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Profile: David Schmidtz (University of Arizona)
Profile: David Schmidtz
  1.  45
    David Schmidtz (2006). Elements of Justice. Cambridge University Press.
    What is justice? Questions of justice are questions about what people are due, but what that means in practice depends on context. Depending on context, the formal question of what people are due is answered by principles of desert, reciprocity, equality, or need. Justice, thus, is a constellation of elements that exhibit a degree of integration and unity, but the integrity of justice is limited, in a way that is akin to the integrity of a neighborhood rather than that of (...)
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  2. David Schmidtz (2011). Nonideal Theory: What It Is and What It Needs to Be. Ethics 121 (4):772-796.
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  3.  22
    David Schmidtz (2008). Person, Polis, Planet: Essays in Applied Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This volume collects thirteen of David Schmidtz's essays on the question of what it takes to live a good life, given that we live in a social and natural world. Part One defends a non-maximizing conception of rational choice, explains how even ultimate goals can be rationally chosen, defends the rationality of concern and regard for others (even to the point of being willing to die for a cause), and explains why decision theory is necessarily incomplete as a tool for (...)
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  4.  87
    David Schmidtz (2011). Respect for Everything. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):127 - 138.
    Species egalitarianism is the view that all living things have equal moral standing. To have moral standing is, at a minimum, to command respect, to be more than a mere thing. Is there reason to believe that all living things have moral standing in even this most minimal sense? If so?that is, if all living things command respect?is there reason to believe they all command equal respect?1 I explain why members of other species command our respect but also why they (...)
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  5. David Schmidtz (1990). Justifying the State. Ethics 101 (1):89-102.
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  6. David Schmidtz (2002). Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works. OUP USA.
    Featuring sixty-two accessible selections--from classic articles to examples of cutting-edge original research--Environmental Ethics: What Really Matters, What Really Works addresses both of the principal areas of inquiry in the field: the exploration of morality from an environmental perspective and the analysis of the current state of our environment. Aiming to determine what issues really matter, the first section of the book responds to such questions as: What is value? What types of things have value? Is the value of a human (...)
     
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  7.  38
    David Schmidtz & Jason Brennan (2010). Brief History of Liberty. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Stimulating and thought-provoking," A Brief History of Liberty" offers readers a philosophically-informed portrait of the elusive nature of one of our most ...
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  8.  76
    David Schmidtz (1998). Are All Species Equal? Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):57–67.
  9. David Schmidtz (2004). Satisficing as a Humanly Rational Strategy. In Michael Byron (ed.), Satisficing and Maximizing: Moral Theorists on Practical Reason. Cambridge University Press 30--59.
     
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  10.  41
    David Schmidtz (1994). Choosing Ends. Ethics 104 (2):226-251.
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  11. David Schmidtz (1990). Samuel Scheffler, The Rejection of Consequentialism (New York: Oxford Press, 1982) Vii+ 133 Pp. $9.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Noûs 24 (4):622-627.
     
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  12.  92
    David Schmidtz (2002). How to Deserve. Political Theory 30 (6):774-799.
    People ought to get what they deserve. And what we deserve can depend on effort, performance, or on excelling in competition, even when excellence is partly a function of our natural gifts. Or so most people believe. Philosophers sometimes say otherwise. At least since Karl Marx complained about capitalist society extracting surplus value from workers, thereby failing to give workers what they deserve, classical liberal philosophers have worried that to treat justice as a matter of what people deserve is to (...)
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  13.  65
    David Schmidtz (2005). What We Deserve, and How We Reciprocate. Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):435 - 464.
    Samuel Scheffler says, “none of the most prominent contemporary versions of philosophical liberalism assigns a significant role to desert at the level of fundamental principle.” To the extent that this is true, the most prominent contemporary versions of philosophical liberalism are mistaken. In particular, there is an aspect of what we do to make ourselves deserving that, although it has not been discussed in the literature, plays a central role in everyday moral life, and for good reason. As with desert, (...)
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  14. Richard J. Arneson, Robert E. Goodin, David Schmidtz, Agnieszka Jaworska, Caspar Hare & Lionel K. McPherson (2007). 10. Laurence Thomas, The Family and the Political Self Laurence Thomas, The Family and the Political Self (Pp. 580-585). In Laurie DiMauro (ed.), Ethics. Greenhaven Press
     
