Search results for 'Debra A. DeBruin Joan Liaschenko Anastasia Fisher' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Debra A. DeBruin, Joan Liaschenko & Anastasia Fisher (2011). How Clinical Trials Really Work Rethinking Research Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (2):121-139.score: 10560.0
    Clinical trials are a central mechanism in the production of medical knowledge. They are the gold standard by which such knowledge is evaluated. They are widespread both in the United States and internationally; a National Institute of Health database reports over 106,000 active industry and government-sponsored trials (National Institutes of Health n.d.). They are an engine of the economy. The work of trials is complex; multiple people with diverse interests working across multiple settings simultaneously participate in them, and they are (...)
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  2. Debra A. DeBruin Joan Liaschenko Anastasia Fisher (2011). How Clinical Trials Really Work: Rethinking Research Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (2):121-139.score: 10470.0
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  3. H. R. Fisher, C. McKevitt & A. Boaz (2011). Why Do Parents Enrol Their Children in Research: A Narrative Synthesis. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):544-551.score: 600.0
    Objective Recent legislation mandating the inclusion of children in clinical trials has resulted in an increase in the number of children participating in research. We reviewed the literature regarding the reasons parents chose to accept or decline an invitation to enrol their children in clinical research. Methods We searched for qualitative studies, written in the English language that considered the experiences of parents who had been invited to enrol their children in research. SCOPUS and Web of Knowledge electronic databases and (...)
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  4. Meenal Patwardhan, Deborah A. Fisher, Christopher R. Mantyh, Douglas C. McCrory, Michael A. Morse, Robert G. Prosnitz, Kathryn Cline & Gregory P. Samsa (2007). Assessing the Quality of Colorectal Cancer Care: Do We Have Appropriate Quality Measures? (A Systematic Review of Literature). Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (6):831-845.score: 540.0
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  5. A. Fisher (1997). Book Reviews : Body, Soul and Bioethics, by Gilbert C Meilaender. University of Notre Dame Press, 1996. 134 Pp. Hb. US$21.95. Bioethics: A Primer for Christians, by Gilbert Meilaender. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996. 104 Pp. Pb. US$10.00. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 10 (2):104-111.score: 540.0
  6. Morris A. Fisher (2007). Medicine and Industry: A Necessary but Conflicted Relationship. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (1):1-6.score: 540.0
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  7. Morris A. Fisher (2003). Physicians and the Pharmaceutical Industry: A Dysfunctional Relationship. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (2):254-272.score: 540.0
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  8. A. Fisher (1997). Meilaender, Body, Soul & Bioethecs and Bioethics: A Primer for Christians. Studies in Christian Ethics 10:104-110.score: 540.0
     
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  9. R. A. Fisher (1930). On a New Theory of Progressive Evolution. The Eugenics Review 22 (3):207.score: 540.0
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  10. Dennis F. Fisher, Lester A. Lefton & Jon H. Moss (1978). Reading Geometrically Transformed Text: A Developmental Approach. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (3):157-160.score: 540.0
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  11. R. A. Fisher (1924). Woman: A Vindication. The Eugenics Review 15 (4):610.score: 540.0
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  12. William A. Johnston, Seth N. Greenberg, Ronald P. Fisher & David W. Martin (1970). Divided Attention: A Vehicle for Monitoring Memory Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):164.score: 540.0
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  13. Rachel A. Nakash, Jane L. Hutton, Sarah E. Lamb, Simon Gates & Joanne Fisher (2008). Response and Non‐Response to Postal Questionnaire Follow‐Up in a Clinical Trial – a Qualitative Study of the Patient's Perspective. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):226-235.score: 540.0
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  14. Mark Fisher (1983). A Note on Free Will and Artificial Intelligence. Philosophia 13 (September):75-80.score: 480.0
  15. David Kim, Dan Fisher & David McCalman (2009). Modernism, Christianity, and Business Ethics: A Worldview Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):115 - 121.score: 420.0
    Despite growing interest in examining the role of religion in business ethics, there is little consensus concerning the basis or standards of “good” or ethical behavior and the reasons behind them. This limits our ability to enhance ethical behavior in the workplace. We address this issue by examining worldviews as it relates to ethics research and practice. Our worldview forms the context within which we organize and build our understanding of reality. Given that much of our academic work as well (...)
