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Profile: David Cohen
Profile: Daniel Cohen (Colby College)
Profile: Daniel Cohen (Charles Sturt University)
Profile: Dror Cohen (Tel Aviv University)
Profile: Dee Cohen (University of Johannesburg)
  1. Simon Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg & D. J. Cohen (1994). Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Autism. Oxford University Press.
     
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  2. Adam Bales, Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2014). Decision Theory for Agents with Incomplete Preferences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):453-70.
    Orthodox decision theory gives no advice to agents who hold two goods to be incommensurate in value because such agents will have incomplete preferences. According to standard treatments, rationality requires complete preferences, so such agents are irrational. Experience shows, however, that incomplete preferences are ubiquitous in ordinary life. In this paper, we aim to do two things: (1) show that there is a good case for revising decision theory so as to allow it to apply non-vacuously to agents with incomplete (...)
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  3.  13
    Andrew Aberdein & Daniel H. Cohen (forthcoming). Introduction: Virtues and Arguments. Topoi:1-5.
    It has been a decade since the phrase virtue argumentation was introduced, and while it would be an exaggeration to say that it burst onto the scene, it would be just as much of an understatement to say that it has gone unnoticed. Trying to strike the virtuous mean between the extremes of hyperbole and litotes, then, we can fairly characterize it as a way of thinking about arguments and argumentation that has steadily attracted more and more attention from argumentation (...)
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  4. Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2010). Rational Capacities, Resolve, and Weakness of Will. Mind 119 (476):907 - 932.
    In this paper we present an account of practical rationality and weakness of will in terms of rational capacities. We show how our account rectifies various shortcomings in Michael Smith's related theory. In particular, our account is capable of accommodating cases of weak-willed behaviour that are not `akratic', or otherwise contrary to the agent's better judgement. Our account differs from Smith's primarily by incorporating resolve: a third rational capacity for resolute maintenance of one's intentions. We discuss further two ways to (...)
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  5.  5
    Daniel H. Cohen (forthcoming). Argumentative Virtues as Conduits for Reason’s Causal Efficacy: Why the Practice of Giving Reasons Requires That We Practice Hearing Reasons. Topoi:1-8.
    Psychological and neuroscientific data suggest that a great deal, perhaps even most, of our reasoning turns out to be rationalizing. The reasons we give for our positions are seldom either the real reasons or the effective causes of why we have those positions. We are not as rational as we like to think. A second, no less disheartening observation is that while we may be very effective when it comes to giving reasons, we are not that good at getting reasons. (...)
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  6. Dov Cohen (2003). The American National Conversation About (Everything but) Shame. Social Research: An International Quarterly 70 (4):1075-1108.
     
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  7.  7
    Daniel H. Cohen (2013). Virtue, In Context. Informal Logic 33 (4):471-485.
    Virtue argumentation theory provides the best framework for accommodating the notion of an argument that is “fully satisfying” in a robust and integrated sense. The process of explicating the notion of fully satisfying arguments requires expanding the concept of arguers to include all of an argument’s participants, including judges, juries, and interested spectators. And that, in turn, requires expanding the concept of an argument itself to include its entire context.
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  8. Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2007). Finking Frankfurt. Philosophical Studies 135 (3):363--74.
    Michael Smith has resisted Harry Frankfurt's claim that moral responsibility does not require the ability to have done otherwise. He does this by claiming that, in Frankfurt cases, the ability to do otherwise is indeed present, but is a disposition that has been `finked' or masked by other factors. We suggest that, while Smith's account appears to work for some classic Frankfurt cases, it does not work for all. In particular, Smith cannot explain cases, such as the Willing Addict, where (...)
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  9.  22
    David B. Greenberger, Marcia P. Miceli & Debra J. Cohen (1987). Oppositionists and Group Norms: The Reciprocal Influence of Whistle-Blowers and Co-Workers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):527-542.
    Who blows the whistle — a loner or a well-liked team player? Which of them is more likely to lead a successful opposition to perceived organizational wrongdoing? The potential influence of co-worker pressures to conform on whistle-blowing activity or the likely effects of whistle-blowing on the group have not been addressed. This paper presents a preliminary model of whistle-blowing as an act of nonconformity. One implication is that the success of an opposition will depend on the characteristics of the whistle-blower (...)
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  10.  45
    Daniel H. Cohen (1988). A Reply to Cahn. Analysis 48 (2):109 - 110.
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  11.  25
    Michael Kubovy & Dale J. Cohen (2001). What Boundaries Tell Us About Binding. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):93-95.
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  12.  27
    David Cohen & Jonathan Leo (2004). Un aggiornamento sulla ricerca con neuroimmagini nella ADHD. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (2):161-166.
