Search results for 'David D. Friedman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Albert B. Friedman (1983). David Wiles, The Early Plays of Robin Hood. Cambridge, Eng.: D. S. Brewer, 1981; Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1982. Pp. 97. $28.50. Available in U.S. From Biblio Distribution Center, 81 Adams Dr., Totowa, NJ 07512. [REVIEW] Speculum 58 (3):857-858.score: 1890.0
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  2. Julius Lipner, Dermot Killingley & David Friedman (eds.) (1986). A Net Cast Wide: Investigations Into Indian Thought in Memory of David Friedman. Grevatt & Grevatt.score: 1440.0
     
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  3. David D. Friedman (1994). Law as a Private Good: A Response to Tyler Cowen on the Economics of Anarchy. Economics and Philosophy 10 (02):319-.score: 870.0
  4. Andrew D. Brooke-Taylor & Sy-David Friedman (2009). Large Cardinals and Gap-1 Morasses. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 159 (1):71-99.score: 870.0
    We present a new partial order for directly forcing morasses to exist that enjoys a significant homogeneity property. We then use this forcing in a reverse Easton iteration to obtain an extension universe with morasses at every regular uncountable cardinal, while preserving all n-superstrong , hyperstrong and 1-extendible cardinals. In the latter case, a preliminary forcing to make the GCH hold is required. Our forcing yields morasses that satisfy an extra property related to the homogeneity of the partial order; we (...)
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  5. Eva Feder Kittay, Carol Gilligan, Annette C. Baier, Michael Stocker, Christina H. Sommers, Kathryn Pyne Addelson, Virginia Held, Thomas E. Hill Jr, Seyla Benhabib, George Sher, Marilyn Friedman, Jonathan Adler, Sara Ruddick, Mary Fainsod, David D. Laitin, Lizbeth Hasse & Sandra Harding (1989). Women and Moral Theory. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 870.0
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
     
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  6. Sy-David Friedman & P. D. Welch (2011). Hypermachines. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (2):620 - 636.score: 810.0
    The Infinite Time Turing Machine model [8] of Hamkins and Kidder is, in an essential sense, a "Σ₂-machine" in that it uses a Σ₂ Liminf Rule to determine cell values at limit stages of time. We give a generalisation of these machines with an appropriate Σ n rule. Such machines either halt or enter an infinite loop by stage ζ(n) = df μζ(n)[∃Σ(n) > ζ(n) L ζ(n) ≺ Σn L Σ(n) ], again generalising precisely the ITTM case. The collection of (...)
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  7. Sy D. Friedman (1992). Review: Donald A. Martin, A. S. Kechris, D. A. Martin, Y. N. Moschovakis, The Largest Countable This, That, and the Other; Alexander S. Kechris, Donald A. Martin, Robert M. Solovay, Introduction to $Q$-Theory; Steve Jackson, A. S. Kechris, D. A. Martin, J. R. Steel, AD and the Projective Ordinals. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):262-264.score: 540.0
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  8. Sy D. Friedman & Ralf Schindler (2003). Universally Baire Sets and Definable Well-Orderings of the Reals. Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1065-1081.score: 450.0
    Let n ≥ 3 be an integer. We show that it is consistent (relative to the consistency of n - 2 strong cardinals) that every $\Sigma_n^1-set$ of reals is universally Baire yet there is a (lightface) projective well-ordering of the reals. The proof uses "David's trick" in the presence of inner models with strong cardinals.
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  9. Sy-David Friedman & Katherine Thompson (2008). Perfect Trees and Elementary Embeddings. Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (3):906-918.score: 450.0
    An important technique in large cardinal set theory is that of extending an elementary embedding j: M → N between inner models to an elementary embedding j*: M[G] → N[G*] between generic extensions of them. This technique is crucial both in the study of large cardinal preservation and of internal consistency. In easy cases, such as when forcing to make the GCH hold while preserving a measurable cardinal (via a reverse Easton iteration of α-Cohen forcing for successor cardinals α), the (...)