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  15.  82
    David Schmidtz (2001). A Place for Cost-Benefit Analysis. Noûs 35 (s1):148 - 171.
    What next? We are forever making decisions. Typically, when unsure, we try to identify, then compare, our options. We weigh pros and cons. Occasionally, we make the weighing explicit, listing pros and cons and assigning numerical weights. What could be wrong with that? In fact, things sometimes go terribly wrong. This paper considers what cost-benefit analysis can do, and also what it cannot.
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  16.  18
    David Schmidtz (1997). When Preservationism Doesn't Preserve. Environmental Values 6 (3):327 - 339.
    According to conservationism, scarce and precious resources should be conserved and used wisely. According to preservation ethics, we should not think of wilderness as merely a resource. Wilderness commands reverence in a way mere resources do not. Each philosophy, I argue, can fail by its own lights, because trying to put the principles of conservationism or preservationism into institutional practice can have results that are the opposite of what the respective philosophies tell us we ought to be trying to achieve. (...)
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  17. David Schmidtz (2006). The Elements of Justice. Cambridge University Press.
    What is justice? Questions of justice are questions about what people are due. However, what that means in practice depends on the context in which the question is raised. Depending on context, the formal question of what people are due is answered by principles of desert, reciprocity, equality, or need. Justice, therefore, is a constellation of elements that exhibit a degree of integration and unity. Nonetheless, the integrity of justice is limited, in a way that is akin to the integrity (...)
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  18.  24
    David Schmidtz (1997). Self-Interest: What's in It for Me? Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):107.
    We have taken the “why be moral?” question so seriously for so long. It suggests that we lack faith in the rationality of morality. The relative infrequency with which we ask “why be prudent?” suggests that we have no corresponding lack of faith in the rationality of prudence. Indeed, we have so much faith in the rationality of prudence that to question it by asking “why be prudent?” sounds like a joke. Nevertheless, our reasons and motives to be prudent are (...)
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  19.  27
    David Schmidtz (2000). Diminishing Marginal Utility and Egalitarian Redistribution. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):263-272.
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  20. Margaret A. Boden, Richard B. Brandt, Peter Caldwell, Fred Feldman, John Martin Fischer, Richard Hare, David Hume, W. D. Joske, Immanuel Kant, Frederick Kaufman, James Lenman, John Leslie, Steven Luper-Foy, Michaelis Michael, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit, George Pitcher, Stephen E. Rosenbaum, David Schmidtz, Arthur Schopenhauer, David B. Suits, Richard Taylor & Bernard Williams (2004). Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Do our lives have meaning? Should we create more people? Is death bad? Should we commit suicide? Would it be better if we were immortal? Should we be optimistic or pessimistic? Life, Death, and Meaning brings together key readings, primarily by English-speaking philosophers, on such 'big questions.'.
     
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  21.  86
    David Schmidtz (1994). The Institution of Property. Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):42-62.
    The typical method of acquiring a property right involves transfer from a previous owner. But sooner or later, that chain of transfers traces back to the beginning. That is why we have a philosophical problem. How does a thing legitimately become a piece of property for the first time ? In this essay, I follow the custom of distinguishing between mere liberties and full-blooded rights. If I have the liberty of doing X , then it is permissible for me to (...)
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  22.  83
    David Schmidtz (2010). Property and Justice. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):79-100.
    When we’re trying to articulate principles of justice that we have reason to take seriously in a world like ours, one way to start is with an understanding of what our world is like, and of which institutional frameworks promote our thriving in communities and which do not. If we start this way, we can sort out alleged principles of justice by asking which ones license mutual expectations that promote our thriving and which ones do otherwise. This is an essay (...)
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  23.  41
    David Schmidtz (1992). Rationality Within Reason. Journal of Philosophy 89 (9):445-466.
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  24. David Schmidtz, The Meanings of Life.
    I remember being a child, wondering where I would be—wondering who I would be—when the year 2000 arrived. I hoped I would live that long. I hoped I would be in reasonable health. I would not have guessed I would have a white collar job, or that I would live in the United States. I would have laughed if you had told me the new millennium would find me giving a public lecture on the meaning of life. But that is (...)
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  25.  70
    David Schmidtz (2002). Equal Respect and Equal Shares. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (1):244-274.
    We are all equal, sort of. We are not equal in terms of our physical or mental capacities. Morally speaking, we are not all equally good. Evidently, if we are equal, it is not in virtue of our actual characteristics, but despite them. Our equality is of a political rather than metaphysical nature. We do not expect people to be the same, but we expect differences to have no bearing on how people ought to be treated as citizens. Or when (...)
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  26.  27
    David Schmidtz (2000). Natural Enemies: An Anatomy of Environmental Conflict. Environmental Ethics 22 (4):397-408.
    Sometimes people act contrary to environmentalist values because they reject those values. This is one kind of conflict: conflict in values. There is another kind of conflict in which people act contrary to environmentalist values even though they embrace those values: because they cannot afford to act in accordance with them. Conflict in priorities occurs not because people’s values are in conflict, but rather because people’s immediate needs are in conflict. Conflict in priorities is not only an environmental conflict, but (...)
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  27.  30
    David Schmidtz (1990). When is Original Appropriation Required? The Monist 73 (4):504-518.
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  28.  65
    David Schmidtz (2001). Sociality and Responsibility: New Essays in Plural Subject Theory. Margaret Gilbert. Mind 110 (439):756-759.
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  29.  19
    Julia Annas & David Schmidtz (2010). Doctoral Dissertations. Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):207-230.
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  30.  16
    Matt Zwolinski & David Schmidtz (2013). Environmental Virtue Ethics: What It Is and What It Needs to Be. In Daniel Russell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. Cambridge University Press 221.
  31.  26
    David Schmidtz (1990). Charles Parsons on the Liar Paradox. Erkenntnis 32 (3):419 - 422.
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  32.  40
    David Schmidtz (1995). Book Review:Value in Ethics and Economics. Elizabeth Anderson. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (3):662-.
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  33.  52
    Bryan Norton, Paul B. Thompson, David Schmidtz, Elizabeth Willott & Mark Sagoff (2006). Mark Sagoff 's Price, Principle, and the Environment: Two Comments. Ethics, Place and Environment 9 (3):337 – 372.
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  34.  33
    David Schmidtz (2011). Debra Satz: Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets. Journal of Philosophy 108 (4):219-223.
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  35.  48
    Matt Zwolinski & David Schmidtz (2005). Virtue Ethics and Repugnant Conclusions. In R. Sandler & P. Cafaro (eds.), Environmental Virtue Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield 107--17.
    Both utilitarian and deontological moral theories locate the source of our moral beliefs in the wrong sorts of considerations. One way this failure manifests itself, we argue, is in the ways these theories analyze the proper human relationship toward the non-human environment. Another, more notorious, manifestation of this failure is found in Derek Parfit's Repugnant Conclusion. Our goal is to explore the connection between these two failures, and to suggest that they are failures of act-centered moral theories in general. As (...)
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  36. David Schmidtz, Separateness, Suffering, and Moral Theory.
    I shall argue that the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation like that in Bengal cannot be justified; indeed, the whole way we look at moral issues—our moral conceptual scheme—needs to be altered, and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken for granted in our society.
     
