Search results for 'David C. Wilson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. L. Poon, David C. Rubin & B. Wilson (eds.) (1989). Everyday Cognition in Adulthood and Late Life. Cambridge University Press.score: 900.0
    Provides a firm theoretical grounding for the increasing movement of cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists and their students beyond the laboratory, in an ...
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  2. David C. Wilson (1984). Functionalism and Moral Personhood: One View Considered. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (June):521-530.score: 870.0
    Daniel dennett has offered a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for something's being the proper object of our moral commitment, That is, For something's being a person. Strict application of these largely pragmatic conditions, However, Would result in a moral community with quite a surprising membership roster, Because of both who is on it and who isn't. The problem is that "your" being a person should amount to more than a function of "my" goals and cleverness.
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  3. A. C. F. Beales, R. F. Dearden, W. B. Inglis, R. R. Dale, Gordon R. Cross, John Hayes, S. Leslie Hunter, Robert J. Hoare, M. F. Cleugh, T. Desmond Morrow, Dorothy A. Wakeford, W. H. Burston, P. H. J. H. Gosden, Evelyn E. Cowie, Kartick C. Mukherjee, J. M. Wilson, H. C. Barnard & David Johnston (1968). Short Notices. British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (1):98-112.score: 870.0
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  4. Linda M. Wilson & David C. Riccio (1973). CS Familiarization and Conditioned Suppression in Weanling and Adult Albino Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (3):184-186.score: 870.0
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  5. David L. Kemmerer, Kenneth Aizawa, Donald H. Berman, Stacey L. Edgar, James E. Tomberlin, J. Christopher Maloney, John L. Bell, Stuart C. Shapiro, Georges Rey, Morton L. Schagrin, Robert A. Wilson & Patrick J. Hayes (1995). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 5 (3):411-465.score: 810.0
  6. David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry (forthcoming). Evolving the Future: Toward a Science of Intentional Change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-99.score: 810.0
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  7. ProcheṢ Ṣerban, John Ru Wilson, Jana C. Vamosi & David M. Richardson (2008). Plant Diversity in the Human Diet: Weak Phylogenetic Signal Indicates Breadth. Bioscience 58 (2):151-159.score: 810.0
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  8. W. K. Lauenroth, I. C. Burke, David Pimentel, Christa Wilson, Christine McCullum, Rachel Huang, Paulette Dwen, Jessica Flack, Quynh Tran, Tamara Saltman & Barbara Cliff (1998). Separating Feelings From Knowledge. Bioscience 48 (5):340-341.score: 810.0
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  9. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (1998). Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Harvard University Press.score: 520.0
    No matter what we do, however kind or generous our deeds may seem, a hidden motive of selfishness lurks--or so science has claimed for years. This book, whose publication promises to be a major scientific event, tells us differently. In Unto Others philosopher Elliott Sober and biologist David Sloan Wilson demonstrate once and for all that unselfish behavior is in fact an important feature of both biological and human nature. Their book provides a panoramic view of altruism throughout (...)
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  10. David Sloan Wilson (2007). Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives. Delacorte Press.score: 520.0
    What is the biological reason for gossip? For laughter? For the creation of art? Why do dogs have curly tails? What can microbes tell us about morality? These and many other questions are tackled by renowned evolutionist David Sloan Wilson in this witty and groundbreaking new book. With stories that entertain as much as they inform, Wilson outlines the basic principles of evolution and shows how, properly understood, they can illuminate the length and breadth of creation, from (...)
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  11. Alex Voorhoeve, Frances Kamm, Elie During, Timothy Wilson & David Jopling (2011). Who Am I? Beyond 'I Think, Therefore I Am'. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1234:134-148.score: 480.0
    Can we ever truly answer the question, “Who am I?” Moderated by Alex Voorhoeve (London School of Economics), neuro-philosopher Elie During (University of Paris, Ouest Nanterre), cognitive scientist David Jopling (York University, Canada), social psychologist Timothy Wilson (University of Virginia),and ethicist Frances Kamm (Harvard University) examine the difficulty of achieving genuine self-knowledge and how the pursuit of self-knowledge plays a role in shaping the self.
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  12. Robert A. Wilson (2001). Group-Level Cognition. Philosophy of Science 3 (September):S262-S273.score: 460.0
    David Sloan Wilson has recently revived the idea of a group mind as an application of group selectionist thinking to cognition. Central to my discussion of this idea is the distinction between the claim that groups have a psychology and what I call the social manifestation thesis-a thesis about the psychology of individuals. Contemporary work on this topic has confused these two theses. My discussion also points to research questions and issues that Wilson's work raises, as well (...)
