Search results for 'Dennis McPherson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  9
    Lee Hester, Dennis McPherson & Annie Booth (2000). Indigenous Worlds and Callicott's Land Ethic. Environmental Ethics 22 (3):273-290.
    We assess J. Baird Callicott’s attempt in Earth’s Insights to reconcile his land ethic with the “environmental ethics” of indigenous peoples. We critique the rejection of ethical pluralism that informs this attempted rapprochement. We also assess Callicott’s strategy of grounding his land ethic in a postmodern scientific world view by contrasting it with the roles of “respect” and narrative in indigenous “ethics.”.
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  2. Dennis H. McPherson & J. Douglas Rabb (2016). Further Reflections on the Seven Grandfathers: Bringing Native American Values to Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):46-47.
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  3. Dennis H. Mcpherson & J. Douglas Rabb (1996). Indian From The Inside: A Study in Ethno-Metaphysics. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 32 (1):137-142.
     
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  4.  2
    Richard McPherson (1997). Comment by Richard McPherson. The Chesterton Review 23 (4):538-540.
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  5. Mich Bruce McPherson (2009). McPherson: Where Safety Nets Are in Financial Distress, Are the Reasons Within or Outside Their Control? What is Your Sense of What is Really Going on Here? Inquiry 46.
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  6. Thomas Mcpherson (1969). The Falsification Challenge: A Comment: Thomas McPherson. Religious Studies 5 (1):81-84.
    In the last section of his article Professor Kellenberger says that Professor Flew misunderstands the nature of religious utterances. These are affirmations of belief or trust, whereas Flew treats them as if they were hypotheses. If ‘God loves us’ is held by someone as an hypothesis then it would be proper to ask what justifies him in holding it, and, equally, what would have to happen for him to feel that he could no longer justifiably hold it. But if ‘God (...)
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  7. Lawrence J. Dennis (1992). From Prayer to Pragmatism: A Biography of John L. Childs. Southern Illinois University Press.
    Lawrence J. Dennis’s intellectual biography of John L. Childs, a leading figure in twentieth-century American educational philosophy between 1930 and 1960, traces Childs’s influence not only on education but also on midcentury politics, economics, and social issues. A disciple of John Dewey and an associate of William Heard Kilpatrick, George S. Counts, Boyd Bode, and other key figures in modern American education, Childs laid the philosophic basis for social reconstruction and became an important contributor to and interpreter of (...)
     
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  8. Tristram McPherson (2011). Against Quietist Normative Realism. Philosophical Studies 154 (2):223-240.
    Recently, some philosophers have suggested that a form of robust realism about ethics, or normativity more generally, does not face a significant explanatory burden in metaphysics. I call this view metaphysically quietist normative realism . This paper argues that while this view can appear to constitute an attractive alternative to more traditional forms of normative realism, it cannot deliver on this promise. I examine Scanlon’s attempt to defend such a quietist realism, and argue that rather than silencing metaphysical questions about (...)
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  9. Daniel M. Hausman & Michael S. McPherson (2009). Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely on a mistaken theory of (...)
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  10. Tristram McPherson (2012). Mark Schroeder's Hypotheticalism: Agent-Neutrality, Moral Epistemology, and Methodology. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 157 (3):445-453.
    Symposium contribution on Mark Schroeder's Slaves of the Passions. Argues that Schroeder's account of agent-neutral reasons cannot be made to work, that the limited scope of his distinctive proposal in the epistemology of reasons undermines its plausibility, and that Schroeder faces an uncomfortable tension between the initial motivation for his view and the details of the view he develops.
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  11. Lionel K. McPherson (2007). Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong? Ethics 117 (3):524-546.
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  12.  16
    David C. Rubin, Michelle F. Dennis & Jean C. Beckham (2011). Autobiographical Memory for Stressful Events: The Role of Autobiographical Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856.
    To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and (...)
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  13.  10
    David McPherson (2013). Vocational Virtue Ethics: Prospects for a Virtue Ethic Approach to Business. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (2):283-296.
    In this essay, I explore the prospects for a virtue ethic approach to business. First, I delineate two fundamental criteria that I believe must be met for any such approach to be viable: viz., the virtues must be exercised for the sake of the good of one’s life as a unitary whole (contra role-morality approaches) and for the common good of the communities of which one is a part as well as the individual good of their members (contra egoist approaches). (...)
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  14.  83
    Tristram McPherson (2008). Metaethics & the Autonomy of Morality. Philosophers' Imprint 8 (6):1-16.
    Some philosophers have been attracted to the idea that morality is an autonomous domain. One version of this idea is the thesis that non-moral claims are irrelevant to the justification of fundamental normative ethical theories. However, this autonomy thesis appears to be in tension with a pair of apparent features of metaethical theorizing. On one hand, metaethics seemingly aims to explain how morality fits into our broader conception of the world. On the other, metaethical theorizing appears to have potential normative (...)
