Search results for 'Cybernetics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  16
    W. Ross Ashby (1956). An Introduction to Cybernetics. New York, J. Wiley.
    We must, therefore, make a study of mechanism; but some introduction is advisable, for cybernetics treats the subject from a new, and therefore unusual, ...
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  2. Donato Bergandi (2000). Eco-Cybernetics: The Ecology and Cybernetics of Missing Emergences. Kybernetes 29 (7/8):928-942..
    Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the objects studied. In landscape ecology, although the emergentist, multi-level, triadic methodology of J.K. Feibleman and D.T. Campbell has gained acceptance, the importance of emergent properties is still (...)
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  3.  46
    Andrew Pickering (2009). Beyond Design: Cybernetics, Biological Computers and Hylozoism. Synthese 168 (3):469 - 491.
    The history of British cybernetics offers us a different form of science and engineering, one that does not seek to dominate nature through knowledge. I want to say that one can distinguish two different paradigms in the history of science and technology: the one that Heidegger despised, which we could call the Modern paradigm, and another, cybernetic, nonModern, paradigm that he might have approved of. This essay focusses on work in the 1950s and early 1960s by two of Britain’s (...)
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  4. John Bryant (1991). Systems Theory and Scientific Philosophy: An Application of the Cybernetics of W. Ross Ashby to Personal and Social Philosophy, the Philosophy of Mind, and the Problems of Artificial Intelligence. Upa.
    Systems Theory and Scientific Philosophy constitutes a totally new approach to philosophy, the philosophy of mind and the problems of artificial intelligence, and is based upon the pioneering work in cybernetics of W. Ross Ashby. While science is humanity's attempt to know how the world works and philosophy its attempt to know why, scientific philosophy is the application of scientific techniques to questions of philosophy.
     
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  5. Keizo Sato (1991). From AI to Cybernetics. AI and Society 5 (2):155-161.
    Well-known critics of AI such as Hubert Dreyfus and Michael Polanyi tend to confuse cybernetics with AI. Such a confusion is quite misleading and should not be overlooked. In the first place, cybernetics is not vulnerable to criticism of AI as cognitivistic and behaviouristic. In the second place, AI researchers are recommended to consider the cybernetics approach as a way of overcoming the limitations of cognitivism and behaviourism.
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  6.  6
    Norbert Wiener (1961). Cybernetics. New York, M.I.T. Press.
  7.  14
    Kenneth M. Sayre (1976). Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy. The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of (...)
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  8. Roberto Cordeschi (2002). The Discovery of the Artificial: Behavior, Mind and Machines Before and Beyond Cybernetics. Kluwer.
    The book provides a valuable text for undergraduate and graduate courses on the historical and theoretical issues of Cognitive Science, Artificial Intelligence, Psychology, Neuroscience, and the Philosophy of Mind. The book should also be of interest for researchers in these fields, who will find in it analyses of certain crucial issues in both the earlier and more recent history of their disciplines, as well as interesting overall insights into the current debate on the nature of mind.
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  9.  67
    Philippe Gagnon (2013). "Que reste-t-il de la théologie à l'âge électronique ? Valeur et cybernétique axiologique chez Raymond Ruyer" [What is left of Theology in the Electronic Age? Value and Axiological Cybernetics in Raymond Ruyer]. In Chromatikon Ix: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès — Yearbook of Philosophy in Process, M. Weber & V. Berne. 93-120.
    This is the outline: Introduction — La question de la cybernétique et de l'information — Une « pensée du milieu » — Cybernétique et homologie — Une théorie de l'apprentissage — L'information vue de l'autre côté — Champ et domaine unitaire — La thèse des « autres-je » — Le passage par l'axiologie — La rétroaction vraie — L'ontologie de Ruyer — Le bruissement de l'être même.
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  10.  29
    Glenn Negley (1951). Cybernetics and Theories of Mind. Journal of Philosophy 48 (September):574-82.
  11. Jiří Zeman (1988). Theory of Reflection and Cybernetics: The Concepts of Reflection and Information and Their Significance for Materialist Monism. Elsevier.
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  12.  15
    Keith Gunderson (1969). Cybernetics and Mind-Body Problems. Inquiry 12 (1-4):406-19.
    It is asked to what extent answers to such questions as ?Can machines think??, ?Could robots have feelings?? might be expected to yield insight into traditional mind?body questions. It has sometimes been assumed that answering the first set of questions would be the same as answering the second. Against this approach other philosophers have argued that answering the first set of questions would not help us to answer the second. It is argued that both of these assessments are mistaken. It (...)
