Search results for 'David H. Sharp' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gian-Carlo Rota, David H. Sharp & Robert Sokolowski (1988). Syntax, Semantics, and the Problem of the Identity of Mathematical Objects. Philosophy of Science 55 (3):376-386.score: 290.0
    A plurality of axiomatic systems can be interpreted as referring to one and the same mathematical object. In this paper we examine the relationship between axiomatic systems and their models, the relationships among the various axiomatic systems that refer to the same model, and the role of an intelligent user of an axiomatic system. We ask whether these relationships and this role can themselves be formalized.
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  2. David H. Sharp (1961). The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox Re-Examined. Philosophy of Science 28 (3):225-233.score: 290.0
    This paper discusses the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox from a new point of view. In section II, the arguments by which Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen reach their paradoxical conclusions are presented. They are found to rest on two critical assumptions: (a) that before a measurement is made on a system consisting of two non-interacting but correlated sub-systems, the state of the entire system is exactly represented by: ψ a (r̄ 1 ,r̄ 2 )=∑ η a η τ η (r̄ 1 ,r̄ 2 (...)
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  3. Alexander Rueger & W. David Sharp (1996). Simple Theories of a Messy World: Truth and Explanatory Power in Nonlinear Dynamics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):93-112.score: 120.0
    Philosophers like Duhem and Cartwright have argued that there is a tension between laws' abilities to explain and to represent. Abstract laws exemplify the first quality, phenomenological laws the second. This view has both metaphysical and methodological aspects: the world is too complex to be represented by simple theories; supplementing simple theories to make them represent reality blocks their confirmation. We argue that both aspects are incompatible with recent developments in nonlinear dynamics. Confirmation procedures and modelling strategies in nonlinear dynamics (...)
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  4. Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp (2001). An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals. Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.score: 120.0
    This study investigates the differences in individuals'' ethical decision making between Canadian university business students and accounting professionals. We examine the differences in three measures known to be important in the ethical decision-making process: ethical awareness, ethical orientation, and intention to perform questionable acts. We tested for differences in these three measures in eight different questionable actions among three groups: students starting business studies, those in their final year of university, and professional accountants.The measures of awareness capture the extent to (...)
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  5. Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp (1992). Cultural and Socioeconomic Constraints on International Codes of Ethics: Lessons From Accounting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):687 - 700.score: 120.0
    This paper provides a framework for the examination of cultural and socioeconomic factors that could impede the acceptance and implementation of a profession's international code of conduct. We apply it to the Guidelines on Ethics for Professional Accountants issued by the International Federation of Accountants (1990). To examine the cultural effects, we use Hofstede's (1980a) four work-related values: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity. The socioeconomic factors are the level of development of the profession and the availability of economic (...)
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  6. J. Glimm & D. H. Sharp (1986). AnS Matrix Theory for Classical Nonlinear Physics. Foundations of Physics 16 (2):125-141.score: 120.0
    The basic concepts appropriate for anS matrix theory for classical nonlinear physics are formulated here. These concepts are illustrated by a discussion of shock wave diffraction patterns. Other information concerning solutions of non-linear conservation laws is surveyed, so that a coherent picture of this theory can be seen. Within thisS matrix framework, a number of open problems as well as a few solved ones will be discussed.
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  7. Mark C. Baetz & David J. Sharp (2004). Integrating Ethics Content Into the Core Business Curriculum: Do Core Teaching Materials Do the Job? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):53-62.score: 120.0
    Some business schools have integrated business ethics issues into their core functional courses rather than simply offering a separate ethics course. To accommodate such a strategy, functional faculty members usually teach ethical issues, a task for which they are rarely trained. However, learning materials are available: some core course textbooks provide additional coverage of ethics, and case studies (and accompanying teaching notes for instructors) are also available which cover ethical issues.This paper reports on an analysis of these materials. We find (...)
