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Profile: David Pearce (Independent researcher)
  1. David Pearce, Naturalistic Panpsychism.
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  2. David Pearce, Reductionism and Knowledge.
    in How Many Questions?, ed. Leigh S. Cauman, Isaac Levi, Charles Parsons, and Robert Schwartz, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co., 1983, pp. 276-300.
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  3. David Pearce, The Abolitionist Project.
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  4. David Pearce, The End of Suffering.
    Before anaesthesia, surgery used to be agony. It’s hard to imagine that anyone could have been anything but pleased when painless surgery was introduced in the mid-19th century. And yet, although many welcomed anaesthesia, some did object. In Zurich, anaesthesia was even outlawed. “Pain is a natural and intended curse of the primal sin. Any attempt to do away with it must be wrong,” claimed the Zurich City Fathers. Painless delivery in childbirth was a particularly contentious issue. Some insisted that (...)
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  5. David Pearce, Utopian Neuroscience.
    Transhumanists are ambitious. We want unlimited lifespan, unlimited intelligence, unlimited computer power. But this doesn't mean that we're ambitious about everything, for example height. Perhaps we want to be a bit taller, and we want to ensure that e.g. midgets have the opportunity to reach "normal" stature. Yet even in Second Life, or in tomorrow's immersive virtual realities, we don't for the most part want to be 1000 metres tall - despite freedom from the constraints of gravity. Of course, there (...)
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  6. David Pearce, What Is Empathetic Superintelligence?
    Our current conception of intelligence as measured by IQ tests is “mind-blind”. IQ tests lack ecological validity because they ignore social cognition – the “mindreading” prowess that enabled one species of social primate to become the most cognitively successful on the planet. In this talk, I shall examine how to correct the ethnocentric and anthropocentric biases of our perspective-taking abilities. What future technologies can enrich our capacity to understand other minds? I shall also discuss obstacles to building empathetic AGI (artificial (...)
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  7. David Pearce, Hypermotivation.
    Stepping on a strongly electrified grid is highly aversive. A desperately hungry rat - even a rat who hasn't eaten for 10 days - won't run across an electrified cage-floor to reach a food-source: the shocks are too painful. But a rat with electrodes implanted in its neural reward circuitry will cross the grid, repeatedly, to gain the chance to self-stimulate its pleasure centres. Direct electrical stimulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system is so overpoweringly delightful that the anticipated reward eclipses (...)
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  8. David Pearce, Interview with Nick Bostrom and David Pearce.
    ANDRÉS LOMEÑA: Transhumanism, or human enhancement, suggests the use of new technologies to improve mental and physical abilities, discarding some aspects as stupidity, suffering and so forth. You have been described as technoutopian by critics who write on “Future hypes”. In my opinion, there is something pretty much worse than optimism: radical technopessimism, managed by Paul Virilio, deceased Baudrillard and other thinkers. Why is there a strong strain between the optimistic and pessimistic overview?
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  9. David Pearce, Mind, Brain and the Quantum.
    Does introspection grant us privileged insight into the intrinsic nature of the stuff of the world? Michael Lockwood 's startling answer is yes. Quantum mechanics may indeed supply a complete formal description of the universe. Yet what "breathes fire into" the quantum-theoretic equations, it transpires, isn't physical in the traditional sense at all.
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  10. David Pearce, Quantum Ethics? Suffering in the Multiverse.
    The Abolitionist Project outlines how (post)humans will use biotechnology to abolish suffering in all sentient life. Sadly, this utopian sounding outcome may not be nearly as wonderful as it sounds. Assume..
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  11. David Pearce, Transhumanism 2011.
    advocating the use of biotechnology to abolish suffering throughout the living world. At that time, Nick was a philosophy postgrad in London. He read the manifesto and fired off several incisive questions. Later we met up. I harangued Nick into getting a website. Nick then sounded me out about setting up a kind of umbrella organization for transhumanists - and overcame my doubts about whether overcoming suffering is really at the heart of a transhumanist agenda.
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  12. David Pearce, Talks On the Abolition of Suffering (2010).
    "Over the past half billion years, life on Earth has been governed by the pleasure pain axis. Nature is typically "red in tooth and claw". Consequently, life has typically been "nasty, brutish and short". However, a major evolutionary transition lies ahead. Natural selection has evolved organic robots with the capacity to rewrite their own source code. Humans will shortly be able to redesign our own reward circuitry, decommission natural selection, design compassionate ecosystems, and abolish suffering throughout the living world.
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  13. David Pearce, VF You Claim That It is Possible to Eradicate All Suffering on Earth, Whether Physical or Mental. When?
    D.P. It will technically be possible to get rid of all suffering within a century or two. Its abolition would be practical only if it were agreed in the sense of something like the moon program or the human genome project – if there was a degree of social consensus. There are certainly technological obstacles, but they are dwarfed by the ethical-ideological ones. Many people’s negative reaction to the idea of a world without suffering comes from a fear that someone (...)
