Search results for 'Daniel J. Whiting' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Daniel Whiting (University of Southampton)
  1. Daniel J. Whiting (2008). Conservatives and Racists: Inferential Role Semantics and Pejoratives. Philosophia 36 (3):375-388.score: 870.0
    According to inferential role semantics (IRS), for any given expression to possess a particular meaning one must be disposed to make or, alternatively, acknowledge as correct certain inferential transitions involving it. As Williamson points out, pejoratives such as ‘Boche’ seem to provide a counter-example to IRS. Many speakers are neither disposed to use such expressions nor consider it proper to do so. But it does not follow, as IRS appears to entail, that such speakers do not understand pejoratives or that (...)
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  2. Daniel Whiting (2013). Truth: The Aim and Norm of Belief. Teorema 32 (3):121-136.score: 450.0
    Invited contribution to The Aim of Belief, a special issue of Teorema, guest-edited by J. Zalabardo.
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  3. Jonathan E. Adler, Martin Benjamin, James P. Cadello, Steven M. Cahn, Joan C. Callahan, Jo A. Chern, Stephen H. Daniel, Juli Eflin, Carrie Figdor, Newton Garver, Theodore A. Gracyk, Lawrence H. Hinman, Eugene Kelly, David Martens, Michael Martin, John McCumber, John J. McDermott, Marshall Missner, Kathleen Dean Moore, Ronald Moore, Louis P. Pojman, Anthony Weston, Merold Westphal, V. Alan White & Celia Wolf-Devine (2004). Teaching Philosophy: Theoretical Reflections and Practical Suggestions. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 270.0
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  4. Daniel Whiting (2014). Reasons for Belief, Reasons for Action, the Aim of Belief, and the Aim of Action. In Clayton Littlejohn & John Turri (eds.), Epistemic Norms. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Subjects appear to take only evidential considerations to provide reason or justification for believing. That is to say that subjects do not take practical considerations—the kind of considerations which might speak in favour of or justify an action or decision—to speak in favour of or justify believing. This is puzzling; after all, practical considerations often seem far more important than matters of truth and falsity. In this paper, I suggest that one cannot explain this, as many have tried, merely by (...)
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  5. Daniel Whiting (2012). Does Belief Aim (Only) at the Truth? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (2):279-300.score: 240.0
    It is common to hear talk of the aim of belief and to find philosophers appealing to that aim for numerous explanatory purposes. What belief's aim explains depends, of course, on what that aim is. Many hold that it is somehow related to truth, but there are various ways in which one might specify belief's aim using the notion of truth. In this article, by considering whether they can account for belief's standard of correctness and the epistemic norms governing belief, (...)
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  6. Daniel Whiting (2013). Nothing but the Truth: On the Norms and Aims of Belief. In Timothy Chan (ed.), The Aim of Belief. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    That truth provides the standard for believing appears to be a platitude, one which dovetails with the idea that in some sense belief aims only at the truth. In recent years, however, an increasing number of prominent philosophers have suggested that knowledge provides the standard for believing, and so that belief aims only at knowledge. In this paper, I examine the considerations which have been put forward in support of this suggestion, considerations relating to lottery beliefs, Moorean beliefs, the criticism (...)
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  7. Daniel Whiting (2009). Is Meaning Fraught with Ought? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly (4):535-555.score: 240.0
    According to Normativism, linguistic meaning is intrinsically normative (I shall explore what this amounts to below). One, though not the only, reason for Normativism’s importance is that it bears on the prospects of providing an account of meaning in the terms available to the natural sciences. In turn, since linguistic behaviour is inextricably bound up with both non linguistic behaviour and the psychological attitudes informing it, Normativism might (if true) pose a serious challenge to the project of accommodating creatures such (...)
