Search results for 'Deborrah Howes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  39
    Josef Perner & Deborrah Howes (1992). He Thinks He Knows: And More Developmental Evidence Against the Simulation (Role Taking) Theory. Mind and Language 7 (1-2):72-86.
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  2.  11
    Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes & Satinder Singh (2014). Computational Rationality: Linking Mechanism and Behavior Through Bounded Utility Maximization. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):279-311.
    We propose a framework for including information-processing bounds in rational analyses. It is an application of bounded optimality (Russell & Subramanian, 1995) to the challenges of developing theories of mechanism and behavior. The framework is based on the idea that behaviors are generated by cognitive mechanisms that are adapted to the structure of not only the environment but also the mind and brain itself. We call the framework computational rationality to emphasize the incorporation of computational mechanism into the definition of (...)
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  3.  3
    Christine Howes, Patrick Gt Healey, Arash Eshghi & Julian Hough (2013). “Well, That's One Way”: Interactivity in Parsing and Production. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):359-359.
    We present empirical evidence from dialogue that challenges some of the key assumptions in the Pickering & Garrod (P&G) model of speaker-hearer coordination in dialogue. The P&G model also invokes an unnecessarily complex set of mechanisms. We show that a computational implementation, currently in development and based on a simpler model, can account for more of this type of dialogue data.
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  4.  10
    Moira Howes (2016). Challenging Fitness Ideology: Why an Adventurous Approach to Physical Activity is Better for Well-Being. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (2):132-147.
    In this paper, I argue that adventurous approaches to physical activity can contribute more to well-being than approaches that have been shaped by fitness ideology. To defend this claim, I draw on work in philosophy and psychology concerning internal goods and intrinsic motivation, respectively. This work shows that motivating ourselves intrinsically and cultivating the internal goods of physical activity can contribute significantly to well-being. Unfortunately, the discourse and images associated with fitness culture tend to undermine intrinsic motivation and the cultivation (...)
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  5.  10
    Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis & Satinder Singh (2014). Utility Maximization and Bounds on Human Information Processing. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):198-203.
    Utility maximization is a key element of a number of theoretical approaches to explaining human behavior. Among these approaches are rational analysis, ideal observer theory, and signal detection theory. While some examples of these approaches define the utility maximization problem with little reference to the bounds imposed by the organism, others start with, and emphasize approaches in which bounds imposed by the information processing architecture are considered as an explicit part of the utility maximization problem. These latter approaches are the (...)
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  6.  58
    Moira Howes (2012). Managing Salience: The Importance of Intellectual Virtue in Analyses of Biased Scientific Reasoning. Hypatia 27 (4):736-754.
    Feminist critiques of science show that systematic biases strongly influence what scientific communities find salient. Features of reality relevant to women, for instance, may be under-appreciated or disregarded because of bias. Many feminist analyses of values in science identify problems with salience and suggest better epistemologies. But overlooked in such analyses are important discussions about intellectual virtues and the role they play in determining salience. Intellectual virtues influence what we should find salient. They do this in part by managing the (...)
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  7.  2
    Andrew Howes, Geoffrey B. Duggan, Kiran Kalidindi, Yuan‐Chi Tseng & Richard L. Lewis (2016). Predicting Short‐Term Remembering as Boundedly Optimal Strategy Choice. Cognitive Science 40 (5):1192-1223.
    It is known that, on average, people adapt their choice of memory strategy to the subjective utility of interaction. What is not known is whether an individual's choices are boundedly optimal. Two experiments are reported that test the hypothesis that an individual's decisions about the distribution of remembering between internal and external resources are boundedly optimal where optimality is defined relative to experience, cognitive constraints, and reward. The theory makes predictions that are tested against data, not fitted to it. The (...)
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  8. Moira Howes (2007). Maternal Agency and the Immunological Paradox of Pregnancy. In Harold Kincaid & Jennifer McKitrick (eds.), Establishing Medical Reality: Essays in the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Biomedical Science. Spinger
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  9.  19
    Dana L. Zeidler, Troy D. Sadler, Michael L. Simmons & Elaine V. Howes (2005). Beyond STS: A Research‐Based Framework for Socioscientific Issues Education. Science Education 89 (3):357-377.
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  10.  15
    Andrew Howes (2012). Useful Theories Make Predictions. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):84-86.
    Stephen and Van Orden (this issue) propose that there is a complex system approach to cognitive science, and collectively the authors of the papers presented in this issue believe that this approach provides the means to drive a revolution in the science of the mind. Unfortunately, however illuminating, this explanation is absent and hyperbole is all too extensive. In contrast, I argue (1) that dynamic systems theory is not new to cognitive science and does not provide a basis for a (...)
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  11.  31
