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Profile: David Cohen
Profile: Daniel Cohen (Colby College)
Profile: Daniel Cohen (Charles Sturt University)
Profile: Dror Cohen (Tel Aviv University)
Profile: Dee Cohen (University of Johannesburg)
  1. Simon Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg & D. J. Cohen (1994). Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Autism. Oxford University Press.
     
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  2. Adam Bales, Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2014). Decision Theory for Agents with Incomplete Preferences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):453-70.
    Orthodox decision theory gives no advice to agents who hold two goods to be incommensurate in value because such agents will have incomplete preferences. According to standard treatments, rationality requires complete preferences, so such agents are irrational. Experience shows, however, that incomplete preferences are ubiquitous in ordinary life. In this paper, we aim to do two things: (1) show that there is a good case for revising decision theory so as to allow it to apply non-vacuously to agents with incomplete (...)
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  3.  7
    Daniel H. Cohen (2013). Virtue, In Context. Informal Logic 33 (4):471-485.
    Virtue argumentation theory provides the best framework for accommodating the notion of an argument that is “fully satisfying” in a robust and integrated sense. The process of explicating the notion of fully satisfying arguments requires expanding the concept of arguers to include all of an argument’s participants, including judges, juries, and interested spectators. And that, in turn, requires expanding the concept of an argument itself to include its entire context.
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  4. Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2010). Rational Capacities, Resolve, and Weakness of Will. Mind 119 (476):907 - 932.
    In this paper we present an account of practical rationality and weakness of will in terms of rational capacities. We show how our account rectifies various shortcomings in Michael Smith's related theory. In particular, our account is capable of accommodating cases of weak-willed behaviour that are not `akratic', or otherwise contrary to the agent's better judgement. Our account differs from Smith's primarily by incorporating resolve: a third rational capacity for resolute maintenance of one's intentions. We discuss further two ways to (...)
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  5. Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield (2007). Finking Frankfurt. Philosophical Studies 135 (3):363--74.
    Michael Smith has resisted Harry Frankfurt's claim that moral responsibility does not require the ability to have done otherwise. He does this by claiming that, in Frankfurt cases, the ability to do otherwise is indeed present, but is a disposition that has been `finked' or masked by other factors. We suggest that, while Smith's account appears to work for some classic Frankfurt cases, it does not work for all. In particular, Smith cannot explain cases, such as the Willing Addict, where (...)
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  6.  22
    David B. Greenberger, Marcia P. Miceli & Debra J. Cohen (1987). Oppositionists and Group Norms: The Reciprocal Influence of Whistle-Blowers and Co-Workers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):527-542.
    Who blows the whistle — a loner or a well-liked team player? Which of them is more likely to lead a successful opposition to perceived organizational wrongdoing? The potential influence of co-worker pressures to conform on whistle-blowing activity or the likely effects of whistle-blowing on the group have not been addressed. This paper presents a preliminary model of whistle-blowing as an act of nonconformity. One implication is that the success of an opposition will depend on the characteristics of the whistle-blower (...)
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  7.  21
    Andrew Aberdein & Daniel H. Cohen (2016). Introduction: Virtues and Arguments. Topoi 35 (2):339-343.
    It has been a decade since the phrase virtue argumentation was introduced, and while it would be an exaggeration to say that it burst onto the scene, it would be just as much of an understatement to say that it has gone unnoticed. Trying to strike the virtuous mean between the extremes of hyperbole and litotes, then, we can fairly characterize it as a way of thinking about arguments and argumentation that has steadily attracted more and more attention from argumentation (...)
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  8. Dov Cohen (2003). The American National Conversation About (Everything but) Shame. Social Research: An International Quarterly 70 (4):1075-1108.
     
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  9. Simon Baron-Cohen, Helen Tager-Flusberg & Donald J. Cohen (2000). Understanding Other Minds Perspectives From Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10.  4
    Deborah Vidaver Cohen (1993). Creating and Maintaining Ethical Work Climates. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):343-358.
    This paper examines how unethical behavior in the workplace occurs when management places inordinately strong emphasis on goalattainment without a corresponding emphasis on following legitimate procedures. Robert Merton's theory of sodal structure and anomie provides a foundation to discuss this argument. Key factors affecting ethical climates in work organizations are also addressed. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes strategies for developing and changing aspects of organizational culture to reduce anomie, thereby creating work climates which discourage unethical practices and provide (...)
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  11.  6
    Deborah Vidaver Cohen (1993). Creating and Maintaining Ethical Work Climates: Anomie in the Workplace and Implications for Managing Change. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):343-358.