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  8. Daniel Whiting (2010). Particular and General: Wittgenstein, Linguistic Rules, and Context. In , The Later Wittgenstein on Language. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 240.0
    Wittgenstein famously remarks that ‘the meaning of a word is its use’ (PI §43). Whether or not one views this as gesturing at a ‘theory’ of meaning, or instead as aiming primarily at dissuading us from certain misconceptions of language that are a source of puzzlement, it is clear that Wittgenstein held that for certain purposes the meaning of an expression could profitably be characterised as its use. Throughout his later writings, however, Wittgenstein’s appeal to the notion of use pulls (...)
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  9. Daniel Whiting (2011). Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute Thesis, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (3):543 - 548.score: 240.0
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 3, Page 543-548, May 2011.
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  10. Daniel Whiting (2007). The Normativity of Meaning Defended. Analysis 67 (294):133–140.score: 240.0
    Meaning, according to a significant number of philosophers, is an intrinsically normative notion.1 For this reason, it is suggested, meaning is not conducive to a naturalistic explanation. In this paper, I shall not address whether this is indeed so. Nor shall I present arguments in support of the normativity thesis (see Glock 2005; Kripke 1982). Instead, I shall examine and respond to two forceful objections recently (and independently) raised against it by Boghossian (2005), Hattiangadi (2006) and Miller (2006). Although I (...)
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  11. Daniel Whiting (2010). Should I Believe the Truth? Dialectica 64 (2):213-224.score: 240.0
    Many philosophers hold that a general norm of truth governs the attitude of believing. In a recent and influential discussion, Krister Bykvist and Anandi Hattiangadi raise a number of serious objections to this view. In this paper, I concede that Bykvist and Hattiangadi's criticisms might be effective against the formulation of the norm of truth that they consider, but suggest that an alternative is available. After outlining that alternative, I argue that it is not vulnerable to objections parallel to those (...)
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  12. Daniel Whiting (2013). What is the Normativity of Meaning? Inquiry:1-20.score: 240.0
    (2013). What is the Normativity of Meaning?. Inquiry. ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/0020174X.2013.852132.
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  13. Daniel Whiting (2012). Epistemic Value and Achievement. Ratio 25 (2):216-230.score: 240.0
    Knowledge seems to be a good thing, or at least better than epistemic states that fall short of it, such as true belief. Understanding too seems to be a good thing, perhaps better even than knowledge. In a number of recent publications, Duncan Pritchard tries to account for the value of understanding by claiming that understanding is a cognitive achievement and that achievements in general are valuable. In this paper, I argue that coming to understand something need not be an (...)
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  14. Daniel Whiting (2009). On Epistemic Conceptions of Meaning: Use, Meaning and Normativity. European Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):416-434.score: 240.0
    A number of prominent philosophers advance the following ideas: (1) Meaning is use. (2) Meaning is an intrinsically normative notion. Call (1) the use thesis, hereafter UT, and (2) the normativity thesis, hereafter NT. They come together in the view that for a linguistic expression to have meaning is for there to be certain proprieties governing its employment.1 These ideas are often associated with a third.
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  15. Daniel Whiting (2013). It's Not What You Said, It's the Way You Said It: Slurs and Conventional Implicatures. Analytic Philosophy 54 (3):364-377.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I defend against a number of criticisms an account of slurs, according to which the same semantic content is expressed in the use of a slur (e.g. 'chink') as is expressed in the use of its neutral counterpart (e.g. 'Chinese'), while in addition the use of a slur conventionally implicates a negative, derogatory attitude. Along the way, I criticise competing accounts of the semantics and pragmatics of slurs, namely, Hom's 'combinatorial externalism' and Anderson and Lepore's 'prohibitionism'.
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  16. Daniel Whiting (2011). Leave Truth Alone: On Deflationism and Contextualism. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):607-624.score: 240.0
    Abstract: According to deflationism, grasp of the concept of truth consists in nothing more than a disposition to accept a priori (non-paradoxical) instances of the schema:(DS) It is true that p if and only if p.According to contextualism, the same expression with the same meaning might, on different occasions of use, express different propositions bearing different truth-conditions (where this does not result from indexicality and the like). On this view, what is expressed in an utterance depends in a non-negligible way (...)