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  10. Susan Stanford Friedman (forthcoming). (Inter) Disciplinarity and the Question of the Women's Studies Ph. D. Feminist Studies.score: 360.0
  11. John Block Friedman (2006). Peter Dronke, Imagination in the Late Pagan and Early Christian World: The First Nine Centuries A.D. (Millennio Medievale, 42; Strumenti E Studi, N.S., 4.) Florence: SISMEL, Edizioni Del Galluzzo, 2003. Pp. Xiii, 263 Plus 22 Black-and-White Figures. €62. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (2):504-505.score: 360.0
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  12. John Block Friedman (1999). David Williams, Deformed Discourse: The Function of the Monster in Mediaeval Thought and Literature. Montreal and Kingston, Ont.: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1996. Pp. Xiv, 392; Black-and-White Frontispiece and Figures. $55. Published Simultaneously in the European Union by University of Exeter Press. [REVIEW] Speculum 74 (4):1137-1140.score: 360.0
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  13. M. P. Friedman (2005). Politics and War: European Conflict From Philip II to Hitler. By David Kaiser. The European Legacy 10 (5):523.score: 360.0
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  14. Kenneth S. Friedman (1990). Predictive Simplicity: Induction Exhum'd. Pergamon Press.score: 360.0
     
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  15. Sy-David Friedman, Peter Koepke & Boris Piwinger (2006). Hyperfine Structure Theory and Gap 1 Morasses. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):480 - 490.score: 300.0
    Using the Friedman-Koepke Hyperfine Structure Theory of [2], we provide a short construction of a gap 1 morass in the constructible universe.
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  16. Andrés Eduardo Caicedo & Sy-David Friedman (2011). BPFA and Projective Well-Orderings of the Reals. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1126-1136.score: 300.0
    If the bounded proper forcing axiom BPFA holds and ω 1 = ${\mathrm{\omega }}_{1}^{\mathrm{L}}$ , then there is a lightface ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{3}^{1}$ well-ordering of the reals. The argument combines a well-ordering due to Caicedo-Veličković with an absoluteness result for models of MA in the spirit of "David's trick." We also present a general coding scheme that allows us to show that BPFA is equiconsistent with R being lightface ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{4}^{1}$ , for many "consistently locally certified" relations R on $\mathrm{\mathbb{R}}$ (...)
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  17. Edwina L. Rissland, David B. Skalak & M. Timur Friedman (1997). Evaluating a Legal Argument Program: The BankXX Experiments. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 5 (1-2):1-74.score: 280.0
    In this article we evaluate the BankXX program from several perspectives. BankXX is a case-based legal argument program that retrieves cases and other legal knowledge pertinent to a legal argument through a combination of heuristic search and knowledge-based indexing. The program is described in detail in a companion article in Artificial Intelligence and Law 4: 1--71, 1996. Three perspectives are used to evaluate BankXX:(1) classical information retrieval measures of precision and recall applied against a hand-coded baseline; (2) knowledge-representation and case-based (...)
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  18. D. MacDonald & H. Friedman (forthcoming). Transpersonal Psychology, Parapsychology, and Neurobiology: Clarifying Their Relations. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies.score: 280.0
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  19. Edwina L. Rissland, David B. Skalak & M. Timur Friedman (1996). BankXX: Supporting Legal Arguments Through Heuristic Retrieval. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (1):1-71.score: 280.0
    The BankXX system models the process of perusing and gathering information for argument as a heuristic best-first search for relevant cases, theories, and other domain-specific information. As BankXX searches its heterogeneous and highly interconnected network of domain knowledge, information is incrementally analyzed and amalgamated into a dozen desirable ingredients for argument (called argument pieces), such as citations to cases, applications of legal theories, and references to prototypical factual scenarios. At the conclusion of the search, BankXX outputs the set of argument (...)
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  20. David H. Gleason & Lawrence Friedman (2005). Proposal for an Accessible Conception of Cyberspace. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 3 (1):15-23.score: 280.0
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  21. Tatiana Arrigoni & Sy-David Friedman (2013). The Hyperuniverse Program. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 19 (1):77-96.score: 240.0
    The Hyperuniverse Program is a new approach to set-theoretic truth which is based on justifiable principles and leads to the resolution of many questions independent from ZFC. The purpose of this paper is to present this program, to illustrate its mathematical content and implications, and to discuss its philosophical assumptions.
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  22. Stewart D. Friedman (1999). Children: The Unseen Stakeholders at Work. Business and Society Review 104 (1):53-56.score: 240.0
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  23. Sy D. Friedman (1994). The Genericity Conjecture. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (2):606-614.score: 240.0
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  24. David Asperó & Sy-David Friedman (2012). Definable Well-Orders of $H(\Omega _2)$ and $GCH$. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (4):1101-1121.score: 240.0
    Assuming ${2^{{N_0}}}$ = N₁ and ${2^{{N_1}}}$ = N₂, we build a partial order that forces the existence of a well-order of H(ω₂) lightface definable over ⟨H(ω₂), Є⟩ and that preserves cardinal exponentiation and cofinalities.
