Search results for 'Daphne Koller' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Adam J. Grove, Joseph Y. Halpern & Daphne Koller (1996). Asymptotic Conditional Probabilities: The Non-Unary Case. Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):250-276.
    Motivated by problems that arise in computing degrees of belief, we consider the problem of computing asymptotic conditional probabilities for first-order sentences. Given first-order sentences φ and θ, we consider the structures with domain {1,..., N} that satisfy θ, and compute the fraction of them in which φ is true. We then consider what happens to this fraction as N gets large. This extends the work on 0-1 laws that considers the limiting probability of first-order sentences, by considering asymptotic conditional (...)
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  2. John M. Koller (1974). On Buddhist Views of Devouring Time. Philosophy East and West 24 (2):201-208.
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  3. John M. Koller (2005). Asian Philosophies. Philosophy East and West 55 (4):624.
     
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  4.  10
    Konstantina Garoufi, Maria Staudte, Alexander Koller & Matthew W. Crocker (2015). Exploiting Listener Gaze to Improve Situated Communication in Dynamic Virtual Environments. Cognitive Science 40 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Beyond the observation that both speakers and listeners rapidly inspect the visual targets of referring expressions, it has been argued that such gaze may constitute part of the communicative signal. In this study, we investigate whether a speaker may, in principle, exploit listener gaze to improve communicative success. In the context of a virtual environment where listeners follow computer-generated instructions, we provide two kinds of support for this claim. First, we show that listener gaze provides a reliable real-time index of (...)
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  5.  7
    Peter Koller (2006). The Concept of Law and Its Conceptions. Ratio Juris 19 (2):180-196.
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  6.  27
    Markus Egg, Alexander Koller & Joachim Niehren (2001). The Constraint Language for Lambda Structures. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (4):457-485.
    This paper presents the Constraint Language for Lambda Structures(CLLS), a first-order language for semantic underspecification thatconservatively extends dominance constraints. It is interpreted overlambda structures, tree-like structures that encode -terms. Based onCLLS, we present an underspecified, uniform analysis of scope,ellipsis, anaphora, and their interactions. CLLS solves a variablecapturing problem that is omnipresent in scope underspecification andcan be processed efficiently.
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  7.  11
    Hans-Christoph Koller (2003). Bildung and Radical Plurality: Towards a Redefinition of Bildung with Reference to J.-F. Lyotard. Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):155–165.
  8.  7
    Jürgen Koller (2014). José L. Zalabardo : Wittgenstein’s Early Philosophy. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 67 (4):387-395.
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  9.  8
    K. Koller & V. Hantikainen (2002). Privacy of Patients in the Forensic Department of a Psychiatric Clinic: A Phenomenological Study. Nursing Ethics 9 (4):347-360.
    This study, based on the phenomenological approach, was aimed at exploring the meaning of privacy for forensic psychiatric patients. The narratives of two such patients, diagnosed with schizophrenia and hospitalized on a forensic unit because of a killing offence, were analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. The study was conducted in a Swiss psychiatric clinic with forensic units. The results demonstrated that ‘privacy’ is not a question of luxury but a very basic human right. The ethical implications for nurses (...)
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  10.  10
    Stefan Michel, Saskia M. Koller, Markus Ruh & Adrian Schwaninger (2007). ""Do" Image Enhancement" Functions Really Enhance X-Ray Image Interpretation? In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  11.  16
    Peter Koller (2014). On the Nature of Norms. Ratio Juris 27 (2):155-175.
    This paper deals with the question of how norms are to be conceived of in order to understand their role as guidelines for human action within various normative orders, particularly in the context of law on the one hand and conventional morality on the other. After some brief remarks on the history of the term “norm,” the author outlines the most significant general features of actually existing social norms, including legal and conventional norms, from which he arrives at two basic (...)
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  12. Peter Koller (2007). Law, Morality, and Virtue. In Rebecca L. Walker & P. J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford University Press
     
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  13.  41
    Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil & Kristina Striegnitz (2004). Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):187-206.