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  17. Daniel Whiting (2008). The Use Of'use'. Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):135-147.score: 240.0
    Many equate the meaning of a linguistic expression with its use. This paper investigates prominent objections to the equivalence claim and argues that they are unsuccessful. Once one suitably distinguishes the kind of use to be identified with meaning, the two do not diverge. Doing so, however, requires employing terms that are cognates of ‘meaning’ (if not ‘meaning’ itself). Nonetheless, I stress, this does not count against the equivalence claim. Moreover, one should not assume that the circularity on this occasion (...)
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  18. Daniel Whiting (2008). Oughts and Thoughts: Rule-Following and the Normativity of Content – Anandi Hattiangadi. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):743-745.score: 240.0
  19. Daniel Whiting (2013). Stick to the Facts: On the Norms of Assertion. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 78 (4):847-867.score: 240.0
    The view that truth is the norm of assertion has fallen out of fashion. The recent trend has been to think that knowledge is the norm of assertion. Objections to the knowledge view proceed almost exclusively by appeal to alleged counterexamples. While it no doubt has a role to play, such a strategy relies on intuitions concerning hypothetical cases, intuitions which might not be shared and which might shift depending on how the relevant cases are fleshed out. In this paper, (...)
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  20. Daniel Whiting, Conceptual Role Semantics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 240.0
    In the philosophy of language, conceptual role semantics (hereafter CRS) is a theory of what constitutes the meanings possessed by expressions of natural languages, or the propositions expressed by their utterance. In the philosophy of mind, it is a theory of what constitutes the contents of psychological attitudes, such as beliefs or desires. CRS comes in a variety of forms, not always clearly distinguished by commentators. Such versions are known variously as functional/causal/computational role semantics, and more broadly as use-theories of (...)
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  21. Daniel Whiting (2008). Meaning Holism and de Re Ascription. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):pp. 575-599.score: 240.0
    According to inferential role semantics (IRS), for an expression to have a particular meaning or express a certain concept is for subjects to be disposed to make, or to treat as proper, certain inferential transitions involving that expression.1 Such a theory of meaning is holistic, since according to it the meaning or concept any given expression possesses or expresses depends on the inferential relations it stands in to other expressions.
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  22. Daniel Whiting (2010). Particularly General and Generally Particular: Language, Rules and Meaning. Logique Et Analyse 53 (209):77-90.score: 240.0
    Semantic generalists and semantic particularists disagree over the role of rules or principles in linguistic competence and in the determination of linguistic meaning, and hence over the importance of the notions of a rule or of a principle in philosophical accounts of language. In this paper, I have argued that the particularist’s case against generalism is far from decisive and that by moderating the claims she makes on behalf of her thesis the generalist can accommodate many of the considerations that (...)
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  23. Daniel Whiting (2006). Between Primitivism and Naturalism: Brandom's Theory of Meaning. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 21 (3):3-22.score: 240.0
    Many philosophers accept that a naturalistic reduction of meaning is in principle impossible, since behavioural regularities or dispositions are consistent with any number of semantic descriptions. One response is to view meaning as primitive. In this paper, I explore Brandom’s alternative, which is to specify behaviour in non-semantic but normative terms. Against Brandom, I argue that a norm specified in non-semantic terms might correspond to any number of semantic norms. Thus, his theory of meaning suffers from the very same kind (...)
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  24. Daniel Whiting (2014). Keep Things in Perspective: Reasons, Rationality, and the A Priori. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8:1-22.score: 240.0
    Objective reasons are given by the facts. Subjective reasons are given by one’s perspective on the facts. Subjective reasons, not objective reasons, determine what it is rational to do. In this paper, I argue against a prominent account of subjective reasons. The problem with that account, I suggest, is that it makes what one has subjective reason to do, and hence what it is rational to do, turn on matters outside or independent of one’s perspective. After explaining and establishing this (...)
