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David Sloan Wilson [46]David Sloane Wilson [1]
  1. David Sloan Wilson (2014). Groups as Units of Functional Analysis, Individuals as Proximate Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):279-280.
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  2. David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry (2014). Collaborating on Evolving the Future. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):438-460.
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  3. David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry (2014). Evolving the Future: Toward a Science of Intentional Change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):395-416.
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  4. Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) (2011). Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press.
    Pathological Altruism presents a number of new, thought-provoking theses that explore a range of hurtful effects of altruism and empathy.
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  5. David Sloan Wilson (2011). Pathology, Evolution, and Altruism. In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press.
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  6. Ingrid Storm & David Sloan Wilson (2009). Liberal and Conservative Protestant Denominations as Different Socioecological Strategies. Human Nature 20 (1):1-24.
    It is common to portray conservative and liberal Protestant denominations as “strong” and “weak” on the basis of indices such as church attendance. Alternatively, they can be regarded as qualitatively different cultural systems that coexist in a multiple-niche environment. We integrate these two perspectives with a study of American teenagers based on both one-time survey information and the experience sampling method (ESM), which records individual experience on a moment-by-moment basis. Conservative Protestant youth were found to be more satisfied, family-oriented, and (...)
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  7. David Sloan Wilson (2009). Group Level Evolutionary Processes. In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oup Oxford.
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  8. David Sloan Wilson & Steven Jay Lynn (2009). Adaptive Misbeliefs Are Pervasive, but the Case for Positive Illusions is Weak. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):539-540.
    It is a foundational prediction of evolutionary theory that human beliefs accurately approximate reality only insofar as accurate beliefs enhance fitness. Otherwise, adaptive misbeliefs will prevail. Unlike McKay & Dennett (M&D), we think that adaptive belief systems rely heavily upon misbeliefs. However, the case for positive illusions as an example of adaptive misbelief is weak.
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  9. David Sloan Wilson (2007). Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives. Delacorte Press.
    What is the biological reason for gossip? For laughter? For the creation of art? Why do dogs have curly tails? What can microbes tell us about morality? These and many other questions are tackled by renowned evolutionist David Sloan Wilson in this witty and groundbreaking new book. With stories that entertain as much as they inform, Wilson outlines the basic principles of evolution and shows how, properly understood, they can illuminate the length and breadth of creation, from the origin of (...)
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  10. David Sloan Wilson, D. Ph & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (2007). Health and the Ecology of Altruism. In Stephen G. Post (ed.), Altruism and Health: Perspectives From Empirical Research. Oup Usa.
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  11. Kevin M. Kniffin & David Sloan Wilson (2005). Utilities of Gossip Across Organizational Levels. Human Nature 16 (3):278-292.
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  12. David Sloan Wilson (2005). Human Groups as Adaptive Units. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press. 78.
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  13. David Sloan Wilson (2005). Testing Major Evolutionary Hypotheses About Religion with a Random Sample. Human Nature 16 (4):382-409.
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  14. David Sloan Wilson, John J. Timmel & Ralph R. Miller (2004). Cognitive Cooperation. Human Nature 15 (3):225-250.
    Cooperation can evolve in the context of cognitive activities such as perception, attention, memory, and decision making, in addition to physical activities such as hunting, gathering, warfare, and childcare. The social insects are well known to cooperate on both physical and cognitive tasks, but the idea of cognitive cooperation in humans has not received widespread attention or systematic study. The traditional psychological literature often gives the impression that groups are dysfunctional cognitive units, while evolutionary psychologists have so far studied cognition (...)
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  15. David Sloan Wilson (2003). The Struggle to Evolve Complexity. Bioessays 25 (2):189-190.
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  16. David Sloan Wilson, Eric Dietrich & Anne B. Clark (2003). On the Inappropriate Use of the Naturalistic Fallacy in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):669-81.
    The naturalistic fallacy is mentionedfrequently by evolutionary psychologists as anerroneous way of thinking about the ethicalimplications of evolved behaviors. However,evolutionary psychologists are themselvesconfused about the naturalistic fallacy and useit inappropriately to forestall legitimateethical discussion. We briefly review what thenaturalistic fallacy is and why it is misusedby evolutionary psychologists. Then we attemptto show how the ethical implications of evolvedbehaviors can be discussed constructivelywithout impeding evolutionary psychologicalresearch. A key is to show how ethicalbehaviors, in addition to unethical behaviors,can evolve by natural selection.