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  8. Frank Chapman Sharp (1933). Book Review:Ethics. John Dewey, James H. Tufts. [REVIEW] Ethics 44 (1):155-.score: 120.0
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  9. Jeffrey Cohen, Laurie Pant & David Sharp (1993). A Validation and Extension of a Multidimensional Ethics Scale. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):13 - 26.score: 120.0
    Reidenbach and Robin (1988, 1990) proposed and refined a multidimensional ethics scale. This study replicates and extends their work by examining the generalizability of the scale beyond marketing to accounting, and to subjects from across the United States and other countries. Results indicate that, in general, the scale holds for this different sample and context. However, an additional utilitarian construct emerged in the current study as important for accounting academics in their ethical decision-making. We also found that when we refined (...)
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  10. David Landy & Richard Sharp (2010). Examining the Potential for Exploitation by Local Intermediaries. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):12-13.score: 120.0
  11. W. David Sharp & Niall Shanks (1993). The Rise and Fall of Time-Symmetrized Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):488-499.score: 120.0
    In the context of a discussion of time symmetry in the quantum mechanical measurement process, Aharonov et al. (1964) derived an expression concerning probabilities for the outcomes of measurements conducted on systems which have been pre- and postselected on the basis of both preceding and succeeding measurements. Recent literature has claimed that a resulting "time-symmetrized" interpretation of quantum mechanics has significant implications for some basic issues, such as contextuality and determinateness, in elementary, nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. Bub and Brown (1986) have (...)
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  12. George P. Adams, C. J. Ducasse, Walter Goodnow Everett, DeWitt Parker, F. C. Sharp & J. H. Turfs (1932). A Symposium: The Aim and Content of Graduate Training in Ethics. International Journal of Ethics 43 (1):53-64.score: 120.0
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  13. David Landy & Richard Sharp (2008). Conflicts of Interest in Bioethics: A Response to Our Critics. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):1-2.score: 120.0
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  14. Francis Jeffry Pelletier & W. David Sharp (1988). On Proving Functional Incompleteness in Symbolic Logic Classes. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (2):235-248.score: 120.0
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  15. Alexander Rueger & W. David Sharp (1998). Metaphysical Presuppositions of Scientific Practice: 'Atomism' Vs. 'Wholism'. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):1 - 20.score: 120.0
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  16. Frank Chapman Sharp (1919). Book Review:The Real Business of Living. James H. Tufts. [REVIEW] Ethics 29 (2):238-.score: 120.0
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  17. G. L. Freeman & L. H. Sharp (1941). Muscular Action Potentials and the Time-Error Function in Lifted Weight Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (1):23.score: 120.0
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  18. Shoshanah M. Inwood, Jeff S. Sharp, Richard H. Moore & Deborah H. Stinner (2009). Restaurants, Chefs and Local Foods: Insights Drawn From Application of a Diffusion of Innovation Framework. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (3):177-191.score: 120.0
    Chefs have been recognized as potentially important partners in efforts to promote local food systems. Drawing on the diffusion of innovation framework we (a) examine the characteristics of chefs and restaurants that have adopted local foods; (b) identified local food attributes valued by restaurants; (c) examine how restaurants function as opinion leaders promoting local foods; (d) explored network linkages between culinary and production organizations; and (e) finally, we consider some of the barriers to more widespread adoption of local foods in (...)