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  16. Kyla Fisher, Jessica Geenen, Marie Jurcevic, Katya McClintock & Glynn Davis (2009). Applying Asset-Based Community Development as a Strategy for CSR: A Canadian Perspective on a Win–Win for Stakeholders and SMEs. Business Ethics 18 (1):66-82.score: 420.0
    In the December 2006 edition of Harvard Business Review , Michael Porter and Mark Kramer argue that by approaching corporate social responsibility (CSR) based on corporate priorities, strengths and abilities, firms can develop socially and fiscally responsible solutions to current CSR issues, which will provide operational and competitive advantages. We agree that an effective approach to CSR includes a mapping of strategy, risk and opportunity. However, we also caution that the identification of these to the exclusion of societal input may (...)
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  17. Jessica Masty & Celia Fisher (2008). A Goodness-of-Fit Approach to Informed Consent for Pediatric Intervention Research. Ethics and Behavior 18 (2 & 3):139 – 160.score: 420.0
    As children and adolescents receive increased research attention, ethical issues related to obtaining informed consent for pediatric intervention research have come into greater focus. In this article, we conceptualize parent permission and child assent within a goodness-of-fit framework that encourages investigators to create consent procedures “fitted” to the research context, the child's cognitive and emotional maturity, and the family system. Drawing on relevant literature and a hypothetical case example, we highlight four factors investigators may consider when constructing consent procedures that (...)
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  18. Ellen M. Harshman, James F. Gilsinan, James E. Fisher & Frederick C. Yeager (2005). Professional Ethics in a Virtual World: The Impact of the Internet on Traditional Notions of Professionalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):227 - 236.score: 420.0
    Numerous articles in the popular press together with an examination of websites associated with the medical, legal, engineering, financial, and other professions leave no doubt that the role of professions has been impacted by the Internet. While offering the promise of the democratization of expertise – expertise made available to the public at convenient times and locations and at an affordable cost – the Internet is also driving a reexamination of the concept of professional identity and related claims of expertise (...)
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  19. Celia B. Fisher (2003). Developing a Code of Ethics for Academics. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):171-179.score: 420.0
    This article discusses the possibilities and pitfalls of constructing a code of ethics for university professors. Professional, educational, legal, and policy questions regarding the goals, format, and content of an academic ethics code are raised and a series of aspirational principles and enforceable standards that might be included in such a document are presented for discussion and debate.
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  20. Brian Fisher, Tera Marie Green & Richard Arias-Hernández (2011). Visual Analytics as a Translational Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):609-625.score: 420.0
    Visual analytics is a new interdisciplinary field of study that calls for a more structured scientific approach to understanding the effects of interaction with complex graphical displays on human cognitive processes. Its primary goal is to support the design and evaluation of graphical information systems that better support cognitive processes in areas as diverse as scientific research and emergency management. The methodologies that make up this new field are as yet ill defined. This paper proposes a pathway for development of (...)
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  21. Lindsay G. Feldman, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher (2009). Graduate Socialization in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A National Survey on the Research Ethics Training Experiences of Psychology Doctoral Students. Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):496-518.score: 420.0
    Little is known about the mechanisms by which psychology graduate programs transmit responsible conduct of research (RCR) values. A national sample of 968 current students and recent graduates of mission-diverse doctoral psychology programs completed a Web-based survey on their research ethics challenges, perceptions of RCR mentoring and department climate, whether they were prepared to conduct research responsibly, and whether they believed psychology as a discipline promotes scientific integrity. Research experience, mentor RCR instruction and modeling, and department RCR policies predicted student (...)
