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Profile: David Miller (Northwestern University)
Profile: David Miller (Goldsmiths College, University of London)
Profile: David Miller (Agder College)
Profile: David Miller
Profile: David Marshall Miller (Iowa State University)
  1.  364 DLs
    David Miller (2005). Against Global Egalitarianism. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):55 - 79.
    This article attacks the view that global justice should be understood in terms of a global principle of equality. The principle mainly discussed is global equality of opportunity – the idea that people of similar talent and motivation should have equivalent opportunity sets no matter to which society they belong. I argue first that in a culturally plural world we have no neutral way of measuring opportunity sets. I then suggest that the most commonly offered defences of global egalitarianism – (...)
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  2.  187 DLs
    David Miller (1988). The Ethical Significance of Nationality. Ethics 98 (4):647-662.
    My object in this paper is to defend the view that national boundaries may be ethically significant. The duties we owe to our compatriots may be more extensive than the duties we owe to strangers, simply because they are compatriots. On the face of it, such a view is hardly outlandish. On the contrary almost all of us, including our leaders, behave as though it were self-evidently true. We do not, for instance, hesitate to introduce welfare measures on the grounds (...)
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  3.  185 DLs
    David Miller (2004). Holding Nations Responsible. Ethics 114 (2):240-268.
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  4.  181 DLs
    David Miller (2001). Distributing Responsibilities. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (4):453–471.
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  5.  146 DLs
    David Miller (2002). Cosmopolitanism: A Critique. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (3):80-85.
    Cosmopolitanism, originally a doctrine of world citizenship, has come in recent political philosophy to mean simply an ethical outlook in which every human being is equally an object of moral concern. However ethical cosmopolitans slide from this moral truism to deny, controversially, that as agents we have special duties of limited scope. Political communities create relations of reciprocity between their citizens and pursue projects that reflect culturally specific values and beliefs, generating special duties among fellow-members. Strong cosmopolitanism would require the (...)
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  6.  133 DLs
    David Miller (2005). Reasonable Partiality Towards Compatriots. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):63 - 81.
    Ethical theories normally make room both for global duties to human beings everywhere and special duties to those we are attached to in some way. Such a split-level view requires us to specify the kind of attachment that can ground special duties, and to explain the comparative force of the two kinds of duties in cases of conflict. Special duties are generated within groups that are intrinsically valuable and not inherently unjust, where the duties can be shown to be integral (...)
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  7.  126 DLs
    David Miller (2008). Immigrants, Nations, and Citizenship. Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (4):371-390.
  8.  123 DLs
    David Miller (2003). In Defence of Nationality. In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology. Routledge, in Association with the Open University 3-16.
  9.  121 DLs
    David Miller (1974). Popper's Qualitative Theory of Verisimilitude. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):166-177.
  10.  119 DLs
    David Miller (2009). A Refined Geometry of Logic. Principia 13 (3):339-356.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2009v13n3p339 A fim de medir o grau de dessemelhança entre elementos de uma álgebra booleana, o autor propôs em (1984) usar pseudométricas satisfazendo generalizações dos axiomas usuais para a identidade. A proposta é estendida, na medida em que é exequível, de álgebras booleanas (álgebras de proposições) para álgebras de Brouwer (álgebras de teorias dedutivas). A relação entre geometrias booleanas e de Brouwer da lógica resulta semelhante, de maneira curiosa, à relação entre geometrias euclidianas e não-euclidianas do espaço físico. O artigo (...)
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  11.  117 DLs
    David Miller (2009). Justice and Boundaries. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (3):291-309.
    Michael Walzer has argued that `distributive justice presupposes a bounded world', but what counts as a relevant boundary? The article criticizes two arguments holding that boundaries should not count at all: a negative argument that there is no relevant difference between human relationships within and across state borders and a positive argument that principles of justice must, as a matter of logic, be universal in scope. It then examines three rival accounts of the bounded scope of distributive justice: the cooperative (...)
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  12.  107 DLs
    David Miller (2007). National Responsibility and Global Justice. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter outlines the main ideas of my book National responsibility and global justice. It begins with two widely held but conflicting intuitions about what global justice might mean on the one hand, and what it means to be a member of a national community on the other. The first intuition tells us that global inequalities of the magnitude that currently exist are radically unjust, while the second intuition tells us that inequalities are both unavoidable and fair once national responsibility (...)
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  13.  93 DLs
    David Miller (1983). Constraints on Freedom. Ethics 94 (1):66-86.
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  14.  86 DLs
    David John Miller (2008). Quantum Mechanics as a Consistency Condition on Initial and Final Boundary Conditions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (4):767-781.
    If the block universe view is correct, the future and the past have similar status and one would expect physical theories to involve final as well as initial boundary conditions. A plausible consistency condition between the initial and final boundary conditions in non-relativistic quantum mechanics leads to the idea that the properties of macroscopic quantum systems, relevantly measuring instruments, are uniquely determined by the boundary conditions. An important element in reaching that conclusion is that preparations and measurements belong in a (...)
