Search results for 'Dennis Loughrey' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  96
    Dennis Loughrey (1998). Second-Order Desire Accounts of Autonomy. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (2):211 – 229.
    The autonomous person is one who has, in some sense, mastery over their desires. The prevailing way to understand such personal autonomy is in terms of a hierarchy of desires. For Harry Frankfurt, persons not only have first-order desires, but possess the additional capacity to form second-order desires. Second-order desires are formed through reflection on first-order desires and are thus expressive of the rational capacity which is characteristic of persons. Frankfurt's account of freedom of the will is founded on his (...)
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  2. Lawrence J. Dennis (1992). From Prayer to Pragmatism: A Biography of John L. Childs. Southern Illinois University Press.
    Lawrence J. Dennis’s intellectual biography of John L. Childs, a leading figure in twentieth-century American educational philosophy between 1930 and 1960, traces Childs’s influence not only on education but also on midcentury politics, economics, and social issues. A disciple of John Dewey and an associate of William Heard Kilpatrick, George S. Counts, Boyd Bode, and other key figures in modern American education, Childs laid the philosophic basis for social reconstruction and became an important contributor to and interpreter of pragmatism (...)
     
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  3.  16
    David C. Rubin, Michelle F. Dennis & Jean C. Beckham (2011). Autobiographical Memory for Stressful Events: The Role of Autobiographical Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856.
    To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and (...)
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  4. Alex Dennis (2003). Skepticist Philosophy as Ethnomethodology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):151-173.
    Ethnomethodology is in trouble, its conceptual apparatus prone to indifference or misunderstanding both from "conventional" sociologists and from its own practitioners. This article describes some of these loci of confusion and suggests that they have a common root in the relationship between ethnomethodology and conventional sociology. Ethnomethodologists' desire to find a principled theoretical framework for dealing with this relationship is shown to be the common basis for subsequent confusion, and some of the corollaries of their putative solution(s) are elaborated with (...)
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  5. Dan Dennis (2011). Evil, Fine-Tuning and the Creation of the Universe. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):139-145.
    Could God have created a better universe? Well, the fundamental scientific laws and parameters of the universe have to be within a certain miniscule range, for a life-sustaining universe to develop: the universe must be ‘Fine Tuned’. Therefore the ‘embryonic universe’ that came into existence with the ‘big bang’ had to be either exactly as it was or within a certain tiny range, for there to develop a life-sustaining universe. If it is better that there exist a life-sustaining universe than (...)
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  6.  28
    Benjamin Stone, Simon Dennis & Peter J. Kwantes (2011). Comparing Methods for Single Paragraph Similarity Analysis. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):92-122.
    The focus of this paper is two-fold. First, similarities generated from six semantic models were compared to human ratings of paragraph similarity on two datasets—23 World Entertainment News Network paragraphs and 50 ABC newswire paragraphs. Contrary to findings on smaller textual units such as word associations (Griffiths, Tenenbaum, & Steyvers, 2007), our results suggest that when single paragraphs are compared, simple nonreductive models (word overlap and vector space) can provide better similarity estimates than more complex models (LSA, Topic Model, SpNMF, (...)
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  7.  58
    Maurice Dennis (1967). The Beneficial and the Harmful. Analysis 27 (5):159 - 162.
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  8.  78
    Ian Howard Dennis (2009). On Necessity as a Defence to Crime: Possibilities, Problems and the Limits of Justification and Excuse. Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (1):29-49.
    The article reviews recent developments in England in the law of necessity as a defence to crime and calls for its further extension. It argues that the defence of necessity presents the criminal law with difficult questions of competing values and the ordering of harms. English law has taken a nuanced position on the respective roles of the courts and the legislature in the ordering of harms, although the development of the law has been pragmatic rather than coherently theorised. The (...)
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  9.  10
    Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans (2004). Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
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  10.  64
    Kingsley L. Dennis (2011). Quantum Consciousness: Reconciling Science and Spirituality Toward Our Evolutionary Future(S). World Futures 66 (7):511-524.
  11.  17
    Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
    This article reports three experiments that investigated the relationship between working memory capacity and syllogistic and five-term series spatial inference. A series of complex and simple verbal and spatial working memory measures were employed. Correlational analyses showed that verbal and spatial working memory span tasks consistently predicted syllogistic and spatial reasoning performance. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that three factors best accounted for the data--a verbal, a spatial, and a general factor. Syllogistic reasoning performance loaded all three factors, whilst spatial (...)
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  12.  36
    Peter Dennis (2012). Was Heidegger a Nonconceptualist? Ratio 25 (1):108-117.
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  13.  19
    Ken Dennis (1995). A Logical Critique of Mathematical Formalism in Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (2):181-200.
