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Profile: Martin Davies
  1. Martin J. Davies, Whatever Happened to the Salvage Convention 1989?
    Self-executing treaties like the Salvage Convention 1989 automatically become "the supreme law of the land" in the United States under the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution.They require no legislation to make them operative but they have the same force and effect as an Article I legislative enactment.The fact that no implementing legislation is needed often leads to the paradoxical result that a self-executing treaty is more easily forgotten, perhaps for the simple reason that such treaties do not always appear (...)
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  2. Martin Davies & Larry Weiskrantz, Are We Studying Consciousness Yet?
    It has been over a decade and half since Christof Koch and the late Francis Crick first advocated the now popular NCC project (Crick and Koch, 1990), in which one tries to find the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) for perceptual processes. Here we critically take stock of what have actually been learned from these studies. Many authors have questioned whether looking for the neural correlates would eventually lead to an explanatory theory of consciousness, while the proponents of NCC research (...)
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  3. Martin Davies, A Principled Solution to the Problem of Armchair Knowledge.
    The problem of armchair knowledge arises when there are armchair warrants for believing the premises of a palpably valid argument, yet it is implausible that the question whether or not the conclusion of the argument is true can be settled from the armchair. In the first lecture, I presented three instances of the problem, arising from an architecturalist argument, (LOT), an externalist argument, (WATER), and an argument about colour concepts, (RED). Other instances could be presented; I shall mention some later (...)
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  4. Martin Davies, Begging the Question and Settling the Question.
    In the first lecture, I presented three instances of the problem of armchair knowledge arising from the (LOT), (RED), and (WATER) arguments. In each case, there are armchair warrants for believing the premises, but it is implausible that the question whether or not the conclusion of the argument is true could be settled from the armchair.
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  5. Martin Davies, Foundational Issues in the Philosophy of Language.
    Linguistic expressions are meaningful. Sentences, built from words and phrases, are used to communicate information about objects, properties and events in the world. In philosophy of language, the study of linguistic meaning is central.
     
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  6. Martin Davies, Gareth Evans (12 May 1946 – 10 August 1980).
    As an undergraduate from 1964 to 1967, Gareth Evans, a British philosopher of language and mind, studied for the PPE degree (philosophy, politics and economics) at University College, Oxford, where his philosophy tutor was Peter Strawson. He was then a Senior Scholar at Christ Church, Oxford (1967–68) and a Kennedy Scholar visiting Harvard and Berkeley (1968–69). In 1968, less than a year after completing his degree, Evans was elected to a Fellowship at University College. He took up the position in (...)
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  7. Martin Davies, Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology.
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  8. Martin Davies, Philosophy of Language.
    Philosophy of language deals with questions that arise from our ordinary, everyday conception of language. (Philosophy of linguistics, in contrast, follows up questions that arise from the scientific study of language.) But saying this does not yet give a clear idea of the sorts of questions that belong distinctively in philosophy of language. Wittgenstein said (1953, §119), ‘The results of philosophy are the uncovering of one or another piece of plain nonsense and of bumps that the understanding has got by (...)
     
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  9. M. Davies (forthcoming). Externalism and Perceptual Content. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
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  10. M. Davies (forthcoming). The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women. Classical Review.
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  11. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). A New Commentary on Choephoroi. Classical Review.
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  12. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Aeschylus' Titans. Hermes.
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  13. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Alcaeus, Thetis and Helen. Hermes.
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  14. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Kinkel Redivivus. Classical Review.
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  15. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Popular Justice'and the End of Aristophanes''Clouds. Hermes.
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  16. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Sophocles' Antigone 823 Ff. As a Specimen of'Mythological Hyperbole'. Hermes.
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  17. Malcolm Davies (forthcoming). Symbolism and Imagery in the Poetry of Ibycus. Hermes.
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  18. S. Brannan, R. Campbell, M. Davies, V. English, R. Mussell & J. C. Sheather (2014). Ethics Briefing. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (1):69-70.
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  19. Anne M. Aimola Davies, Stephen Waterman, Rebekah C. White & Martin Davies (2013). When You Fail to See What You Were Told to Look For: Inattentional Blindness and Task Instructions. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):221-230.
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  20. Anne M. Aimola Davies, Rebekah C. White & Martin Davies (2013). Spatial Limits on the Nonvisual Self-Touch Illusion and the Visual Rubber Hand Illusion: Subjective Experience of the Illusion and Proprioceptive Drift. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):613-636.
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  21. A. Carson-Stevens, M. M. Davies, R. Jones, A. D. Pawan Chik, I. J. Robbe & A. N. Fiander (2013). Framing Patient Consent for Student Involvement in Pelvic Examination: A Dual Model of Autonomy. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):676-680.