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  17. David Sloan Wilson & Rick O'Gorman (2003). Emotions and Actions Associated with Norm-Breaking Events. Human Nature 14 (3):277-304.
    Norms have a strong influence on human social interactions, but the emotions and actions associated with norm-breaking events have not been systematically studied. We asked subjects to imagine themselves in a conflict situation and then to report how they would feel, how they would act, and how they would imagine the feelings and actions of their opponent. By altering the fictional scenario that they were asked to imagine (weak vs. strong norm) and the perspective of the subject (norm-breaker vs. the (...)
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  18. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2002). Perspectives and Parameterizations Commentary on Benjamin Kerr and Peter Godfrey-Smith's ``Individualist and Multi-Level Perspectives on Selection in Structured Populations''. Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):529-537.
    We have two main objections to Kerr and Godfrey-Smith's (2002) meticulous analysis. First, they misunderstand the position we took in Unto Others – we do not claim that individual-level statements about the evolution of altruism are always unexplanatory and always fail to capture causal relationships. Second, Kerr and Godfrey-Smith characterize the individual and the multi-level perspectives in terms of different sets of parameters. In particular, they do not allow the multi-level perspective to use the individual fitness parameters i and i. (...)
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  19. David Sloan Wilson & Ralph R. Miller (2002). Altruism, Evolutionary Psychology, and Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):281-282.
    Rachlin's substantive points about the relationship between altruism and self-control are obscured by simplistic and outdated portrayals of evolutionary psychology in relation to learning theory.
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  20. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (2002). Précis of Unto Others. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):681–684.
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  21. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (2002). Review: Précis of Unto Others. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):681 - 684.
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  22. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (2002). Review: Reply to Commentaries. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):711 - 727.
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  23. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (2002). Reply to Commentaries. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):711–727.
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  24. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2001). Authors' Response. Metascience 10 (2):202-208.
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  25. David Sloan Wilson (2001). Historical Overview To See Why Cooperation and Altruism Pose a Prob-Lem for Evolutionary Theory, Consider the Evolution of a Nonsocial Adaptation, Such as Cryptic Color-Ation. Imagine a Population of Moths That Vary In. In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies.
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  26. David Sloan Wilson (2001). Religious Groups as Adaptive Units. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):467 - 503.
    This essay provides a sketch of religion as a set of biologically and culturally evolved adaptations that enable human groups to function as adaptive units. Recent developments in evolutionary biology make such a group-level interpretation of religion more plausible than in the past. A brief survey of relevant concepts is followed by a relatively detailed interpretation of Calvinism as a religious system in which explicit behavioral prescriptions, beliefs about God and his relationship with people, and numerous social control mechanisms combined (...)
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  27. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2000). Morality and ‘Unto Others': Response to Commentary Discussion. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):257-268.
    We address the following issues raised by the commentators of our target article and book: (1) the problem of multiple perspectives; (2) how to define group selection; (3) distinguishing between the concepts of altruism and organism; (4) genetic versus cultural group selection; (5) the dark side of group selection; (6) the relationship between psychological and evolutionary altruism; (7) the question of whether the psychological questions can be answered; (8) psychological experiments. We thank the contributors for their commentaries, which provide a (...)
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  28. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (2000). Summary Of: ‘Unto Others. The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior'. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):185-206.
    The hypothesis of group selection fell victim to a seemingly devastating critique in 1960s evolutionary biology. In Unto Others (1998), we argue to the contrary, that group selection is a conceptually coherent and empirically well documented cause of evolution. We suggest, in addition, that it has been especially important in human evolution. In the second part of Unto Others, we consider the issue of psychological egoism and altruism -- do human beings have ultimate motives concerning the well-being of others? We (...)
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  29. David Sloan Wilson (2000). Innate Psychology and Open-Ended Processes: Finding the Middle Ground. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):219-219.
    Rolls's mechanistic account of emotion can help to bridge a rift within the field of evolutionary psychology. One side of the rift emphasizes the importance of innate psychological mechanisms that evolved to solve specific problems encountered in the ancestral environment. The other side emphasizes learning, development, and culture as open-ended evolutionary processes in their own right. Rolls shows how these two views can be reconciled, allowing a productive middle ground to be explored.
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  30. David Sloan Wilson (2000). The Challenge of Understanding Complexity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):163-164.
    Those who emphasize complexity must show how it can be studied productively. Laland et al.'s target article partially succeeds but at times gets lost in a sea of possibilities. I discuss the challenge of understanding complexity, especially with respect to multilevel evolution.
