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Profile: Daniel von Wachter (International Academy of Philosophy)
  1. Daniel von Wachter, Armstrongian Particulars with Necessary Properties.
    David Armstrong has argued that the properties of a thing are parts of it and predications are necessary. This article criticises this view and presents and alternative.
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  2. Daniel von Wachter, The Tendency Theory of Causation.
    I propose a non-Humean theory of causation with “tendencies” as causal connections. Not, however, as “necessary connexions”: causes are not sufficient, they do not necessitate their effects. The theory is designed to be, not an analysis of the concept of causation, but a description of what is the case in typical cases of causa-tion. I therefore call it a metaphysical theory of causation, as opposed to a semantic one.
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  3. Daniel von Wachter, What Is Possible?
    This paper argues that there are true synthetic modal claims and that modal questions in philosophy are to be interpreted not in terms of logical necessity but in terms of synthetic necessity. I begin by sketching the debate about modality between logical empiricism and phenome-nology. Logical empiricism taught us to equate analyticity and neces-sity. The now common view is that analytic statements are necessary in the narrow sense but that there is also necessity in a wider sense. I argue against (...)
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  4. Daniel von Wachter (2012). Kein Gehirnereignis kann ein späteres festlegen. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66 (3):393--408.
    The claim of this article is that no event can determine a later event and that in this sense there cannot be sufficient causes. Therefore the causal structure of the world does not exclude free will, even if there are no chance processes.
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  5. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Review Of: Mark Johnston, Saving God: Religion After Idolatry. [REVIEW] Dialectica 65:286-292.
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  6. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Saving God: Religion After Idolatry – By Mark Johnston. [REVIEW] Dialectica 65 (2):286-292.
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  7. Daniel von Wachter (2010). Roman Ingarden's Theory of Causation Revised. Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):183-196.
    This article presents Roman Ingarden’s theory of causation, as developed in volume III of The Controversy about the Existence of the World, and defends analternative which uses some important insights of Ingarden. It rejects Ingarden’s claim that a cause is simultaneous with its effect and that a cause necessitates its effect. It uses Ingarden’s notion of ‘inclinations’ and accepts Ingarden’s claim that an event cannot necessitate a later event.
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  8. Daniel von Wachter (2009). What Kind of Modality Does the Materialist Need for His Supervenience Claim? In Alexander Battyany & E. Elitzur (eds.), Irreducibly Conscious. Selected Papers on Consciousness. Winter.
    Materialists who do not deny the existence of mental phenomena usually claim that the mental supervenes on the physical, i.e. that there cannot be a change in the mental life of a man without there being a change in the man's body. This modal claim is usually understood in terms of logical necessity. I argue that this is a mistake, resulting from assumptions inherited from logical empiricism, and that it should be understood in terms of synthetic necessity.
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  9. Daniel von Wachter (2009). Die kausale Struktur der Welt: Eine philosophische Untersuchung über Verursachung, Naturgesetze, freie Handlungen, Möglichkeit und Gottes kausale Rolle in der Welt. Alber.
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  10. Daniel von Wachter (2007). God as Substance Without Substance Ontology. In Christian Kanzian & Muhammed Legenhausen (eds.), Substance and Attribute: Western and Islamic Traditions in Dialogue.
    This article spells out the reasons for calling God a substance and argues that theism nevertheless does not require substance ontology. It is compatible with an alternative ontology which I call stuff ontology.
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  11. Daniel von Wachter (2006). Why the Argument From Causal Closure Against the Existence of Immaterial Things is Bad. In H. J. Koskinen, R. Vilkko & S. Philström (eds.), Science - A Challenge to Philosophy? Peter Lang.
    Some argue for materialism claiming that a physical event cannot have a non-physical cause, or by claiming the 'Principle of Causal Closure' to be true. This I call a 'Sweeping Naturalistic Argument'. This article argues against this. It describes what it would be for a material event to have an immaterial cause.
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  12. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Institutionen Als Ingardensche Intentionale Gegenstände. In Gerhard Schã¶Nrich (ed.), Institutionen Und Ihre Ontologie. Ontos Verlag. 61.
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  13. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like. In Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (ed.), Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos. 55.
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  14. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Roman Ingarden’s Ontology: Existential Dependence, Substances, Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like. In A. Chrudzimski (ed.), Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos.
    About the ontology of the Polish philosopher Roman Ingarden, as presented in his treatise 'The Controversy about the Existence of the World'.
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  15. Daniel von Wachter (2004). Ontologie und Semantologie. In Mark Siebel & Markus Textor (eds.), Semantik Und Ontologie: Beiträge Zur Philosophischen Forschung. Ontos Verlag. 267.
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  16. Daniel von Wachter (2004). The Ontological Turn Misunderstood: How to Misunderstand David Armstrong’s Theory of Possibility. Metaphysica 5:105-114.
    This article argues that there is a great divide between semantics and metaphysics. Much of what is called metaphysics today is still stuck in the linguistic turn. This is illustrated by showing how Fraser MacBride misunderstands David Armstrong's theory of modality.
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  17. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Agent Causation Before and After the Ontological Turn. In Edmund Runggaldier, Christian Kanzian & Josef Quitterer (eds.), Persons: An Interdisciplinary Approach. öbvhpt.
    Chisholm's theory of agent causation is criticised. An alternative theory of agent causation is proposed.
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  18. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Free Agents as Cause. In K. Petrus (ed.), On Human Persons. Heusenstamm Nr Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag.
    This article argues that agents can initiate causal processes.
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  19. Daniel von Wachter (2003). How a Philosophical Theory of Causation May Help in Ontological Engineering. Comparative and Functional Genomics 4 (1):111-114.
    The tendency theory of causation and its use in ontological engineering is described.
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  20. Daniel von Wachter (2002). The Necessity of God's Existence. In A. Beckermann & C. Nimtz (eds.), Argument & Analyse. Mentis. 516-525, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    It is spelled out in which sense God exists necessarily. Some contemporary accounts are criticised.
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  21. Daniel von Wachter (2001). Die Notwendigkeit der Existenz Gottes. Metaphysica 2:55-81.
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  22. Daniel von Wachter (2000). A World of Fields. In J. Faye, U. Scheffler & M. Urchs (eds.), Things, Facts and Events. Rhodopi. 305-326.
    Trope ontology is exposed and confronted with the question where one trope ends and another begins. It is argued that tropes do not have determinate boundaries, it is arbitrary how tropes are carved up. An ontology, which I call field ontology, is proposed which takes this into account. The material world consists of a certain number of fields, each of which is extended over all of space. It is shown how field ontology can also tackle the problem of determinable properties (...)
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  23. Daniel von Wachter (1999). What has Necessity to Do with Analyticity? In Uwe Meixner (ed.), Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. öbvhpt.
    This article discusses how the words 'necessary' and 'analytic' are suitably used in philosophy. It is argued that analytic statements should not be called 'necessary'.
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  24. Daniel von Wachter (1998). On Doing Without Relations. Erkenntnis 48 (2/3):355-358.
    Internal relations are nothing over and above the terms of the relation.
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  25. Daniel von Wachter (1994). Wo es Notwendigkeit nicht gibt. Kontroversen 6:3-28.
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