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  13.  25
    Frederick J. Crosson (ed.) (1967). Philosophy And Cybernetics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
  14. Frederick James Crosson & Kenneth M. Sayre (1968). Philosophy and Cybernetics Essays Delivered to the Philosophic Institute for Artificial Intelligence at the University of Notre Dame. Simon &Schuster.
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  15.  17
    F. H. George (1979). Philosophical Foundations of Cybernetics. Abacus Press.
    Artificial intelligence and the interrogation game; Scientific method and explanation; Godel's incompleteness theorem; Determinism and uncertainty; Axioms, theorems and formalisation; Creativity; Consciousness and free will; Pragmatics; A ...
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  16. Gotthard Gunther (1965). Cybernetics and the Transition From Classical to Trans-Classical Logic. [Urbana, Biological Computer Laboratory, University of Illinois.
     
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  17. N. Katherine Hayles (1999). How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. University of Chicago Press.
    In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" _Star Trek_-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In _How We Became Posthuman,_ N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost (...)
     
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  18.  2
    Søren Brier (1999). Biosemiotics and the Foundation of Cybersemiotics: Reconceptualizing the Insights of Ethology, Second-Order Cybernetics, and Peirce’s Semiotics in Biosemiotics to Create a Non-Cartesian Information Science. Semiotica 127 (1-4):169-198.
    Any great new theoretical framework has an epistemological and an ontological aspect to its philosophy as well as an axiological one, and one needs to understand all three aspects in order to grasp the deep aspiration and idea of the theoretical framework. Presently, there is a widespread effort to understand C. S. Peirce's (1837–1914) pragmaticistic semeiotics, and to develop it by integrating the results of modern science and evolutionary thinking; first, producing a biosemiotics and, second, by integrating it with the (...)
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  19.  29
    Richard A. Cohen (2000). Ethics and Cybernetics: Levinasian Reflections. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 2 (1):27-35.
    Is cybernetics good, bad, or indifferent? SherryTurkle enlists deconstructive theory to celebrate thecomputer age as the embodiment of difference. Nolonger just a theory, one can now live a virtual life. Within a differential but ontologically detachedfield of signifiers, one can construct and reconstructegos and environments from the bottom up andendlessly. Lucas Introna, in contrast, enlists theethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas to condemn thesame computer age for increasing the distance betweenflesh and blood people. Mediating the face-to-facerelation between real people, allowing (...)
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  20.  41
    Anatol Rapoport (1949). Mathematical Biophysics, Cybernetics and Significs. Synthese 8 (1):182 - 193.
    It remains to summarize the contributions which each of the three disciplines discussed here is making toward the development of a science of man. "Significs" makes a study of the effects on human behavior of the linguistic aspects of the evaluative process, the most distinctly human aspect of the behavior of the human organism. "Mathematical Biophysics" seeks to describe the events associated with evaluative processes in physico-mathematical terms. "Cybernetics" is discovering important invariants common to these processes and others, particularly (...)
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  21.  9
    S. Franchi (2007). Blunting the Edge of Second-Order Cybernetics: The Heritage of Heinz von Foerster. Review Of: Albert Müller & Karl H. Müller (Eds.) (2007) An Unfinished Revolution? [REVIEW] Constructivist Foundations 3 (1):53-54.
    Summary: The aim of this collection is to provide a two-fold access to von Foerster's legacy and his work at the Biological Computer Laboratory, the institution he founded and directed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 1958 to 1976. It represents a precious contribution for the understanding of BCL, a crucial but still not properly understood chapter in the history of cybernetics and, more generally, of cognitive science. It is greatly recommended.
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  22.  1
    D. Griffiths & P. Baron (2015). The Tensions Between Second-Order Cybernetics and Traditional Academic Conferences. Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):86-88.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Designing Academic Conferences in the Light of Second-Order Cybernetics” by Laurence D. Richards. Upshot: Richards’s long history and commitment to cybernetics provides a well-rounded view of the dichotomy between the traditional conference and one aspiring for second-order cybernetic attributes. We examine why traditional conferences have proved so resilient, despite their shortcomings, and discuss some issues that underlie the dynamics of the participation of academics in non-traditional conferences.
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  23.  1
    J. Lombardi (2015). Cybernetics, Conversation and Consensus: Designing Academic Conferences. Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):79-81.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Designing Academic Conferences in the Light of Second-Order Cybernetics” by Laurence D. Richards. Upshot: Richards offers a variety of second-order concepts relevant when designing academic conferences. I insist and add on a few ideas. An emphasis for both: How can one design a space and structure that encourages deep conversations?