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  13. Simon Baron-Cohen, Helen Tager-Flusberg & Donald J. Cohen (2000). Understanding Other Minds Perspectives From Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  14.  4
    Deborah Vidaver Cohen (1993). Creating and Maintaining Ethical Work Climates: Anomie in the Workplace and Implications for Managing Change. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):343-358.
    This paper examines how unethical behavior in the workplace occurs when management places inordinately strong emphasis on goalattainment without a corresponding emphasis on following legitimate procedures. Robert Merton's theory of sodal structure and anomie provides a foundation to discuss this argument. Key factors affecting ethical climates in work organizations are also addressed. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes strategies for developing and changing aspects of organizational culture to reduce anomie, thereby creating work climates which discourage unethical practices and provide (...)
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  15.  3
    Deborah Vidaver Cohen (1993). Creating and Maintaining Ethical Work Climates. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):343-358.
    This paper examines how unethical behavior in the workplace occurs when management places inordinately strong emphasis on goalattainment without a corresponding emphasis on following legitimate procedures. Robert Merton's theory of sodal structure and anomie provides a foundation to discuss this argument. Key factors affecting ethical climates in work organizations are also addressed. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes strategies for developing and changing aspects of organizational culture to reduce anomie, thereby creating work climates which discourage unethical practices and provide (...)
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  16. Diana Cohen (2001). La muerte según Baruch Spinoza: aproximaciones a una noción problemática. Dianoia 46 (46):41-64.
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  17.  9
    Daniel H. Cohen & George Miller (forthcoming). What Virtue Argumentation Theory Misses: The Case of Compathetic Argumentation. Topoi:1-10.
    While deductive validity provides the limiting upper bound for evaluating the strength and quality of inferences, by itself it is an inadequate tool for evaluating arguments, arguing, and argumentation. Similar remarks can be made about rhetorical success and dialectical closure. Then what would count as ideal argumentation? In this paper we introduce the concept of cognitive compathy to point in the direction of one way to answer that question. It is a feature of our argumentation rather than my argument or (...)
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  18.  14
    David Cohen, M. F. Longo, Kerenza Hood, Adrian Edwards & Glyn Elwyn (2004). Resource Effects of Training General Practitioners in Risk Communication Skills and Shared Decision Making Competences. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):439-445.
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  19.  4
    Daniel Cohen (forthcoming). Responsibility From the Margins, by David Shoemaker. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-1.
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  20.  6
    Daniel Cohen (2004). Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy. University Press of America.
    In this book, Daniel Cohen explores the connections between arguments and metaphors, most pronounced in philosophy because philosophical discourse is both thoroughly metaphorical and replete with argumentation. Cohen covers the nature of arguments, their modes and structures, and the principles of their evaluation, and addresses the nature of metaphors, their place in language and thought, and their connections to arguments, identifying and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.
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  21. Nick Trakakis & Daniel Cohen (eds.) (2008). Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility. Cambridge Scholars.
  22.  11
    Oren Hasson, Dan Cohen & Avi Shmida (1992). Providing or Hiding Information: On the Evolution of Amplifiers and Attenuators of Perceived Quality Differences. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4):269-283.
    In many coevolutionary systems members of one party select members of a second party based on quality differences existing among members of the latter (e.g., predators and prey, pollinators and flowers, etc.). We examined the fate of characters that increase (amplifiers) or decrease (attenuators) the perceived amplitude of differences in the quality upon which choice of the selecting party is based. We found that the evolution of such characters depends on (i) the relationship between the cost of the character and (...)
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  23.  42
    Daniel Cohen (2009). Creating the Best Possible World: Some Problems From Parfit. Sophia 48 (2):143-150.
    It is sometimes argued that if God were to exist, then the actual world would be the best possible world. However, given that the actual world is clearly not the best possible world, then God doesn’t exist. In response, some have argued that the world could always be improved with the creation of new people and that there is thus no best possible world. I argue that this reasoning gives rise to an instance of Parfit’s mere addition paradox and should (...)
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  24.  8
    Daniel E. Cohen (1980). Degree Problems for Modular Machines. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (3):510-528.
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  25.  18
    Jeffrey L. Kasser & Daniel Cohen (2002). Putnam, Truth and Informal Logic. Philosophica 70:85-108.
  26.  9
    Daniel H. Cohen (1995). TArgument is War...And War is Hell: Philosophy, Education, and Metaphors for Argumentation. Informal Logic 17 (2).