    We combine state-of-the-art techniques from computational linguisticsand theorem proving to build an engine for playing text adventures,computer games with which the player interacts purely through naturallanguage. The system employs a parser for dependency grammar and ageneration system based on TAG, and has components for resolving andgenerating referring expressions. Most of these modules make heavy useof inferences offered by a modern theorem prover for descriptionlogic. Our game engine solves some problems inherent in classical textadventures, and is an interesting test case for (...)
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  14.  7
    Saskia M. Koller, Diana Hardmeier, Stefan Michel & Adrian Schwaninger (2007). Investigating Training and Transfer Effects Resulting From Recurrent CBT of X-Ray Image Interpretation. In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  15.  10
    Peter Koller (1982). Eine Neue, Dialogische Theorie Der Sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Grazer Philosophische Studien 18:146-169.
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  16. Peter Koller (1997). Theorie des Rechts Eine Einführung. Böhlau Verlag.
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  17.  21
    Peter Koller (1988). Equal Treatment and Equalization as Competing Models of Justice. A Systematic Analysis. Philosophy and History 21 (1):10-13.
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  18.  9
    Peter Koller (1983). Rationalität und Moral. Grazer Philosophische Studien 20:265-305.
    Ausgehend von einer minimalen, mit unterschiedlichen moralisehen Vorstellungen verträglichen Bestimmung des Begriffs der Moral, die im wesentlichen an eine Explikation von Stephan Körner anknüpft, wird die Möglichkeit einer rationalen, intersubjektiv konsensfähigen Begründung moralischer Standards erörtert. Dabei werden zwei verschiedenartige Konzeptionen einer solchen Begründung unterschieden, nämlich die individualistische und die universalistische Konzeption, denen jeweils verschiedene Konzepte praktischer Rationalität zugrundeliegen: das Konzept individueller und das Konzept universeller praktischer Rationalität. Während die individualistische Konzeption (z.B. vertreten von Hobbes, Hume, Mackie) eine Begründung der Moral (...)
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  19.  4
    Peter Koller (2009). Work and Social Justice. Analyse & Kritik 31 (1):5-24.
    In advanced societies, the sphere of work is subject to far-reaching changes which erode the system of gainful employment achieved in the second half of the last century, called ‘typical work’, i.e. full-time employment for an indefinite period with collectively negotiated wages and working conditions. This development has lead to a proliferation of various kinds of ‘atypical work’, most of which amount to poorly rewarded and insecure jobs with bad labour standards, and it has also weakened the traditional systems of (...)
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  20.  27
    Peter Koller (1983). Rawls' Differenzprinzip Und Seine Deutungen. Erkenntnis 20 (1):1 - 25.
    Rawls's difference principle, according to which social and economic inequalities are justified only if they achieve the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, has been often interpreted as a maximin-principle, in order to make it fit into the frame of welfare economics. Under this interpretation, however, the difference principle is subject to such grave objections, that it can hardly serve as a principle of justice. In order to avoid these difficulties, modifications of the difference principle have been proposed by Sen (...)
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  21.  16
    John M. Koller (1972). Dharma: An Expression of Universal Order. Philosophy East and West 22 (2):131-144.
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  22. John M. Koller (1991). A Sourcebook in Asian Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  23.  2
    John M. Koller (1974). Philosophical Aspects of Maoist Thought. Studies in Soviet Thought 14 (1-2):47-59.
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  24.  11
    Peter Koller (1986). Von der Vergeblichkeit des Bemühens, Die Ethik Auf Eine Vorstellung Intrinsischer Werte Zu Gründen. Grazer Philosophische Studien 28:275-300.