    Patient consent has been formulated in terms of radical individualism rather than shared benefits. Medical education relies on the provision of patient consent to provide medical students with the training and experience to become competent doctors. Pelvic examination represents an extreme case in which patients may legitimately seek to avoid contact with inexperienced medical students particularly where these are male. However, using this extreme case, this paper will examine practices of framing and obtaining consent as perceived by medical students. This (...)
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  22. Martin Davies (2013). Computer-Aided Argument Mapping and the Teaching of Critical Thinking. Inquiry 27 (3):16-28.
    Part I of this paper outlined the three standard approaches to the teaching of critical thinking: the normative (or philosophical), cognitive psychology, and educational taxonomy approaches. The paper contrasted these with the visualisation approach; in particular, computer-aided argument mapping (CAAM), and presented a detailed account of the CAAM methodology and a theoretical justification for its use. This part develops further support for CAAM. A case is made that CAAM improves critical thinking because it minimises the cognitive burden of prose and (...)
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  23. Martin Davies, Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather (2013). Ethics Briefing. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):413-414.
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  24. Myfanwy Davies (2013). Changing Directions of the British Welfare State. Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (1):1-3.
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  25. Margaret Davies (2012). The Law Becomes Us: Rediscovering Judgment. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 20 (2):167-181.
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  26. Martin Davies (2012). Computer-Aided Mapping and the Teaching of Critical Thinking. Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 27 (2):15-30.
    This paper is in two parts. Part I outlines three traditional approaches to the teaching of critical thinking: the normative, cognitive psychology, and educational approaches. Each of these approaches is discussed in relation to the influences of various methods of critical thinking instruction. The paper contrasts these approaches with what I call the “visualisation” approach. This approach is explained with reference to computer-aided argument mapping (CAAM) which uses dedicated computer software to represent inferences between premise and conclusions. The paper presents (...)
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  27. Morgan Thomas Davies (2012). Sims-Williams, Irish Influence on Medieval Welsh Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. Xii, 425; Maps. $125. ISBN: 9780199588657. [REVIEW] Speculum 87 (4):1251-1253.
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  28. Mark R. Davies (2011). Not an Impartial Tribunal? English Courts and Barristers' Negligence. Legal Ethics 13 (2):113-139.
    A decade has now passed since the House of Lords removed the immunity from suit in negligence previously enjoyed by advocates in England and Wales. The small number of cases decided against barristers since the removal of the immunity indicates that the closeness of the relationship between barristers and the judiciary may give rise to issues of perceived judicial impartiality. This paper argues that the standard of care applied to barristers may be more generous than that applied to other professions. (...)
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  29. Mark Davies, Dion Angus Forster, Lisa M. Hess, Theodore W. Jennings, Joerg Rieger, Elaine A. Robinson, Jeremy William Scott & Sandra F. Selby (2011). Alienation and Connection: Suffering in a Global Age. Lexington Books.
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  30. Rebekah C. White, Anne M. Aimola Davies & Martin Davies (2011). Two Hands Are Better Than One: A New Assessment Method and a New Interpretation of the Non-Visual Illusion of Self-Touch. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):956-964.
  31. Rebekah C. White, Anne M. Aimola Davies & Martin Davies (2011). Two Hands Are Better Than One: A New Assessment Method and a New Interpretation of the Non-Visual Illusion of Self-Touch. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):956-964.
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  32. F. Wood, L. Morris, M. Davies & G. Elwyn (2011). What Constitutes Consent When Parents and Daughters Have Different Views About Having the HPV Vaccine: Qualitative Interviews with Stakeholders. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):466-471.
    Objective The UK Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine programme commenced in the autumn of 2008 for year 8 (age 12–13 years) schoolgirls. We examine whether the vaccine should be given when there is a difference of opinion between daughters and parents or guardians. Design Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Participants A sample of 25 stakeholders: 14 professionals involved in the development of the HPV vaccination programme and 11 professionals involved in its implementation. Results Overriding the parents' wishes was perceived as problematic (...)
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  33. E. Chrispin, S. Brannan, M. Davies, V. English, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville (2010). Ethics Briefings. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (3):191-192.
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  34. M. Davies, S. Brannan, E. Chrispin, S. Mason, R. Mussell, J. Sheather & A. Sommerville (2010). Ethics Briefings. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):447-449.
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  35. Margaret Davies (2010). Legal Pluralism. In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36. Martin Davies (2010). Double Dissociation: Understanding its Role in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Mind and Language 25 (5):500-540.