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  15. Alex Dennis (2003). Skepticist Philosophy as Ethnomethodology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):151-173.
    Ethnomethodology is in trouble, its conceptual apparatus prone to indifference or misunderstanding both from "conventional" sociologists and from its own practitioners. This article describes some of these loci of confusion and suggests that they have a common root in the relationship between ethnomethodology and conventional sociology. Ethnomethodologists' desire to find a principled theoretical framework for dealing with this relationship is shown to be the common basis for subsequent confusion, and some of the corollaries of their putative solution(s) are elaborated with (...)
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  16.  46
    Lionel K. McPherson (2005). Innocence and Responsibility in War. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (4):485-506.
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  17.  30
    Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody (2002). Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: regulatory oversight, confidentiality and privacy, informed consent, availability of drugs, access, and clinicians' changing responsibilities in the era of pharmacogenetic medicine. We (...)
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  18.  58
    Maurice Dennis (1967). The Beneficial and the Harmful. Analysis 27 (5):159 - 162.
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  19. Michael S. McPherson (1982). Mill's Moral Theory and the Problem of Preference Change. Ethics 92 (2):252-273.
    A reconsideration of mill's theory of "higher pleasures," construed as a way of evaluating changes in preferences or character that result from changes in social environment. mill's account is criticized and partly reconstructed in light of modern preference theory, but viewed favorably as an illuminating attempt to address a fundamental problem in moral evaluation of social institutions. mill's advocacy of the higher pleasures is defended in particular against the charge that it is incompatible with his commitment to liberty.
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  20. Dan Dennis (2011). Evil, Fine-Tuning and the Creation of the Universe. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):139-145.
    Could God have created a better universe? Well, the fundamental scientific laws and parameters of the universe have to be within a certain miniscule range, for a life-sustaining universe to develop: the universe must be ‘Fine Tuned’. Therefore the ‘embryonic universe’ that came into existence with the ‘big bang’ had to be either exactly as it was or within a certain tiny range, for there to develop a life-sustaining universe. If it is better that there exist a life-sustaining universe than (...)
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  21.  25
    Benjamin Stone, Simon Dennis & Peter J. Kwantes (2011). Comparing Methods for Single Paragraph Similarity Analysis. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):92-122.
    The focus of this paper is two-fold. First, similarities generated from six semantic models were compared to human ratings of paragraph similarity on two datasets—23 World Entertainment News Network paragraphs and 50 ABC newswire paragraphs. Contrary to findings on smaller textual units such as word associations (Griffiths, Tenenbaum, & Steyvers, 2007), our results suggest that when single paragraphs are compared, simple nonreductive models (word overlap and vector space) can provide better similarity estimates than more complex models (LSA, Topic Model, SpNMF, (...)
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  22. Lionel K. McPherson (2007). Normativity and the Rejection of Rationalism. Journal of Philosophy 104 (2):55-70.
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  23. J. Gosling, Alan R. White, John Arthur Passmore, William Kneale, Don Locke, C. K. Grant, Thomas McPherson, Peter Nidditch, Martha Kneale, A. C. Ewing & W. F. Hicken (1965). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 74 (293):126-153.
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  24.  10
    Sally E. Thorne, Angela D. Henderson, Gladys I. McPherson & Barbara K. Pesut (2004). The Problematic Allure of the Binary in Nursing Theoretical Discourse. Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):208-215.
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  25.  79
    Thomas McPherson (1967). Punishment: Definition and Justification. Analysis 28 (1):21 - 27.
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  26. Norwood R. Hanson, G. B. Keene, J. L. Ackrill, J. R. Lucas, Thomas McPherson, E. J. Lemmon, W. von Leyden, C. H. Whiteley, Renford Bambrough, A. C. MacIntyre, W. Gerber & M. Kneale (1958). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 67 (266):272-288.
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  27.  74
    Erin Kelly & Lionel McPherson (2001). On Tolerating the Unreasonable. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (1):38–55.
  28.  74
    Ian Howard Dennis (2009). On Necessity as a Defence to Crime: Possibilities, Problems and the Limits of Justification and Excuse. Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (1):29-49.
    The article reviews recent developments in England in the law of necessity as a defence to crime and calls for its further extension. It argues that the defence of necessity presents the criminal law with difficult questions of competing values and the ordering of harms. English law has taken a nuanced position on the respective roles of the courts and the legislature in the ordering of harms, although the development of the law has been pragmatic rather than coherently theorised. The (...)
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  29.  10
    Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans (2004). Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
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  30.  31
    A. Chapple, S. Ziebland, A. McPherson & A. Herxheimer (2006). What People Close to Death Say About Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (12):706-710.