    The claim that argumentation has no proper role in either philosophy or education, and especially not in philosophical education, flies in the face of both conventional wisdom and traditional pedagogy. There is, however, something to be said for it because it is really only provocative against a certain philosophical backdrop. Our understanding of the concept "argument" is both reflected by and molded by the specific metaphor that argument-is-war, something with winners and losers, offensive and defensive moments, and an essentially adversarial (...)
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  27.  12
    Len Lecci & Dale Cohen (2007). Altered Processing of Health Threat Words as a Function of Hypochondriacal Tendencies and Experimentally Manipulated Control Beliefs. Cognition and Emotion 21 (1):211-224.
  28.  5
    Daniel H. Cohen, Virtue Epistemology and Argumentation Theory.
    Virtue epistemology was modeled on virtue ethics theories to transfer their ethical insights to epistemology. VE has had great success: broadening our perspective, providing new answers to traditional questions, and raising exciting new questions. I offer a new argument for VE based on the concept of cognitive achievements, a broader notion than purely epistemic achievements. The argument is then extended to cognitive transformations, especially the cognitive transformations brought about by argumentation.
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  29.  2
    Deborah Cohen & Michèle Riot-Sarcey (2015). Le « Mouvement Ouvrier » En Questions. Actuel Marx 58 (2):93.
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  30. David Cohen (1991). Law, Sexuality, and Society the Enforcement of Morals in Classical Athens. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  31. David Cohen & Richard Saller (1994). Foucault on Sexuality in Greco-Roman Antiquity. In Jan Ellen Goldstein (ed.), Foucault and the Writing of History. Blackwell 35--59.
     
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  32.  3
    Daniel H. Cohen, Arguments That Backfire.
    One result of successful argumentation – able arguers presenting cogent arguments to competent audiences – is a transfer of credibility from premises to conclusions. From a purely logical perspective, neither dubious premises nor fallacious inference should lower the credibility of the target conclusion. Nevertheless, some arguments do backfire this way. Dialectical and rhetorical considerations come into play. Three inter-related conclusions emerge from a catalogue of hapless arguers and backfiring arguments. First, there are advantages to paying attention to arguers and their (...)
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  33.  11
    David Cohen & Jonathan Leo (2004). An Update on ADHD Neuroimaging Research. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (2):161-166.
    Since the publication of a critical review on ADHD neuroimaging in a past issue of this journal , several relevant studies have appeared, including one study that had a subgroup of unmedicated ADHD children . In this update to our earlier review we comment on this last study’s failure to report on the crucial comparison between unmedicated and medicated ADHD subjects. The issue of prior medication exposure in ADHD subjects constitutes a serious confound in this body of research, and still (...)
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  34.  10
    Diana Cohen (2005). La Filosofía Natural En Los Pensadores de la Modernidad. Análisis Filosófico 25 (1):88-93.
    En What Emotions Really Are y en otros artículos, Griffiths afirma que las clases naturales de los organismos vivos en Biología son cladistas. La afirmación está inmersa en una nueva teoría acerca de las clases naturales. En este trabajo examinaré los argumentos esgrimidos por Griffiths para sostener el estatus privilegiado de las clasificaciones cladistas frente a otras clasificaciones. No se discutirá la teoría de las clases naturales ofrecida, de cuyos méritos no dudo, sino su capacidad para ofrecer una solución en (...)
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  35.  38
    Daniel Cohen & Morgan Luck (2009). Why a Victim's Age is Irrelevant When Assessing the Wrongness of Killing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):396-401.
    abstract Intuitively, all killings are equally wrong, no matter how old one's victim. In this paper we defend this claim — The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis — against a challenge presented by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen. Lippert-Rasmussen shows The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis to be incompatible with two further theses: The Unequal Wrongness of Renderings Unconscious Thesis and The Equivalence Thesis. Lippert-Rasmussen argues that, of the three, The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis is the least defensible. He suggests that the (...)
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  36.  38
    Daniel I. A. Cohen (1994). The Hate That Dare Not Speak its Name: Pornography Qua Semi-Political Speech. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 13 (2):195 - 239.
    In this essay we shall examine the contemporary jurisprudential thinking and legal precedents surrounding the issue of the sanctionability of pornography. We shall catalogue them by their logical presumptions, such as whether they view pornography as speech or act, whether they view pornography as obscenity, political hate-speech or anomalous other, whether they would scrutinize legislation governing pornography by a balancing of the harm of repression against the harm of permission, and who exactly they view as the victims.We shall take a (...)
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  37.  36
    David Cohen & Angèle Consoli (2006). Production of Supernatural Beliefs During Cotard's Syndrome, a Rare Psychotic Depression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468-470.