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  15.  80 DLs
    David Miller (1992). Distributive Justice: What the People Think. Ethics 102 (3):555-593.
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  16.  78 DLs
    David Miller (2002). Two Ways to Think About Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):5-28.
    This paper contrasts universalist approaches to justice with contextualist approaches. Universalists hold that basic principles of justice are invariant — they apply in every circumstance in which questions of justice arise. Contextualists hold that different principles apply in different contexts, and that there is no underlying master principle that applies in all. The paper argues that universalists cannot explain why so many different theories of justice have been put forward, nor why there is so much diversity in the judgements that (...)
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  17.  75 DLs
    David Miller (1990). Reviews : James Tully (Ed.), Meaning and Context: Quentin Skinner and His Critics, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1988, £29.50, Paper E12.50, Xii + 353 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 3 (2):314-316.
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  18.  70 DLs
    David E. Miller (2001). Quantum Dialogue: The Making of a Revolution. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):177-178.
  19.  69 DLs
    David Miller (1997). Equality and Justice. Ratio 10 (3):222–237.
  20.  68 DLs
    David Miller (2002). Group Rights, Human Rights and Citizenship. European Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):178–195.
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  21.  62 DLs
    David W. Miller (2002). Induction: A Problem Solved. In Jan M. Böhm, Heiko Holweg & Claudia Hoock (eds.), Karl Poppers Kritischer Rationalismus Heute. Mohr Siebeck 81--106.
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  22.  62 DLs
    David L. Miller (1946). Whitehead's Extensive Continuum. Philosophy of Science 13 (2):144-149.
  23.  57 DLs
    David Miller (1982). Arguments for Equality. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):73-83.
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  24.  54 DLs
    David Miller (2009). Democracy's Domain. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (3):201-228.
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  25.  51 DLs
    David Miller (1996). Two Cheers for Meritocracy. Journal of Political Philosophy 4 (4):277–301.
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  26.  51 DLs
    David Miller (2008). A Theory of Political Obligation – Margaret Gilbert. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):755-757.
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  27.  48 DLs
    David Miller (2011). Property and Territory: Locke, Kant, and Steiner. Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (1):90-109.
  28.  47 DLs
    David Miller (1976/1979). Social Justice. Oxford University Press.
    This book explores the various aspects of social justice--to each according to his rights, to each acording to his desert, and to each according to his need--comparing the writings of Hume, Spencer, and Kropotkin. Miller demonstrates that there are radical differences in outlook on social justice between societies, and that these differences can be explained by reference to features of the social structure.
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  29.  46 DLs
    David Miller (1990). A Restoration of Popperian Inductive Scepticism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (1):137-139.
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  30.  45 DLs
    David Miller (2005). Note: Cliometric Metatheory III: Peircean Consensus, Verisimilitude and Asymptotic Method. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (2):419 -.
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  31.  44 DLs
    David Miller (1966). On a so-Called so-Called Paradox: A Reply to Professor J. L. Mackie. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (2):147-149.
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  32.  44 DLs
    Matthew P. Spackman & David Miller (2008). Embodying Emotions: What Emotion Theorists Can Learn From Simulations of Emotions. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 18 (3):357-372.
    Cognitively-oriented theories have dominated the recent history of the study of emotion. However, critics of this perspective suggest the role of the body in the experience of emotion is largely ignored by cognitive theorists. As an alternative to the cognitive perspective, critics are increasingly pointing to William James’ theory, which emphasized somatic aspects of emotions. This emerging emphasis on the embodiment of emotions is shared by those in the field of AI attempting to model human emotions. Behavior-based agents in AI (...)
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  33.  43 DLs
    David Miller, Some Hard Questions for Critical Rationalism.
    ‘What distinguishes science from all other human endeavours is that the accounts of the world that our best, mature sciences deliver are strongly supported by evidence and this evidence gives us the strongest reason to believe them.’ That anyway is what is said at the beginning of the advertisement for a conference on induction at a celebrated British seat of learning in 2007. It shows how much critical rationalists still have to do to make known the message of Logik der (...)
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  34.  40 DLs
    David Miller (2002). 'Are theyMypoor?': The Problem of Altruism in the World of Strangers. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (4):106-127.
    How should we decide when to be altruistic ? who are the poor we ought to help? Empirical evidence reveals that in practice altruistic behaviour is strongly influenced by contextual factors such as the cost of helping, perceptions of the person in need, and the number of other people who are in a position to offer help. Philosophers often argue that we should discount such factors, but I claim that altruism is better understood as doing one's proper share of the (...)
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  35.  40 DLs
    David Marshall Miller (2009). Qualities, Properties, and Laws in Newton's Induction. Philosophy of Science 76 (5):1052-1063.
    Newton’s argument for universal gravitation in the Principia eventually rested on the third “Rule of Philosophizing,” which warrants the generalization of “qualities of bodies.” An analysis of the rule and the history of its development indicate that the term ‘quality’ should be taken to include both inherent properties of bodies and relations among systems of bodies, generalized into `laws'. By incorporating law‐induction into the rule, Newton could legitimately rebuff objections to his theory by claiming that universal gravitation was justified by (...)