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  37.  1
    David Schmidtz (2001). A Place for Cost-Benefit Analysis. Philosophical Issues 11 (1):148-171.
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  38.  18
    David Schmidtz (1997). Guarantees. Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (2):1.
    People have accidents. They get old. They eat too much. They have bad luck. And sooner or later, something will be fatal. It would be a better world if such things did not happen, but they do. There is no use arguing about it. What is worth arguing about is whether it makes for a better world when people have to pay for other people's misfortunes and mistakes rather than their own.
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  39.  32
    David Schmidtz & Matt Zwolinski (2003). A Companion to Environmental Philosophy. Environmental Ethics 25 (1):99-104.
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  40.  41
    David Schmidtz (2005). History and Pattern. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):148-177.
    This essay compares Rawls's and Nozick's theories of justice. Nozick thinks patterned principles of justice are false, and offers a historical alternative. Along the way, Nozick accepts Rawls's claim that the natural distribution of talent is morally arbitrary, but denies that there is any short step from this premise to any conclusion that the natural distribution is unjust. Nozick also agrees with Rawls on the core idea of natural rights liberalism: namely, that we are separate persons. However, Rawls and Nozick (...)
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  41.  15
    David Schmidtz (1993). Market Failure. Critical Review 7 (4):525-537.
    The Theory of Market Failure explores how markets respond, both in theory and in practice, to public?goods and externality problems. Most of the articles in this anthology find that markets often meet the demand for public goods in a variety of cases where existing theory would lead one to expect market failure. Moreover, upon reflection, existing theory reveals itself to be in need of supplementation by a more realistic picture of how flexible markets (and evolving systems of property rights) respond (...)
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  42.  28
    David Schmidtz (1995). Book Review:The Myth of Property: Toward an Egalitarian Theory of Ownership. John Christman. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (1):200-.
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  43.  30
    David Schmidtz (2008). Because It's Right. In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Canadian Journal of Philosophy. Oxford University Press pp. 63-95.
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  44. David Schmidtz, Decision Theory, Environmental Ethics.
  45.  18
    David Schmidtz (1988). Pettit's 'Free Riding and Foul Dealing'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (2):230 – 233.
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  46.  9
    John Thrasher & David Schmidtz (2013). Credit and Blame. The European Legacy 18 (7):967-967.
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  47.  20
    David Schmidtz (1996). Practical Reasoning About Final Ends. International Studies in Philosophy 28 (4):144-145.
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  48.  30
    Thomas Dufner & David Schmidtz (1988). The “Tickle Defense” Defense. Philosophical Studies 54 (3):383 - 386.
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  49.  32
    David Schmidtz & Sarah Wright (2004). What Nozick Did for Decision Theory. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):282–294.
  50.  30
    David Schmidtz (1989). Contractarianism Without Foundations. Philosophia 19 (4):461-469.
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