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  22. James Fisher, Sally Gunz & John McCutcheon (2001). Private/Public Interest and the Enforcement of a Code of Professional Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):191 - 207.score: 420.0
    There has been considerable interest in the literature about how professions operate in both the private and public interest. This paper examines this issue in the context of the enforcement of the professional code of conduct of a particular professional accounting association. The paper explores whether certain enforcement actions of the association suggest behaviour motivated at least partially by private interest. It then considers whether the consequences of such behaviour or practices are troubling.
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  23. Celia B. Fisher, Susan Z. Kornetsky & Ernest D. Prentice (2007). Determining Risk in Pediatric Research with No Prospect of Direct Benefit: Time for a National Consensus on the Interpretation of Federal Regulations. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):5 – 10.score: 420.0
    United States federal regulations for pediatric research with no prospect of direct benefit restrict institutional review board (IRB) approval to procedures presenting: 1) no more than "minimal risk" (§ 45CFR46.404); or 2) no more than a "minor increase over minimal risk" if the research is commensurate with the subjects' previous or expected experiences and intended to gain vitally important information about the child's disorder or condition (§ 45CFR46.406) (DHHS 2001). During the 25 years since their adoption, these regulations have helped (...)
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  24. Michael Lightner & Erik Fisher (2011). Entering the Social Experiment: A Case for the Informed Consent of Graduate Engineering Students. Social Epistemology 23 (3):283-300.score: 420.0
    Taking up the notion of engineering as social experimentation, this paper argues that engineering research laboratory directors have a responsibility to inform graduate engineering students who participate in their research projects of the potential broader social dimensions of those projects. Informing engineers-in-the-making of the broader social dimensions of the research they are learning to conduct would help ensure their future capacity to act as ethically responsible social experimenters. The paper also argues that graduate engineers have a right to be informed (...)
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  25. Josie Fisher (1999). Re-Examining Death: Against a Higher Brain Criterion. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):473-476.score: 420.0
    While there is increasing pressure on scarce health care resources, advances in medical science have blurred the boundary between life and death. Individuals can survive for decades without consciousness and individuals whose whole brains are dead can be supported for extended periods. One suggested response is to redefine death, justifying a higher brain criterion for death. This argument fails because it conflates two distinct notions about the demise of human beings--the one, biological and the other, ontological. Death is a biological (...)
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  26. Matthew Zaro Fisher (2014). A Supervenient Trinity: An Alternative to Latin and Social Trinitarian Theories. Heythrop Journal 55 (3).score: 420.0
    The Latin Trinity (LT) and the Social Trinity (ST) represent the two dominant approaches for interpreting the doctrine of the Trinity in contemporary philosophical theology. Both approaches have consequences for Christian theology, however, and I believe that neither sufficiently overcomes the charges of modalism or tritheism, respectively. Moreover, the charge of the overall logical incoherency of the doctrine of the Trinity remains a viable criticism. In order to defend the doctrine of the Trinity against charges of incoherency, while avoiding the (...)
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  27. Cass Fisher (2012). Contemplative Nation: A Philosophical Account of Jewish Theological Language. Stanford University Press.score: 420.0
    Hermeneutic theory and the study of Jewish theology : toward a new model of Jewish theological language -- Jewish theology as a religious and doxastic practice -- Forms of theological language in Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael -- Forms of theological language in Franz Rosenzweig's The star of redemption.
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  28. Celia B. Fisher, Adam L. Fried & Lindsay G. Feldman (2009). Graduate Socialization in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A National Survey on the Research Ethics Training Experiences of Psychology Doctoral Students. Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):496 – 518.score: 420.0
    Little is known about the mechanisms by which psychology graduate programs transmit responsible conduct of research (RCR) values. A national sample of 968 current students and recent graduates of mission-diverse doctoral psychology programs completed a Web-based survey on their research ethics challenges, perceptions of RCR mentoring and department climate, whether they were prepared to conduct research responsibly, and whether they believed psychology as a discipline promotes scientific integrity. Research experience, mentor RCR instruction and modeling, and department RCR policies predicted student (...)