    Christian P. Janssen, Duncan P. Brumby, John Dowell, Nick Chater & Andrew Howes (2011). Identifying Optimum Performance Trade-Offs Using a Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis Model of Discretionary Task Interleaving. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):123-139.
    We report the results of a dual-task study in which participants performed a tracking and typing task under various experimental conditions. An objective payoff function was used to provide explicit feedback on how participants should trade off performance between the tasks. Results show that participants’ dual-task interleaving strategy was sensitive to changes in the difficulty of the tracking task and resulted in differences in overall task performance. To test the hypothesis that people select strategies that maximize payoff, a Cognitively Bounded (...)
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  12. Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis & Alonso Vera (2009). Rational Adaptation Under Task and Processing Constraints: Implications for Testing Theories of Cognition and Action. Psychological Review 116 (4):717-751.
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  13. Moira Howes (2008). Conceptualizing the Maternal-Fetal Relationship in Reproductive Immunology. In Kenton Kroker, Jennifer Keelan & Pauline Mazumdar (eds.), Crafting Immunity: Working Histories of Clinical Immunology. Ashgate
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  14.  71
    Frank Howes (1962). A Critique of Folk, Popular and ‘Art’ Music. British Journal of Aesthetics 2 (3):239-248.
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  15.  1
    Suzanne C. Charman & Andrew Howes (2003). The Adaptive User: An Investigation Into the Cognitive and Task Constraints on the Generation of New Methods. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (4):236.
  16.  16
    Davis H. Howes & R. L. Solomon (1951). Visual Duration Threshold as a Function of Word-Probability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (6):401.
  17.  14
    Mason R. Smith, Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes, Alina Chu, Collin Green & Alonso Vera (2008). More Than 8,192 Ways to Skin a Cat: Modeling Behavior in Multidimensional Strategy Spaces. In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  18.  13
    Dustin Ells Howes (2012). Terror in and Out of Power. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (1):25-58.
    This article explores the relationship between terror, power and the rule of law. First, tracing Burke’s use of the term terror back to ancient Greek usage, I argue that being terrified is incommensurable with the experience of acting together with others. In this way, terror and power are distinct. However, most acts of terror aim to terrify some people while inoculating others from terror. Witnesses to the terror of others may feel empowered by the destruction of the power of others. (...)
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  19.  6
    Andrew Howes, Geoffrey B. Duggan, Kiran Kalidindi, Yuan‐Chi Tseng & Richard L. Lewis (2015). Predicting Short‐Term Remembering as Boundedly Optimal Strategy Choice. Cognitive Science 40 (1).
    It is known that, on average, people adapt their choice of memory strategy to the subjective utility of interaction. What is not known is whether an individual's choices are boundedly optimal. Two experiments are reported that test the hypothesis that an individual's decisions about the distribution of remembering between internal and external resources are boundedly optimal where optimality is defined relative to experience, cognitive constraints, and reward. The theory makes predictions that are tested against data, not fitted to it. The (...)
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  20.  5
    Andrew Howes & Richard M. Young (1996). Learning Consistent, Interactive, and Meaningful Task‐Action Mappings: A Computational Model. Cognitive Science 20 (3):301-356.
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  21.  38
    Moira Howes (2010). Menstrual Function, Menstrual Suppression, and the Immunology of the Human Female Reproductive Tract. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (1):16-30.
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  22.  8
    Moira Howes (1998). The Self of Philosophy and the Self of Immunology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (1):118-130.
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  23.  24
    Moira Howes (2012). Feminist Technology. Edited by Linda L. Layne, Sharra L. Vostral and Kate Boyer. Urbana, Chicago, and Springfield: University of Illinois Press, 2010. [REVIEW] Hypatia 27 (2):446-449.
  24.  33
    Bruce Howes (2007). "Rethinking" the Preface of the Tractatus. Philosophical Investigations 30 (1):3–24.
    It is generally considered the case that an authorial preface is an author’s opportunity to give the reader a hand in interpreting the work he or she is about to read. It is strange then that the Preface to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (1922) has often been overlooked. Max Black’s (1964) influential A Companion toWittgenstein’sTractatus, for example, passes over the Preface in silence. And even in the latest published edition of the so-called Prototractatus (1996), the Preface is the only part that appears (...)
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  25.  10
    Dustin Ells Howes (2012). Creating Necessity: Well-Used Violence in the Thought of Machiavelli. Symploke 20 (1):183-207.
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  26.  7
    Dustin Ells Howes (2010). Conservative Democratic Thought and the War on Terror. Human Rights Review 11 (1):135-149.
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  27.  3
    J. R. Howes (1963). Cotta Against the Stoics. Sophia 2 (1):11-17.
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  28.  3
    John Howes (1968). God “Exists” and “Being”. Sophia 7 (3):26-31.
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  29.  5
    Laura L. Howes (2006). Laura F. Hodges, Chaucer and Clothing: Clerical and Academic Costume in the General Prologue to “The Canterbury Tales.” (Chaucer Studies, 34.) Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2005. Pp. Xiv, 316 Plus 8 Color Plates; 16 Black-and-White Plates. $90. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (4):1209-1211.
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  30. A. Howes & R. M. Young (1996). Learning Consistent, Interactive and Meaningful Device Methods: A Computational Approach. Cognitive Science 20:301-356.
     