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  19. W. R. L., Edward Hutton, Georges Méautis, L. Mauceri, C. H. Skalet, E. Diehl, V. Martin, G. de Budé, V. Coulon, H. van Daele, N. Svensson Valmin, Henry Sharp, John Christopherson, F. H. Fobes, Georges Meautis & G. de Bude (1929). A Glimpse of GreeceBronzes Antiques du Canton de NeuchatelIl Castello Eurialo Nella Storia E Nell' ArteAncient SicyonChrestomathia GraecaAeschines II; Contre Ctésiphon-LettresAristophanes. IV. Les Thesmophories-Les GrenouillesContinued Explorations in Eastern TriphyliaThe Agamemnon of Aeschylus: An English VersionJephthah. Journal of Hellenic Studies 49:131.score: 120.0
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  20. Federico Luisetti & David Sharp (2008). Reflections on Duchamp: Bergson Readymade. Diacritics 38 (4):77-93.score: 120.0
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  21. Malcolm Sharp (1952). Book Review:Psychological Factors of Peace and War. T. H. Pear. [REVIEW] Ethics 62 (2):131-.score: 120.0
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  22. Alexander Rueger & W. David Sharp (1998). Metaphysical Presuppositions of Scientific Practice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):1-20.score: 120.0
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  23. David Sharp, Laurie Pant & Jeffrey Cohen (1998). Are Women Held to a Higher Moral Standard Than Men? Gender Bias Among University Students. Teaching Business Ethics 2 (2):197-209.score: 120.0
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  24. Sarah Sharp (2012). (E.B.) Mee and (H.) Foley Eds. Antigone on the Contemporary World Stage (Classical Presences). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. Xxi + 469. £85. 9780199586195. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 132 (1):299-300.score: 120.0
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  25. L. H. Sharp (1941). Effects of Residual Tension on Output and Energy Expenditure in Muscular Work. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (1):1.score: 120.0
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  26. Patricia E. Sharp, James H. James & Allan R. Wagner (1980). Habituation of a“Blocked” Stimulus During Pavlovian Conditioning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (3):139-142.score: 120.0
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  27. H. M. Sharp & K. Mills (2002). In Response to" The Development and Piloting of a Capacity and Assessment Tool". Journal of Clinical Ethics 13 (2):165.score: 120.0
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  28. Nick Sharp, Mark McGurl, David Latane & Anouar Majid (1997). Letters to the Editor. Critical Inquiry 23 (2):419.score: 120.0
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  29. Richard Sharp, Angela Scott, David Landy & Laura Kicklighter (2008). Who Is Buying Bioethics Research? American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):54-58.score: 120.0
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  30. Hilary Putnam (1961). Comments on the Paper of David Sharp. Philosophy of Science 28 (3):234-237.score: 36.0
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  31. E. S. Forster (1929). Some Translations and Other Books The Story of Aeneas: Virgil's Aeneid Translated Into English Verse. By H. S. Salt. Pp. Xv + 304. Cambridge: University Press, 1928. 8s. 6d. Net. The Aeneid of Virgil Translated, with an Introductory Essay. By Frank Richards, M.A. Pp. Xiv + 361. London: John Murray, 1928. 15s. Net. The Agamemnon of Aeschylus: An English Version. By Sir Henry Sharp. Pp. 73. Oxford: University Press, 1928. 2s. 6d. Net. Lusus Homerici. By Alexander Shewan. Pp. 55. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1928. 2s. 6d. Net. And Other Poems. By John Mavrogordato. Pp. 139. London: Cobden-Sanderson, 1927. 5s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (02):63-64.score: 36.0
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  32. W. A. Parker Mason (1917). Epictetus and the New Testament Epictetus and the New Testament. By D. S. Sharp. One Vol. 8vo. Pp. Xii + 158. London: C. H. Kelly, 1914. 2s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 31 (07):173-175.score: 36.0
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  33. E. Babette, Ali Errishi, Joan Jungbluth & Paul Kidder (1987). Niall Shanks," Philosophical Implications of Bell's Theorem." Advisor: W. David Sharp. Review of Metaphysics 41:191-209.score: 36.0
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  34. M. V. Taylor (1994). At the Sharp End. Cellular Interactions in Development – A Practical Approach (1993). Edited by DAVID A. HARTLEY. IRL, Oxford. Pp. 213. ISBN 0–19–963390–8. $18.50. [REVIEW] Bioessays 16 (4):298-299.score: 36.0
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  35. C. Kaczor (1998). Faith and Reason and Physician-Assisted Suicide. Christian Bioethics 4 (2):183-201.score: 27.0
    Aquinas's conception of the relationship of faith and reason calls into question the arguments and some of the conclusions advanced in contributions to the debate on physician-assisted suicide by David Thomasma and H. Tristram Engelhardt. An understanding of the nature of theology as based on revelation calls into question Thomasma's theological argument in favor of physician-assisted suicide based on the example of Christ and the martyrs. On the other hand, unaided reason calls into question his assumptions about the nature (...)