    This paper examines how unethical behavior in the workplace occurs when management places inordinately strong emphasis on goalattainment without a corresponding emphasis on following legitimate procedures. Robert Merton's theory of sodal structure and anomie provides a foundation to discuss this argument. Key factors affecting ethical climates in work organizations are also addressed. Based on this analysis, the paper proposes strategies for developing and changing aspects of organizational culture to reduce anomie, thereby creating work climates which discourage unethical practices and provide (...)
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  12.  6
    Daniel H. Cohen (forthcoming). Argumentative Virtues as Conduits for Reason’s Causal Efficacy: Why the Practice of Giving Reasons Requires That We Practice Hearing Reasons. Topoi:1-8.
    Psychological and neuroscientific data suggest that a great deal, perhaps even most, of our reasoning turns out to be rationalizing. The reasons we give for our positions are seldom either the real reasons or the effective causes of why we have those positions. We are not as rational as we like to think. A second, no less disheartening observation is that while we may be very effective when it comes to giving reasons, we are not that good at getting reasons. (...)
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  13.  6
    Daniel Cohen (2004). Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy. University Press of America.
    In this book, Daniel Cohen explores the connections between arguments and metaphors, most pronounced in philosophy because philosophical discourse is both thoroughly metaphorical and replete with argumentation. Cohen covers the nature of arguments, their modes and structures, and the principles of their evaluation, and addresses the nature of metaphors, their place in language and thought, and their connections to arguments, identifying and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.
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  14. Nick Trakakis & Daniel Cohen (eds.) (2008). Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility. Cambridge Scholars.
  15.  46
    Daniel H. Cohen (1988). A Reply to Cahn. Analysis 48 (2):109 - 110.
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  16.  26
    Michael Kubovy & Dale J. Cohen (2001). What Boundaries Tell Us About Binding. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):93-95.
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  17.  28
    David Cohen & Jonathan Leo (2004). Un aggiornamento sulla ricerca con neuroimmagini nella ADHD. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (2):161-166.
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  18.  8
    Daniel Cohen (2016). Responsibility From the Margins, by David Shoemaker. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):840-841.
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  19. Diana Cohen (2001). La muerte según Baruch Spinoza: aproximaciones a una noción problemática. Dianoia 46 (46):41-64.
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  20.  15
    David Cohen, M. F. Longo, Kerenza Hood, Adrian Edwards & Glyn Elwyn (2004). Resource Effects of Training General Practitioners in Risk Communication Skills and Shared Decision Making Competences. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (3):439-445.
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  21.  10
    Daniel H. Cohen (1995). TArgument is War...And War is Hell: Philosophy, Education, and Metaphors for Argumentation. Informal Logic 17 (2).
    The claim that argumentation has no proper role in either philosophy or education, and especially not in philosophical education, flies in the face of both conventional wisdom and traditional pedagogy. There is, however, something to be said for it because it is really only provocative against a certain philosophical backdrop. Our understanding of the concept "argument" is both reflected by and molded by the specific metaphor that argument-is-war, something with winners and losers, offensive and defensive moments, and an essentially adversarial (...)
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  22. David Cohen (1991). Law, Sexuality, and Society the Enforcement of Morals in Classical Athens. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  23.  48
    Daniel Cohen (2009). Creating the Best Possible World: Some Problems From Parfit. Sophia 48 (2):143-150.
    It is sometimes argued that if God were to exist, then the actual world would be the best possible world. However, given that the actual world is clearly not the best possible world, then God doesn’t exist. In response, some have argued that the world could always be improved with the creation of new people and that there is thus no best possible world. I argue that this reasoning gives rise to an instance of Parfit’s mere addition paradox and should (...)
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  24.  10
    Daniel H. Cohen & George Miller (2016). What Virtue Argumentation Theory Misses: The Case of Compathetic Argumentation. Topoi 35 (2):451-460.
    While deductive validity provides the limiting upper bound for evaluating the strength and quality of inferences, by itself it is an inadequate tool for evaluating arguments, arguing, and argumentation. Similar remarks can be made about rhetorical success and dialectical closure. Then what would count as ideal argumentation? In this paper we introduce the concept of cognitive compathy to point in the direction of one way to answer that question. It is a feature of our argumentation rather than my argument or (...)
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  25. David Cohen & Richard Saller (1994). Foucault on Sexuality in Greco-Roman Antiquity. In Jan Ellen Goldstein (ed.), Foucault and the Writing of History. Blackwell 35--59.
