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David Pears [45]David Francis Pears [11]David F. Pears [11]
  1. David Pears (forthcoming). „Rule-Following In. Philosophical Investigations.
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  2. David Pears (forthcoming). Rule-Following in Philosophical Investigations. Grazer Philosophische Studien 33:249-261.
    The negative part of Wittgenstein's treatment of rule-following in the Philosophical Investigations is a critique of Platonic theories of meaning. The main argument, summarized in §§ 201-202 is a reductio: if Platonism were true, the difference between obeying and disobeying a linguistic rule would vanish. For Platonism requires the rule-follower to have in his mind something which will completely determine in advance all the correct applications of a descriptive word, but this is a requirement that could not be conceivably satisfied. (...)
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  3. David Pears (2011). Linguistic Regularity. In. In Enzo De Pellegrin (ed.), Interactive Wittgenstein. Springer. 171--181.
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  4. David Pears (2006). Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This is a concise and readable study of five intertwined themes at the heart of Wittgenstein's thought, written by one of his most eminent interpreters. David Pears offers penetrating investigations and lucid explications of some of the most influential and yet puzzling writings of twentieth-century philosophy. He focuses on the idea of language as a picture of the world; the phenomenon of linguistic regularity; the famous "private language argument"; logical necessity; and ego and the self.
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  5. David Pears (2004). Hume's Recantation of His Theory of Personal Identity. Hume Studies 30 (2):257-264.
  6. David Pears (2004). The Anatomy of Courage. Social Research: An International Quarterly 71 (1):1-12.
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  7. David Pears (2002). Akrasia and the Power of Reason. European Review of Philosophy 5.
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  8. David Pears (2002). Literalism and Imagination: Wittgenstein's Deconstruction of Traditional Philosophy. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 10 (1):3 – 16.
    In his later philosophy, Wittgenstein unlike Russell offers no theories, because he believes that philosophical theories are never explanatory. They try to imitate scientific theories, but they lack the empirical basis that gives science its explanatory power. Two examples of his deconstructive work are discussed. One is his critique of the theory that the direct objects of perception are always sense-data, describable in a radically private language. Austin too criticized the theory of sense-data, but Wittgenstein's critique, unlike Austin's, included an (...)
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  9. David Francis Pears, David Charles & William Child (eds.) (2001). Wittgensteinian Themes: Essays in Honour of David Pears. Oxford University Press.
    A stellar group of philosophers offer new works on themes from the great philosophy of Wittgenstein, honoring one of his most eminent interpreters David Pears. This collection covers both the early and the later work of Wittgenstein, relating it to current debates in philosophy. Topics discussed include solipsism, ostension, rules, necessity, privacy, and consciousness.
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  10. David F. Pears (1998). Strawson on Freedom and Resentment. In The Philosophy of P.F. Strawson. Chicago: Open Court.
  11. David F. Pears (1998). The Philosophy of P.F. Strawson. Chicago: Open Court.
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  12. David Pears (1996). The Originality of Wittgenstein's Investigation of Solipsism. European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):124-137.
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  13. David Pears (1996). Wittgenstein's Criticism of Cartesianism. Synthese 106 (1):49 - 55.
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  14. David Pears (1995). Wittgenstein's Naturalism. The Monist 78 (4):411-424.
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  15. David Pears (1994). Hintikka's Interpretation of Wittgenstein's Treatment of Sensation-Language. Grazer Philosophische Studien 49:1-18.
    Wittgenstein's critique of solipsism is explained as a development in three stages. In the first, which appeares in the Notebooks 1914-16 and Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, he criticizes the solipsist for not identifying his ego and, therefore, leaving the objects presented to it unidentified. He argues that this is like trying to identify the eye without using any psychological facts. In the second stage, which appeares in The Blue Book and Notes for Lectures on "Private Experience" and "Sensations", he assumes that the (...)
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  16. David Pears (1994). Philosophical Theorizing and Particularism: Michael Dummett on Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy of Language. In. In Brian McGuiness & Gianluigi Oliveri (eds.), The Philosophy of Michael Dummett. Kluwer. 45--57.
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  17. David Pears (1993). Hume on Personal Identity. Hume Studies 19 (2):289-299.
  18. David Pears (1993). The Ego and the Eye. Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:59-68.
    Wittgenstein's critique of sohpsism - his attempt to show that sohpsism loses its intended meaning on the way to achieving its aspired truth - is reconstructed from its erarly stages in the Notebooks 1914-1916 via the 1936 lecture notes to the passages in the Philosophical Investigations. The analogy of the geometrical eye and the pointing to it are used to show the connections between the different arguments here involved.
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  19. David Pears (1992). Criss-Crossing a Philosophical Landscape. Grazer Philosophische Studien 42:91-105.
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  20. David Pears (1992). Split Self-Reference and Personal Survival. Southwest Philosophy Review 8 (1):65-76.
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  21. David Pears (1992). Wittgenstein's Concept of Showing. Grazer Philosophische Studien 42:91-105.
    Starting from an analysis of Wittgenstein's reasons for placing all true-seeming sentences about the relation between language and the world in the class of utterances that lack a truth-value and can only communicate in the privileged way, the doctrine of showing is investigated in Wittgenstein's later writings. In contrast to the view that the concept of showing simply disappeared with the abandonment of the picture theory of the sentence it is argued that much of his erarly doctrine of showing survives (...)
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  22. David Pears (1991). „Philosophy and the History of Philosophy‟. In Isaiah Berlin, Edna Ullmann-Margalit & Avishai Margalit (eds.), Isaiah Berlin: A Celebration. University of Chicago Press. 31--40.
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  23. David Pears (1991). Wittgenstein's Account of Rule-Following. Synthese 87 (2):273 - 283.
  24. David F. Pears (1991). Self-Deceptive Belief-Formation. Synthese 89 (3):393-405.
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  25. David Pears (1990). Wittgenstein's Holism. Dialectica 44 (1‐2):165-173.
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  26. David Francis Pears (1990). Hume's System: An Examination of the First Book of His Treatise. Oxford University Press.
    In this compelling analysis David Pears examines the foundations of Hume's theory of the mind as presented in the first book of the Treatise. Past studies have tended to take one of two extreme views: that Hume relies exclusively on a theory of meaning, or that he relies exclusively on a theory of truth and evidence. Steering a middle course between these positions, Pears argues that Hume's theory of ideas serves both functions. He examines in detail its application to three (...)
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  27. David Pears (1989). The Structure of the Private Language Argument in Wittgenstein (1889-1989). Revue Internationale de Philosophie 43 (169):264-278.
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  28. Klaus Puhl & David Pears (1989). The False Prison: A Study of the Development of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Volumes One and Two. Philosophical Quarterly 39 (157):503.
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  29. David Pears (1988). Irrational Action and Irrational Belief. Argumentation 2 (1):51-61.
    Many philosophers agree with Socrates that it is not possible to perform an akratic action consciously and freely. They take this view because they assimilate the internal irrationality of such a performance to the internal irrationality of drawing a theoretical conclusion which contadicts one's premisses. This article develops some arguments against that assimilation. The extreme cost of theoretical self-contradiction is forming the belief both that something is so and that it is not so. This is impossible for anyone who understands (...)
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  30. David Pears (1988). The False Prison: Volume Two. Clarendon Press.
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  31. David Pears (1987). The False Prison Vol. One. Clarendon Press.
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  32. David Francis Pears (1987). The False Prison: A Study of the Development of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, Pears examines the internal organization of Wittgenstein's thought and the origins of his philosophy to provide unusually clear insight into the philosopher's ideas. Part I surveys the whole of Wittgenstein's work, while Part II details the central concepts of his early system; both reveal how the details of Wittgenstein's work fit into its general pattern.
     
