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Profile: Matthew Davidson (California State University, San Bernardino)
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  1. Lutz Antoine, J. Brefczynski-Lewis, T. Johnstone & R. J. Davidson, Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise.
    PLoS ONE 3(3): e1897. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
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  2. Lutz Antoine, H. A. Slagter, L. L. Greischar, A. D. Francis, S. Nieuwenhuis, J. M. Davis & R. J. Davidson, Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.
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  3. Richard J. Davidson, Coan, A. J., Schaefer & S. H., Lending a Hand: Social Regulation of the Neural Response to Threat.
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  4. Richard J. Davidson, Nacewicz, M. B., Dalton, M. K., Johnstone, T., Long, M., McAuliff, M. E., Oakes, R. T., Alexander & L. A., Amygdala Volume and Nonverbal Social Impairment in Adolescent and Adult Males with Autism.
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  5. Donald Davidson, Who is Fooled?
    1. The first such problem concerns the clarity of the notion of lying to oneself. Is it possible to lie to oneself? ___ who is being deceived? Who is doing the deceiving? ___ how is one communicating to oneself in the act of self-deception? (internal dialogue?) ___ Is lying something one can do without knowing it?
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  6. Matthew Davidson, God and Other Necessary Beings.
    There are various entities which, if they exist, would be candidates for necessary beings: God, propositions, relations, properties, states of affairs, possible worlds, and numbers, among others. Note that the first entity in this list is a concrete entity , while the rest are abstract entities.[2] Many interesting philosophical questions arise when one inquires about necessary beings: What makes it the case that they exist necessarily? Is there a grounding for their necessary existence? Do some of them depend on others? (...)
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  7. Matthew Davidson, Propositions as Structured Entities.
    Belief in propositions no longer brings about the sorts of looks it did when Quine's affinity for desert landscapes held sway in the Anglo-American philosophical scene. People are doing work in the metaphysics of propositions, trying to figure out what sorts of creatures propositions are. In philosophers like Frege, Russell, and Moore we have strong shoulders upon which to stand. But, there is much more work that needs to be done. I will try to do a bit of that work (...)
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  8. Richard J. Davidson, Amygdalar and Hippocampal Substrates of Anxious Temperament Differ in Their Heritability.
    Anxious temperament (AT) in human and non-human primates is a trait-like phenotype evident early in life that is characterized by increased behavioural and physiological reactivity to mildly threatening stimuli1–4. Studies in children demonstrate that AT is an important risk factor for the later development of anxiety disorders, depression and comorbid substance abuse5. Despite its importance as an early predictor of psychopathology, little is known about the factors that predispose vulnerable children to develop AT and the brain systems that underlie its (...)
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  9. Richard J. Davidson, Dysfunction in the Neural Circuitry of Emotion Regulation—A Possible Prelude to Violence.
    Emotion is normally regulated in the human brain by a complex circuit consisting of the orbital frontal cortex, amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, and several other interconnected regions. There are both genetic and environmental contributions to the structure and function of this circuitry. We posit that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation. Indeed, the prefrontal cortex receives a major serotonergic projection, which is dysfunctional in individuals who show impulsive violence. Individuals vulnerable to faulty regulation of (...)
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  10. Richard J. Davidson, Interoceptive Awareness in Experienced Meditators.
    Attention to internal body sensations is practiced in most meditation traditions. Many traditions state that this practice results in increased awareness of internal body sensations, but scientific studies evaluating this claim are lacking. We predicted that experienced meditators would display performance superior to that of nonmeditators on heartbeat detection, a standard noninvasive measure of resting interoceptive awareness. We compared two groups of meditators (Tibetan Buddhist and Kundalini) to an age- and body mass index-matched group of nonmeditators. Contrary to our prediction, (...)
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  11. Richard J. Davidson, Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.
