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David Degrazia [62]D. Degrazia [8]
  1. D. DeGrazia (forthcoming). Moral Enhancement, Freedom, and What We (Should) Value in Moral Behaviour. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-101157.
    The enhancement of human traits has received academic attention for decades, but only recently has moral enhancement using biomedical means – moral bioenhancement (MB) – entered the discussion. After explaining why we ought to take the possibility of MB seriously, the paper considers the shape and content of moral improvement, addressing at some length a challenge presented by reasonable moral pluralism. The discussion then proceeds to this question: Assuming MB were safe, effective, and universally available, would it be morally desirable? (...)
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  2. David DeGrazia (forthcoming). Jeremy R. Garrett (Ed), The Ethics of Animal Research. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
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  3. David DeGrazia (forthcoming). The Definition of Death. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  4. David DeGrazia (2014). On the Moral Status of Infants and the Cognitively Disabled: A Reply to Jaworska and Tannenbaum. Ethics 124 (3):543-556.
    Agnieszka Jaworska and Julie Tannenbaum address a central problem confronting efforts to understand moral status: the Problem of Nonparadigm Humans. The authors contend that human infants and cognitively disabled human beings whose capacities are comparable to those of dogs nevertheless have higher moral status. In this discussion, I will first reconstruct the authors’ assumptions and argumentative goals. In the article’s two major sections, I will examine the authors’ reasoning in pursuit of those goals and contend that the chain of argumentation (...)
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  5. David DeGrazia (2014). Persons, Dolphins, and Human–Nonhuman Chimeras. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):17-18.
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  6. D. DeGrazia (2013). On the Wrongness of Killing. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1):9-9.
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  7. David DeGrazia (2013). Review Animals and Public Health: Why Treating Animals Better Is Critical to Human Welfare Akhtar Aysha Palgrave Macmillan London, England. Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):108-109.
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  8. D. DeGrazia (2012). Genetic Enhancement, Post-Persons and Moral Status: A Reply to Buchanan. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):135-139.
    Responding to several leading ideas from a paper by Allen Buchanan, the present essay explores the implications of genetic enhancement for moral status. Contrary to doubts expressed by Buchanan, I argue that genetic enhancement could lead to the existence of beings so superior to contemporary human beings that we might aptly describe them as post-persons. If such post-persons emerged, how should we understand their moral status in relation to ours? The answer depends in part on which of two general models (...)
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  9. D. DeGrazia (2012). Genetic Enhancement, Post-Persons, and Moral Status: Author Reply to Commentaries. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):145-147.
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  10. David DeGrazia (2012). Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life. Oup Usa.
    Creation Ethics illuminates an array of issues in "reprogenetics" through the lens of moral philosophy. With novel frameworks for understanding prenatal moral status and human identity, David DeGrazia tackles the ethics of abortion and embryo research, genetic enhancement and prenatal genetic interventions, procreation and parenting, and obligations to future generations.
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  11. David DeGrazia (2012). Persons, Organisms, and Death. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):419-440.
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  12. David DeGrazia (2011). Kaczor , Christopher . The Ethics of Abortion: Women's Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice .New York: Routledge, 2011. Pp. 246. $39.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Ethics 121 (3):665-669.
  13. David DeGrazia (2010). Is It Wrong to Impose the Harms of Human Life? A Reply to Benatar. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (4):317-331.
    Might it be morally wrong to procreate? David Benatar answers affirmatively in Better Never to Have Been , arguing that coming into existence is always a great harm. I counter this view in several ways. First, I argue against Benatar’s asserted asymmetry between harm and benefit—which would support the claim that any amount of harm in a human life would make it not worth starting—while questioning the significance of his distinction between a life worth starting and one worth continuing. I (...)
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  14. David DeGrazia & Jeffrey Brand-Ballard (eds.) (2010). Biomedical Ethics. Mcgraw-Hill Higher Education.