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  36.  39 DLs
    David L. Miller (1943). G. H. Mead's Conception of "Present". Philosophy of Science 10 (1):40-46.
  37.  37 DLs
    David Miller (2013). Border Regimes and Human Rights. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 7 (1):1-23.
    This article argues that there is no human right to cross borders without impediment. Receiving states, however, must recognize the procedural rights of those unable to protect their human rights in the place where they currently reside. Asylum claims must be properly investigated, and in the event that the state declines to admit them as refugees, it must ensure that the third country to which they are transferred can protect their rights. Both procedural and substantive rights apply while refugees are (...)
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  38.  37 DLs
    David Miller (2009). 'A Spoonful of Sugar Helps the Medicine Go Down': Gillian Brock on Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):253 – 259.
    A review essay of Gillian Brock Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account (Oxford University Press, 2009).
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  39.  36 DLs
    David Miller, Objective Knowledge.
    Karl Popper’s Objective Knowledge stands at the threshold of his last major philosophical phase, the period from his retirement from the London School of Economics in 1969 until his death in 1994. The two great books that he wrote before he came to London, Logik der Forschung (1934) and The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), contain much more than the innovations in the theory of scientific method and the theory of democracy for which they are famous. Logik der Forschung, (...)
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  40.  36 DLs
    David Miller (2004). Matt Cavanagh, Against Equality of Opportunity (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002), Pp. VIII + 223. Utilitas 16 (2):225-227.
  41.  36 DLs
    David Miller (2012). Grounding Human Rights. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (4):407-427.
    This paper examines the idea of human rights, and how they should be justified. It begins by reviewing Peter Jones?s claim that the purpose of human rights is to allow people from different cultural backgrounds to live together as equals, and suggests that this by itself provides too slender a basis. Instead it proposes that human rights should be grounded on human needs. Three difficulties with this proposal are considered. The first is the problem of whether needs are sufficiently objective (...)
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  42.  35 DLs
    David Miller (2007). The Objectives of Science. Philosophia Scientiæ 11 (1):21-43.
    Contestant l’opinion commune selon laquelle le problème de la démarcation, contrairement au problème de l’induction, est relativement anecdotique, l’article soutient que le critère poppérien de falsifiabilité donne une réponse irrésistible à la question de savoir ce qui peut être appris d’une investigation empirique. Tout découle du rejet de la logique inductive, joint à la reconnaissance du fait que, avant d’être investiguée, une hypothèse doit être formulée et acceptée. Les hypothèses scientifiques n’émergent ni a posteriori comme les inductivistes le soutiennent, ni (...)
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  43.  35 DLs
    David Miller, Deductivist Decision Making.
    The non-justificationist deductivism (or critical rationalism) of Karl Popper constitutes the only approach to human knowledge, including of course the natural and social sciences, that is capable of overcoming all the failings, and the plain contradictions, of the traditional doctrine of inductivism and of its modern incarnation, Bayesianism.
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  44.  35 DLs
    David Miller (2011). On Nationality and Global Equality: A Reply to Holtug. Ethics and Global Politics 4 (3):165-171.
    I here defend some of the positions taken in National Responsibility and Global Justice against criticisms by Nils Holtug. I reinforce my suggestion that claims about national membership being ‘morally arbitrary’ are question begging and try to show how such membership can legitimately serve as a source of special obligations. I examine the claim that the problems involved in constructing a ‘currency’ of global justice also arise in the domestic context and suggest that appealing to ‘welfare’ as the relevant currency (...)
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  45.  35 DLs
    W. -H. Steeb & David E. Miller (1982). Relativistic Classical Mechanics and Canonical Formalism. Foundations of Physics 12 (5):531-542.
    The analysis of interacting relativistic many-particle systems provides a theoretical basis for further work in many diverse fields of physics. After a discussion of the nonrelativisticN-particle systems we describe two approaches for obtaining the canonical equations of the corresponding relativistic forms. A further aspect of our approach is the consideration of the constants of the motion.
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  46.  35 DLs
    David Miller (1972). The Truth-Likeness of Truthlikeness. Analysis 33 (2):50 - 55.
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  47.  35 DLs
    David Miller (1989). In What Sense Must Socialism Be Communitarian? Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (02):51-.
    This paper stands at the confluence of two streams in contemporary political thought. One stream is composed of those critics of liberal political philosophy who are often described collectively as ‘communitarians’. What unites these critics is a belief that contemporary liberalism rests on an impoverished and inadequate view of the human subject. Liberal political thought – as manifested, for instance, in the writings of John Rawls, Robert Nozick, and Ronald Dworkin – claims centrally to do justice to individuality: to specify (...)
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  48.  34 DLs
    David W. Miller (1990). Some Logical Mensuration. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):281-290.
  49.  34 DLs
    David Miller (1992). Q Chicago Journals. Ethics 102 (3):555-593.
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  50.  33 DLs
    David Miller (1972). Back to Aristotle? [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (1):69-78.
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