    The information processing capacity of the human mind is limited, as is evidenced by the so-called ‘‘attentional-blink’’ deficit: When two targets (T1 and T2) embedded in a rapid stream of events are presented in close temporal proximity, the second target is often not seen. This deficit is believed to result from competition between the two targets for limited attentional resources. Here we show, using performance in an attentional-blink task and scalp-recorded brain potentials, that meditation, or mental training, affects the distribution (...)
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  12. Richard J. Davidson, Serotonin Transporter Availability in the Amygdala and Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Predicts Anxious Temperament and Brain Glucose Metabolic Activity.
    Jonathan A. Oler,1,4 Andrew S. Fox,2,5 Steven E. Shelton,1,4 Bradley T. Christian, 1,3,5 Dhanabalan Murali,3,5 Terrence R. Oakes,5 Richard J. Davidson,1,2,4,5 and Ned H. Kalin1,2,4,5..
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  13. Richard J. Davidson, Toward a Biology of Personality and Emotion.
    For most of this past century, scholarship on the topics of personal- ity and emotion has emerged from the humanities and social sciences. In the past decade, a remarkable change has occurred in the influence of neuro- science on the conceptualization and study of these phenomena. This article ar- gues that the categories that have emerged from psychiatric nosology and descriptive personality theory may be inadequate, and that new categories and dimensions derived from neuroscience research may produce a more tractable (...)
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  14. Andrew S. Fox & Richard J. Davidson, Subgenual Prefrontal Cortex Activity Predicts Individual Differences in Hypothalamic-Pituitary- Adrenal Activity Across Different Contexts.
    Background: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system activation is adaptive in response to stress, and HPA dysregulation occurs in stress-related psychopathology. It is important to understand the mechanisms that modulate HPA output, yet few studies have addressed the neural circuitry associated with HPA regulation in primates and humans. Using high-resolution F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in rhesus monkeys, we assessed the relation between individual differences in brain activity and HPA function across multiple contexts that varied in stressfulness.
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  15. Sharee N. Light, James A. Coan, Corrina Frye & Richard J. Davidson, Empathy Is Associated With Dynamic Change in Prefrontal Brain Electrical Activity During Positive Emotion in Children.
    Empathy is the combined ability to interpret the emotional states of others and experience resultant, related emotions. The relation between prefrontal electroencephalographic asymmetry and emotion in children is well known. The association between positive emotion (assessed via parent report), empathy (measured via observation), and second-by-second brain electrical activity (recorded during a pleasurable task) was investigated using a sample of one hundred twenty-eight 6- to 10-year-old children. Contentment related to increasing left frontopolar activation (p < .05). Empathic concern and positive empathy (...)
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  16. Antoine Lutz, Julie Brefczynski-Lewis & Richard J. Davidson, Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise.
    Recent brain imaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have implicated insula and anterior cingulate cortices in the empathic response to another’s pain. However, virtually nothing is known about the impact of the voluntary generation of compassion on this network. To investigate these questions we assessed brain activity using fMRI while novice and expert meditation practitioners generated a loving-kindness-compassion meditation state. To probe affective reactivity, we presented emotional and neutral sounds during the meditation and comparison periods. Our main hypothesis (...)
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  17. Antoine Lutz, John D. Dunne & Richard J. Davidson, And Thompson E.
    The overall goal of this essay is to explore the initial findings of neuroscientific research on meditation; in doing so, the essay also suggests potential avenues of further inquiry. The essay consists of three sections that, while integral to the essay as a whole, may also be read independently. The first section, “Defining Meditation,” notes the need for a more precise understanding of meditation as a scientific explanandum. Arguing for the importance of distinguishing the particularities of various traditions, the section (...)
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  18. Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander R. Richard J. Davidson, : Gaze Fixation and the Neural Circuitry of Face Processing.
    ai Diminished gaze fixation is one of the core features of autism and has been proposed to be associated with abnormalities in the neural circuitry of affect. We tested this hypothesis in two separate studies using eye tracking while measuring functional brain activity during facial discrimination tasks in individuals with autism and in typically developing individuals. Activation in the fusiform gyrus and amygdala was strongly and positively correlated with the time spent fixating the eyes in the autistic group in both (...)