     
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  15. Spencer Abraham, Ray Anderson, Nik Ansell, St Thomas Aquinas, St Francis of Assisi, William Baxter, Philip J. Bentley, Joachim Blatter, Murray Bookchin, Maya Brennan, Majora Carter, Carl Cohen, Deane Curtin, Herman Daly, David DeGrazia, Bill Devall, Calvin DeWitt, David Ehrenfeld, Paul, Anne Ehrlich, Robert Elliot, Stuart Ewen, Nuria Fernandez, Stephen Gardiner, Ramachandra Guha, Garrett Hardin, Eugene Hargrove, John Hasse, Po-Keung Ip, Ralf Isenmann, Kauser Jahan, Marianne B. Karsh, Andrew Kernohan, Marti Kheel, Kenneth Kraft, Aldo Leopold, Miriam MacGillis, Juan Martinez-Alier, Ed McGaa, Katie McShane, Roberto Mechoso, Arne Naess, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Michael Nelson, Bryan Norton, Philip Nyhus, John O'Neil, Stephen Pacala, Ernest Partridge, Erv Peterson, Tom Regan, Holmes Rolston Iii, Lily-Marlene Russow, Mark Sagoff, Kristin Schrader-Frechette, Erroll Schweizer, George Sessions, Vandana Shiva, Peter Singer, Stephen Socolow, Paul Steidlmeier, Richard Sylvan, Bron Taylor & Paul Taylor (2009). Earthcare: An Anthology in Environmental Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  16. David DeGrazia (2009). Brill Online Books and Journals. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (2).
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  17. David DeGrazia (2009). Moral Vegetarianism From a Very Broad Basis. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (2):143-165.
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  18. David DeGrazia (2009). Review of Jennifer S. Hawkins, Ezekiel J. Emanuel (Eds.), Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
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  19. David DeGrazia (2009). Self-Awareness in Animals. In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press. 201--217.
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  20. D. DeGrazia (2008). Meat-Eating. In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge. 219--224.
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  21. David DeGrazia (2008). Meets: Managed Competition. Hastings Center Report 38 (1):23-33.
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  22. David DeGrazia (2008). Moral Status as a Matter of Degree? Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):181-198.
    Some people contend that fetuses have moral status but less than that of paradigm persons. Many people hold views implying that sentient animals have moral status but less than that of persons. These positions suggest that moral status admits of degrees. Does it? To address this question, we must first clarify what it means to speak of degrees of moral status. The paper begins by clarifying the more basic concept of moral status and presenting two models of degrees ofmoral status. (...)
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  23. David DeGrazia (2008). Single Payer Meets Managed Competition: The Case for Public Funding and Private Delivery. Hastings Center Report 38 (1):23-33.
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  24. David DeGrazia & Richard E. Thompson (2008). Debating Health Care Reform. Hastings Center Report 38 (4):8-9.
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  25. Tom L. Beauchamp, Baruch Brody, Marion Danis, Samia A. See Hurst, David Degrazia, Must We Have, Alber W. Dzur, Daniel Levin, Daniel M. Fox & Diane Gianelli (2007). By Author. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (4):405-407.
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  26. David Degrazia (2007). Human-Animal Chimeras: Human Dignity, Moral Status, and Species Prejudice. Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):309–329.
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  27. David DeGrazia (2007). Must We Have Full Moral Status Throughout Our Existence? A Reply to Alfonso Gomez-Lobo. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (4):297-310.
    : Those who are morally opposed to abortion generally make several pivotal assumptions. This paper focuses on the assumption that we have full moral status throughout our existence. Coupled with the assumption that we come into existence at conception, the assumption about moral status entails that all human fetuses have full moral status, including a right to life. Is the assumption about moral status correct? In addressing this question, I respond to several arguments advanced, in this journal and other venues, (...)
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  28. David Degrazia (2007). The Harm of Death, Time-Relative Interests, and Abortion. Philosophical Forum 38 (1):57–80.
    Regarding the sinking lifeboat scenario involving several human beings and a dog, nearly everyone agrees that it is right to sacrifice the dog. I suggest that the best explanation for this considered judgment, an explanation that appears to time-relative interests, contains a key insight about prudential value. This insight, I argue, also provides perhaps the most promising reply to the future-like-ours argument, which is widely regarded as the strongest moral argument against abortion. Providing a solution to a longstanding puzzle in (...)
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  29. David DeGrazia (2006). Moral Status, Human Identity, and Early Embryos: A Critique of the President's Approach. Journal of Law, Medicine Ethics 34 (1):49-57.
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  30. David DeGrazia (2006). Regarding Animals: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Use in Biomedical Research: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):277-284.
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  31. David Degrazia (2005). Enhancement Technologies and Human Identity. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (3):261 – 283.
    As the President's Council on Bioethics emphasized in a recent report, rapid growth of biotechnologies creates increasingly many possibilities for enhancing human traits. This article addresses the claim that enhancement via biotechnology is inherently problematic for reasons pertaining to our identity. After clarifying the concept of enhancement, and providing a framework for understanding human identity, I examine the relationship between enhancement and identity. Then I investigate two identity-related challenges to biotechnological enhancements: (1) the charge of inauthenticity and (2) the charge (...)