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  13. David Sloan Wilson (1999). A Critique of R.D. Alexander's Views on Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):431-449.score: 450.0
    Group selection is increasingly being viewed as an important force in human evolution. This paper examines the views of R.D. Alexander, one of the most influential thinkers about human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, on the subject of group selection. Alexander's general conception of evolution is based on the gene-centered approach of G.C. Williams, but he has also emphasized a potential role for group selection in the evolution of individual genomes and in human evolution. Alexander's views are internally inconsistent and (...)
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  14. David A. H. Wilson (2002). Animal Psychology and Ethology in Britain and the Emergence of Professional Concern for the Concept of Ethical Cost. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):235-262.score: 450.0
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  15. Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (2000). The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation. In Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (eds.), Explanation and Cognition. MIT Press.. 137-159.score: 340.0
    Reprinted, with modification, from Wilson and Keil 1998.
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  16. George M. Wilson (2011). Seeing Fictions in Film: The Epistemology of Movies. Oxford University Press.score: 300.0
    In works of literary fiction, it is a part of the fiction that the words of the text are being recounted by some work-internal 'voice': the literary narrator. One can ask similarly whether the story in movies is told in sights and sounds by a work-internal subjectivity that orchestrates them: a cinematic narrator. George M. Wilson argues that movies do involve a fictional recounting (an audio-visual narration ) in terms of the movie's sound and image track. Viewers are usually (...)
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  17. Laura C. Wilson & Angela Scarpa (2011). Level of Participatory Distress Experienced by Women in a Study of Childhood Abuse. Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):131 - 141.score: 300.0
    Given the sensitive nature of trauma-focused research, it is important that researchers understand the impact of research participation on study participants. The current study examined the relationship between type of child abuse, psychological adjustment, and self-reported participatory distress in 105 female adult survivors of childhood abuse. Several key findings emerged: (a) overall, participants reported low levels of participatory distress; (b) greater levels of participatory distress were reported by sexual abuse survivors and were associated with higher scores on depressed mood and (...)
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  18. Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (2000). The Concept Concept: The Wayward Path of Cognitive Science. Mind and Language 15 (2-3):308-318.score: 280.0
    Critical discussion of Jerry Fodor's Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong (1998).
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  19. Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (2000). Explanation and Cognition. MIT Press.score: 280.0
    These essays draw on work in the history and philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind and language, the development of concepts in children, conceptual...
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  20. David O. Richter, Sandra D. Wilson, Michael Milner & R. J. Senter (1981). Some Differences Among Students Volunteering as Research Subjects. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (6):261-263.score: 280.0
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  21. David L. Nanney & Robert A. Wilson (2001). Life's Early Years. Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):733-746.score: 280.0
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  22. Andrew V. Biankin, Nicola Waddell, Karin S. Kassahn, Marie-Claude Gingras, Lakshmi B. Muthuswamy, Amber L. Johns, David K. Miller, Peter J. Wilson, Ann-Marie Patch & Jianmin Wu (2012). Pancreatic Cancer Genomes Reveal Aberrations in Axon Guidance Pathway Genes. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 399-405.score: 280.0
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  23. John C. Hall, John Wilson & Ronald Atkinson (1967). Logic and Sexual Morality.Sexual Morality. Philosophical Quarterly 17 (67):185.score: 280.0
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  24. Neil M. McLachlan, Loretta J. Greco, Emily C. Toner & Sarah J. Wilson (2010). Using Spatial Manipulation to Examine Interactions Between Visual and Auditory Encoding of Pitch and Time. Frontiers in Psychology 1:233-233.score: 280.0
    Music notations use both symbolic and spatial representation systems. Novice musicians do not have the training to associate symbolic information with musical identities, such as chords or rhythmic and melodic patterns. They provide an opportunity to explore the mechanisms underpinning multimodal learning when spatial encoding strategies of feature dimensions might be expected to dominate. In this study, we applied a range of transformations (such as time reversal) to short melodies and rhythms and asked novice musicians to identify them with or (...)