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  31.  1
    Davis Howes (1954). On the Interpretation of Word Frequency as a Variable Affecting Speed of Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):106.
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  32. M. Howes, M. Siegel & F. Brown (1993). Early Childhood Memories: Accuracy and Affect. Cognition 47 (2):95-119.
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  33.  3
    Daniel Howes (2012). Hiccups: A New Explanation for the Mysterious Reflex. Bioessays 34 (6):451-453.
  34. Bruce Howes (2002). Mark Dooley, The Politics of Exodus: Søren Kierkegaard's Ethics of Responsibility Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 22 (4):267-269.
     
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  35.  2
    Moira Howes, Does Happiness Increase the Objectivity of Arguers?
    At first glance, happiness and objectivity seem to have little in common. I claim, however, that subjective and eudaimonic happiness promotes arguer objectivity. To support my claim, I focus on connections between happiness, social intelligence, and intellectual virtue. After addressing objections concerning unhappy objective and happy unobjective arguers, I conclude that communities should value happiness in argumentative contexts and use happiness as an indicator of their capacity for objective argumentation.
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  36.  3
    Laura L. Howes (2003). Florence Percival, Chaucer's Legendary Good Women. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pp. Xii, 338; 1 Diagram. $69.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):244-246.
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  37.  2
    John Howes (2007). Christian Prophecy in Japan: Uchimura Kanzō. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 34 (1):127-150.
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  38.  5
    Ethel Puffer Howes (1910). The Study of Perception and the Architectural Idea. Philosophical Review 19 (5):505-511.
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  39.  6
    Carlos Nuñes Silva, John M. Cogan, William Wyckoff & Moira Howes (2007). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (3):351 – 361.
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  40.  3
    John Howes (1986). Mill on Women and Human Development. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (sup1):66-74.
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  41.  4
    John Howes (1976). (3) is Berlin Right About Mill's Arguments Against Censorship. Philosophical Papers 5 (1):85-98.
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  42.  1
    B. D. Burns, K. J. Holyoak, A. Howes, D. Jurafsky, D. L. Schwartz, M. Steedman, S. van Koten, R. Vollmeyer, J. E. Laird & M. D. LeBlanc (1996). Badler, NI, 1 Bibby, PA, 539 Black, JB, 457. Cognitive Science 20:617.
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  43.  1
    John Howes (1980). Slater on Conclusions. Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):232-235.
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  44. Renee Baillargeon, Susan Brake, F. Brown, Anne Castles, Max Coltheart, R. Coolen, L. Frazier, M. Howes, Amy Needham & E. Rameix (1993). Atkinson, Anthony P., 25. Cognition 47:283.
     
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  45. Wendy Donner, Keith Burgess-Jackson, Julia Annas, Susan Moller Okin, John Howes, Mary Lyndon Shanley, Susan Mendus & Nadia Urbinati (2005). Mill's the Subjection of Women: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The articles collected in this critical edition represent a variety of interpretations both of the kind of feminism Mill represents and of the specific arguments he offers in The Subjection of Women including their lexical ordering and relative merit. Each selection is preceded by a brief and useful summary of the author's position intended to assist introductory students.
     
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  46. Davis H. Howes & Richard L. Solomon (1950). A Note on McGinnies' "Emotionality and Perceptual Defense.". Psychological Review 57 (4):229-234.
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  47. J. Howes (1983). ARE, R. M.: "Moral Thinking". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61:333.
     
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  48. Davis Howes (1954). A Statistical Theory of the Phenomenon of Subception. Psychological Review 61 (2):98-110.
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  49. Frank Howes (1964). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 4 (1):84-85.
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  50. Laura L. Howes (2006). Chaucer and Clothing: Clerical and Academic Costume in the General Prologue to "The Canterbury Tales"Laura F. Hodges. Speculum 81 (4):1209-1211.
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