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  25. Sam Buss, Yijia Chen, Jörg Flum, Sy-David Friedman & Moritz Müller (2011). Strong Isomorphism Reductions in Complexity Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1381-1402.score: 240.0
    We give the first systematic study of strong isomorphism reductions, a notion of reduction more appropriate than polynomial time reduction when, for example, comparing the computational complexity of the isomorphim problem for different classes of structures. We show that the partial ordering of its degrees is quite rich. We analyze its relationship to a further type of reduction between classes of structures based on purely comparing for every n the number of nonisomorphic structures of cardinality at most n in both (...)
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  26. David Friedman, Bracha Rager-Zisman, Eitan Bibi & Alex Keynan (2010). The Bioterrorism Threat and Dual-Use Biotechnological Research: An Israeli Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):85-97.score: 240.0
    Israel has a long history of concern with chemical and biological threats, since several hostile states in the Middle East are likely to possess such weapons. The Twin-Tower terrorist attacks and Anthrax envelope scares of 2001 were a watershed for public perceptions of the threat of unconventional terror in general and of biological terror in particular. New advances in biotechnology will only increase the ability of terrorists to exploit the burgeoning availability of related information to develop ever-more destructive bioweapons. Many (...)
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  27. Alexander Friedman, Emily Robbins & David Wendler (2012). Which Benefits of Research Participation Count as 'Direct'? Bioethics 26 (2):60-67.score: 240.0
    It is widely held that individuals who are unable to provide informed consent should be enrolled in clinical research only when the risks are low, or the research offers them the prospect of direct benefit. There is now a rich literature on when the risks of clinical research are low enough to enroll individuals who cannot consent. Much less attention has focused on which benefits of research participation count as ‘direct’, and the few existing accounts disagree over how this crucial (...)
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  28. Henri G. Colt, Silvia Quadrelli & Lester D. Friedman (eds.) (2011). The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    This volume presents a collection of about 80 very brief, accessible essays written by international experts from medicine, social sciences, and the humanities, ...
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  29. Sy-David Friedman, Philip Welch & W. Hugh Woodin (2008). On the Consistency Strength of the Inner Model Hypothesis. Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):391 - 400.score: 240.0
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  30. Stewart D. Friedman (1996). Community Involvement Projects in Wharton's MBA Curriculum. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (1):95 - 101.score: 240.0
    This article describes the evolution of extra-mural team projects in the Wharton School's new MBA curriculum, emphasizing both the benefits of doing community service and the value these projects have in providing real work opportunities for learning teams; five- or six-person student groups that do collective tasks in Foundations of Leadership and other required courses throughout the first of a two-year program.
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  31. David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom.score: 240.0
    Capitalism is the best. It's free enterprise. Barter. Gimbels, if I get really rank with the clerk, 'Well I don't like this', how I can resolve it? If it really gets ridiculous, I go, 'Frig it, man, I walk.' What can this guy do at Gimbels, even if he was the president of Gimbels? He can always reject me from that store, but I can always go to Macy's. He can't really hurt me. Communism is like one big phone company. (...)
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  32. Corrinne Bedecarre, Marilyn Friedman, Lisa M. Heldke, Robert C. Koons, Daniel Bonevac, Carol A. Mickett, Richard J. McGowan, Lynn Hankinson Nelson, Steven Yates & Leonard D. Katz (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (1):23 - 36.score: 240.0
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  33. Samuel DeCanio, Jeffrey Friedman, David R. Mayhew, Michael H. Murakami & Nick Weller (2008). Roundtable 3: Political Ignorance, Empirical Realities. Critical Review 20 (4):463-480.score: 240.0
  34. Sy-David Friedman & Menachem Magidor (2009). The Number of Normal Measures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (3):1069-1080.score: 240.0
    There have been numerous results showing that a measurable cardinal κ can carry exactly α normal measures in a model of GCH, where a is a cardinal at most κ⁺⁺. Starting with just one measurable cardinal, we have [9] (for α = 1), [10] (for α = κ⁺⁺, the maximum possible) and [1] (for α = κ⁺, after collapsing κ⁺⁺) . In addition, under stronger large cardinal hypotheses, one can handle the remaining cases: [12] (starting with a measurable cardinal of (...)
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  35. Rosamond Rhodes, Devra Cohen, Erica Friedman & David Muller (2004). Professionalism in Medical Education. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):20 – 22.score: 240.0
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  36. Kimberly A. Urie, Alison Stanley & Jerold D. Friedman (2003). The Humane Imperative: A Moral Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):20 – 21.score: 240.0
  37. Sy-David Friedman & Tapani Hyttinen (2012). On Borel Equivalence Relations in Generalized Baire Space. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (3-4):299-304.score: 240.0
    We construct two Borel equivalence relations on the generalized Baire space κ κ , κ <κ = κ > ω, with the property that neither of them is Borel reducible to the other. A small modification of the construction shows that the straightforward generalization of the Glimm-Effros dichotomy fails.