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  25. Steven C. Hayes, Kelly G. Wilson & Elizabeth V. Gifford (1999). Consciousness and Private Events. In. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 153--187.score: 280.0
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  26. Hardy C. Wilcoxon, Warner R. Wilson & Dale A. Wise (1961). Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of Percentage of Occurrence of Response Members and Other Factors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (4):283.score: 280.0
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  27. Christopher C. French & Krissy Wilson (2007). Cognitive Factors Underlying Paranormal Beliefs and Experiences. In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Tall Tales About the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact From Fiction. Oup Oxford. 3--22.score: 280.0
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  28. Steven C. Hayes, Kelly G. Wilson & Elizabeth V. Gifford (1999). The Birth of Behaviorism and the Elimination of Introspection. In Bruce A. Thyer (ed.), The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 153.score: 280.0
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  29. Marta C. Lourenço & Lydia Wilson (2013). Scientific Heritage: Reflections on its Nature and New Approaches to Preservation, Study and Access. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):744-753.score: 280.0
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  30. Peter C. Maloney & T. Hastings Wilson (1985). The Evolution of Ion Pumps. Bioscience 35 (1):43-48.score: 280.0
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  31. F. A. Miller, R. Z. Hayeems, Y. Bombard, J. Little, J. C. Carroll, B. Wilson, J. Allanson, M. Paynter, J. P. Bytautas, R. Christensen & P. Chakraborty (2009). Clinical Obligations and Public Health Programmes: Healthcare Provider Reasoning About Managing the Incidental Results of Newborn Screening. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (10):626-634.score: 280.0
    Background: Expanded newborn screening generates incidental results, notably carrier results. Yet newborn screening programmes typically restrict parental choice regarding receipt of this non-health serving genetic information. Healthcare providers play a key role in educating families or caring for screened infants and have strong beliefs about the management of incidental results. Methods: To inform policy on disclosure of infant sickle cell disorder (SCD) carrier results, a mixed-methods study of healthcare providers was conducted in Ontario, Canada, to understand attitudes regarding result management (...)
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  32. Carol A. Mullen, Silvia C. Bettez & Camille M. Wilson (2011). Fostering Community Life and Human Civility in Academic Departments Through Covenant Practice. Educational Studies 47 (3):280-305.score: 280.0
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  33. R. J. Senter, David O. Richter, Sandra D. Wilson & Debbie Clements (1982). Wallace, Turner, and Perkins Revisited. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (3):178-179.score: 280.0
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  34. Luther Val Giddings (1987). Scientists on Creationism Scientists Confront Creationism Laurie R. Godfrey W. W. Norton Creationism, Science, and the Law: The Arkansas Case M. C. La Follette Science and Creationism Ashley Montagu The Creation Controversy: Science or Scripture in the Schools Dorothy Nelkin Did the Devil Make Darwin Do It? Modern Perspectives on the Creation-Evolution Controversy David B. Wilson Evolution Vs. Creationism: The Public Education Controversy J. Peter Zetterburg. [REVIEW] Bioscience 37 (1):70-74.score: 261.0
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  35. Robert Glen (1972). Some School Books 1. W. Michael Wilson: Latin Comprehensions. Pp. 123. London:Macmillan, 1969. Paper, 40p. 2. David G. Frater: Aere Perennius. Pp. Xi+119. London: Macmillan. 1968. Limp Cloth, 75P. 3. A. Mcdonald and S. J. Miller: Greek Unprepared Translation. (Modern School Classics.) Pp.191. London: Macmillan, 1969. Cloth, £1.25. 4. B. Halifax: Small Latin. A Reader for Beginners. Pp. 96; Maps, Plates, and Drawings. Slough: Centaur Books, 1969. Paper, 52p. 5. Carla. P. Ruck: Ancient Greek. ANew Approach. First Experimental Edition. Pp. Xv+599; Drawings. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1968. Paper, £6. 6. Sidney Morris: A Programmed Latin Course. Part Ii. Pp. 301; Ill. London: Methuen, 1968. Cloth, £1.50. 7. E. C. Kennedy: Caesar, De Bello Gallico Vi. (Palatine Classics.) Pp. Viii+162; 4 Plates, Maps and Plans. London: University Tutorial Press, 1969. Cloth, 57½P. 8. H. C. Fay: Plautus, Rudens. (Palatine Classics.) Pp. Viii+221; Ill. London: University Tutorial Press, 1969. Cloth, 75P. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 22 (01):96-99.score: 243.0
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  36. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2000). Summary Of: ‘Unto Others. The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior'. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):185-206.score: 240.0
    The hypothesis of group selection fell victim to a seemingly devastating critique in 1960s evolutionary biology. In Unto Others (1998), we argue to the contrary, that group selection is a conceptually coherent and empirically well documented cause of evolution. We suggest, in addition, that it has been especially important in human evolution. In the second part of Unto Others, we consider the issue of psychological egoism and altruism -- do human beings have ultimate motives concerning the well-being of others? We (...)
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  37. Jessica M. Wilson (forthcoming). Hume's Dictum and Metaphysical Modality: Lewis's Combinatorialism. In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to David Lewis. Blackwell.score: 240.0
    Many contemporary philosophers accept Hume's Dictum (HD), according to which there are no metaphysically necessary connections between distinct, intrinsically typed entities. Tacit in Lewis's work is a potential motivation for HD, according to which one should accept HD as presupposed by the best account of the range of metaphysical possibilities---namely, a combinatorial account, applied to spatiotemporal fundamentalia. Here I elucidate and assess this Ludovician motivation for HD. After refining HD and surveying its key, recurrent role in Lewis’s work, I present (...)