    Mathematical economic theory is lacking in logical rigour. Even if the mathematics used in constructing formal economic theory is rigorous as pure mathematics, economic theory possesses both mathematical and non-mathematical components. But mathematical reductionism fails to formalize the non-mathematical components of economic theory, and the method of numerics (outlined in this paper) shows how, in simple cases, the two components of economic theory can be formally identified, distinguished, and integrated. However, the real challenge to formalizing economic theory points not to (...)
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  14.  27
    Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2006). Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  15.  19
    Joan Loughrey (2011). Large Law Firms, Sophisticated Clients, and the Regulation of Conflicts of Interest in England and Wales. Legal Ethics 14 (2):215-238.
    This article examines the influence of the City law firms, operating through their representative body, the City of London Law Society, in shaping the?professional rules governing conflicts of interest in England and Wales, including a recent failed attempt to allow firms to act for sophisticated clients on either side of the same transaction.? It compares English developments with those in the US and Canada finding that, in all three, it is argued that conflicts rules should be relaxed to meet the (...)
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  16.  9
    Lawrence J. Dennis & George W. Stickel (1981). Mead and Dewey: Thematic Connections on Educational Topics. Educational Theory 31 (3-4):319-331.
  17.  23
    B. Hwang Dennis, L. Golemon Patricia, Teng-Shih Wang Yan Chen & Wen-Shai Hung (2009). Guanxi and Business Ethics in Confucian Society Today: An Empirical Case Study in Taiwan. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2).
  18.  23
    Geoffrey W. Dennis (2008). The Use of Water as a Medium for Altered States of Consciousness in Early Jewish Mysticism: A Cross-Disciplinary Analysis. Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (1):84-106.
    This article combines the disciplines of textual/linguistic analysis, anthropology, and perceptual psychology to examine selected ancient Jewish mystical texts that claim to describe the praxis for ascents into heaven and encounters with angelic spirits in order to reconstruct the psychosocial context of these literary works. Specifically, the article examines Hekhalot or "Divine Palaces" texts that deal with hydromancy, giving attention to their mythic–symbolic assumptions, their described preparatory and triggering rituals, and their accounts of the ASC (altered states of consciousness) visions (...)
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  19.  15
    Amanda Dennis (2011). Dithyrambs and Ploughshares: The Cycle of Creation and Criticism in Nietzsche's Aesthetics. The European Legacy 16 (4):469 - 485.
    Pairing Thus Spoke Zarathustra with On the Genealogy of Morality foregrounds tensions between artistic creation and critical interpretation in Nietzsche's work. From The Birth of Tragedy to his genesis of the concept, Will to Power, Nietzsche describes the real, or ?what is,? in terms of a creative, form-giving force. We might therefore read Zarathustra?a linguistically experimental, richly allegorical, self-reflexive, modernist prose poem?as the pre-eminent, artistic mode of philosophical expression, at least for Nietzsche. But Zarathustra is followed by a sober Abhandlung (...)
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  20.  6
    Russell Dennis (1974). Phenomenology: Philosophy, Psychology and Education. Educational Theory 24 (2):142-154.
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  21.  21
    L. Dennis, R. W. Gray, L. H. Kauffman, J. Brender McNair & N. J. Woolf (2009). A Framework Linking Non-Living and Living Systems: Classification of Persistence, Survival and Evolution Transitions. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 14 (3):217-238.
    We propose a framework for analyzing the development, operation and failure to survive of all things, living, non-living or organized groupings. This framework is a sequence of developments that improve survival capability. Framework processes range from origination of any entity/system, to the development of increased survival capability and development of life-forms and organizations that use intelligence. This work deals with a series of developmental changes that arise from the uncovering of emergent properties. The framework is intended to be general, but (...)
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  22.  17
    Kingsley Dennis (2008). Sensoring the Future: Complex Geographies of Connectivity and Communication. World Futures 64 (1):22 – 33.
    Visions of an interconnected future are on the rise that foresee technologies moving toward ubiquitous "everywhere" computing and the rise of the "Internet of Things." This article examines emerging trends in informational connectivity that indicates shifts toward upcoming scenarios of re-imagined geographies and spatial landscapes that are sensored and networked. I examine how the relationships, processes, and flows between people, physical objects, and the environment will make implicit information explicit and engagement between the physical and the digital more commonplace. These (...)
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  23.  11
    Riki Sarah Dennis (2011). A Review of “Cultivating the Spirit: How College Can Enhance Students' Inner Lives”. [REVIEW] World Futures 67 (6):449 - 452.
    World Futures, Volume 67, Issue 6, Page 449-452, August-September 2011.
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  24.  10
    Bryan Dennis (2003). The Ethical Undercurrents of Pension Fund Management. Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (3):315-335.