    Einer der interessantesten der vielfältigen Versuche, die Ethik auf ein festes Fundament zu stellen, ist die Konzeption intrinsischer Werte, die Vorstellung, daß eine objektive Begründung der Ethik vermöge einer intuitiven Erkenntnis des inneren Werts der Dinge möglich sei. Doch diese Vorstellung, die in neuerer Zeit vor allem von Franz Brentano und G.E. Moore vertreten wurde und die heute in Roderick Chisholm ihren prominentesten Anhänger hat, ist nicht zielführend. Dies zu demonstrieren, ist das Ziel des vorliegenden Aufsatzes. Zu diesem Zweck wird (...)
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  25.  4
    Peter Koller (1991). Facetten der Macht. Analyse & Kritik 13 (2):107-133.
    Social power has many facets. This paper aims to illuminate some of these. First of all, it considers the general conceptual framework in which the concept of power is embedded. The author then elaborates on an analysis of the elementary concept of social power resulting in a proposal how to define power. Furthermore, the article deals with complex networks of power relations, namely constellations and structures of power. Another section focuses on some special aspects of the dynamics of power structures. (...)
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  26.  24
    Alexander Koller & Alex Lascarides, A Logic of Semantic Representations for Shallow Parsing.
    One way to construct semantic representations in a robust manner is to enhance shallow language processors with semantic components. Here, we provide a model theory for a semantic formalism that is designed for this, namely Robust Minimal Recursion Semantics (RMRS). We show that RMRS supports a notion of entailment that allows it to form the basis for comparing the semantic output of different parses of varying depth.
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  27.  19
    Alexander Koller & Matthew Stone, Sentence Generation as a Planning Problem.
    We translate sentence generation from TAG grammars with semantic and pragmatic information into a planning problem by encoding the contribution of each word declaratively and explicitly. This allows us to exploit the performance of off-the-shelf planners. It also opens up new perspectives on referring expression generation and the relationship between language and action.
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  28.  19
    John M. Koller (1977). Skepticism in Early Indian Thought. Philosophy East and West 27 (2):155-164.
    The purpose of the article is to examine the development of skepticism in indian philosophical thought. A number of important vedic passages are analyzed in order to show that although the authors were concerned with questions about the origins and guarantees of knowledge claims, There was no developed philosophical skepticism in the vedic age. The skepticism of purandara is examined to illustrate the carvaka position. Jayarasi bhatta's thorough-Going skepticism is examined to show that complete skepticism is self-Contradictory--It involves claiming to (...)
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  29.  18
    John Grimes, Robin Rinehart, Hillary Rodrigues, John M. Koller, Elaine Craddock, Ludo Rocher, Will Sweetman, Boyd H. Wilson, Edward C. Dimock, Thomas Forsthoefel, Hal W. French, Timothy C. Cahill, William J. Jackson, John Powers, Frederick M. Smith, Gavin Flood, Lelah Dushkin, Sheila McDonough, Frank J. Hoffman, Karni Pal Bhati, Anne E. Monius, Fred Dallmayr, Marcia Hermansen, Joseph A. Bracken, Carl Olson, William P. Harman, Donatella Rossi, Anna B. Bigelow & Jeffrey J. Kripal (1998). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (2):267-310.
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  30.  6
    Peter Koller (1993). Ernst Tugendhat über Menschenrechte-Kontroverse Bemerkungen. Analyse & Kritik 15 (2):115-119.
    In this critical comment on Ernst Tugendhat's paper I dispute his view in two respects: the first refers to the concept, the second to the justification of human rights. As far as the concept of human rights is concerned, I argue that Tugendhat fails to notice that there are different kinds of human rights which are to be distinguished carefully. This conceptual failure prevents him from seeing that different human rights are justified by different reasons. While universal human rights can (...)
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  31.  18
    John M. Koller (2000). Syādvāda as the Epistemological Key to the Jaina Middle Way Metaphysics of Anekāntavāda. Philosophy East and West 50 (3):400-407.
