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Daniel Smilek [19]D. Smilek [7]Dan Smilek [3]
  1. David R. Thomson, Paul Seli, Derek Besner & Daniel Smilek (2014). On the Link Between Mind Wandering and Task Performance Over Time. Consciousness and Cognition 27:14-26.
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  2. James Allan Cheyne, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Dan Smilek (2013). Age Differences in Attention Lapses Mask Age Differences in Memory Failures: A Methodological Note on Suppression. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Although objective measures of memory performance typically indicate memory declines with age, self-reported memory failures often show no relation to age. In contrast, self-reported attention failures are reliably negatively correlated with age. This contrast suggests the possibility that age-related awareness and reporting of memory failures might be masked by a concurrent decrease in attention failures, which would reduce encoding failures with age and hence reduce perceived memory failures. Self-reported problems of attention and memory were evaluated in two samples with the (...)
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  3. Tanya R. Jonker, Paul Seli, James Allan Cheyne & Daniel Smilek (2013). Performance Reactivity in a Continuous-Performance Task: Implications for Understanding Post-Error Behavior. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1468-1476.
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  4. Paul Seli, Jonathan S. A. Carriere, Merrick Levene & Dan Smilek (2013). How Few and Far Between? Examining the Effects of Probe Rate on Self-Reported Mind Wandering. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    We examined whether the temporal rate at which thought probes are presented affects the likelihood that people will report periods of mind wandering. To evaluate this possibility, we had participants complete a sustained-attention task (the Metronome Response Task; MRT) during which we intermittently presented thought probes. Critically, we varied the average time between probes (i.e., probe rate) across participants, allowing us to examine the relation between probe rate and mind-wandering rate. We observed a positive relation between these variables, indicating that (...)
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  5. Trish L. Varao Sousa, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Dan Smilek (2013). The Way We Encounter Reading Material Influences How Frequently We Mind Wander. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    We examined whether different encounters of reading material influence the likelihood of mind wandering, memory for the material, and the ratings of interest in the material. In a within-subjects design participants experienced three different reading encounters: 1) reading a passage aloud, 2) listening to a passage being read to them, and 3) reading a passage silently. Throughout each reading encounter probes were given in order to identify mind wandering. After finishing the passage participants also rated how interesting it was and (...)
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  6. Leanne Quigley, Andrea L. Nelson, Jonathan Carriere, Daniel Smilek & Christine Purdon (2012). The Effects of Trait and State Anxiety on Attention to Emotional Images: An Eye-Tracking Study. Cognition and Emotion 26 (8):1390-1411.
  7. Paul Seli, James Allan Cheyne & Daniel Smilek (2012). Attention Failures Versus Misplaced Diligence: Separating Attention Lapses From Speed–Accuracy Trade-Offs. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):277-291.
    In two studies of a GO–NOGO task assessing sustained attention, we examined the effects of altering speed–accuracy trade-offs through instructions and auditory alerts distributed throughout the task. Instructions emphasizing accuracy reduced errors and changed the distribution of GO trial RTs. Additionally, correlations between errors and increasing RTs produced a U-function; excessively fast and slow RTs accounted for much of the variance of errors. Contrary to previous reports, alerts increased errors and RT variability. The results suggest that standard instructions for sustained (...)
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  8. Grayden Jf Solman, J. Allan Cheyne & Daniel Smilek (2012). Found and Missed: Failing to Recognize a Search Target Despite Moving It. Cognition 123 (1):100-118.
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  9. Kevin Barton, Jonathan Fugelsang & Daniel Smilek (2011). Inhibiting Beliefs Demands Attention. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):250-267.
    Research across a variety of domains has found that people fail to evaluate statistical information in an atheoretical manner. Rather, people tend to evaluate statistical information in light of their pre-existing beliefs and experiences. The locus of these biases continues to be hotly debated. In two experiments we evaluate the degree to which reasoning when relevant beliefs are readily accessible (i.e., when reasoning with Belief-Laden content) versus when relevant beliefs are not available (i.e., when reasoning with Non-Belief-Laden content) differentially demands (...)
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  10. James Allan Cheyne, Jonathan S. A. Carriere, Grayden J. F. Solman & Daniel Smilek (2011). Challenge and Error: Critical Events and Attention-Related Errors. Cognition 121 (3):437-446.
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  11. Daniel Smilek, Alicia Callejas, Mike J. Dixon & Philip M. Merikle (2010). Corrigendum to “Ovals of Time: Time–Space Associations in Synaesthesia” [Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2008) 507–519]. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):504-.
    The illustration of a time–space shown in Fig. 1A of the paper was based on an illustration by Carol Steen entitled “PD’s Time Space” that appeared in Duffy . Blue cats and chartreuse kittens: How synesthetes color their worlds. New York: Henry Holt and Company).
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  12. J. Allan Cheyne, Grayden J. F. Solman, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Daniel Smilek (2009). Anatomy of an Error: A Bidirectional State Model of Task Engagement/Disengagement and Attention-Related Errors. Cognition 111 (1):98-113.
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  13. Kevin Barton, Jonathan Fugelsang & Daniel Smilek (2009). Inhibiting Beliefs Demands Attention. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):250 – 267.
    Research across a variety of domains has found that people fail to evaluate statistical information in an atheoretical manner. Rather, people tend to evaluate statistical information in light of their pre-existing beliefs and experiences. The locus of these biases continues to be hotly debated. In two experiments we evaluate the degree to which reasoning when relevant beliefs are readily accessible (i.e., when reasoning with Belief-Laden content) versus when relevant beliefs are not available (i.e., when reasoning with Non-Belief-Laden content) differentially demands (...)
