106 found
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  1.  62
    David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  2.  21
    David Wiggins (1980). Sameness and Substance. Harvard University Press.
  3. David Wiggins (1997). Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. Oxford University Press.
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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  4.  4
    David Wiggins (1990). Needs, Values, Truth. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (1):106-106.
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  5. David Wiggins (2012). Practical Knowledge: Knowing How To and Knowing That. Mind 121 (481):97-130.
    Ryle’s account of practical knowing is much controverted. The paper seeks to place present disputations in a larger context and draw attention to the connection between Ryle’s preoccupations and Aristotle’s account of practical reason, practical intelligence, and the way in which human beings enter into the way of being and acting that Aristotle denominates ethos . Considering matters in this framework, the author finds inconclusive the arguments that Stanley and Williamson offer for seeing knowing how to as a special case (...)
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  6. David Wiggins (1968). On Being in the Same Place at the Same Time. Philosophical Review 77 (1):90-95.
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  7. David Wiggins (2006). Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality. Harvard University Press.
    As the need arises at various points in the book, he pursues a variety of related issues and engages additional thinkers--Plato, C. S. Peirce, Darwin, ...
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  8.  41
    David Wiggins (1967). Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity. Oxford, Blackwell.
  9.  29
    David Wiggins (forthcoming). Activity, Process, Continuant, Substance, Organism. Philosophy:1-12.
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  10. David Wiggins (1988). Truth, Invention, and the Meaning of Life. In Geoffrey Sayre-McCord (ed.), Essays on Moral Realism. Cornell University Press 127--65.
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  11. David Wiggins (1987). A Sensible Subjectivism? Basil Blackwell.
     
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  12. David Wiggins (1993). Cognitivism, Naturalism, and Normativity: A Reply to Peter Railton. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press 301--313.
     
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  13. David Wiggins (1990). Moral Cognitivism, Moral Relativism and Motivating Moral Beliefs. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:61 - 85.
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  14. David Wiggins (1984). The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.
  15.  67
    David Wiggins (1997). Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):413–421.
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  16. David Wiggins (2009). What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle. Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  17.  67
    David Wiggins (2004). Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice. Mind 113 (451):477-512.
    The purpose is to stage a dialogue between a pre-liberal conception of justice, represented by Aristotle as revived with the help of ideas of Lucas, Jouvenel and G. A. Cohen, and a liberal conception, as founded in Kant and refurbished, renewed and worked out in A Theory of Justice by John Rawls. Among the questions at issue are the roles of habit, disposition and formation; the nature of the dependency between the justice of the citizen of a polity and the (...)
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  18. David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this problem rests at the (...)
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  19.  76
    David Wiggins (2009). Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (2):239-269.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2008, given by David Wiggins, a British philosopher.
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  20. David Wiggins (1973). Towards a Reasonable Libertarianism. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Essays on Freedom of Action. Routledge and Kegan Paul 31.
     
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  21. David Wiggins (1975). Deliberation and Practical Reason. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76:29 - viii.
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  22. David Wiggins (1991). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. The Monist 74 (1):83-106.
    If the theory advanced below is correct, then what is the difference (I know she [Philippa Foot]] will ask) between the moral must/must not and the must/must not of etiquette or the clubhouse? Looking forward to the conclusion I shall reach, let me reply, roughly and readily, that the difference will reside not in anything formal but in the depth, spread, and felt authority of the attachments to which the moral must/must not appeals-and categorically appeals.
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  23.  20
    David Wiggins (2013). Truth, Pragmatism and Morality. Philosophy 88 (3):351-368.
    1. Hilary Putnam's conception of ethics is not best understood as a form of , but as a position consequent upon the pragmatist understanding of the relation between truth and rational acceptability secondnesswe invent moral words for morally relevant features of situations, which lead to further refinements of our moral notions a shared way of living a moral image of the worldmoral reality’.
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  24. David Wiggins (2005). Objectivity in Ethics; Two Difficulties, Two Responses. Ratio 18 (1):1–26.
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  25.  10
    David Wiggins (2004). Reflections on Inquiry and Truth Arising From Peirce's Method for the Fixation of Belief. In C. J. Misak (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Peirce. Cambridge University Press 87--126.
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  26.  29
    David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation. -/- It is contended that the key to this problem rests (...)
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  27.  89
    David Wiggins (1998). The Right and the Good and WD Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism. Utilitas 10 (3):261-.
    David Ross made the first sustained attack on Moore's agathistic utilitarianism or ethical neutralism a damaging concession to consequentialism.
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  28.  75
    David Wiggins (1979). Mereological Essentialism: Asymmetrical Essential Dependence and the Nature of Continuants. Grazer Philosophische Studien 7:297-315.
    The author expounds critically Roderick Chisholm's theory of modal mereology and undertakes to redeploy and reconcile this with the Lesniewski-Tarski theory of part-whole, modally augmented. An argument is presented for the principle that what belongs to an aggregate as a part belongs essentially to it. This principle is argued not to imply that every part of an ordinary substance is essentially part of it (such substances not being aggregates), and to give no particular support to Roderick Chisholm's postulation of entia (...)
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  29. David Wiggins (1996). Sufficient Reason: A Principle in Diverse Guises, Both Ancient and Modern. Acta Philosophica Fennica 61:117-132.
     
