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Profile: David-Hillel Ruben (University of London)
  1. David-Hillel Ruben (2015). The Physical Action Theory of Trying. Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  2. David-Hillel Ruben (1990). Explaining Explanation. Routledge.
    Getting our Bearings The series in which this book is appearing is called 'The Problems of Philosophy: Their Past and Present'; this volume, ...
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  3. David-Hillel Ruben (2008). Disjunctive Theories of Perception and Action. In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press 227--243.
    A comparison of disjunctive theories of action and perception. The development of a theory of action that warrants the name, a disjunctive theory. On this theory, there is an exclusive disjunction: either an action or an event (in one sense). It follows that in that sense basic actions do not have events intrinsic to them.
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  4. David-Hillel Ruben (2011). W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts. Philosophical Papers 39 (2):257-270.
    In virtue of what are later and an earlier group members of one and the numerically same tradition? Gallie was one of the few philosophers to have engaged with issues surrounding this question. My article is not a faithful exegesis of Gallie but develops a terminology in which to discuss issues surrounding the numerical identity of a tradition over time, based on some of his insights.
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  5. David-Hillel Ruben (1972). Searle on Institutional Obligation. The Monist 56 (4):600-611.
  6. David-Hillel Ruben (2013). Traditions and True Successors. Social Epistemology 27 (01):32 - 46.
    What constitutes numerically one and the same tradition diachronically, at different times? This question is the focus of often violent dispute in societies. Is it capable of a rational resolution? Many accounts attempt that resolution with a diagnosis of ambiguity of the disputed concept-Islam, Marxism, or democracy for example. The diagnosis offered is in terms of vagueness, namely the vague criteria for sameness or similarity of central beliefs and practices.
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  7. David-Hillel Ruben (1985). The Metaphysics of the Social World. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  8.  58
    David-Hillel Ruben (2003). Action and its Explanation. Oxford University Press.
    David-Hillel Ruben mounts a defence of some unusual and original positions in the philosophy of action. Written from a point of view out of sympathy with the assumptions of much of contemporary philosophical action theory, his book draws its inspiration from philosophers as diverse as Aristotle, Berkeley, and Marx. Ruben 's work is located in the tradition of the metaphysics of action, and will attract much attention from his peers and from students in the field.
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  9. David-Hillel Ruben (2010). The Causal and Deliberative Strength of Reasons for Action. In J. Aguilar & A. Buckareff (eds.), Causing Human Action: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action. Bradford
    Is the thought that having a reason for action can also be the cause of the action for which it is the reason coherent? This is an attempt to say exactly what is involved in such a thought, with special reference to the case of con-reasons, reasons that count against the action the agent eventually choses.
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  10.  61
    David-Hillel Ruben (2013). Trying in Some Way. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):719-733.
    Does 'Person P tried to A' entail that there is some particular, whether a mental act or a brain state or whatever, that is a trying? Most discussions of trying assume that this entailment holds. There is no good reason for holding that this is a valid inference. In particular, I examine one 'Davidsonian' argument that might be used to justify the validity of such an inference and argue that the argument is not sound. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/IxsuPqt7rvdzqMxpFiTv/full.
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  11.  60
    David-Hillel Ruben (2016). A Conditional Theory of Trying. Philosophical Studies 173 (1):271-287.
    What I shall do in this paper is to propose an analysis of ‘Agent P tries to A’ in terms of a subjunctive conditional, that avoids some of the problems that beset most alternative accounts of trying, which I call ‘referential views’. They are so-named because on these alternative accounts, ‘P tries to A’ entails that there is a trying to A by P, and therefore the expression ‘P’s trying to A’ can occur in the subject of a sentence and (...)
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  12. David-Hillel Ruben (2009). Con-Reasons as Causes. In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave Macmillan 62--74.
    Book synopsis: This collection of previously unpublished essays presents the newest developments in the thought of international scholars working on the explanation of action. The contributions focus on a wide range of interlocking issues relating to agency, deliberation, motivation, mental causation, teleology, interprative explanation and the ontology of actions and their reasons. Challenging numerous current orthodoxies, and offering positive suggestions from a variety of different perspectives, this book provides essential reading for anyone interested in the explanation of action.