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  14. David Pearce (forthcoming). Chapter Twelve: Environment 463. Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
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  15. David Pearce & Levan Uridia (2013). Algebraic Semantics for Modal and Superintuitionistic Non-Monotonic Logics. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 23 (1-2):147-158.
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  16. David Pearce & Roger Halson (2008). Damages for Breach of Contract: Compensation, Restitution and Vindication. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 28 (1):73-98.
    In this article we examine the role which vindication plays in contract damages. Vindication describes the making good of a right by the award of an adequate remedy. We argue that, while the primary purpose of compensation is to provide an indemnity for loss, an award of compensatory damages will nevertheless generally vindicate the right to performance of the contract. We go on to consider a distinct measure of damages, vindicatory damages. These, we argue, are neither compensatory nor restitutionary, neither (...)
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  17. David Pearce & Agustín Valverde (2005). A First Order Nonmonotonic Extension of Constructive Logic. Studia Logica 80 (2-3):321 - 346.
    Certain extensions of Nelson's constructive logic N with strong negation have recently become important in arti.cial intelligence and nonmonotonic reasoning, since they yield a logical foundation for answer set programming (ASP). In this paper we look at some extensions of Nelson's .rst-order logic as a basis for de.ning nonmonotonic inference relations that underlie the answer set programming semantics. The extensions we consider are those based on 2-element, here-and-there Kripke frames. In particular, we prove completeness for .rst-order here-and-there logics, and their (...)
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  18. David Pearce (1992). Green Economics. Environmental Values 1 (1):3 - 13.
    Economists assume that people are fundamentally greedy, though not exclusively so. If environmental improvement is to be achieved, it will require policies that use selfishness rather than opposing it. Such policies are to be found in the basics of green economics in which market signals are modified by environmental taxes and tradeable pollution certificates to 'decouple' the economic growth process from its environmental impact. Green economic policies avoid the infringements of human liberties implied in ever stronger 'command and control' measures.
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  19. David Pearce & Wolfgang Rautenberg (1991). Propositional Logic Based on the Dynamics of Disbelief. In André Fuhrmann & Michael Morreau (eds.), The Logic of Theory Change. Springer. 241--258.
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  20. M. Rosaria Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Technology Vs. Science: The Cognitive Fallacy. Synthese 81 (3):405-419.
    There are fundamental differences between the explanation of scientific change and the explanation of technological change. The differences arise from fundamental differences between scientific and technological knowledge and basic disanalogies between technological advance and scientific progress. Given the influence of economic markets and industrial and institutional structures on the development of technology, it is more plausible to regard technological change as a continuous and incremental process, rather than as a process of Kuhnian crises and revolutions.
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  21. MariaRosaria Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Economics and Technological Change: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):101-127.
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  22. David Pearce (1989). Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  23. David Pearce (1989). Translation, Reduction and Commensurability: A Note on Schroeder-Heister and Schaefer. Philosophy of Science 56 (1):158-164.
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  24. M. Rosaria Di Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Technology Vs. Science: The Cognitive Fallacy. Synthese 81 (3):405 - 419.
    There are fundamental differences between the explanation of scientific change and the explanation of technological change. The differences arise from fundamental differences between scientific and technological knowledge and basic disanalogies between technological advance and scientific progress. Given the influence of economic markets and industrial and institutional structures on the development of technology, it is more plausible to regard technological change as a continuous and incremental process, rather than as a process of Kuhnian crises and revolutions.
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  25. M. Rosaria Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Technology Vs. Science: The Cognitive Fallacy. Synthese 81 (3):405 - 419.
    There are fundamental differences between the explanation of scientific change and the explanation of technological change. The differences arise from fundamental differences between scientific and technological knowledge and basic disanalogies between technological advance and scientific progress. Given the influence of economic markets and industrial and institutional structures on the development of technology, it is more plausible to regard technological change as a continuous and incremental process, rather than as a process of Kuhnian crises and revolutions.
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  26. Maria Rosaria Di Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Economics and Technological Change: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 30 (1/2):101 - 127.
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  27. Maria Rosaria Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Economics and Technological Change: Some Conceptual and Methodological Issues. Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):101 - 127.
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  28. David Pearce (1988). Intensionality and the Nature of a Musical Work. British Journal of Aesthetics 28 (2):105-118.
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  29. David Pearce (1988). Musical Expression: Some Remarks on Goodman's Theory. In Veikko Rantala, Lewis Eugene Rowell & Eero Tarasti (eds.), Essays on the Philosophy of Music. Distributed by Akateeminen Kirjakauppa. 43--228.
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  30. David Pearce (1988). The Problem of Incommensurability: A Critique of Two Instrumentalist Approaches in Scientific Knowledge Socialized. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 108:385-398.