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  32. David DeGrazia (2005). Human Identity and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
    When philosophers address personal identity, they usually explore numerical identity: what are the criteria for a person's continuing existence? When non-philosophers address personal identity, they often have in mind narrative identity: Which characteristics of a particular person are salient to her self-conception? This book develops accounts of both senses of identity, arguing that both are normatively important, and is unique in its exploration of a range of issues in bioethics through the lens of identity. Defending a biological view of our (...)
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  33. Paul B. Bascom, David DeGrazia, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Kathleen Foley, Herbert Hendin, Michael Panicola, Stephen G. Post, Thomas A. Shannon, Susan W. Tolle & Charles von Gunten (2004). Death and Dying: A Reader. Sheed & Ward.
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  34. David DeGrazia (2004). Liberal Bioethics and Contested Surgeries. Hastings Center Report 34 (2):3.
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  35. David DeGrazia (2003). Carl Cohen and Tom Regan, The Animal Rights Debate:The Animal Rights Debate. Ethics 113 (3):692-695.
  36. David DeGrazia (2003). A Reply to Bradley Lewis's “Prozac and the Post-Human Politics of Cyborgs”. Journal of Medical Humanities 24 (1-2):65-71.
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  37. David DeGrazia (2003). Common Morality, Coherence, and the Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (3):219-230.
    : The fifth edition of Beauchamp and Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics is distinguished by its emphatic embrace of common morality as the ultimate source of moral norms. This essay critically evaluates the fifth edition's discussion of common morality and, to a lesser extent, its treatment of coherence (both the model of ethical justification and the associated concept). It is argued that the book is overly accommodating of existing moral beliefs. The paper concludes with three suggestions for improving this leading (...)
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  38. David Degrazia (2003). Identity, Killing, and the Boundaries of Our Existence. Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (4):413–442.
  39. D. Degrazia (2002). Are We Essentially Persons? Olson, Baker, and a Reply. Philosophical Forum 33 (1):81-99.
  40. David DeGrazia (2002). Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides a general overview of the basic ethical and philosophical issues of animal rights. It asks questions such as: Do animals have moral rights? If so, what does this mean? What sorts of mental lives do animals have, and how should we understand welfare? By presenting models for understanding animals' moral status and rights, and examining their mental lives and welfare, David DeGrazia explores the implications for how we should treat animals in connection with our diet, zoos, and (...)
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  41. David Degrazia (2000). Prozac, Enhancement, and Self‐Creation. Hastings Center Report 30 (2):34-40.
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  42. David A. Buehler, Paul Carrick, David DeGrazia, Alan M. Goldberg, Richard N. Hill, Kenneth V. Iserson & Andrew Jameton (1999). Kenneth M. Boyd, MA, BD, Ph. D., is Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics, Edinburgh University Medical School, Research Director of the Institute of Medical Ethics, and Associate Minister of the Church of St. John the Evangelist, Princes Street, Edinburgh, Scotland. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8:6-7.
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  43. David Degrazia (1999). The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (01):23-34.
    Few human uses of nonhuman animals (hereafter simply ) have incited as much controversy as the use of animals in biomedical research. The political exchanges over this issue tend to produce much more heat than light, as representatives of both biomedicine and the animal protection community accuse opponents of being and the like. However, a healthy number of individuals within these two communities offer the possibility of a more illuminating discussion of the ethics of animal research.
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  44. David Degrazia (1999). Advance Directives, Dementia, and 'The Someone Else Problem'. Bioethics 13 (5):373-391.
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  45. David DeGrazia (1999). Persons, Organisms, and Death: A Philosophical Critique of the Higher-Brain Approach. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):419-440.
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  46. Anita Allen, Lawrence C. Becker, Deryck Beyleveld, David Cummiskey, David DeGrazia, David M. Gallagher, Alan Gewirth, Virginia Held, Barbara Koziak, Donald Regan, Jeffrey Reiman, Henry Richardson, Beth J. Singer, Michael Slote, Edward Spence & James P. Sterba (1998). Gewirth: Critical Essays on Action, Rationality, and Community. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  47. D. DeGrazia (1998). Animal Ethics Around the Turn of the Twenty-First Century. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (2):111-129.
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  48. D. DeGrazia (1998). Wellbeing of Animals. In Marc Bekoff & Carron A. Meaney (eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood Press. 359--360.
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  49. David DeGrazia (1997). Great Apes, Dolphins, and the Concept of Personhood. Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):301-320.
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  50. David DeGrazia (1997). Review Essay. Bioethics 11 (1):67–74.
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