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  13. David-Hillel Ruben (1992). Simple Attentive Miscalculation. Analysis 52 (3):184-190.
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  14. David-Hillel Ruben (1972). Warnock on Rules. Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):349-354.
    A discussion of Geoffrey Warnock's views on the analysis of rules.
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  15. David-Hillel Ruben (2001). Social Properties (Facts and Entities): Philosophical Aspects. In International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  16. David-Hillel Ruben (1982). The Existence of Social Entities. Philosophical Quarterly 32 (129):295-310.
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  17.  13
    David-Hillel Ruben (1997). John Searle's The Construction of Social Reality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):443 - 447.
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  18.  54
    David-Hillel Ruben (1994). A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation. Noûs 28 (4):465-481.
  19. David-Hillel Ruben (ed.) (1993). Explanation. Oxford University Press.
    The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editor of each volume contributes an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. This volume presents a selection of the most important (...)
     
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  20.  72
    David-Hillel Ruben (1987). Explaining Contrastive Facts. Analysis 47 (1):35-37.
  21. David-Hillel Ruben (1972). Positive and Natural Law Revisited. Modern Schoolman 49 (4):295-317.
    The article argues that the famous debate on natural and positive law between Lon Fuller and HLA Hart rests on a dispute about whether or not that something is a law provides on its own a prima facie reason for doing something.
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  22. David-Hillel Ruben (2009). Going in Circles. In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press 312.
    What might it mean to say that there is such a thing as a hermeneutic circle in the social sciences? A consideration of some remarks by Charles Taylor and others and an interpretive reconstruction, and assessment, of the idea of such a circle.
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  23.  32
    David-Hillel Ruben (1995). Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action. Journal of Philosophical Research 20:111-124.
  24. David-Hillel Ruben (2005). Review: How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions. [REVIEW] Mind 114 (455):734-737.
    A review of Berent Enc's How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions.
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  25.  45
    David-Hillel Ruben (1976). Epistemological Empiricism: The Duality of Beliefs and Experiences Reconsidered. The Monist 59 (July):392-403.
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  26.  36
    David-Hillel Ruben (1988). A Puzzle About Posthumous Predication. Philosophical Review 97 (2):211-236.
  27. David-Hillel Ruben (1999). Act Individuation: The Cambridge Theory. Analysis 59 (4):276–283.
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  28.  70
    David-Hillel Ruben (1991). Review of Natural Agency. [REVIEW] Mind (2):287-290.
  29.  54
    David-Hillel Ruben (1981). Lewis and the Problem of Causal Sufficiency. Analysis 41 (1):38-41.
    Lewis' counterfactual account of deterministic causation has no way in which to represent causal sufficiency. In the case in which the cause and effect actually occur, the conditional, c box-arrow e is trivially true, equivalent to the material conditional. Yet in deterministic causation, one needs a notion of causal sufficiency that is stronger than that.
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  30.  14
    David-Hillel Ruben (2008). Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Five Questions. In D. Rios & C. Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Five Questions. Automatic Press
    Book synopsis: Philosophy of the Social Sciences: 5 Questions is a collection of original contributions from a distinguished score of the world’s most prominent and influential scholars in the field. They deal with questions such as what drew them towards the area; how they view their own contribution, and what the future of the social sciences looks like.
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  31.  68
    David-Hillel Ruben (1972). Tacit Promising. Ethics 83 (1):71-79.
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  32.  8
    David-Hillel Ruben & David McLellan (1973). The Thought of Karl Marx: An Introduction. Philosophical Quarterly 23 (90):79.
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  33.  31
    David-Hillel Ruben (1983). Social Wholes and Parts. Mind 92 (366):219-238.
    To what extend can genuinely mereological considerations apply to talk of wholes and parts in discussions of the relationship between individual persons and the social groups, etc. to which they belong?
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  34.  17
    David-Hillel Ruben (1989). The Ontology of Explanation. In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality. Reidel 67--85.