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  25. Daniel Whiting (2007). Inferentialism, Representationalism and Derogatory Words. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (2):191 – 205.score: 240.0
    In a recent paper, after outlining various distinguishing features of derogatory words, Jennifer Hornsby suggests that the phenomenon raises serious difficulties for inferentialism. Against Hornsby, I claim that derogatory words do not pose any insuperable problems for inferentialism, so long as it is supplemented with apparatus borrowed from Grice and Hare. Moreover, I argue, derogatory expressions pose difficulties for Hornsby's favoured alternative theory of meaning, representationalism, unless it too is conjoined with a similar Grice/Hare mechanism. So, the upshot of the (...)
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  26. Daniel Whiting (2009). Meaning Holism and De Re Ascription. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):575-599.score: 240.0
    According to inferential role semantics (IRS), for an expression to have a particular meaning or express a certain concept is for subjects to be disposed to make, or to treat as proper, certain inferential transitions involving that expression.1 Such a theory of meaning is holistic, since according to it the meaning or concept any given expression possesses or expresses depends on the inferential relations it stands in to other expressions.
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  27. Daniel Whiting (2007). Between Old and New: Brandom's Analytic Pragmatism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (4):191-205.score: 240.0
    In his latest book, Between Saying and Doing, Robert Brandom aims to lay the foundations for a new approach to philosophy, 'analytic pragmatism', which as the name suggests aims to reconcile the insights of the pragmatists with the ambitions of the analytic tradition. To do so, Brandom offers what he describes as a ‘new metatheoretic conceptual apparatus’. In this paper, I raises questions concerning whether the method underlying that apparatus is really so new, and challenge the suggestion that the results (...)
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  28. Daniel Whiting (2007). Fregean Sense and Anti-Individualism. Philosophical Books 48 (3):233-240.score: 240.0
    The definitive version of this article is published in Philosophical Books 48.3 July 2007 pp. 233-240 by Blackwell Publishing, and is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
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  29. Daniel Whiting (forthcoming). Languages, Language-Games, and Forms of Life. In H.-J. Glock & J. Hyman (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 240.0
    In this paper, after outlining the methodological role Wittgenstein's appeal to language-games is supposed to play, I examine the picture of language which his discussion of such games and their relations to what Wittgenstein calls forms of life suggests. It is a picture according to which language and its employment are inextricably connected to wider contexts—they are embedded in specific natural and social environments, they are tied to purposive activities serving provincial needs, and caught up in distinctive ways of life (...)
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  30. Daniel Whiting (2013). The Good and the True (or the Bad and the False). Philosophy 8 (2):219-242.score: 240.0
    It is commonplace to claim that it is good to believe the truth. In this paper, I reject that claim and argue that the considerations which might seem to support it in fact support a quite distinct though superficially similar claim, namely, that it is bad to believe the false. This claim is typically either ignored completely or lumped together with the previous claim, perhaps on the assumption that the two are equivalent, or at least that they stand or fall (...)
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  31. Daniel Whiting (2005). Wittgenstein: Meaning and Judgement. Philosophical Investigations 28 (4):369–375.score: 240.0
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  32. Daniel Whiting (2007). Defending Semantic Generalism. Analysis 67 (296):303–311.score: 240.0
    ‘Particularism’ is a meta-ethical theory resulting from a holistic doctrine in the theory of reasons. According to Jonathan Dancy, the foremost contemporary proponent of particularism, ‘a feature that is a reason in favour of an action in one case may be no reason at all in another, or even a reason against’ (2004: 190). From this, Dancy claims, it follows that the ‘possibility of moral thought and judgement does not depend on the provision of a suitable supply of moral principles’ (...)