    An analysis of the Jain metaphysics of non-absolutism (anekāntavāda) shows how the epistemological theory of points of view (nayavāda) and the sevenfold schema of predication (saptabhaṅgī) provide a foundation for the central Jain principle of nonviolence (ahiṃsā).
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  32. Werner Krawietz, Ernst Topitsch & Peter Koller (1982). Ideologiekritik Und Demokratietheorie Bei Hans Kelsen. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  33.  12
    Peter Koller (1998). Jürgen Habermas über Moral, Staat und Politik. Anmerkungen zu "Die Einbeziehung des Anderen. Studien zur politischen Theorie". Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 52 (2):257 - 267.
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  34.  5
    J. S. Mann, Pasco Daphne & Bernard Bosanquet (1889). Symposium: What Takes Place in Voluntary Action? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1 (2):61 - 76.
  35.  8
    John M. Koller (1968). Puruṣārthas as Human Aims. Philosophy East and West 18 (4):315-319.
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  36.  12
    John M. Koller (2001). Inner Revolution: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Real Happiness (Review). Philosophy East and West 51 (1):138-141.
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  37.  11
    John M. Koller (2000). Ethics in Early Buddhism (Review). Philosophy East and West 50 (4):628-630.
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  38.  10
    John M. Koller (2007). Studies in Vedanta. Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):332-335.
  39.  2
    Peter Koller (2013). Die Grundsätze der Gerechtigkeit. In Otfried Höffe (ed.), John Rawls: Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit. De Gruyter 41-64.
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  40.  2
    Peter Koller (1994). Moral Conduct Under Conditions of Moral Imperfection. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:93-112.
    Shakespeare’s Hamlet best illustrates the problem with which a thoughtful and morally motivated person is confronted if crime, dishonesty and betrayal flourish in his or her social surroundings. The Danish prince finds himself in a genuine moral dilemma upon learning that his father, the former king, died not of natural causes but was insidiously murdered by his own brother, Hamlet’s uncle, Claudius, who now reigns over Denmark and shares the bed of the victim’s widow, Hamlet’s mother. Hamlet vacillates for some (...)
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  41.  10
    Peter Koller (2010). On the Interrelations Between Domestic and Global (in)Justice. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):137-158.
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  42.  4
    John M. Koller (1970). Oriental Philosophies. New York,Scribner.
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  43.  4
    Peter Koller (2009). International Law and Global Justice. In Lukas H. Meyer (ed.), Legitimacy, Justice and Public International Law. Cambridge Univeristy Press 186.
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  44.  10
    John M. Koller (1974). Philosophical Aspects of Maoist Thought. Studies in East European Thought 14 (1-2):47-59.
    Mao has responded to the challenge of adapting Marxism to traditional Chinese thought through his two creative developments of Marxism: the ideological definition of class and the concept of permanent revolution, based on intra-personal class-struggle.
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  45.  3
    Hans-Christoph Koller & Jenny Lüders (2004). Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Foucaultschen Diskursanalyse. In Norbert Ricken & Markus Rieger-Ladich (eds.), Michel Foucault: Pädagogische Lektüren. Vs Verlag Für Sozialwissenschaften 57--76.
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  46.  3
    Martin Heidegger, Mira Köller & Dominique Séglard (1997). Recherches récentes au sujet de la logique. Rue Descartes 18:129-149.
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  47.  1
    Peter Koller (2015). 3. Grundlegende Ideen des Politischen Liberalismus. In Otfried Höffe (ed.), John Rawls: Politischer Liberalismus. De Gruyter 47-62.
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  48.  7
    Peter Koller (1992). A Conception of Moral Rights and Its Application to Property and Welfare Rights. Ratio Juris 5 (2):153-171.
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  49.  8
    John M. Koller (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 17 (4):357-364.
    HUA‐YEN BUDDHISM: THE JEWEL NET OF INDRA. By Francis H. Cook.
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  50.  8
    Peter Koller (2009). Ota Weinberger: In memoriam. Ratio Juris 22 (3):416-420.
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