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  29. Bruce H. Small & Mark W. Fisher (2005). Measuring Biotechnology Employees' Ethical Attitudes Towards a Controversial Transgenic Cattle Project: The Ethical Valence Matrix. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (5):495-508.score: 420.0
    What is the relationship between biotechnology employees’ beliefs about the moral outcomes of a controversial transgenic research project and their attitudes of acceptance towards the project? To answer this question, employees (n=466) of a New Zealand company, AgResearch Ltd., were surveyed regarding a project to create transgenic cattle containing a synthetic copy of the human myelin basic protein gene (hMBP). Although diversity existed amongst employees’ attitudes of acceptance, they were generally: in favor of the project, believed that it should be (...)
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  30. Bruce D. Fisher, Steve Motowidlo & Steve Werner (1993). Effects of Gender and Other Factors on Rank of Law Professors in Colleges of Business: Evidence of a Glass Ceiling. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (10):771 - 778.score: 420.0
    The matter of salary levels and professional advancement is much discussed and debated today in business and academe. This paper examines the matter of salary determinants for law professors in colleges of management in the U.S. with an emphasis on examining how gender might affect professorial salary and rank. By focusing on one discipline in today''s academe and in a college having great student demand (management) coupled with a professed commitment to women''s rights and by holding constant variables relevant to (...)
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  31. Helen Fisher (2011). Inside the Primary Classroom: Examples of Dissatisfaction Behind a Veil of Compliance. British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (2):121 - 141.score: 420.0
    This study explored over 100 Year 6 children's feelings towards, and behaviour within, literacy lessons across an academic year. This study revealed that the majority of dissatisfied children concealed their feelings from their teacher, defined within this article as 'dissatisfaction behind a veil of compliance'. Through progressive sampling, where children were observed in a range of subjects, the effort placed in this concealment is explored, together with the role of the teacher and external forces in potentially encouraging it. The article (...)
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  32. William Fisher, Published Digital Information is a Public Good: The Case for Voted Compensation.score: 420.0
    A public good has two defining properties: It is non-rivalrous: consumption of the good by one party does not reduce the ability of any other party to consume that good. It is non-excludable: it is not possible to prevent anyone from consuming it. The opposite of a public good is a private good. A private good has the following properties: Consumption of it is rivalrous: in as much as one person uses or consumes it, another person cannot use or consume (...)
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  33. Anthony Fisher (2011). Catholic Bioethics for a New Millennium. Cambridge University Press.score: 420.0
    Machine generated contents note: Abbreviations; Preface; Introduction; Part I. How are we to do Bioethics?: Section 1. Context: Challenges and Resources of a New Millennium: 1. Sex and life in post-modernity; 2. Catholic engagement with the culture of modernity; 3. Promising developments; 4. Conclusion; Section 2. Conscience: The Crisis of Authority: 5. The voice of conscience; 6. The voice of the magisterium; 7. Conscience in post-modernity; 8. Where to from here?; Section 3. Cooperation: Should we ever Collaborate with Wrongdoing?: 9. (...)
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  34. Robert Gottlieb & Andrew Fisher (1996). Community Food Security and Environmental Justice: Searching for a Common Discourse. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 13 (3):23-32.score: 420.0
    Community food security and environmental justice are parallel social movements interested in equity and justice and system-wide factors. They share a concern for issues of daily life and the need to establish community empowerment strategies. Both movements have also begun to reshape the discourse of sustainable agriculture, environmentalism and social welfare advocacy. However, community food security and environmental justice remain separate movements, indicating an incomplete process in reshaping agendas and discourse. Joining these movements through a common language of empowerment and (...)