    In an explanation, what does the explaining and what gets explained? What are the relata of the explanation relation? Candidates include: people, events, facts, sentences, statements, and propositions.
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  35.  50
    David-Hillel Ruben (1997). The Active and the Passive: David -Hillel Ruben. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):229–246.
    How to draw the distinction between activity and passivity? Whatever that might be, the causal theory of action cannot give the right answer, as it offers an essentially passive account of human action.
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  36.  1
    David-Hillel Ruben (1982). Causal Scepticism or Invisible Cement. Ratio 24 (2):161.
    I defend the view, hardly original with me, that there is no evidence, deductive or non-deductive, for any of our causal beliefs, that does not already assume that there are some causal connections, and hence that there is no way in which experience on its own, or with causalität-free principles, can support the structure of out causal knowledge. The deductive case is perhaps obvious. In the case of non-deductive arguments, I consider how experience of constant conjunctions, together with the employment (...)
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  37. David-Hillel Ruben (1994). Marxism. In Ernest Sosa (ed.), Companion to Metaphysics. Blackwell
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  38. David-Hillel Ruben (2001). Social Properties: Facts and Entities. In International Encyclopedia of hte Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier
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  39.  25
    David-Hillel Ruben (1999). Actions and Their Parts. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999:73-80.
    The Causal Theory of Action (CTA) is the view that x is person p’s token action if x is a movement of p’s body caused in the right way by p’s mental states which rationalise x. But there seem to be many actions which are part of a ‘larger’ action, like some particular movement executed in shaving, which are preceded by nosuch rationalising mental states. To cover these cases, the amended CTA says that some item x is a person p’s (...)
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  40.  13
    David-Hillel Ruben (1990). A Rejoinder to Professor Haji. Grazer Philosophische Studien 38:195-199.
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  41.  25
    David-Hillel Ruben (1999). Actions and Their Parts. In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. 73-80.
    Do all actions have parts, and, if so, are their parts also actions? If they have parts, are there basic parts of actions which themselves have no further parts?
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  42. David-Hillel Ruben (1989). Realism in the Social Sciences. In Hilary Lawson & Lisa Appignanesi (eds.), Dismantling Truth. Weidenfeld
    To what extend do the standard tests for realism, say in the philosophy of mind, apply to the social sciences?
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  43.  2
    David-Hillel Ruben (1999). Karl Marx. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:65-79.
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  44.  2
    David-Hillel Ruben (1985). II—Social Properties and Their Basis. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):23-46.
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  45.  7
    David-Hillel Ruben (2010). Cambridge Actions. In Tim O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Blackwell-Wiley
    Book synopsis: A Companion to the Philosophy of Action offers a comprehensive overview of the issues and problems central to the philosophy of action. The first volume to survey the entire field of philosophy of action (the central issues and processes relating to human actions) Brings together specially commissioned chapters from international experts Discusses a range of ideas and doctrines, including rationality, free will and determinism, virtuous action, criminal responsibility, Attribution Theory, and rational agency in evolutionary perspective Individual chapters also (...)
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  46. J. Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben (eds.) (1979). Issues In Marxist Philosophy, Vol. 1. Harvester.
     
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  47. David-Hillel Ruben (1979). Marxism and Materialism: A Study in Marxist Theory of Knowledge. Humanities Press.
    Argument that Marx has a realist ontology and a correspondence theory of truth. His views are compared to both Hegel's and Kant's. This interpretation departs from more Hegelian, 'idealist' interpretations that often rely on misunderstanding some of the work of the early Marx. There is also a discussion and partial defence of Lenin's Materialism and Empirio-Criticism.
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  48. David-Hillel Ruben (1982). Causal Scepticism. Ratio (2):161-172.
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  49.  1
    David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little (1993). Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science. Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
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  50.  9
    David-Hillel Ruben (1999). Karl Marx. In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press 65-79.
    Although it was, until recently, unfashionable in certain circles to say this, Marx was not a philosopher in any interesting sense. He was a social theorist. As social theory, I am thinking primarily of two areas : the methodology of social inquiry, and its metaphysical presuppositions, and normative philosophy.
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