    Over the last two decades, institutional investing has rocked the world of corporate governance in a transformation that has begunto be reflected in the finance, legal, and management literatures. Traditional players have seen their roles change and bases of powershift, and new actors have entered the governance equation. These transitions have entailed an ethical upheaval that is only beginningto be addressed in the business ethics literature.This paper attempts to facilitate research in this area by integrating various literatures into an examination (...)
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  25.  11
    Alfred Pearce Dennis (1905). The Political and Ethical Aspects of Lynching. International Journal of Ethics 15 (2):149-161.
  26.  13
    Amanda M. Dennis (2010). Refractions of Reality: Philosophy and the Moving Image. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (1):115 – 119.
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  27.  14
    C. Chen Jennifer, M. Patten Dennis & W. Roberts Robin (2008). Corporate Charitable Contributions: A Corporate Social Performance or Legitimacy Strategy? Journal of Business Ethics 82 (1).
    This study examines the relation between firms’ corporate philanthropic giving and their performance in three other social domains – employee relations, environmental issues, and product safety. Based on a sample of 384 U.S. companies and using data pooled from 1998 through 2000, we find that worse performers in the other social areas are both more likely to make charitable contributions and that the extent of their giving is larger than for better performers. Analyses of each separate area of social performance, (...)
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  28.  9
    Amanda Dennis (2010). Art Encounters Deleuze and Guattari: Thought Beyond Representation. By Simon O'Sullivan. Heythrop Journal 51 (1):168-169.
  29.  9
    Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Jon Rein (2006). Money and Motivational Activation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):190-190.
    Different aspects of people's interactions with money are best conceptualized using the drug and tool theories. The key question is when these models of money are most likely to guide behavior. We suggest that the Drug Theory characterizes motivationally active uses of money and that the Tool Theory characterizes behavior in motivationally cool situations. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  30.  6
    Lawrence J. Dennis & Peter G. Whitehouse (1977). Music Appreciation: The Confrontation of Social Interest and Aesthetic Experience. Educational Theory 27 (2):141-147.
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  31.  6
    Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Eric Taylor (2005). Culture and Individual Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):831-831.
    Tests of economic theory often focus on choice outcomes and find significant individual differences in these outcomes. This variability may mask universal psychological processes that lead to different choices because of differences across cultures in the information people have available when making decisions. On this view, decision making research within and across cultures must focus on the processes underlying choice.
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  32.  1
    K. J. Dennis & M. R. Hall (1977). The Teaching of Medical Ethics at Southampton University Medical School. Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (4):183-185.
    For centuries medical schools in Britain and elsewhere had a fairly static curriculum based on what might be called the 'three Rs' of medicine, and consequently had to make room for new subjects as the need arose in a fashion which was sometimes makeshift. However, Southampton University has only had a medical school for six years, and therefore their course on medical ethics and legal medicine was carefully integrated into the curriculum after some preliminary experiments carried out by a subcommittee (...)
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  33.  1
    Lawrence J. Dennis (1972). Dewey's Debt to Albert Coombs Barnes. Educational Theory 22 (3):325-333.
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  34.  2
    J. McCarthy, J. Weafer & M. Loughrey (2010). Irish Views on Death and Dying: A National Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):454-458.
    Objective To determine the public's understanding of and views about a range of ethical issues in relation to death and dying. Design Random, digit-dialling, telephone interview Setting Ireland. Participants 667 adult individuals. Results The general public are unfamiliar with terms associated with end-of-life care. Although most want to be informed if they have a terminal illness, they also value family support in this regard. Most of the respondents believe that competent patients have the right to refuse life-saving treatment. Most also (...)
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  35. Lawrence Dennis (1980/1975). The Dynamics of War and Revolution. Institute for Historical Review.
  36.  80
    Peter Beilharz (2007). Review: Brendan O'Connor and Martin Griffiths (Eds), The Rise of Anti-Americanism (Routledge, 2006); Dennis Altman, Gore Vidal's America (Polity, 2005). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 90 (1):119-120.
    Brendan O'Connor and Martin Griffiths , The Rise of Anti-Americanism ; Dennis Altman, Gore Vidal's America.
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  37.  29
    John Sutton (2002). Review of Dennis Des Chene, Life's Form: Late Aristotelian Conceptions of the Soul. [REVIEW] Metapsychology 6 (22).
    In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, a number of ‘liberal Jesuit scholastics’ produced the last great synthesis of Aristotelian psychology with Christian theology. In this magnificently sympathetic reconstruction of their systems of the soul, Dennis Des Chene rescues Toletus, Suarez, and the other ‘schoolmen’ from neglect which resulted from scornful dismissals by Descartes and his fellows. Deliberating bypassing the political and medical contexts of their work, and focusing almost exclusively on Jesuit rather than other, ‘dissident’ Renaissance Aristotelianisms, (...)
