44 found
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  1. David K. Sewell, Daniel R. Little & Stephan Lewandowsky (2011). Bayesian Computation and Mechanism: Theoretical Pluralism Drives Scientific Emergence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):212-213.
    The breadth-first search adopted by Bayesian researchers to map out the conceptual space and identify what the framework can do is beneficial for science and reflective of its collaborative and incremental nature. Theoretical pluralism among researchers facilitates refinement of models within various levels of analysis, which ultimately enables effective cross-talk between different levels of analysis.
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  2.  98
    Daniel Little (1991). Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science. Westview Press.
    Professor Little presents an introduction to the philosophy of social science with an emphasis on the central forms of explanation in social science: rational-intentional, causal, functional, structural, materialist, statistical and interpretive. The book is very strong on recent developments, particularly in its treatment of rational choice theory, microfoundations for social explanation, the idea of supervenience, functionalism, and current discussions of relativism.Of special interest is Professor Little’s insight that, like the philosophy of natural science, the philosophy of social science can profit (...)
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  3.  6
    Daniel Little (2015). Mechanisms and MethodThe Market for ‘Lemons’: Quality, Uncertainty and the Market MechanismAnalytical Sociology and Theories of the Middle RangeCausal Mechanisms in the Social SciencesThe Heterogeneous SocialCausal Mechanisms in the Social RealmExplanatory Autonomy and Coleman’s BoatBeyond Correlational Analysis: Recent Innovations in Theory and MethodAnalytical Sociology and Its CriticsMechanisms in the Analysis of Social Macro-PhenomenaThe Strategy of Paired Comparison: Toward a Theory of PracticeMicro, Macro, and Mechanisms. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (4-5):462-480.
    Causal mechanisms theory has provided an important contribution to the theory of social explanation. This article considers whether CMT also makes a contribution to improvement of social science methodology. Methodology serves as a guide to the construction of research questions and explanatory hypotheses. Research is guided by background assumptions about the ontology of the domain of investigation. CMT provides a valuable ontology for social science research. Furthermore, it provides a valuable research heuristic: “seek out the causal mechanisms that underlie an (...)
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  4. Daniel Little (1998). Microfoundations, Method and Causation on the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
  5. Daniel Little (2011). Causal Mechanisms in the Social Realm. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press 273.
     
