that individuals’ personal moral philosophies influence their judgments, actions, and emotions in ethically intense situations. The theory, when describing these moral viewpoints, stresses two dimensions: idealism (concern for benign outcomes) and relativism (skepticism with regards to inviolate moral principles). Variations in idealism and relativism across countries were examined via a meta-analysis of studies that assessed these two aspects of moral thought using the ethics position questionnaire (EPQ; Forsyth, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (...)
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  21. Lorenzo Peña, Cultural Relativism and Philosophy : North and Latin American Perspectives.score: 96.0
    Introductory Remarks Why Paradigm Variation is Ensuant upon Contradiction How Externalistic Warrant Parries the Threat of [Truth] Relativism Why Not to Ward Relativism off by Means of Foundationalistic Justification Defending a relativistic View of Warrant A Transcendental Argument against [Truth] Relativism Towards [Partial] convergence A Gradualistic Paraconsistent Way to Convergence 7.1. - Perspectivism and Non Copulative Paraconsistent Logics 7.2. - The Strength and Weakness of Two Copulative Approaches to Paraconsistent Logic 7.3. - The Logic of Contradictorial Gradualism (...)
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  22. M. A. Rashed (2013). Psychiatric Judgments Across Cultural Contexts: Relativist, Clinical-Ethnographic, and Universalist-Scientific Perspectives. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):128-148.score: 96.0
    Psychiatrists encounter persons from diverse cultures who profess experiences (e.g., communicating with spirits) that evoke intuitions of abnormality. This view might not be shared with the person or her/his cultural peers, raising questions concerning the justification of such intuitions. This article explores three positions relevant to the process of justification. The relativist position transfers powers of judgment to the subject’s peers yet neglects individual values and operates with a discredited holistic view of culture. The clinical-ethnographic position remedies this by (...)
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  23. Ernest Beyaraza (2004). Contemporary Relativism with Special Reference to Culture and Africa. Makerere University.score: 96.0
  24. Alan Costall & Arthur Still (1989). Gibson's Theory of Direct Perception and the Problem of Cultural Relativism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (4):433–441.score: 90.0
  25. Paul F. Schmidt (1955). Some Criticisms of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (25):780-791.score: 90.0
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  26. Ija Lazari-Pawłowska (1970). On Cultural Relativism. Journal of Philosophy 67 (17):577-584.score: 90.0
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  27. Martin Gardner (1950). Beyond Cultural Relativism. Ethics 61 (1):38-45.score: 90.0
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  28. Yitzhak Benbaji & Menachem Fisch (2004). Through Thick and Thin: A New Defense of Cultural Relativism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):1-24.score: 90.0
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  29. St Ephen A. James (1994). Reconciling International Human Rights and Cultural Relativism: The Case of Female Circumcision. Bioethics 8 (1):1–26.score: 90.0
  30. P. H. Nowell-Smith (1971). Cultural Relativism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 1 (1):1-17.score: 90.0
  31. Daniel J. Crowley (1958). Aesthetic Judgment and Cultural Relativism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 17 (2):187-193.score: 90.0
  32. Grace A. de Laguna (1942). Cultural Relativism and Science. Philosophical Review 51 (2):141-166.score: 90.0
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  33. John J. Tilley (2000). Cultural Relativism. Human Rights Quarterly 22 (2):501–547.score: 90.0
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  34. Sue Knight (1984). Three Varieties of Cultural Relativism. Educational Philosophy and Theory 16 (1):23–36.score: 90.0
  35. Rodney Fopp (1984). Cultural Relativism Re-Examined:A Response to F.C. White. Educational Philosophy and Theory 16 (1):37–42.score: 90.0
  36. F. C. White (1984). On Total Cultural Relativism: A Rejoinder. Educational Philosophy and Theory 16 (2):43–44.score: 90.0
  37. Hartmut Rosa (1996). Cultural Relativism and Social Criticism From a Taylorian Perspective. Constellations 3 (1):39-60.score: 90.0
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  38. Richard Feinberg (2011). Much Ado About Very Little: Derek Brereton on the Purported Death of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Critical Realism 10 (4):511-519.score: 90.0
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  39. J. Israel (1981). Cultural Relativism and the Logic of Language. Diogenes 29 (113-114):107-126.score: 90.0
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  40. Richard Beatch (1994). Cultural Relativism and Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):606-608.score: 90.0
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  41. Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Cultural Relativism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:14-19.score: 90.0
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  42. Domènec Melé & Carlos Sánchez-Runde (2013). Cultural Diversity and Universal Ethics in a Global World. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):681-687.score: 90.0
    Cultural diversity and globalization bring about a tension between universal ethics and local values and norms. Simultaneously, the current globalization and the existence of an increasingly interconnected world seem to require a common ground to promote dialog, peace, and a more humane world. This article is the introduction to a special issue of the Journal of Business Ethics regarding these problems. We highlight five topics, which intertwine the eight papers of this issue. The first is whether moral diversity in (...)
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  43. Bernd Carsten Stahl (2006). Emancipation in Cross-Cultural IS Research: The Fine Line Between Relativism and Dictatorship of the Intellectual. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 8 (3):97-108.score: 90.0
    Critical research is becoming increasingly accepted as a valid approach to research in information systems. It is deemed to be particularly suitable for situations where researchers want to address conspicuous injustice, such as in areas of development or the digital divide. Critical research in information systems (CRIS), I will argue, is a possible approach to some of the ethical problems arising in the context of information and communication technology (ICT). It can be sensitive to the question of culture and therefore (...)
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  44. Massimo Dell'Utri (2008). The Threat of Cultural Relativism: Hilary Putnam and the Antidote of Falibilism. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 4 (2):75-86.score: 90.0
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  45. Carmine Di Martino (2010). L'incontro e l'emergenza dell'umano (The meeting and the emergence of human) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2010v8n16p62. Horizonte 8 (16):62-79.score: 90.0
    Il multiculturalismo è un modello culturale e politico-istituzionale per la gestione della diversità in una società multietnica, la cui base teorica viene dal relativismo culturale. Come nessuna cultura può pretendere una validità universale, il processo di storicizzazione della razionalità occidentale segna la fine della pretesa metafisica di dire la verità dell’uomo e del mondo, nononstante si crede che il fare della scienza è l’accadere della verità. Nel gestire la diversità e nell’assicurare la tolleranza risiede la «necessità» del multiculturalismo. Sua debolezza (...)
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  46. E. U. Ezedike (2007). Ethics, Moral Values and the Logic of Cultural Relativism. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (2).score: 90.0
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  47. James W. Fernandez (1990). Tolerance in a Repugnant World and Other Dilemmas in the Cultural Relativism of Melville J. Herskovits. Ethos 18 (2):140-164.score: 90.0
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  48. George St Hilaire (1959). Cultural Relativism and Primitive Ethics. The Modern Schoolman 36 (3):179-195.score: 90.0
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  49. J. W. Berry (1984). Cultural Relativism Comes in From the Cold. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):288.score: 90.0
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