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  38.  16
    Stephen Menn (2000). On Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia. Perspectives on Science 8 (2):119-143.
    Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought reconstructs the discourse of late scholastic natural philosophy, and assesses Descartes' agreements and disagreements. In a critical discussion, I offer a different interpretation of late scholastic theories of final causality and of God's concursus with created efficient causes. Fonseca's and Suárez' conceptions of final causality in nature depend on their claim that a single action can be the action of two agents at once--in particular, of God and (...)
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  39.  19
    Stephen Philip Menn (2000). On Dennis Des Chene's. Perspectives on Science 8 (2).
    : Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought reconstructs the discourse of late scholastic natural philosophy, and assesses Descartes' agreements and disagreements. In a critical discussion, I offer a different interpretation of late scholastic theories of final causality and of God's concursus with created efficient causes. Fonseca's and Suárez' conceptions of final causality in nature depend on their claim that a single action can be the action of two agents at once--in particular, of God (...)
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  40.  2
    Dennis M. Ahern (1979). Foreknowledge: Nelson Pike and Newcomb's Problem: DENNIS M. AHERN. Religious Studies 15 (4):475-490.
    The problem of foreknowledge and freedom presents a challenge to the defender of traditional Western theism. Nelson Pike has argued that the existence of an essentially omniscient God who possesses foreknowledge is incompatible with human freedom. Pike's opponents in this matter, among whom is Alvin Plantinga, argue that no incompatibility has yet been shown. I shall develop the view that neither Pike nor his opponents have conclusively settled the question whether foreknowledge and freedom are compatible. Furthermore there is a reason (...)
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  41.  4
    J. Stafford (1999). Hume on Luxury: A Response to John Dennis? History of Political Thought 20 (4):646-648.
    Hume's essay ‘Of Luxury’ criticizes two extreme and contrasting doctrines: that luxury is always beneficial to society and that it is always baneful. Hume identifies the exponent of the first proposition as Bernard Mandeville in his book The Fable of the Bees, but does not name the second target of his essay. It is most probably John Dennis, one of Mandeville's contemporary critics. The evidence for this is that Hume challenges and contradicts three clearly defined theses advanced in (...)'s book Vice and Luxury Publick Mischiefs. (shrink)
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  42. Dennis Thompson & Amy Gutmann (2004). Previous Works Jointly Authored by Amy Gutmann & Dennis Thompson. In Dennis Thompson & Amy Gutmann (eds.), Why Deliberative Democracy? Princeton University Press 209-210.
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  43. Ann T. Delehanty (2007). Mapping the Aesthetic Mind: John Dennis and Nicolas Boileau. Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (2):233-253.
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  44.  18
    Benjamin Davies (2015). Dennis McKerlie: Justice Between the Young and the Old. [REVIEW] Czech Sociological Review 51 (3):562-565.
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  45. Robert J. Clack (1966). Can a Machine Be Conscious? Discussion of Dennis Thompson. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (3):232-234.
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  46.  45
    Krister Bykvist (2007). Comments on Dennis McKerlie's 'Rational Choice, Changes in Values Over Time, and Well-Being'. Utilitas 19 (1):73-77.
    I am grateful to have been given the opportunity to comment on McKerlie's interesting article, especially since it concerns one of my pet topics and provides many helpful comments on one of my own articles on this topic. My comments will be brief because I agree with most of his points, in particular, his criticisms of the prudential view and the present-aim theory. What I want to do here is just to clarify a couple of things concerning my own theory, (...)
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  47.  18
    Juliana Bidadanure (2015). On Dennis McKerlie’s “Equality and Time”. Ethics 125 (4):1174-1177.
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  48.  18
    John Messerly (1993). A Thinker's Guide To Living Well. By Dennis E . Bradford. Modern Schoolman 70 (2):159-160.
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  49.  64
    John T. Slotemaker (2011). Gifted Response: The Triune God as the Causative Agency of Our Responsive Worship. By Dennis Ngien. Heythrop Journal 52 (5):837-838.
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  50.  31
    John Sutton (2003). Review of Dennis Des Chene, Spirits and Clocks: Machine and Organism in Descartes. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 36:233-235.
    This rangy and precise book deserves to be read even by those historians who think they are bored with Descartes. While offering surprising and detailed readings of bewildering texts like theDescription of the Human Body, Des Chene constructs a powerful, sad narrative of the Cartesian disenchantment of the body. Along the way he also delivers provocative views on topics as various as teleology, the role of illustrations in the history of mechanism, theories of the sexual differentiation of the foetus, and (...)
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