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  33. David Pears (1985). Reply to Professor Marx's Paper. Dialectica 39 (4):339-344.
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  34. David Francis Pears (1984/1998). Motivated Irrationality. St. Augustine's Press.
    This book is about self-deception and lack of self-control or wishful thinking and acting against one's own better judgement. Steering a course between the skepticism of philosophers, who find the conscious defiance of reason too paradoxical, and the tolerant empiricism of psychologists, it compares the two kinds of irrationality, and relates the conclusions drawn to the views of Freud, cognitive psychologists, and such philosophers as Aristotle, Anscombe, Hare and Davidson.
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  35. David Pears (1982). How Easy is Akrasia? Philosophia 11 (1-2):33-50.
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  36. David Pears (1982). Motivated Irrationality, Freudian Theory and Cognitive Dissonance. In Richard Wollheim & James Hopkins (eds.), Philosophical Essays on Freud. Cambridge University Press. 264--288.
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  37. David Pears (1981). The Function of Acquaintance in Russell's Philosophy. Synthese 46 (2):149 - 166.
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  38. David F. Pears (1981). Two Kinds of Philosophical Analysis. Kagaku Tetsugaku 14:103-118.
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  39. David Pears (1980). Courage as a Mean. In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics. University of California Press. 171--187.
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  40. David Pears (1979). A Comparison Between Ayer's Views About the Privilege of Sense-Datum Statements and the Views of Russell and Austin. In Graham F. Macdonald (ed.), Perception and Identity. Cornell University Press.
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  41. David Pears (1977). The Relation Between Wittgenstein's Picture Theory of Propositions and Russell's Theories of Judgment. Philosophical Review 86 (2):177-196.
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  42. David F. Pears (1976). The Causal Conditions of Perception. Synthese 33 (June):25-40.
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  43. David Pears (1975). The Appropiate Causation of Intentional Basic Actions. Crítica 7 (20):39 - 72.
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  44. David F. Pears (1975). Questions In The Philosophy Of Mind. London,: Duckworth.
     
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  45. David F. Pears (1974). The Paradoxes of Self-Deception. Teorema 1:7-24.
     
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  46. David Pears (1972). The Ontology of the" Tractatus". Teorema:49-58.
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  47. David Francis Pears (ed.) (1972). Bertrand Russell. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.
     
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  48. David Francis Pears (1972). Bertrand Russell and the British Tradition in Philosophy. London,Fontana.
     
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  49. David Francis Pears (1972). What is Knowledge? London,Allen and Unwin.
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  50. David Francis Pears (1971). Wittgenstein. London,Fontana.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein was born in Vienna in 1889 and died in Cambridge in 1951. He studied engineering, first in Berlin and then in Manchester, and he soon began to ask himself philosophical questions about the foundations of mathematics. What are numbers? What sort of truth does a mathematical equation possess? What is the force of proof in pure mathematics? In order to find the answers to such questions, he went to Cambridge in 1911 to work with Russell, who had just (...)
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