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  33. Daniel Whiting (2011). Mind, Method, and Morality: Essays in Honour of Anthony Kenny – Edited by John Cottingham and Peter Hacker. Philosophical Investigations 34 (1):97-101.score: 240.0
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  34. Daniel Whiting (2011). The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations – Duncan Pritchard Et Al. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):645-648.score: 240.0
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  35. Daniel Whiting (2006). Meaning-Theories and the Principle of Humanity. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (4):697-716.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I briefly outline the notion of a truth-conditional meaning-theory and introduce two prominent problems it faces. The“extensionality problem” arises because not all correct specifications of truth-conditions are meaning-giving. The “explanatory problem”concerns the extent to which truth-conditional meaning-theories can contribute to the task of clarifying the nature of linguistic meaning.The “principle of humanity” is supposed to resolve both issues simultaneously. I argue that it fails to do so.
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  36. Daniel Whiting (2007). Truth, Language, and History – by Donald Davidson. Philosophical Investigations 30 (2):179–187.score: 240.0
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  37. J. Whiting (2005). Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival; The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics. Philosophical Review 114 (3):399-410.score: 240.0
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  38. Daniel Whiting (2005). Book Review: Maximilian de Gaynesfordl John McDowell. Polity, 2004. [REVIEW] Philosophical Papers 34 (1).score: 240.0
    NoAvailable Philosophical Papers Vol.34(1) 2005: 137-142.
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  39. Daniel Whiting (2009). Jeremy Wander's Robert Brandom. Philosophy in Review 29 (2):146-147.score: 240.0
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  40. Daniel Whiting, Introduction.score: 240.0
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  41. Daniel Whiting, Is There Such a Thing as a Language?score: 240.0
    A paper aimed primarily at a non-academic audience in which I suggest that Lewis Carroll's Alice novels can be viewed, in part, as exploring two competing conceptions of language, conceptions that the philosopher Donald Davidson critically examines. According to the Institutional View, language is a system of rules regulating the use of words and words have the meanings that they do in virtue of those rules. According to the Invention View, what words mean is rather a matter of how the (...)
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  42. J. Whiting (2002). Locomotive Soul: The Parts of Soul in Aristotle's Scientific Works'. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 22:141-200.score: 240.0
     
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  43. Daniel Whiting (2007). Meaning, Norms, and Use. Philosophical Investigations 30 (2):179-187.score: 240.0
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  44. M. P. Eckstein, J. P. Thomas & J. S. Whiting (1996). Predicting Visual Search Accuracy in Symbolic Displays and Medical Images. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. 5-5.score: 240.0
     
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  45. R. C. von Borstel, R. H. Smith, D. S. Grosch, Anna R. Whiting, R. L. Amy, M. B. Baird, P. D. Buchanan, Katherine T. Cain, Ruth Ann Carpenter, A. M. Clark, A. C. Hoffman, Martha S. Jones, S. Kondo, Margaret J. Lane, T. J. Mizianty, Mary L. Pardue, Joan W. Reel, Diana B. Smith, Judith A. Steen, Julie T. Tindall & L. R. Valcovic (1968). Mutational Response of Habrobracon in the Biosatellite II Experiment. Bioscience 18 (6):598-601.score: 240.0
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  46. Daniel Whiting, Anandi Hattiangadi's Oughts and Thoughts: Rule-Following and the Normativity of Content.score: 240.0
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  47. Daniel Whiting (2010). Charles Travis, Thought's Footing: Themes in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (5):383-385.score: 240.0
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  48. Daniel Whiting (2011). Duncan Pritchard, Adrian Haddock and Alan Millar's The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations. Philosophical Quarterly 61:645-648.score: 240.0
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  49. Bartlett J. Whiting (1946). Froissart as Poet. Mediaeval Studies 8 (1):189-216.score: 240.0
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  50. J. Whiting (1992). Living Bodies. In Martha C. Nussbaum & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle’s de Anima. Clarendon Press. 75-91.score: 240.0
     
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