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  24.  1
    L. D. Richards (2015). Designing Academic Conferences in the Light of Second-Order Cybernetics. Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):65-73.
    Context: A tension exists between the needs and desires of the institutions providing the funding for academics to attend conferences and the potential for transforming the knowledge and understanding of conference participants - than in advancing their own careers and celebrity. Approaches to the problem can recognize the importance of funding and career-building in the current society, while still experimenting in ways that could generate new ideas. Method: Ideas from second-order cybernetics are used to derive design principles that might (...)
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  25.  6
    A. I. Berg (1962). On Certain Problems Concerning Cybernetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 1 (1):57-65.
    No generally accepted, unambiguous definition of the term "cybernetics" yet exists. However, we believe that many disputes about the purpose and spheres of application of cybernetics could be brought to an end if the definition of it as the science of the laws of control of complex dynamic systems were accepted. Such dynamic systems exist in unique forms both in living nature and in human society. These are systems capable of changing their state and comprising a multitude of (...)
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  26.  14
    Leon Rocha (2012). The Fateful Entanglements of Psychoanalysis, Cybernetics and Digital Media. Metascience 21 (2):435-438.
    The fateful entanglements of psychoanalysis, cybernetics and digital media Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9570-0 Authors Leon Antonio Rocha, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, CB2 3RH UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  27.  9
    B. Clarke (2012). From Information to Cognition: The Systems Counterculture, Heinz von Foerster's Pedagogy, and Second-Order Cybernetics. Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):196-207.
    Context: In this empirical and conceptual paper on the historical, philosophical, and epistemological backgrounds of second-order cybernetics, the emergence of a significant pedagogical component to Heinz von Foerster’s work during the last years of the Biological Computer Laboratory is placed against the backdrop of social and intellectual movements on the American landscape. Problem: Previous discussion in this regard has focused largely on the student radicalism of the later 1960s. A wider-angled view of the American intellectual counterculture is needed. However, (...)
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  28.  15
    Ronald Kline (2011). Cybernetics as a Usable Past. Metascience 20 (3):519-524.
    Cybernetics as a usable past Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9497-x Authors Ronald R. Kline, Science and Technology Studies Department, 334 Rockefeller Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  29.  5
    E. B. Babskii & E. S. Gelle (1970). Cybernetics and Life. Russian Studies in Philosophy 8 (4):354-370.
    The ideas and methods of cybernetics are increasingly penetrating the biological and medical sciences, and today we are justified in speaking of a new branch of science: biological and medical cybernetics. This branch already has a number of important and encouraging subfields.
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  30.  18
    Angela Espinosa (2004). Organizational Cybernetics as a Tool Box to Assist in the Development of Evolutionary Learning Networks. World Futures 60 (1 & 2):137 – 145.
    Organizational cybernetics offers theoretical and methodological support for self-organizing communities seeking to contribute to the conscious evolution of society. Previous experiences with the Viable Systems Model (VSM) and Team Syntegrity (TS) illustrate ways of enabling social networks to create a shared language, reach democratic agreements, and develop knowledge networks.
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  31.  13
    Titus R. Neumann, Susanne Huber & Heinrich H. Bülthoff (2001). Artificial Systems as Models in Biological Cybernetics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1071-1072.
    From the perspective of biological cybernetics, “real world” robots have no fundamental advantage over computer simulations when used as models for biological behavior. They can even weaken biological relevance. From an engineering point of view, however, robots can benefit from solutions found in biological systems. We emphasize the importance of this distinction and give examples for artificial systems based on insect biology.
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  32.  13
    Masudul Alam Choudhury & Mohammad Shahadat Hossain (2010). Neuro-Cybernetics of Socio-Scientific Systems. Mind and Society 9 (1):59-83.
    The field of information technology is broadened up to the domain of ‘learning’ systems and cybernetics. In covering this extension of the field due recourse is made to the epistemological basis of theory construction. When so comprehended, information technology becomes a philosophical inquiry on a variety of social, scientific and technological issues. A new idea that we refer to as neuro-cybernetics is born. The term neuro-cybernetics is used to delineate the epistemological field of system and cybernetic study. (...)
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  33.  3
    Pierre Livet (1992). Second Cybernetics: A Double Strategy for Representing Cognition. In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. 220--147.
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  34.  3
    Valerie Morkevicius (2014). Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul. Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):3-19.
    (2014). Tin Men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the Importance of Soul. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 3-19. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2014.908011.