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  38. Sy D. Friedman & Peter Koepke (1997). An Elementary Approach to the Fine Structure of L. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 3 (4):453-468.score: 240.0
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  39. Kenneth S. Friedman, Donald Gotterbarn, M. Glouberman, Bryan G. Norton, David S. Schwarz & Walter P. Van Stigt (1979). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 9 (1):805-813.score: 240.0
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  40. Ekaterina B. Fokina, Sy-David Friedman, Valentina Harizanov, Julia F. Knight, Charles McCoy & Antonio Montalbán (2012). Isomorphism Relations on Computable Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (1):122-132.score: 240.0
    We study the complexity of the isomorphism relation on classes of computable structures. We use the notion of FF-reducibility introduced in [9] to show completeness of the isomorphism relation on many familiar classes in the context of all ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{1}^{1}$ equivalence relations on hyperarithmetical subsets of ω.
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  41. Joyce Friedman & David S. Warren (1978). A Parsing Method for Montague Grammars. Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (3):347 - 372.score: 240.0
    The main result in this paper is a method for obtaining derivation trees from sentences of certain formal grammars. No parsing algorithm was previously known to exist for these grammars.Applied to Montague's PTQ the method produces all parses that could correspond to different meanings. The technique directly addresses scope and reference and provides a framework for examining these phenomena. The solution for PTQ is implemented in an efficient and useful computer program.
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  42. Sy D. Friedman (1997). Coding Without Fine Structure. Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):808-815.score: 240.0
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  43. Joyce Friedman & David S. Warren (1980). Λ-Normal Forms in an Intensional Logic for English. Studia Logica 39 (2-3):311 - 324.score: 240.0
    Montague [7] translates English into a tensed intensional logic, an extension of the typed -calculus. We prove that each translation reduces to a formula without -applications, unique to within change of bound variable. The proof has two main steps. We first prove that translations of English phrases have the special property that arguments to functions are modally closed. We then show that formulas in which arguments are modally closed have a unique fully reduced -normal form. As a corollary, translations of (...)
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  44. Sy-David Friedman & Martin Koerwien (2010). On Absoluteness of Categoricity in Abstract Elementary Classes. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (4):395-402.score: 240.0
    Shelah has shown that $\aleph_1$-categoricity for Abstract Elementary Classes (AECs) is not absolute in the following sense: There is an example $K$ of an AEC (which is actually axiomatizable in the logic $L(Q)$) such that if $2^{\aleph_0}.
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  45. Vera Fischer, Sy David Friedman & Lyubomyr Zdomskyy (2013). Cardinal Characteristics, Projective Wellorders and Large Continuum. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (7-8):763-770.score: 240.0
    We extend the work of Fischer et al. [6] by presenting a method for controlling cardinal characteristics in the presence of a projective wellorder and 2ℵ0>ℵ2. This also answers a question of Harrington [9] by showing that the existence of a Δ31 wellorder of the reals is consistent with Martinʼs axiom and 2ℵ0=ℵ3.
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  46. David Friedman (1996). A World of Strong Privacy: Promises and Perils of Encryption. Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (02):212-.score: 240.0
    A major theme in discussions of the influence of technology on society has been the computer as a threat to privacy. It now appears that the truth is precisely the opposite. Three technologies associated with computers—public-key encryption, networking, and virtual reality—are in the process of giving us a level of privacy never known before. The U.S. government is currently intervening in an attempt, not to protect privacy, but to prevent it.
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  47. Joyce Friedman & David S. Warren (1979). Erratum. Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (1):139 -.score: 240.0
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  48. Sy D. Friedman (2005). Genericity and Large Cardinals. Journal of Mathematical Logic 5 (02):149-166.score: 240.0
  49. Sy-David Friedman & Mohammad Golshani (2012). Independence of Higher Kurepa Hypotheses. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (5-6):621-633.score: 240.0
    We study the Generalized Kurepa hypothesis introduced by Chang. We show that relative to the existence of an inaccessible cardinal the Gap-n-Kurepa hypothesis does not follow from the Gap-m-Kurepa hypothesis for m different from n. The use of an inaccessible is necessary for this result.
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  50. Sy-David Friedman, Michael Rathjen & Andreas Weiermann (2013). Slow Consistency. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (3):382-393.score: 240.0
    The fact that “natural” theories, i.e. theories which have something like an “idea” to them, are almost always linearly ordered with regard to logical strength has been called one of the great mysteries of the foundation of mathematics. However, one easily establishes the existence of theories with incomparable logical strengths using self-reference . As a result, PA+Con is not the least theory whose strength is greater than that of PA. But still we can ask: is there a sense in which (...)
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