     
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  26.  5
    Daniel H. Cohen (2007). Virtue Epistemology and Argumentation Theory. In David Hitchcock (ed.), Dissensus and the search for common ground. OSSA
    Virtue epistemology was modeled on virtue ethics theories to transfer their ethical insights to epistemology. VE has had great success: broadening our perspective, providing new answers to traditional questions, and raising exciting new questions. I offer a new argument for VE based on the concept of cognitive achievements, a broader notion than purely epistemic achievements. The argument is then extended to cognitive transformations, especially the cognitive transformations brought about by argumentation.
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  27.  18
    Daniel H. Cohen (2001). Evaluating Arguments and Making Meta-Arguments. Informal Logic 21 (2).
    This paper explores the outlines of a framework for evaluating arguments. Among the factors to take into account are the strength of the arguers' inferences, the level of their engagement with objections raised by other interlocutors, and their effectiveness in rationally persuading their target audiences. Some connections among these can be understood only in the context of meta-argumentation and meta-rationality. The Principle of Meta-Rationality (PMR)--that reasoning rationally includes reasoning about rationality-is used to explain why it can be rational to resist (...)
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  28.  5
    Rosamond Rhodes & Devra S. Cohen (2003). Understanding, Being, and Doing: Medical Ethics in Medical Education. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):39-53.
    Over the past 15 years, medical schools have paid some attention to the importance of developing students' communication skills as part of their medical education. Over the past decade, medical ethics has been added to the curriculum of most U.S. medical schools, at least on paper. More recently, there has been growing discussion of the importance of professionalism in medical education. Yet, the nature and content of these fields and their relationship to one another remains confused and vague, and that (...)
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  29.  20
    Jeffrey L. Kasser & Daniel Cohen (2002). Putnam, Truth and Informal Logic. Philosophica 70:85-108.
  30.  14
    Len Lecci & Dale Cohen (2007). Altered Processing of Health Threat Words as a Function of Hypochondriacal Tendencies and Experimentally Manipulated Control Beliefs. Cognition and Emotion 21 (1):211-224.
  31.  11
    Oren Hasson, Dan Cohen & Avi Shmida (1992). Providing or Hiding Information: On the Evolution of Amplifiers and Attenuators of Perceived Quality Differences. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4):269-283.
    In many coevolutionary systems members of one party select members of a second party based on quality differences existing among members of the latter (e.g., predators and prey, pollinators and flowers, etc.). We examined the fate of characters that increase (amplifiers) or decrease (attenuators) the perceived amplitude of differences in the quality upon which choice of the selecting party is based. We found that the evolution of such characters depends on (i) the relationship between the cost of the character and (...)
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  32.  1
    Daniel H. Cohen (forthcoming). The Virtuous Troll: Argumentative Virtues in the Age of Argumentative Pluralism. Philosophy and Technology:1-11.
    Technology has made argumentation rampant. We can argue whenever we want. With social media venues for every interest, we can also argue about whatever we want. To some extent, we can select our opponents and audiences to argue with whomever we want. And we can argue however we want, whether in carefully reasoned, article-length expositions, real-time exchanges, or 140-character polemics. The concepts of arguing, arguing well, and even being an arguer have evolved with this new multiplicity and diversity; theory needs (...)
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  33.  3
    Daniel H. Cohen (2005). Arguments That Backfire. In D. Hitchcock & D. Farr (eds.), The Uses of Argument. OSSA 58-65.
    One result of successful argumentation – able arguers presenting cogent arguments to competent audiences – is a transfer of credibility from premises to conclusions. From a purely logical perspective, neither dubious premises nor fallacious inference should lower the credibility of the target conclusion. Nevertheless, some arguments do backfire this way. Dialectical and rhetorical considerations come into play. Three inter-related conclusions emerge from a catalogue of hapless arguers and backfiring arguments. First, there are advantages to paying attention to arguers and their (...)
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  34.  8
    Daniel E. Cohen (1980). Degree Problems for Modular Machines. Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (3):510-528.
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  35.  9
    David Cohen (2006). War, Moderation, and Revenge in Thucydides. Journal of Military Ethics 5 (4):270-289.
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  36.  6
    Daniel H. Cohen (2014). Commentary On: Katharina von Radziewsky's "The Virtuous Arguer: One Person, Four Characters". In Dima Mohammed & Marcin Lewinsky (eds.), Virtues of Argumentation: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society forthe Study of Argumentation. OSSA
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  37.  19
    Daniel H. Cohen (1986). A New Axiomatization of Belnap's Conditional Assertion. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):124-132.