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  36. C. A. Hooker (1971). Sharp and the Refutation of the Einstein, Podolsky, Rosen Paradox. Philosophy of Science 38 (2):224-233.score: 23.0
    D. H. Sharp has recently argued that Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen failed to make good their claim that elementary quantum theory provides only an incomplete description of physical reality. Sharp expounds in detail three criticisms (a fourth is mentioned) which focus largely on formal features of the quantum theory. I argue, on grounds centered largely in our search for an adequate physical understanding of the micro domain, that each of these criticisms must be rejected. The original criticism of (...)
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  37. Daniel Andler (2003). The Advantages of Theft Over Honest Toil. A Comment on David Atkinson. In M. C. Galavotti (ed.), Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences.score: 21.0
    David Atkinson asks whether nonempirical constructions can lead to genuine knowledge in science, and answers in the negative. Thought experiments, in his view, are to be commended only insofar as they eventually lead to real experiments. The claim does not rely on a general study, conceptual or historical, of thought experiments as such: the range of the paper is at once narrower and broader. Atkinson views thought experiments as commonly understood as just one kind of episode in the development (...)
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  38. Daniel Geary (2013). Children of the Lonely Crowd: David Riesman, the Young Radicals, and the Splitting of Liberalism in the 1960s. Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):603-633.score: 21.0
    By embodying the hopes of a set of qualitative liberals who believed that postwar economic abundance opened up opportunities for self-development, David Riesman's bestselling The Lonely Crowd influenced the New Left. Yet Riesman's assessment of radical youth protest shifted over the course of the 1960s. As an antinuclear activist he worked closely with New Left leaders during the early 1960s. By the end of the decade, he became a sharp critic of radical protest. However, other leading members of (...)
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  39. David H. Sanford (2002). Vague Numbers. Acta Analytica 17 (1):63-73.score: 17.0
    If there are vague numbers, it would be easier to use numbers as semantic values in a treatment of vagueness while avoiding precise cut-off points. When we assign a particular statement a range of values (less than 1 and greater than 0) there is no precise sharp cut-off point that locates the greatest lower bound or the least upper bound of the interval, I should like to say. Is this possible? “Vague Numbers” stands for awareness of the problem. I (...)
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  40. Kevin A. Kordana & David H. Blankfein Tabachnick (2008). The Rawlsian View of Private Ordering. Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (2):288-307.score: 17.0
    The Rawlsian texts appear not to be consistent with regard to the status of the right of freedom of association. Interestingly, Rawls's early work omits mention of freedom of association as among the basic liberties, but in his later work he explicitly includes freedom of association as among the basic liberties. However, freedom of association would appear to have an economic component as well (e.g., the right to form a firm). If one turns to such (e.g., contract, partnership, and corporate (...)
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  41. David Asperó (2009). On a Convenient Property About {[Gamma]^{Aleph_0}}. Archive for Mathematical Logic 48 (7):653-677.score: 15.0
    Several situations are presented in which there is an ordinal γ such that ${\{ X \in [\gamma]^{\aleph_0} : X \cap \omega_1 \in S\,{\rm and}\, ot(X) \in T \}}$ is a stationary subset of ${[\gamma]^{\aleph_0}}$ for all stationary ${S, T\subseteq \omega_1}$ . A natural strengthening of the existence of an ordinal γ for which the above conclusion holds lies, in terms of consistency strength, between the existence of the sharp of ${H_{\omega_2}}$ and the existence of sharps for all reals. Also, (...)
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  42. David Rodin (2005). War and Self-Defense. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    When is it right to go to war? The most persuasive answer to this question has always been 'in self-defense'. In a penetrating new analysis, bringing together moral philosophy, political science, and law, David Rodin shows what's wrong with this answer. He proposes a comprehensive new theory of the right of self-defense which resolves many of the perplexing questions that have dogged both jurists and philosophers. -/- Winner of the American Philosophical Association Frank Chapman Sharp Memorial Prize.