    Cotard's syndrome is a psychotic condition that includes delusion of a supernatural nature. Based on insights from recovered patients who were convinced of being immortal, we can (1) distinguish biographical experiences from cultural and evolutionary backgrounds; (2) show that cultural significance dominates biographical experiences; and (3) support Bering's view of a cognitive system dedicated to forming illusory representations of immortality.
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  38.  9
    Daniel H. Cohen (1988). The Word as Will and Idea. Philosophical Studies 32:126-140.
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  39.  15
    Daniel H. Cohen (1986). A New Axiomatization of Belnap's Conditional Assertion. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):124-132.
  40.  9
    Diana Cohen (2004). Ética y Genética: Los Problemas Morales de la Genética Humana. Análisis Filosófico 24 (2):219-222.
    En el presente trabajo se pone de relieve una tesis del último Kuhn que ha sido, y aún es, desatendida: el carácter no universal del lenguaje. Luego de ubicarla en los textos y contextos teóricos donde aparece, se intenta aclararla a partir de algunos de sus textos posteriores. En este afán, el trabajo presente en primer lugar muestra, cómo, deben ser modificadas algunas de las propuestas filosóficas atribuidas al Kuhn clásico para poder comprender esta tesis y en segundo lugar, intenta (...)
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  41.  32
    Daniel Cohen (2006). Openness, Accidentality and Responsibility. Philosophical Studies 127 (3):581 - 597.
    In this paper, I present a novel argument for scepticism about moral responsibility. Unlike traditional arguments, this argument doesn’t depend on contingent empirical claims about the truth or falsity of causal determinism. Rather, it is argued that the conceptual conditions of responsibility are jointly incompatible. In short, when an agent is responsible for an action, it must be true both that the action was non-accidental, and that it was open to the agent not to perform that action. However, as I (...)
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  42.  8
    David Cohen (2006). War, Moderation, and Revenge in Thucydides. Journal of Military Ethics 5 (4):270-289.
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  43.  25
    Daniel Cohen (2003). Review of Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):444 – 445.
    Review: Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology Jeanette Kennett New York Oxford University Press 2001 viii + 229 Hardback US$45 By Jeanette Kennett. Oxford University Press. New York. Pp. viii + 229. Hardback:US$45.
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  44.  24
    Daniel Cohen (2010). Real Materialism and Other Essays. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):758-759.
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  45.  5
    David Cohen (1982). How Business Can Influence Government Credibility. Journal of Business Ethics 1 (2):109 - 114.
    The business community has failed to act on a fundamental given: a healthy political system is essential to a healthy economic system. A competitive economic system requires a competitive political system. Good citizens — motivated and informed — make effective leadership possible.Its ingredients require ending the escalating arms race among PACs in congressional races by reducing the amoung legislators may accept from PACs; by making small individual contributions count by matching them with the voluntary tax check off; disclosing direct and (...)
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  46.  7
    David Cohen & Jonathan Leo (2003). Broken Brains or Flawed Studies? A Critical Review of ADHD Neuroimaging Studies. Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (1):29-56.
    A review of over thirty neuroimaging studies on children diagnosed with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder by Giedd, Blumenthal, Molloy, and Castellanos is organized around tables listing the main findings of studies using different types of neuroimaging. Like most researchers in this field, Giedd et al. conclude that the evidence supports the involvement of right frontal–striatal circuitry with cerebellar modulation in ADHD. However, Giedd et al. do not report on a confounding variable of crucial interest in this field of research — whether (...)
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  47.  21
    Michael McCubbin & David Cohen (1999). A Systemic and Value-Based Approach to Strategic Reform of the Mental Health System. Health Care Analysis 7 (1):57-77.
    Most writers now recognize that mental health policy and the mental health system are extremely resistant to real changes that reflect genuine biopsychosocial paradigms of mental disorder. Writers bemoaning the intransigence of the mental health system tend to focus on a small analytical level, only to find themselves mired in the rationalities of the existing system. Problems are acknowledged to be system-wide, yet few writers have used a method of analysis appropriate for systemic problems. Drawing upon the General System Theory (...)
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  48.  27
    Daniel H. Cohen (1993). Nonsensical Representation and Senseless Interpretation: Wittgenstein on Nonsense Judgments. Philosophia 22 (3-4):407-424.
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  49.  25
    Dale J. Cohen & Michael Kubovy (1999). Even Feature Integration is Cognitively Impenetrable. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):371-372.
    Pylyshyn is willing to assume that attention can influence feature integration. We argue that he concedes too much. Feature integration occurs preattentively, except in the case of certain “perverse” displays, such as those used in feature-conjunction searches.
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  50.  3
    Daniel H. Cohen, Commentary On: Katharina von Radziewsky's "The Virtuous Arguer: One Person, Four Characters".
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