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Daniel J. McKaughan [24]Daniel McKaughan [3]
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Profile: Daniel J. McKaughan (Boston College)
  1. Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan (2014). Nonepistemic Values and the Multiple Goals of Science. Philosophy of Science 81 (1):1-21.
    Recent efforts to argue that nonepistemic values have a legitimate role to play in assessing scientific models, theories, and hypotheses typically either reject the distinction between epistemic and nonepistemic values or incorporate nonepistemic values only as a secondary consideration for resolving epistemic uncertainty. Given that scientific representations can legitimately be evaluated not only based on their fit with the world but also with respect to their fit with the needs of their users, we show in two case studies that nonepistemic (...)
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  2.  25
    Daniel J. McKaughan & Kevin C. Elliott (2015). Introduction: Cognitive Attitudes and Values in Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:57-61.
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  3.  58
    Daniel J. McKaughan (2013). Authentic Faith and Acknowledged Risk: Dissolving the Problem of Faith and Reason. Religious Studies 49 (1):101-124.
    One challenge to the rationality of religious commitment has it that faith is unreasonable because it involves believing on insufficient evidence. However, this challenge and influential attempts to reply depend on assumptions about what it is to have faith that are open to question. I distinguish between three conceptions of faith each of which can claim some plausible grounding in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. Questions about the rationality or justification of religious commitment and the extent of compatibility with doubt look different (...)
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  4.  51
    Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan (2009). How Values in Scientific Discovery and Pursuit Alter Theory Appraisal. Philosophy of Science 76 (5):598-611.
    Philosophers of science readily acknowledge that nonepistemic values influence the discovery and pursuit of scientific theories, but many tend to regard these influences as epistemically uninteresting. The present paper challenges this position by identifying three avenues through which nonepistemic values associated with discovery and pursuit in contemporary pollution research influence theory appraisal: (1) by guiding the choice of questions and research projects, (2) by altering experimental design, and (3) by affecting the creation and further investigation of theories or hypotheses. This (...)
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  5.  26
    Daniel J. McKaughan (2016). Action-Centered Faith, Doubt, and Rationality. Journal of Philosophical Research 41:71-90.
    Popular discussions of faith often assume that having faith is a form of believing on insufficient evidence and that having faith is therefore in some way rationally defective. Here I offer a characterization of action-centered faith and show that action-centered faith can be both epistemically and practically rational even under a wide variety of subpar evidential circumstances.
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  6. Daniel J. McKaughan (2008). From Ugly Duckling to Swan: C. S. Peirce, Abduction, and the Pursuit of Scientific Theories. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (3):pp. 446-468.
    Jaakko Hintikka (1998) has argued that clarifying the notion of abduction is the fundamental problem of contemporary epistemology. One traditional interpretation of Peirce on abduction sees it as a recipe for generating new theoretical discoveries . A second standard view sees abduction as a mode of reasoning that justifies beliefs about the probable truth of theories. While each reading has some grounding in Peirce's writings, each leaves out features that are crucial to Peirce's distinctive understanding of abduction. I develop and (...)
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  7.  2
    Daniel McKaughan & Kevin Elliott (2012). Backtracking and the Ethics of Framing: Lessons From Voles and Vasopressin. Science 338 (6112):341-344.
    When communicating scientific information, experts often face difficult choices about how to promote public understanding while also maintaining an appropriate level of objectivity. We argue that one way for scientists and others involved in communicating scientific information to alleviate these tensions is to pay closer attention to the major frames employed in the contexts in which they work. By doing so, they can ideally employ useful frames while also enabling the recipients of information to “backtrack” to relatively uncontroversial facts and (...)
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  8.  7
    Daniel J. McKaughan (2005). The Influence of Niels Bohr on Max Delbrück: Revisiting the Hopes Inspired by “Light and Life”. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96 (4):507-529.
    The impact of Niels Bohr’s 1932 “Light and Life” lecture on Max Delbrück’s lifelong search for a form of “complementarity” in biology is well documented and much discussed, but the precise nature of that influence remains subject to misunderstanding. The standard reading, which sees Delbrück’s transition from physics into biology as inspired by the hope that investigation of biological phenomena might lead to a breakthrough discovery of new laws of physics, is colored much more by Erwin Schrödinger’s What Is Life? (...)
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    Daniel J. McKaughan (2012). Speech Acts, Attitudes, and Scientific Practice: Can Searle Handle "Assuming for the Sake of Hypothesis?". Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (1):88-106.
    There are certain illocutionary acts that, contrary to John Searle's speech act theory, cannot be correctly classified as assertives. Searle's sincerity and essential conditions on assertives require, plausibly, that we believe our assertions and that we are committed to their truth. Yet it is a commonly accepted scientific practice to propose and investigate an hypothesis without believing it or being at all committed to its truth. Searle's attempt to accommodate such conjectural acts by claiming that the degree of belief and (...)
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  10. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Empirical Adequacy. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press
  11.  41
    Daniel J. McKaughan & John M. Drake (2012). Representing Vague Opinion. Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 16 (2):341-344.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2012v16n2p341 Current supervaluation models of opinion, notably van Fraassen’s (1984; 1989; 1990; 1998; 2005; 2006) use of intervals to characterize vague opinion, capture nuances of ordinary reflection which are overlooked by classic measure theoretic models of subjective probability. However, after briefly explaining van Fraassen’s approach, we present two limitations in his current framework which provide clear empirical reasons for seeking a refinement. Any empirically adequate account of our actual judgments must reckon with the fact that these are typically neither uniform (...)
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  12.  42
    Daniel J. McKaughan (2012). Voles, Vasopressin, and Infidelity: A Molecular Basis for Monogamy, a Platform for Ethics, and More? Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):521-543.
    Voles are attracting attention because genetic variation at a single locus appears to have a profound impact on a complex social behavior, namely monogamy. After briefly reviewing the state of the most relevant scientific literature, I examine the way that this research gets taken up by the popular media, by scientists, and by the notable philosopher of neuroscience Patricia Churchland and interpreted as having deeply revisionary implications for how we ordinarily understand ourselves as persons. We have all these big questions (...)
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  13. Daniel J. McKaughan (2013). Brute Facts. In Robert Fastiggi (ed.), New Catholic Encyclopedia (Supplement 2012-13: Ethics and Philosophy). Gale-Cengage
     