    The paper makes three points about the role of double dissociation in cognitive neuropsychology. First, arguments from double dissociation to separate modules work by inference to the best, not the only possible, explanation. Second, in the development of computational cognitive neuropsychology, the contribution of connectionist cognitive science has been to broaden the range of potential explanations of double dissociation. As a result, the competition between explanations, and the characteristic features of the assessment of theories against the criteria of probability and (...)
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  37. Martin L. Davies (2010). Imprisoned by History: Aspects of Historicized Life. Routledge.
    Shaking the respect for history? -- Imprisoned by history -- The historical unconscious -- History: a self-centred science -- History: deception as cultural practice.
     
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  38. Morgan Thomas Davies (2010). Ruth Kennedy and Simon Meecham-Jones, Eds., Authority and Subjugation in Writing of Medieval Wales. (The New Middle Ages.) New York and Basingstoke, Eng.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Pp. Xx, 290; Black-and-White Figures and Maps. $89.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 85 (1):157.
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  39. Rebekah C. White, Anne M. Aimola Davies, Terri J. Halleen & Martin Davies (2010). Tactile Expectations and the Perception of Self-Touch: An Investigation Using the Rubber Hand Paradigm. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):505-519.
  40. S. Brannan, M. Davies, V. English, R. Mussell, J. Sheather, E. Chrispin & A. Sommerville (2009). Ethics Briefings. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):63-64.
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  41. Malcolm Davies (2009). Festschrift Calder (S.) Heilen, (R.) Kirstein, (R.) Scott Smith, (S.M.) Trzaskoma, (R.L.) Van der Wal, (M.) Vorwerk (Edd.) In Pursuit of Wissenschaft. Festschrift für William M. Calder III Zum 75. Geburtstag. (Spudasmata 119.) Pp. Xiv + 508, Ills. Hildesheim, Zurich and New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2008. Cased, €78. ISBN: 978-3-487-13632-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 59 (02):617-.
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  42. Martin Davies (2009). And Two Epistemic Projects. In Ian Ravenscroft (ed.), Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes From the Philosophy of Frank Jackson. Oxford University Press. 337.
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  43. Martin Davies (2009). Two Purposes of Arguing and Two Epistemic Projects. In Ian Ravenscroft (ed.), Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes From the Philosophy of Frank Jackson. Oup Oxford.
  44. Malcolm Davies (2008). Papers of W.S. Barrett (W.S.) Barrett Greek Lyric, Tragedy, and Textual Criticism. Collected Papers. Edited by M.L. West. Pp. Xii + 515, Ills Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Cased, £85. ISBN: 978-0-19-920357-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 58 (02):335-.
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  45. Margaret Davies (2008). Feminism and the Flat Law Theory. Feminist Legal Studies 16 (3):281-304.
    This article examines two modalities of law, depicted spatially as the vertical and the horizontal. The intellectual background for seeing law in vertical and horizontal dimensions is to be found in much socio-legal scholarship. These approaches have challenged the modernist, legal positivist and essentially vertical view of law as a system of imperatives emanating from a hierarchically superior source such as a sovereign. In keeping with the socio-legal critical tradition, but approaching it from the perspective of legal philosophy, my aim (...)
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  46. Martin Davies (2008). Consciousness and Explanation. In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
     
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  47. Myfanwy Davies & Glyn Elwyn (2008). Advocating Mandatory Patient 'Autonomy' in Healthcare: Adverse Reactions and Side Effects. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (4):315-328.
    Promoting patient autonomy has become a key imperative in health service encounters. We will examine the potential negative effects of over-promoting patient autonomy and consider the impact on patient access, their experience and the provision of equitable services by focusing on an extreme manifestation of this trend, i.e. calls for patient involvement in health care decision making to be mandatory. Advocates of mandatory autonomy hold that patients have a duty to themselves, to society and to the medical system to make (...)
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  48. Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.) (2008). Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
    In recent years consciousness has become a significant area of study in the cognitive sciences. The Frontiers of Consciousness is a major interdisciplinary exploration of consciousness. The book stems from the Chichele lectures held at All Souls College in Oxford, and features contributions from a 'who's who' of authorities from both philosophy and psychology. The result is a truly interdisciplinary volume, which tackles some of the biggest and most impenetrable problems in consciousness. The book includes chapters considering the apparent explanatory (...)
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  49. Margaret Davies (2007). Unity and Diversity in Feminist Legal Theory. Philosophy Compass 2 (4):650–664.
  50. Matthew Davies, Ann Saunders & John Oldland (2007). REVIEWS-The History of the Merchant Taylors' Company. Speculum 82 (1):173.
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