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  35. Michael Wooldridge, Clare Dixon & Michael Fisher (1998). A Tableau-Based Proof Method for Temporal Logics of Knowledge and Belief. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 8 (3):225-258.score: 420.0
    ABSTRACT In this paper we define two logics, KLn and BLn, and present tableau-based decision procedures for both. KLn is a temporal logic of knowledge. Thus, in addition to the usual connectives of linear discrete temporal logic, it contains a set of unary modal connectives for representing the knowledge possessed by agents. The logic BLn is somewhat similar; it is a temporal logic that contains connectives for representing the beliefs of agents. In addition to a complete formal definition of the (...)
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  36. Tim Fisher (2014). A Letter From the Governor of Big Blue Marble School for Moral Urgency, Soul Making and Human Advancements. Think 13 (37):77-83.score: 420.0
    A traditional defense of God in the face of pain and suffering is that humans learn from encounters with suffering – learn something wonderfully valuable that could not be learned in any other way. God is a teacher, and we humans are the students. This article examines the Problem of Evil through this paradigm. It argues that any God-as-teacher defense of evil fails on its face because God does not meet even the most lax standard for teacher behavior and action.
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  37. J. Reynolds, N. Crichton, W. Fisher & S. Sacks (2008). Determining the Need for Ethical Review: A Three-Stage Delphi Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):889-894.score: 420.0
    Aims: The aims of the study were to explore expert opinion on the distinction between “research” and “audit”, and to determine the need for review by a National Health Service (NHS) Research Ethics Committee (REC). Background: Under current guidelines only “research” projects within the NHS require REC approval. Concerns have been expressed over difficulties in distinguishing between research and other types of project, and no existing guidelines appear to have been validated. The implications of this confusion include unnecessary REC applications, (...)
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  38. Martin Voracek & Maryanne L. Fisher (2004). The Birth of a Confounded Idea: The Joys and Pitfalls of Self-Experimentation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):273-274.score: 420.0
    According to Roberts, self-experimentation is a viable tool for idea generation in the behavioral sciences. Here we discuss some limitations of this assertion, as well as particular design and data-analytic shortcomings of his experiments.
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  39. Mark Fisher (1962). A System of Deontic-Alethic Modal Logic. Mind 71 (282):231-236.score: 360.0
  40. John Andrew Fisher (1994). Why Potentiality Does Not Matter: A Reply to Stone. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):261 - 279.score: 360.0
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  41. Mark Fisher (1980). Truth as a Problem for Utilitarianism. Mind 89 (354):249-255.score: 360.0
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  42. Talia Fisher (2011). A Nuanced Approach to the Privatization Debate. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 5 (1):72-110.score: 360.0
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  43. John Andrew Fisher (1995). Is There a Problem of Indiscernible Counterparts? Journal of Philosophy 92 (9):467-484.score: 360.0
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  44. D. V. Fisher (1984). A Conceptual Analysis of Self-Disclosure. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (3):277–296.score: 360.0
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  45. Tony Fisher (2009). Bad Faith and the Actor: Onto-Mimetology From a Sartrean Point of View. Sartre Studies International 15 (1):74-91.score: 360.0
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  46. M. B. Fisher (1946). Note on Subjects Used in Standardizing a Railwalking Test and the Ataxiagraph. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (1):93-93.score: 360.0
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  47. Mark Fisher (1964). Remarks on a Logical Theory of Belief Statements. Philosophical Quarterly 14 (55):165-169.score: 360.0
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  48. Christopher Fisher & Toby Schonfeld (2010). Sex and Blood: A Deeper Exploration of Discrimination in the FDA Blood Donor Policy. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):40-42.score: 360.0
  49. John Fisher & Jeffrey Maitland (1974). The Subjectivist Turn in Aesthetics: A Critical Analysis of Kant's Theory of Appreciation. Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):726 - 751.score: 360.0
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