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  14. James Allan Cheyne, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Daniel Smilek (2009). Absent Minds and Absent Agents: Attention-Lapse Induced Alienation of Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):481-493.
    We report a novel task designed to elicit transient attention-lapse induced alienation of agency experiences in normal participants. When attention-related action slips occur during the task, participants reported substantially decreased self control as well as a high degree of perceived agency attributed to the errant hand. In addition, participants reported being surprised by, and annoyed with, the actions of the errant hand. We argue that ALIA experiences occur because of constraints imposed by the close and precise temporal relations between intention (...)
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  15. J. Carriere, J. Cheyne & D. Smilek (2008). Everyday Attention Lapses and Memory Failures: The Affective Consequences of Mindlessness. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):835-847.
    We examined the affective consequences of everyday attention lapses and memory failures. Significant associations were found between self-report measures of attention lapses , attention-related cognitive errors , and memory failures , on the one hand, and boredom and depression , on the other. Regression analyses confirmed previous findings that the ARCES partially mediates the relation between the MAAS-LO and MFS. Further regression analyses also indicated that the association between the ARCES and BPS was entirely accounted for by the MAAS-LO and (...)
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  16. D. Smilek, J. Eastwood, M. Reynolds & A. Kingstone (2008). Metacognition and Change Detection: Do Lab and Life Really Converge? Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1056-1061.
    Studies of change blindness indicate that more intentional monitoring of changes is necessary to successfully detect changes as scene complexity increases. However, there have been conflicting reports as to whether people are aware of this relation between intention and successful change detection as scene complexity increases. Here we continue our dialogue with [Beck, M. R., Levin, D. T., & Angelone, B. . Change blindness blindness: Beliefs about the roles of intention and scene complexity in change detection. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, (...)
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  17. Daniel Smilek & Mike J. Dixon (2008). Two Complementary Perspectives on Synaesthesia. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):364-366.
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  18. D. Smilek, A. CAllejas, M. Dixon & P. Merikle (2007). Ovals of Time: Time-Space Associations in Synaesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):507-519.
    We examine a condition in which units of time, such as months of the year, are associated with specific locations in space. For individuals with this time-space synaesthesia, contiguous time units such as months are spatially linked forming idiosyncratically shaped patterns such as ovals, oblongs or circles. For some individuals, each time unit appears in a highly specific colour. For instance, one of the synaesthetes we studied experienced December as a red area located at arms length to the left of (...)
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  19. Daniel Smilek, John D. Eastwood, Michael G. Reynolds & Alan Kingstone (2007). Metacognitive Errors in Change Detection: Missing the Gap Between Lab and Life. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):52-57.
    Studies of change detection suggest that people tend to overestimate their ability to detect visual changes. In a recent laboratory study of change detection and human intention, Beck et al., found that individuals have an inadequate understanding that intention can improve change detection performance and that its importance increases with scene complexity. We note that these findings may be specific to unfamiliar situations such as those generated routinely in studies of change detection. In two questionnaire studies, we demonstrate that when (...)
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  20. James A. Cheyne, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Daniel Smilek (2006). Absent-Mindedness: Lapses of Conscious Awareness and Everyday Cognitive Failures. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):578-592.
    A brief self-report scale was developed to assess everyday performance failures arising directly or primarily from brief failures of sustained attention . The ARCES was found to be associated with a more direct measure of propensity to attention lapses and to errors on an existing behavioral measure of sustained attention . Although the ARCES and MAAS were highly correlated, structural modelling revealed the ARCES was more directly related to SART errors and the MAAS to SART RTs, which have been hypothesized (...)
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  21. D. Smilek, A. Callejas, P. Merikle & M. Dixon (2006). Ovals of Time: Space±Time Synesthesia. Consciousness and Cognition 16:507-519.
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  22. John D. Eastwood & Daniel Smilek (2005). Functional Consequences of Perceiving Facial Expressions of Emotion Without Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):565-584.
    A substantial body of research has established that even when we are not consciously aware of the faces of others we are nevertheless sensitive to, and impacted by their facial expression. In this paper, we consider this body of research from a new perspective by examining the functions of unconscious perception revealed by these studies. A consideration of the literature from this perspective highlights that existing research methods are limited when it comes to revealing possible functions of unconscious perception. The (...)
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  23. Philip M. Merikle & Daniel Smilek (2001). Perception Without Awareness: Perspectives From Cognitive Psychology. Cognition 79 (1):115-34.
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  24. M. Dixon, Daniel Smilek, C. Cudahy & Philip M. Merikle (2000). Five Plus Two Equals Yellow: Mental Arithmetic in People with Synaesthesia is Not Coloured by Visual Experience. Nature 406.
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  25. J. D. Eastwood, D. Smilek & P. M. Merikle (2000). Attentional Guidance Based on a Preattentive Analysis of Emotional Expression. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S53 - S53.
     
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  26. D. Smilek, M. J. Dixon, C. Cudahy & P. M. Merikle (2000). Digit-Colour Synaesthesia: An Investigation of Extraordinary Conscious Experiences. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S39 - S39.
     
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  27. Daniel Smilek, Jonathan Eastwood & Philip M. Merikle (2000). Does Unattended Information Facilitate Change Detection? Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:480-487.