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  35.  1
    E. Kh Gimel'shteib (1966). Cybernetics and the Problem of Goals (1). Russian Studies in Philosophy 4 (4):49-55.
    Goals, purposefulness, and appropriateness are philosophical categories that are rather widely employed in cybernetics. However, the needed exactness in the use of these concepts and, above all, of the concept "goal," is lacking. As a rule, writers employing that concept do not explain what precisely they designate as the "goal" in the functioning of a given cybernetic system. Does the system itself set the goal toward which the system "consciously" strives? Or does man set the goal for the automatic (...)
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  36.  1
    V. M. Glushkov (1964). Thinking and Cybernetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 2 (4):3-13.
    The achievements of modern cybernetics and mathematical logic are of much importance to an understanding of the nature of the thinking process. One of the principal tasks which these branches of knowledge set themselves is a study of the laws of thought with the aid of exact mathematical methods and modeling techniques. It goes without saying that neither cybernetics nor mathematical logic can pretend to offer a complete explanation of so complex a process as that of thinking. The (...)
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  37.  1
    V. I. Koriukin & Iu P. Lobastov (1965). Living Beings, Artificial Creations, and Cybernetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 3 (4):32-39.
    As with every new trend in science, cybernetics has revived many old philosophical problems and posed a number of new ones. They include problems of similarity and difference in the functioning of the brain and of cybernetic machines, interrelationships between artificial creations and human beings, the nature of the machine, etc. An imprecise posing of these intimately related problems is often the source of confusion in discussions of the philosophical problems of cybernetics.
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  38.  2
    F. P. Tarasenko (1964). Towards a Definition of "Information" in Cybernetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 2 (4):14-22.
    Discussion of the problems arising in conjunction with the rapid progress of cybernetics demands a philosophical analysis of the basic concepts in the field. This problem cannot yet be considered to have been resolved. As has been emphasized, among others by Academician A. I. Berg , even one of the basic concepts of cybernetics — the concept of information — does not yet have a satisfactory definition. This situation is primarily due to the fact that study of information (...)
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  39.  1
    Gordon Pask (1992). Introduction Different Kinds of Cybernetics. In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. 11--31.
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  40.  1
    Norbert Wiener (1949). Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
  41. S. Konstantinovic Saumjan (1965). Cybernetics and Language. Diogenes 13 (51):129-146.
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  42.  56
    S. Konstantinovic Saumjan (1965). Cybernetics and Language. Diogenes 13 (51):129-146.
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  43.  55
    F. le Lionnais (1955). Bases and Lines of Force in Cybernetics. Diogenes 3 (9):55-81.
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  44.  59
    F. M. R. Walshe (1951). The Hypothesis of Cybernetics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (6):161-163.
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  45.  94
    N. Katherine Hayles (1992). Reviews : Steve J. Heims, The Cybernetics Group. London: MIT Press, 1991. £22.50, Ix + 334 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 5 (2):150-154.
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  46. Peter Corning (2005). Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution. University of Chicago Press.
    In recent years, evolutionary theorists have come to recognize that the reductionist, individualist, gene-centered approach to evolution cannot sufficiently account for the emergence of complex biological systems over time. Peter A. Corning has been at the forefront of a new generation of complexity theorists who have been working to reshape the foundations of evolutionary theory. Well known for his Synergism Hypothesis—a theory of complexity in evolution that assigns a key causal role to various forms of functional synergy—Corning puts this theory (...)
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  47. N. Katherine Hayles (1990). Designs on the Body: Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics, and the Play of Metaphor. History of the Human Sciences 3 (2):211-228.
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  48. W. Mays (1951). The Hypothesis of Cybernetics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (7):249-250.
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  49. Hans Jonas (forthcoming). A Critique of Cybernetics. Social Research.
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  50.  67
    Diego L. Rapoport (2011). Surmounting the Cartesian Cut Through Philosophy, Physics, Logic, Cybernetics, and Geometry: Self-Reference, Torsion, the Klein Bottle, the Time Operator, Multivalued Logics and Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (1):33-76.
    In this transdisciplinary article which stems from philosophical considerations (that depart from phenomenology—after Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger and Rosen—and Hegelian dialectics), we develop a conception based on topological (the Moebius surface and the Klein bottle) and geometrical considerations (based on torsion and non-orientability of manifolds), and multivalued logics which we develop into a unified world conception that surmounts the Cartesian cut and Aristotelian logic. The role of torsion appears in a self-referential construction of space and time, which will be further related to (...)
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