  38. Nick Trakakis & D. Cohen, Introduction.
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  39. David W. Cohen (1989). An Introduction to Hilbert Space and Quantum Logic.
     
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  40.  44
    Daniel I. A. Cohen (1994). The Hate That Dare Not Speak its Name: Pornography Qua Semi-Political Speech. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 13 (2):195 - 239.
    In this essay we shall examine the contemporary jurisprudential thinking and legal precedents surrounding the issue of the sanctionability of pornography. We shall catalogue them by their logical presumptions, such as whether they view pornography as speech or act, whether they view pornography as obscenity, political hate-speech or anomalous other, whether they would scrutinize legislation governing pornography by a balancing of the harm of repression against the harm of permission, and who exactly they view as the victims.We shall take a (...)
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  41.  39
    Daniel Cohen & Morgan Luck (2009). Why a Victim's Age is Irrelevant When Assessing the Wrongness of Killing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):396-401.
    abstract Intuitively, all killings are equally wrong, no matter how old one's victim. In this paper we defend this claim — The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis — against a challenge presented by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen. Lippert-Rasmussen shows The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis to be incompatible with two further theses: The Unequal Wrongness of Renderings Unconscious Thesis and The Equivalence Thesis. Lippert-Rasmussen argues that, of the three, The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis is the least defensible. He suggests that the (...)
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  42.  11
    David Cohen & Jonathan Leo (2004). An Update on ADHD Neuroimaging Research. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (2):161-166.
    Since the publication of a critical review on ADHD neuroimaging in a past issue of this journal , several relevant studies have appeared, including one study that had a subgroup of unmedicated ADHD children . In this update to our earlier review we comment on this last study’s failure to report on the crucial comparison between unmedicated and medicated ADHD subjects. The issue of prior medication exposure in ADHD subjects constitutes a serious confound in this body of research, and still (...)
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  43.  2
    Deborah Cohen & Michèle Riot-Sarcey (2015). Le « Mouvement Ouvrier » En Questions. Actuel Marx 58 (2):93.
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  44.  10
    Diana Cohen (2005). La Filosofía Natural En Los Pensadores de la Modernidad. Análisis Filosófico 25 (1):88-93.
    En What Emotions Really Are y en otros artículos, Griffiths afirma que las clases naturales de los organismos vivos en Biología son cladistas. La afirmación está inmersa en una nueva teoría acerca de las clases naturales. En este trabajo examinaré los argumentos esgrimidos por Griffiths para sostener el estatus privilegiado de las clasificaciones cladistas frente a otras clasificaciones. No se discutirá la teoría de las clases naturales ofrecida, de cuyos méritos no dudo, sino su capacidad para ofrecer una solución en (...)
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  45.  37
    David Cohen & Angèle Consoli (2006). Production of Supernatural Beliefs During Cotard's Syndrome, a Rare Psychotic Depression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468-470.
    Cotard's syndrome is a psychotic condition that includes delusion of a supernatural nature. Based on insights from recovered patients who were convinced of being immortal, we can (1) distinguish biographical experiences from cultural and evolutionary backgrounds; (2) show that cultural significance dominates biographical experiences; and (3) support Bering's view of a cognitive system dedicated to forming illusory representations of immortality.
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  46.  35
    Daniel Cohen (2006). Openness, Accidentality and Responsibility. Philosophical Studies 127 (3):581 - 597.
    In this paper, I present a novel argument for scepticism about moral responsibility. Unlike traditional arguments, this argument doesn’t depend on contingent empirical claims about the truth or falsity of causal determinism. Rather, it is argued that the conceptual conditions of responsibility are jointly incompatible. In short, when an agent is responsible for an action, it must be true both that the action was non-accidental, and that it was open to the agent not to perform that action. However, as I (...)
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  47.  1
    Michael Gagarin & D. Cohen (1985). Theft in Athenian Law. Journal of Hellenic Studies 105:214.
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  48.  9
    Daniel H. Cohen (1988). The Word as Will and Idea. Philosophical Studies 32:126-140.
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  49.  25
    Daniel Cohen (2003). Review of Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):444 – 445.
    Review: Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology Jeanette Kennett New York Oxford University Press 2001 viii + 229 Hardback US$45 By Jeanette Kennett. Oxford University Press. New York. Pp. viii + 229. Hardback:US$45.
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  50.  24
    Daniel Cohen (2010). Real Materialism and Other Essays. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):758-759.
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