Pluralism is an essential feature of liberal democratic theory and practice and rests upon the fundemental value of tolerance. Today, although there is widespread commitment to various forms of constitutional representative democracy, and although globalization has diminished the political, economic, and cultural significance of borders, at the same time, there has been a marked world-wide increase in conflict, tormoil, and violence based upon ethnic, religious, and regional identities. This latter trend, a sort of 21st century balkanization, is a serious threat (...) to pluralism. -/- This contribution to REGIONAL POLICIES IN EUROPE: SOFT FEATURES FOR INNOVATIVE CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION defines pluralism and argues for its advantages. It also makes an argument against an approach for dealing with identity-based activities and claims which advocates the recognition of special group rights and privileges. The piece concludes by proposing conditions under which pluralism might prosper and expand, and by suggesting the kind of public policies likely to foster such conditions. -/- David T. Risser, Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Government & Political Affairs. (shrink)
The focus of this entry is on four important problems or flaws in democratic politics, particularly democracy in the U.S. -/- David T. Risser, Millersville Universiity of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Government & Political Affairs -/- .
This article begins with a view of recent developments in the discipline of business law. A model useful in the study of business ethics is presented. Business ethics is the philosophical examination of the body of values and conceptions that influence business decision making and that are also pervasive components of the social environment in which businesses operate. Our model is a four-part framework useful in approaching business ethics in a manner sensitive to its many implications for business law. The (...) model's four parts are: (1)ethical theory, (2) institutional frameworks, (3)organizational cultures, and (4)individual moral choice and responsibility. Topics, issues, and kinds of material which could be focused upon in approaching each of these four parts is discussed. A list of articles, books, and court cases, is included as a source of additional classroom material. (shrink)