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  1. David Freedman & Paul Humphreys (1999). Are There Algorithms That Discover Causal Structure? Synthese 121 (1-2):29-54.
    There have been many efforts to infer causation from association byusing statistical models. Algorithms for automating this processare a more recent innovation. In Humphreys and Freedman[(1996) British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47, 113–123] we showed that one such approach, by Spirtes et al., was fatally flawed. Here we put our arguments in a broader context and reply to Korb and Wallace [(1997) British Journal for thePhilosophy of Science 48, 543–553] and to Spirtes et al.[(1997) British Journal for the (...)
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  2. David A. Freedman & William Wang (1996). Language Polygenesis: A Probabilistic Model. Philosophical Explorations.
    Monogenesis of language is widely accepted, but the conventional argument seems to be mistaken; a simple probabilistic model shows that polygenesis is likely. Other prehistoric inventions are discussed, as are problems in tracing linguistic lineages. Language is a system of representations; within such a system, words can evoke complex and systematic responses. Along with its social functions, language is important to humans as a mental instrument. Indeed, the invention of language,that is the accumulation of symbols to represent emotions, objects, and (...)
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  3. Paul Humphreys & David Freedman (1996). Review: The Grand Leap. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113 - 123.
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  4. Paul Humphreys & David Freedman (1996). The Grand Leap. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):113-123.
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  5. David Freedman (1995). Rejoinder. Foundations of Science 1 (1):69-83.
    My favorite opponent in this debate once made a remarkable concession, not that it interfered with business as usual:No sensible social scientist believes any particular specification, coefficient estimate, or standard error. Social science theories ... imply that specifications and parameters constant over situations do not exist ... One searches for qualitative theory ... not for quantitative specifications Achen (1987, p.149). . With Hooke's law and the like, we are estimating parameters in specifications that are constant across time—at least to a (...)
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  6. David Freedman (1995). Some Issues in the Foundation of Statistics. Foundations of Science 1 (1):19-39.
    After sketching the conflict between objectivists and subjectivists on the foundations of statistics, this paper discusses an issue facing statisticians of both schools, namely, model validation. Statistical models originate in the study of games of chance, and have been successfully applied in the physical and life sciences. However, there are basic problems in applying the models to social phenomena; some of the difficulties will be pointed out. Hooke's law will be contrasted with regression models for salary discrimination, the latter being (...)
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  7. David Freedman (1989). Real People: Personal Identity Without Thought Experiments. Philosophical Books 30 (3):177-179.
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  8. David Freedman (1988). Abstract Objects. Philosophical Books 29 (4):214-217.
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  9. David Freedman (1988). The Later Wittgenstein: The Emergence of a New Philosophical Method. Philosophical Books 29 (3):133-135.
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  10. Persi Diaconis & David Freedman (1981). The Persistence of Cognitive Illusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):333-334.
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  11. Persi Diaconis & David Freedman (1980). De Finetti's Generalizations of Exchangeability. In Richard C. Jeffrey (ed.), Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2--233.
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  12. David Noel Freedman (1975). “Son of Man, Can These Bones Live?” The Exile. Interpretation 29 (2):171-186.
    The Bible as a literary entity is a product of the exile.. .. The record of the revolutions of the human spirit that took place during those years.
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