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  6.  4
    Daniel Little (2015). Mechanisms and Method. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (4-5):462-480.
    Causal mechanisms theory has provided an important contribution to the theory of social explanation. This article considers whether CMT also makes a contribution to improvement of social science methodology. Methodology serves as a guide to the construction of research questions and explanatory hypotheses. Research is guided by background assumptions about the ontology of the domain of investigation. CMT provides a valuable ontology for social science research. Furthermore, it provides a valuable research heuristic: “seek out the causal mechanisms that underlie an (...)
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  7.  29
    Daniel Little (1984). Reflective Equilibrium and Justification. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):373-387.
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  8.  0
    Daniel Little (1989). The Scientific Marx. Philosophical Review 98 (3):421-423.
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  9.  22
    Daniel Little (1993). On the Scope and Limits of Generalizations in the Social Sciences. Synthese 97 (2):183 - 207.
    This article disputes the common view that social science explanations depend on discovery of lawlike generalizations from which descriptions of social outcomes can be derived. It distinguishes between governing and phenomenal regularities, and argues that social regularities are phenomenal rather than governing. In place of nomological deductive arguments, the article maintains that social explanations depend on the discovery of causal mechanisms underlying various social processes. The metaphysical correlate of this argument is that there are no social kinds: types of social (...)
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  10.  21
    Daniel Little (2000). Explaining Large-Scale Historical Change. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (1):89-112.
    A prominent historiographic theme in the past decade has been a movement away from causal explanation of large-scale processes and outcomes and toward narrative interpretation of singular historical processes. This article argues for the continued vitality of large-scale historical inquiry and surveys the historiographic issues that arise in large-scale historical explanation. The article proceeds through an examination of several important recent examples of large-scale history: comparative history of Europe and China, the history of alternative forms of industrial organization, and the (...)
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  11.  1
    Daniel Little (1989). Marxism and Popular Politics: The Microfoundations of Class Conflict. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (sup1):163-204.
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  12.  4
    Daniel Little (2010). 12 Philosophy of Sociology. In Fritz Allhoff (ed.), Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell 293.
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  13.  9
    Daniel Little (2012). Explanatory Autonomy and Coleman's Boat. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):137-151.
    The paper addresses the question of whether an actor-centered social ontology can admit of relatively autonomous social causal explanations. It offers an alternative to the theory of social causation represented by Coleman’s Boat, according to which all macro-explanations must proceed through micro-level processes. The paper argues instead that the examples of other special sciences demonstrate the validity of the idea of “relative explanatory autonomy” in the case of social causal reasoning. These considerations provide a basis for affirming the legitimacy of (...)
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  14.  6
    Daniel Little (2009). The Heterogeneous Social : New Thinking About the Foundations of the Social Sciences. In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press 154--78.
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  15.  1
    Daniel Little (1993). Evidence and Objectivity in the Social Sciences. Social Research 60:363-396.
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  16.  28
    Daniel Little (1986). Historical Materialism and Capital. Topoi 5 (2):187-196.
    It is commonly supposed that Marx's Capital is part and parcel of his theory of historical materialism. It is argued here, however, that this view is incorrect, and that Capital is distinguished from the more general theory of historical materialism in its standing as a work of social science. This conclusion rests on several grounds. First, Capital is substantially more specialized than the theory of historical materialism, since it is concerned only with one aspect of one mode of production. As (...)
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  17.  1
    Daniel Little (1982). Abstraction and Theory. Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):441-452.
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  18.  18
    Daniel Little, Philosophy of History. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  19.  18
    Daniel Little (1988). Collective Action and the Traditional Village. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):41-58.
    This article considers the dispute between moral economy and rational peasant theories of agrarian societies in application to problems of collective action. The moral-economy theory holds that traditional peasant society is organized cooperatively through shared moral values and communal institutions; while the rational-peasant theory maintains that peasant society shows the mark of rational individual calculation, leading to free-rider problems that undermine successful collective action. This article offers an abstract model of a traditional village and assesses the applicability of recent qualifications (...)
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  20.  4
    Daniel Ying-Jeh Little & Friedrich Tobias Sommer (2013). Maximal Mutual Information, Not Minimal Entropy, for Escaping the “Dark Room”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):220-221.
    A behavioral drive directed solely at minimizing prediction error would cause an agent to seek out states of unchanging, and thus easily predictable, sensory inputs (such as a dark room). The default to an evolutionarily encoded prior to avoid such untenable behaviors is unsatisfying. We suggest an alternate information theoretic interpretation to address this dilemma.
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  21.  11
    Daniel Little (1996). Book Review:The Social Theory of Practices: Tradition, Tacit Knowledge, and Presuppositions. Stephen Turner. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (3):665-.
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  22.  11
    Daniel Little (1996). Causal Explanation in the Social Sciences. Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (S1):31-56.
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  23.  11
    Daniel Little (1981). Countervailing Tendencies and Falsifiability in Capital. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (2):283-291.
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  24.  2
    Daniel Little (1993). Karl Marx Our Contemporary: Social Theory for a Post‐Leninist World. Philosophical Books 34 (3):180-181.
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  25.  7
    Daniel Little (1989). Socialist Morality: Towards a Political Philosophy for Democratic Socialism. Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (02):1-.
    There has been much discussion in recent years of the role of moral ideas within Marxism. Marx's stringent criticisms of purely philosophical inquiry impose rather narrow limits on the form which a Marxian moral philosophy might take. For Marx often holds that moral ideas and moral theorizing are irremediably ideological. By this Marx appears to mean that moral ideas are part and parcel of a system of class domination, a way of preserving class domination through internalized norms. As many recent (...)
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  26.  7
    Daniel Little (1982). Abstraction and Theory Marx's Method for Social Science. Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):441-452.
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  27.  4
    Daniel Little (2012). Famous Figures and Diagrams in Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (4):437-442.
    Journal of Economic Methodology, Volume 19, Issue 4, Page 437-442, December 2012.
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  28.  7
    Daniel Little (1987). Dialectics and Science in Marx's Capital. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (2):197-220.
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  29.  5
    Daniel Little (1985). Book Review:Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy. James S. Fishkin. [REVIEW] Ethics 96 (1):187-.
  30.  1
    Daniel Little (1992). Contemporary Soviet Ethnography. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):238-240.
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  31.  1
    Daniel Little (1984). Donald Hodges, The Bureaucritization of Socialism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 4 (6):261-263.
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  32.  1
    Daniel Little (1991). Marx and the New Individual. Philosophical Books 32 (4):219-219.
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  33.  3
    Daniel Little (1999). M. R. Griffiths and J. R. Lucas, Ethical Economics:Ethical Economics. Ethics 109 (2):442-444.
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  34.  1
    Daniel Little (1989). Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge. Philosophical Books 30 (1):29-30.
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  35.  1
    Daniel Little (2011). Power and Social Class in the Twenty-First Century. In Ian Jarvie Jesus Zamora Bonilla (ed.), The Sage Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences. 272.
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  36.  2
    Daniel Little (1997). Book Review:Reason in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science. Martin Hollis. [REVIEW] Ethics 108 (1):211-.
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  37.  0
    Daniel Little (1984). Beyond Subjective Morality Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  38.  0
    Daniel Little (1993). Books in Review. [REVIEW] Political Theory 21 (1):153-156.
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  39. Daniel Little (1984). Donald Hodges, The Bureaucritization of Socialism. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 4:261-263.
     
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  40.  0
    Daniel Little (1992). Marxist Theory and Soviet Practice: "Ernest Gellner's Appraisal of Contemporary Soviet Ethnography". Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):238.
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  41. Daniel Little (1995). On the Reliability of Economic Models Essays in the Philosophy of Economics.
     
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  42. Daniel E. Little (1999). Philosophy of the Social Sciences. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press 2--704.
  43. Daniel Little (2012). Review of Hilary Putnam and Vivian Walsh’s The End of Value-Free Economics. [REVIEW] Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):87-92.
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  44. Daniel Little (1994). "The History and Philosophy of Social Science", by Scott Gordon. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 24 (2):257.
     
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