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  30. David Wiggins, Sabina Lovibond & S. G. Williams (eds.) (1996). Essays for David Wiggins: Identity, Truth, and Value. Blackwell.
     
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  31.  53
    David Wiggins (2006). Three Moments in the Theory of Definition or Analysis: Its Possibility, its Aim or Aims, and its Limit or Terminus. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt1):73-109.
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  32.  7
    D. Z. Phillips, Aurel Kolnai, Bernard Williams & David Wiggins (1978). Ethics, Value and Reality. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (112):277.
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  33.  9
    David Wiggins (2009). Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (2):239-269.
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  34.  63
    David Wiggins (1995). Objective and Subjective in Ethics, with Two Postscripts About Truth. Ratio 8 (3):243-258.
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  35. David Wiggins (2004). Wittgenstein on Ethics and the Riddle of Life. Philosophy 79 (3):363-391.
    The paper seeks to interpret and then to criticize Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus paragraph 6.4 to 7 , connecting this so-called mystical section with the “Lecture on Ethics” given in Cambridge in 1929, the Notebooks, and a passage in the Big Typescript. Interpretive and critical efforts focus on the claims: that if having intrinsic value, good or evil, is nothing zufällig, then its basis is nothing in the world; that value can only enter through the willing subject; that “how things are (...)
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  36.  70
    David Wiggins (2003). Existence and Contingency: A Note. Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including its (...)
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  37. David Wiggins (2009). Knowing How to and Knowing That. In P. M. S. Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P.M.S. Hacker. Oxford University Press
     
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  38.  76
    David Wiggins (1997). Languages as Social Objects. Philosophy 72 (282):499-524.
    1. There is a tendency nowadays for linguists, philosophers and other theorists of language, to dismiss the notion of an object like the English language or the Polish language as simply mythological or mythopoeic—as of no interest to any serious science of language. Some theorists even appear to deny that there are such things as languages . ‘This notion [of a public language] is unknown to empirical inquiry and raises what seem to be irresolvable problems’, Chomsky said in a lecture (...)
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  39. David Wiggins (1995). Categorical Requirements: Kant and Hume on the Idea of Duty. In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), The Monist. Clarendon Press 297-330.
  40.  51
    David Wiggins (2010). Categorical Requirements. The Monist 74 (1):83-106.
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  41.  56
    David Wiggins (1978). Weakness of Will, Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:251 - 277.
  42.  61
    David Wiggins (2000). Sameness, Substance and the Human Animal. The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):50-53.
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  43. David Wiggins (1987). The Person as Object of Science, as Subject of Experience, and as Locus of Value. In Arthur R. Peacocke & Grant R. Gillett (eds.), Persons and Personality. Blackwell
     
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  44.  39
    David Wiggins (2004). Reply to Shoemaker. The Monist 87 (4):594-609.
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  45. David Wiggins (1974). Essentialism, Continuity, and Identity. Synthese 28 (3-4):321-359.
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  46.  38
    David Wiggins (2000). Nature, Respect for Nature, and the Human Scale of Values. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):1-32.
    I. The development of the earth has not progressed in the way that Leibniz so hopefully envisaged three hundred years ago. Late twentieth century disillusion demonstrated by citation. II-IV. In making sense of that disillusion it is a good beginning to abstain from speculative extravagance and simply to bring the human scale of values to bear; then to inquire how far the destruction of that which we prize has been gratuitous or economically subsidized. The human scale of values is not (...)
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  47.  49
    David Wiggins (2005). Précis of Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):442–448.
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  48.  73
    David Wiggins (2011). A Reasonable Frugality. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69 (1):175-200.
    1. I begin with a citation from Our Final Century . Its author is Sir Martin Rees, the current President of the Royal Society. A race of scientifically advanced extra-terrestrials watching our solar system could confidently [have predicted] that Earth would face doom in another 6 billion years, when the sun in its death throes swells up into a ‘red giant’ and vaporizes everything remaining on our planet's surface. But could they have predicted this unprecedented spasm [visible already] less than (...)
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  49.  13
    David Wiggins (2014). Work, its Moral Meaning or Import. Philosophy 89 (3):477-482.
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  50.  24
    David Wiggins (1992). Meaning, Truth‐Conditions, Proposition: Frege's Doctrine of Sense Retrieved, Resumed and Redeployed in the Light of Certain Recent Criticisms. Dialectica 46 (1):61-90.
    This article first recounts the history of the truth‐conditional conception of meaning from Frege to the present day, emphasizing both points that are neglected in receidev accounts of this history and points of permanent philosophical interest. It then concludes with a review of certain current objections to the truth‐conditional conception and seeks to answer the difficulties pressed by Stephen Schiffer in Remnants of Meaning, offering certain fresh considerations upon the question what it is for two speech action to representent the (...)
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