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  19. Clara Dixon Davidson, Relations Between Parents and Children (1892).
    RPC.2 The individual’s measure of consequences is proportionate to the circle of his outlook. His horizons may lie so near that he can only measure at short range. But, whether they be near or far, he can only judge of consequences as proximately or remotely touching himself. His judgment may err; his motive remains always the same, whether he be conscious of it or not. RPC.3 That motive is necessarily egoistic, since no one deliberately chooses misery when..
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  20. Donald Davidson, Russell Edson.
    The only thing worth saying about the author, in my view, is what he has given to be public, all the rest being the generalized personal, which is mere confusion and finally dust.
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  21. Richard Davidson, Gaze-Fixation, Brain Activation, and Amygdala Volume in Unaffected Siblings of Individuals with Autism.
    Background: The broad autism phenotype includes subclinical autistic characteristics found to have a higher prevalence in unaffected family members of individuals with autism. These characteristics primarily affect the social aspects of language, communication, and human interaction. The current research focuses on possible neurobehavioral characteristics associated with the broad autism phenotype. Methods: We used a face-processing task associated with atypical patterns of gaze fixation and brain function in autism while collecting brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and eye tracking in unaffected (...)
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  22. Richard Davidson, Richard J. Davidson, Ph.D.
    Dr. Davidson is a William James and Vilas Research Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in Psychology and has been at Wisconsin since 1984.
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  23. John Cottingham, Donald Davidson, Dan Dennett, Hanjo Glock, Chris Hookway, Wv Orman, John Searle Quine, Larry Weiskrantz, Kathy Wilkes & Andrew Woodfield (forthcoming). Philosophy News. Cogito.
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  24. A. Davidson (forthcoming). Fiddling with Memory. Journal of Medical Ethics.
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  25. Ab Davidson (forthcoming). Two South Africas: Social-Polit. And Cultural Role of the Rep. Of South Africa in the Afr. Continent. M.
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  26. Donald Davidson (forthcoming). Quines epistemologier1. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift.
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  27. Donald Davidson (forthcoming). Szaleństwo prób zdefiniowania prawdy. Przegląd Filozoficzny.
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  28. Donald Davidson (forthcoming). Svar til Dagfinn Føllesdal. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift.
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  29. Donald Davidson (forthcoming). Tolkningens Farer Og Gleder1. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift.
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  30. E. T. A. Davidson (forthcoming). Book Review: Joshua, Judges, Ruth. [REVIEW] Interpretation 56 (1):96-98.
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  31. J. H. Davidson (forthcoming). Empathy and Integrative Thinking: Talmudic Paradigms for the Essentials of a Medical Interview. Medical Humanities.
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  32. Jane W. Davidson, Stephanie E. Pitts & Jorge Salgado Correia (forthcoming). Reconciling Technical and Expressive Elements in Musical Instrument Teaching: Working with Children. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  33. John Davidson (forthcoming). Sophocles, Antigone 1226-30 Revisited. Hermes.
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  34. John Davidson (forthcoming). The Absence of Alkmene in the" Trakhiniai". Hermes.
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  35. John Davidson (forthcoming). Zeus and the Stone Substitute. Hermes.
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  36. Lyle Davidson (forthcoming). Observing a Yang Ch'in Lesson: Learning by Modeling and Metaphor. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  37. Lyle Davidson, Larry Scripp & Patricia Welsh (forthcoming). " Happy Birthday": Evidence for Conflicts of Perceptual Knowledge and Conceptual Understanding. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  38. Matthew Davidson (forthcoming). Presentism and Grounding Past Truths. In Roberto Ciuni, Giuliano Torrengo & Kristie Miller (eds.), New Papers on the Present: Focus on Presentism. Verlag.
    I set out and evaluate several solutions to the grounding problem for presentism.
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  39. Matthew Davidson & Gordon Barnes (forthcoming). Internalism and Properly Basic Belief. In David Werther Mark Linville (ed.), Philosophy and the Christian Worldview : Analysis, Assessment and Development. Continuum.