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  38. Jessica M. Wilson (2010). The Mind in Nature, by C. B. Martin. [REVIEW] Mind 119 (474):503-511.score: 240.0
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  39. David Sloan Wilson, Eric Dietrich & Anne B. Clark (2003). On the Inappropriate Use of the Naturalistic Fallacy in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):669-81.score: 240.0
    The naturalistic fallacy is mentionedfrequently by evolutionary psychologists as anerroneous way of thinking about the ethicalimplications of evolved behaviors. However,evolutionary psychologists are themselvesconfused about the naturalistic fallacy and useit inappropriately to forestall legitimateethical discussion. We briefly review what thenaturalistic fallacy is and why it is misusedby evolutionary psychologists. Then we attemptto show how the ethical implications of evolvedbehaviors can be discussed constructivelywithout impeding evolutionary psychologicalresearch. A key is to show how ethicalbehaviors, in addition to unethical behaviors,can evolve by natural selection.
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  40. Michael S. Gazzaniga, J. E. LeDoux & David H. Wilson (1977). Language, Praxis, and the Right Hemisphere: Clues to Some Mechanisms of Consciousness. Neurology 27:1144-1147.score: 240.0
  41. Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil (1999). MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. MIT Press.score: 240.0
  42. David Sloan Wilson (1990). Species of Thought: A Comment on Evolutionary Epistemology. Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):37-62.score: 240.0
    The primary outcome of natural selection is adaptation to an environment. The primary concern of epistemology is the acquistion of knowledge. Evolutionary epistemology must therefore draw a fundamental connection between adaptation and knowledge. Existing frameworks in evolutionary epistemology do this in two ways; (a) by treating adaptation as a form of knowledge, and (b) by treating the ability to acquire knowledge as a biologically evolved adaptation. I criticize both frameworks for failing to appreciate that mental representations can motivate behaviors that (...)
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  43. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (1994). A Critical Review of Philosophical Work on the Units of Selection Problem. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):534-555.score: 240.0
    The evolutionary problem of the units of selection has elicited a good deal of conceptual work from philosophers. We review this work to determine where the issues now stand.
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  44. J. E. LeDoux, David H. Wilson & Michael S. Gazzaniga (1977). A Divided Mind: Observations of the Conscious Properties of the Separated Hemispheres. Annals of Neurology 2:417-21.score: 240.0
  45. Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil (1998). The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation. Minds and Machines 8 (1):137-159.score: 240.0
    We introduce two notions–the shadows and the shallows of explanation–in opening up explanation to broader, interdisciplinary investigation. The shadows of explanation refer to past philosophical efforts to provide either a conceptual analysis of explanation or in some other way to pinpoint the essence of explanation. The shallows of explanation refer to the phenomenon of having surprisingly limited everyday, individual cognitive abilities when it comes to explanation. Explanations are ubiquitous, but they typically are not accompanied by the depth that we might, (...)
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  46. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2000). Morality and ‘Unto Others': Response to Commentary Discussion. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):257-268.score: 240.0
    We address the following issues raised by the commentators of our target article and book: (1) the problem of multiple perspectives; (2) how to define group selection; (3) distinguishing between the concepts of altruism and organism; (4) genetic versus cultural group selection; (5) the dark side of group selection; (6) the relationship between psychological and evolutionary altruism; (7) the question of whether the psychological questions can be answered; (8) psychological experiments. We thank the contributors for their commentaries, which provide a (...)
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  47. David Wilson & William Dixon (2011). Das Adam Smith Problem - A Critical Realist Perspective. Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):251-272.score: 240.0
    The old Das Adam Smith Problem is no longer tenable. Few today believe that Smith postulates two contradictory principles of human action: one in the Wealth of Nations and another in the Theory of Moral Sentiments . Nevertheless, an Adam Smith problem of sorts endures: there is still no widely agreed version of what it is that links these two texts, aside from their common author; no widely agreed version of how, if at all, Smith's postulation of self-interest as the (...)
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  48. C. Wilson (2013). Grief and the Poet. British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (1):77-91.score: 240.0
    Poetry, drama and the novel present readers and viewers with emotionally significant situations that they often experience as moving, and their being so moved is one of the principal motivations for engaging with fictions. If emotions are considered as action-prompting beliefs about the environment, the appetite for sad or frightening drama and literature is difficult to explain, insofar nothing tragic or frightening is actually happening to the reader, and people do not normally enjoy being sad or frightened. The paper argues (...)
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  49. David Sloan Wilson (1992). On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness. Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.score: 240.0
    I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature (...)
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  50. Mark Wilson (2014). David Chalmers Versus the Boll Weevil. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (1):238-248.score: 240.0
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