     
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  31. David Pearce & Heinrich Wansing (1988). On the Methodology of Possible Worlds Semantics. I. Correspondence Theory. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (4):482-496.
  32. David Pearce (1987). Critical Realism in Progress: Reflections on Ilkka Niiniluoto's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 27 (2):147 - 171.
  33. David Pearce (1986). Incommensurability and Reduction Reconsidered. Erkenntnis 24 (3):293 - 308.
  34. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1985). Approximative Explanation is Deductive-Nomological. Philosophy of Science 52 (1):126-140.
    We revive the idea that a deductive-nomological explanation of a scientific theory by its successor may be defensible, even in those common and troublesome cases where the theories concerned are mutually incompatible; and limiting, approximating and counterfactual assumptions may be required in order to define a logical relation between them. Our solution is based on a general characterization of limiting relations between physical theories using the method of nonstandard analysis.
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  35. Johan Van Benthem & David Pearce (1984). A Mathematical Characterization of Interpretation Between Theories. Studia Logica 43 (3):295 - 303.
    Of the various notions of reduction in the logical literature, relative interpretability in the sense of Tarski et al. [6] appears to be the central one. In the present note, this syntactic notion is characterized semantically, through the existence of a suitable reduction functor on models. The latter mathematical condition itself suggests a natural generalization, whose syntactic equivalent turns out to be a notion of interpretability quite close to that of Ershov [1], Szczerba [5] and Gaifman [2].
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  36. David Pearce (1984). Research Traditions, Incommensurability and Scientific Progress. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 15 (2):261-271.
    Summary In hisProgress and its Problems, Laudan dismisses the problem of incommensurability in science by endorsing two general assertions. The first claims there are actually no incommensurable pairs of theories or research traditions; the second maintains that his problem-solving model of scientific progress would be able rationally to appraise even incommensurable pairs of theories or traditions (are compare them for their progressiveness). I argue here that Laudan fails to provide a plausible defence of either thesis, and that this creates some (...)
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  37. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1984). A Logical Study of the Correspondence Relation. Journal of Philosophical Logic 13 (1):47 - 84.
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  38. Johan van Benthem & David Pearce (1984). A Mathematical Characterization of Interpretation Between Theories. Studia Logica 43 (3):295-303.
    Of the various notions of reduction in the logical literature, relative interpretability in the sense of Tarskiet al. [6] appears to be the central one. In the present note, this syntactic notion is characterized semantically, through the existence of a suitable reduction functor on models. The latter mathematical condition itself suggests a natural generalization, whose syntactic equivalent turns out to be a notion of interpretability quite close to that of Ershov [1], Szczerba [5] and Gaifman [2].
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  39. David Pearce (1983). Truthlikeness and Translation: A Comment on Oddie. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):380-385.
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  40. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1983). Correspondence as an Intertheory Relation. Studia Logica 42 (2-3):363 - 371.
    In this paper we give the gist of our reconstructed notion of (limiting case) correspondence. Our notion is very general, so that it should be applicable to all the cases in which a correspondence has been said to exist in actual science.
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  41. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1983). Constructing General Models of Theory Dynamics. Studia Logica 42 (2-3):347 - 362.
    This essay is an attempt to consider dynamic aspects of scientific theorising from a formal perspective. Our emphasis will be on the aims and methods for constructing formal models of theory dynamics which will be conceived from a general or 'theoretical' rather than 'applied' standpoint.
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  42. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1983). New Foundations for Metascience. Synthese 56 (1):1 - 26.
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  43. David Pearce (1982). Logical Properties of the Structuralist Concept of Reduction. Erkenntnis 18 (3):307 - 333.
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  44. David Pearce (1982). Review: Wolfgang Stegmuller, William Wohlhueter, The Structure and Dynamics of Theories; Wolfgang Stegmuller, The Structuralist View of Theories. A Possible Analogue of the Bourbaki Programme in Physical Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (2):464-470.
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  45. David Pearce (1982). Stegmüller on Kuhn and Incommensurability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (4):389-396.
  46. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1982). Constructing a General Model of Theory Dynamics. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 11 (1/2):56-60.
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  47. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1982). Realism and Formal Semantics. Synthese 52 (1):39--53.
    The doctrines of scientific realism have enjoyed a close and enduring, if not always harmonious, association with Tarski's semantic conception of truth and theories of formal semantics generally. From its inception Tarski's theory received unqualified support from some realists, like Karl Popper, who saw it as legitimizing the use of semantic notions in epistemology and the philosophy of science.
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  48. David Pearce & Veikko Rantala (1982). Realism and Reference. Synthese 52 (3):439 - 448.
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  49. David Pearce & Michele Tucci (1982). On the Logical Structure of Some Value Systems of Classical Economics: Marx and Sraffa. Theory and Decision 14 (2):155-175.
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  50. David Pearce (1981). Comments on a Criterion of Theoreticity. Synthese 48 (1):77 - 86.
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