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  43. David S. Wilcove (1983). Forest Island Dynamics Forest Island Dynamics in Man-Dominated Landscapes Robert L. Burges David M. Sharpe. Bioscience 33 (6):398-398.score: 15.0
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  44. Robert A. Paoletti (1974). Selected Readings: Genetic Engineering and Bioethics. New York,Mss Information Corp..score: 14.0
    Social Values and Research in Human Embryology ROBERT G. EDWARDS and DAVID J. SHARP E 125 Babies by Means of In Vitro Fertilization: Unethical Experiments ...
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  45. Rosanna Keefe (2010). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Vagueness: Supervaluationism. Philosophy Compass 5 (2):213-215.score: 12.0
    Vagueness is an extremely widespread feature of language, famously associated with the sorites paradox. One instance of this paradox concludes that a single grain of sand is a heap of sand, by starting with a large heap of sand and invoking the plausible premise that if you take one grain of sand away from a heap of sand, then you still have a heap. The supervaluationist theory of vagueness states that a sentence is true if and only if it is (...)
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  46. Federico Tresoldi (2009). Creativity in Einstein's and Hilbert's General Relativity. World Futures 65 (8):576-581.score: 12.0
    In the same days in which Albert Einstein was completing his formulation of the theory of general relativity, David Hilbert arrived to the same field equations following a different path and different mathematical procedures. In this article, both ways to get to the same formal result will be analyzed, together with the exchange of letters between the two scientists, underlining the two different, but extremely sharp, creativities.
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  47. Guy S. Axtell (1993). In the Tracks of the Historicist Movement: Re-Assessing the Carnap-Kuhn Connection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (1):119-146.score: 12.0
    Thirty years after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, sharp disagreement persists concerning the implications of Kuhn’s "historicist" challenge to empiricism. I discuss the historicist movement over the past thirty years, and the extent to which the discourse between two branches of the historical school has been influenced by tacit assumptions shared with Rudolf Carnap’s empiricism. I begin with an examination of Carnap’s logicism --his logic of science-- and his 1960 correspondence with Kuhn. I focus (...)
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  48. Andrew Arana (2007). Review of D. Corfield's Toward A Philosophy Of Real Mathematics. [REVIEW] Mathematical Intelligencer 29 (2).score: 12.0
    When mathematicians think of the philosophy of mathematics, they probably think of endless debates about what numbers are and whether they exist. Since plenty of mathematical progress continues to be made without taking a stance on either of these questions, mathematicians feel confident they can work without much regard for philosophical reflections. In his sharp–toned, sprawling book, David Corfield acknowledges the irrelevance of much contemporary philosophy of mathematics to current mathematical practice, and proposes reforming the subject accordingly.
     
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  49. Diana T. Meyers (2005). Who's There? Selfhood, Self-Regard, and Social Relations. Hypatia 20 (4):200-215.score: 12.0
    : J. David Velleman develops a canny, albeit mentalistic, theory of selfhood that furnishes some insights feminist philosophers should heed but that does not adequately heed some of the insights feminist philosophers have developed about the embodiment and relationality of the self. In my view, reflexivity cannot do the whole job of accounting for selfhood, for it rests on an unduly sharp distinction between reflexive loci of understanding and value, on the one hand, and embodiment and relationality, on (...)
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  50. Vincent Michael Colapietro (2007). C. S. Peirce's Rhetorical Turn. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (1):16-52.score: 12.0
    : While the work of such expositors as Max H. Fisch, James J. Liszka, Lucia Santaella, Anne Friedman, and Mats Bergman has helped bring into sharp focus why Peirce took the third branch of semiotic (speculative rhetoric) to be "the highest and most living branch of logic," more needs to be done to show the extent to which the least developed branch of his theory of signs is, at once, its potentially most fruitful and important. The author of this (...)
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