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  14. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Counterintuitive. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press
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  15. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Constructive Empiricism. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press
  16. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Character Traits and the Neuroscience of Social Behavior. In Christian R. Miller, Michael Furr, Angela Knobel & William Fleeson (eds.), Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology. Oxford University Press
  17. Daniel J. McKaughan (2016). Darwin’s Descent of Man and the Value of Studying Science From a Liberal Arts Perspective. In Dustin Gish, Christopher Constas & J. Scott Lee (eds.), The Quest for Excellence: Liberal Arts, Sciences, and Core Texts. Selected Proceedings from the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Association for Core Texts and Courses. Rowman & Littlefield
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  18. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Hope. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press
  19. Daniel J. McKaughan & Erik L. Peterson (2013). Methodological Naturalism. In Robert Fastiggi (ed.), New Catholic Encyclopedia (Supplement 2012-13: Ethics and Philosophy). Gale-Cengage Learning
     
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  20. Daniel J. McKaughan (2013). Models, Scientific. In Robert Fastiggi (ed.), New Catholic Encyclopedia (Supplement 2012-13: Ethics and Philosophy). Gale-Cengage Learning
     
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  21. Daniel J. McKaughan (2013). Ockham’s Razor. In Robert Fastiggi (ed.), New Catholic Encyclopedia (Supplement 2012-13: Ethics and Philosophy). Gale-Cengage
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  22. Daniel J. McKaughan (2015). Religious Violence. In Graham Oppy (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion,. Routledge
  23. Daniel J. McKaughan (2012). Speech Acts, Attitudes, and Scientific Practice: Can Searle Handle ‘Assuming for the Sake of Hypothesis’? Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 20 (1):88-106.
    There are certain illocutionary acts (such as hypothesizing, conjecturing, speculating, guessing, and the like) that, contrary to John Searle’s (1969, 1975, 1979) speech act theory, cannot be correctly classified as assertives. Searle’s sincerity and essential conditions on assertives require, plausibly, that we believe our assertions and that we are committed to their truth. Yet it is a commonly accepted scientific practice to propose and investigate an hypothesis without believing it or being at all committed to its truth. Searle’s attempt to (...)
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  24. Daniel J. McKaughan (forthcoming). Science and Stance Refinement From Within a Tradition: Common Sense Realism, Empiricism, Physicalism, and Undogmatic Faith. In Joseph Famerée & Paulo Rodrigues (eds.), The Genesis of Concepts and the Confrontation of Rationalities. Peeters
  25. Daniel J. McKaughan (forthcoming). Science and Stance Refinement From Within a Tradition: Common Sense Realism, Empiricism, Physicalism, and Undogmatic Faith. In The Genesis of Concepts and the Confrontation of Rationalities.
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  26. Daniel J. McKaughan (forthcoming). The Genesis of Concepts and the Confrontation of Rationalities.
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  27. Daniel J. McKaughan (2011). Was Delbrück a Reductionist? In Phillip R. Sloan & Brandon Fogel (eds.), Creating a Physical Biology: The Three Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology. University of Chicago Press
     
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