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  31. David Sloane Wilson, Carolyn Wilczynski, Alexandra Wells & Laura Weiser (2000). Gossip and Other Aspects of Language as Group-Level Adaptations. In Celia Heyes & Ludwig Huber (eds.), The Evolution of Cognition. Mit Press.
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  32. David Sloan Wilson (1999). A Critique of R.D. Alexander's Views on Group Selection. Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):431-449.
    Group selection is increasingly being viewed as an important force in human evolution. This paper examines the views of R.D. Alexander, one of the most influential thinkers about human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, on the subject of group selection. Alexander's general conception of evolution is based on the gene-centered approach of G.C. Williams, but he has also emphasized a potential role for group selection in the evolution of individual genomes and in human evolution. Alexander's views are internally inconsistent and (...)
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  33. David Sloan Wilson & Kevin M. Kniffin (1999). Multilevel Selection and the Social Transmission of Behavior. Human Nature 10 (3):291-310.
    Many evolutionary models assume that behaviors are caused directly by genes. An implication is that behavioral uniformity should be found only in groups that are genetically uniform. Yet, the members of human social groups often behave in a uniform fashion, despite the fact that they are genetically diverse. Behavioral uniformity can occur through a variety of psychological mechanisms and social processes, such as imitation, consensus decision making, or the imposition of social norms. We present a series of models in which (...)
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  34. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (1998). Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Harvard University Press.
    No matter what we do, however kind or generous our deeds may seem, a hidden motive of selfishness lurks--or so science has claimed for years. This book, whose publication promises to be a major scientific event, tells us differently. In Unto Others philosopher Elliott Sober and biologist David Sloan Wilson demonstrate once and for all that unselfish behavior is in fact an important feature of both biological and human nature. Their book provides a panoramic view of altruism throughout the animal (...)
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  35. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1998). Multilevel Selection and the Return of Group-Level Functionalism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):305-306.
    We reinforce Thompson's points by providing a second example of the paradox that makes group selection appear counterintuitive and by discussing the wider implications of multilevel selection theory.
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  36. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1996). More on Group Selection and Human Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):782.
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  37. David Sloan Wilson (1995). Language as a Community of Interacting Belief Systems: A Case Study Involving Conduct Toward Self and Others. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):77-97.
    Words such as selfish and altruistic that describe conduct toward self and others are notoriously ambiguous in everyday language. I argue that the ambiguity is caused, in part, by the coexistence of multiple belief systems that use the same words in different ways. Each belief system is a relatively coherent linguistic entity that provides a guide for human behavior. It is therefore a functional entity with design features that dictate specific word meaning. Since different belief systems guide human behavior in (...)
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  38. David Sloan Wilson (1995). Sociopathy Within and Between Small Groups. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):577-577.
    If sociopathy is a biological adaptation, it probably evolved in small social groups in which individuals lacked the social mobility required for a con-man strategy to work. On the other hand, conflicts between groups may have provided a large niche for sociopathy throughout human history.
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  39. Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson (1994). A Critical Review of Philosophical Work on the Units of Selection Problem. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):534-555.
    The evolutionary problem of the units of selection has elicited a good deal of conceptual work from philosophers. We review this work to determine where the issues now stand.
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  40. David Sloan Wilson (1994). Levels of Selection: An Alternative to Individualism in Biology and the Human Sciences. In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books.
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  41. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1994). Group Selection: The Theory Replaces the Bogey Man. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):639.
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  42. David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1994). Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585.
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  43. Lee Alan Dugatkin & David Sloan Wilson (1993). Language and Levels of Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):701.
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  44. David Sloan Wilson (1992). On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness. Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
    I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature (...)
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  45. David Sloan Wilson (1990). Species of Thought: A Comment on Evolutionary Epistemology. Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):37-62.
    The primary outcome of natural selection is adaptation to an environment. The primary concern of epistemology is the acquistion of knowledge. Evolutionary epistemology must therefore draw a fundamental connection between adaptation and knowledge. Existing frameworks in evolutionary epistemology do this in two ways; (a) by treating adaptation as a form of knowledge, and (b) by treating the ability to acquire knowledge as a biologically evolved adaptation. I criticize both frameworks for failing to appreciate that mental representations can motivate behaviors that (...)
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  46. David Sloan Wilson (1989). Problems with the Altruism Hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):548.
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  47. David Sloan Wilson (1980). Suicide, Beanbag Genetics, and Pleiotropy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):283.
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