    In this paper we set out a view on which internalist proper basicality is secured by sensory experience.
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  40. Matthew Davidson & Tony Roy (forthcoming). Continuum Companion to Metaphysics. Continuum.
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  41. Matthew Davidson & Tony Roy (forthcoming). New Directions in Metaphysics. In Continuum Companion to Metaphysics. Continuum.
    In this paper we set out a Quinean approach to metaphysics. We evaluate Eli Hirsch's and Amie Thomasson's deflationary metaphysics and set out our metametaphysical framework.
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  42. Olga M. Davidson & Ferdowsi (forthcoming). The Text of Ferdowsi's Shâhnâma and the Burden of the Past. Journal of the American Oriental Society.
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  43. S. Davidson (forthcoming). Michael Lesnoff, Social Contract Theory. Radical Philosophy.
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  44. Larry Scripp, Joan Meyaard & Lyle Davidson (forthcoming). Discerning Musical Development: Using Computers to Discover What We Know. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  45. William W. Van Alstyne, Ann H. Franke, Martha A. Toll, Allan Kornberg, Margaret R. Bates, Jacqueline A. Reynolds, Edward A. Tiryakian, Jay M. Weiss, Sidney Davidson & Norman M. Bradburn (forthcoming). The University World Turned Upside Down: Does Confidentiality of Assessment by Peers Guarantee the Quality of Academic Appointment? Minerva.
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  46. Eneko AntóN., Jon A. Duã±Abeitia, Adelina Estévez, Juan A. Hernã¡Ndez, Alejandro Castillo, Luis J. Fuentes, Douglas J. Davidson & Manuel Carreiras (2014). Is There a Bilingual Advantage in the ANT Task? Evidence From Children. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  47. Alexander K. Converse, Elizabeth O. Ahlers, Brittany G. Travers & Richard J. Davidson (2014). Tai Chi Training Reduces Self-Report of Inattention in Healthy Young Adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  48. Eric Davidson (2014). Brief Notes on the Meaning of a Genomic Control System for Animal Embryogenesis. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (1):78-86.
    In 2012, we published a computational automaton, based on the most comprehensive gene regulatory network (GRN) model yet available (Peter, Faure, and Davidson 2012). This model had been synthesized over the previous years from extensive experimental studies on specification mechanisms in the endomesodermal territories of the sea urchin embryo. The GRN model explicitly indicated the dynamically changing interactions occurring at the cis-regulatory control sequences of almost 50 genes, mostly encoding transcription factors (the proteins that specifically recognize cis-regulatory DNA sequence and (...)
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  49. Mark Davidson (2014). Theories of Variable Mass Particles and Low Energy Nuclear Phenomena. Foundations of Physics 44 (2):144-174.
    Variable particle masses have sometimes been invoked to explain observed anomalies in low energy nuclear reactions (LENR). Such behavior has never been observed directly, and is not considered possible in theoretical nuclear physics. Nevertheless, there are covariant off-mass-shell theories of relativistic particle dynamics, based on works by Fock, Stueckelberg, Feynman, Greenberger, Horwitz, and others. We review some of these and we also consider virtual particles that arise in conventional Feynman diagrams in relativistic field theories. Effective Lagrangian models incorporating variable mass (...)
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  50. Scott Davidson (2014). Is a Hermeneutic Phenomenology Wide Enough?: A Ricoeurian Reply to Janicaud's Phenomenology "Wide Open". Journal of Speculative Philosophy 28 (3):315-326.
    More than fifteen years have now passed since the publication of Dominique Janicaud’s book Phenomenology “Wide Open” (Phénomenologie Eclatée)—the sequel to his controversial essay published in Phenomenology and the “Theological Turn.”1 There, as is widely known, Janicaud raised the question of whether the phenomenological enterprises of figures such as Emmanuel Levinas, Michel Henry, and Jean-Luc Marion were marked by a “theological turn” and, if so, whether such a turn was phenomenologically warranted. At this point, a voluminous literature over this debate (...)
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