    Objective: To explore the experiences of people with a “terminal illness”, focusing on the patients’ perspective of euthanasia and assisted suicide.Method: A qualitative study using narrative interviews was conducted throughout the UK. The views of the 18 people who discussed euthanasia and assisted suicide were explored. These were drawn from a maximum variation sample, who said that they had a “terminal” illness, malignant or non-malignant.Results: That UK law should be changed to allow assisted suicide or voluntary euthanasia was felt strongly (...)
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  31.  64
    Kingsley L. Dennis (2011). Quantum Consciousness: Reconciling Science and Spirituality Toward Our Evolutionary Future(S). World Futures 66 (7):511-524.
  32.  70
    Lionel K. McPherson & Tommie Shelby (2004). Blackness and Blood: Interpreting African American Identity. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):171–192.
  33.  36
    Peter Dennis (2012). Was Heidegger a Nonconceptualist? Ratio 25 (1):108-117.
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  34.  17
    Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
    This article reports three experiments that investigated the relationship between working memory capacity and syllogistic and five-term series spatial inference. A series of complex and simple verbal and spatial working memory measures were employed. Correlational analyses showed that verbal and spatial working memory span tasks consistently predicted syllogistic and spatial reasoning performance. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that three factors best accounted for the data--a verbal, a spatial, and a general factor. Syllogistic reasoning performance loaded all three factors, whilst spatial (...)
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  35.  14
    Thomas McPherson (1972). The Argument From Design. [New York]St. Martin's Press.
    “NATURAL theology” is generally used as the name of a study which seeks to “get at religious truth” by the use of man's reasoning powers, and not to expound revelation. But I want to limit its application to part of this field. By natural theology I mean here a study which seeks to “get at religious truth” by an empirical examination of things, and not by “pure reason.” It is a “scientific” theology. An example of a natural theologian in this (...)
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  36.  7
    Ian McPherson (2005). Reflexive Learning: Stages Towards Wisdom with Dreyfus. Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (5):705–718.
    The Dreyfus account of seven stages of learning is considered in the context of the Dreyfus account of five stages of skill development. The two new stages, Mastery and Practical Wisdom, make more explicit certain themes implicit in the five‐stage account. In this way Dreyfus encourages a more reflexive approach. The themes now more explicit are, in part, derived from Aristotle on phronesis, but are also influenced by Heidegger and Foucault on cultural dimensions of meaning and value. The paper considers (...)
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  37.  42
    D. R. Bell, K. Baier, Ronald W. Hepburn, Thomas McPherson, R. D. Bradley, D. D. Raphael, Antony Flew, W. H. F. Barnes, James Griffin, John Wheatley, Heinz-Juergen Schuering, D. P. Henry, Ernest H. Hutten, Anthony Kenny, Mary Warnock, Arthur Thomson & R. F. Holland (1962). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 71 (284):552-594.
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  38.  12
    Thomas McPherson (1952). Ramsey on Rules. Analysis 12 (4):85 - 92.
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  39.  10
    Virginia Whitehouse & James B. McPherson (2002). Media Ethics Textbook Case Studies Need New Actors and New Issues. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (3):226 – 234.
    In this article we consider the value and effective use of ethics courses and case study pedagogy, analyze media ethics cases in 3 textbooks, support changing primary actors in many future text case studies, and call for the addition of ethical issues most relevant to the professional positions students will hold after graduation.
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  40.  9
    Ian Mcpherson (2001). Kierkegaard as an Educational Thinker: Communication Through and Across Ways of Being. Journal of Philosophy of Education 35 (2):157–174.
  41.  42
    Erin I. Kelly & Lionel K. McPherson (2007). Prisoner's Mistrust. Ratio 20 (1):57–70.
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  42.  4
    Michael McPherson (1983). Review: Efficiency and Liberty in the Productive Enterprise: Recent Work in the Economics of Work Organization. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (4):354 - 368.
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  43.  19
    Ken Dennis (1995). A Logical Critique of Mathematical Formalism in Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (2):181-200.
    Mathematical economic theory is lacking in logical rigour. Even if the mathematics used in constructing formal economic theory is rigorous as pure mathematics, economic theory possesses both mathematical and non-mathematical components. But mathematical reductionism fails to formalize the non-mathematical components of economic theory, and the method of numerics (outlined in this paper) shows how, in simple cases, the two components of economic theory can be formally identified, distinguished, and integrated. However, the real challenge to (...)
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  44.  4
    K. McPherson (1991). Ethics of Preventive Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (3):162-163.
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  45.  31
    Lionel K. McPherson (2002). The Moral Insignificance of ``Bare'' Personal Reasons. Philosophical Studies 110 (1):29 - 47.
    Common sense supports the idea that we can have morally significantreasons for giving priority to the interests of persons for whom wehave special concern. Yet there is a real question about the natureof such reasons. Many people seem to believe that there are biologicalor metaphysical special relations, such as family, race, religion orpersonal identity, which are in themselves morally important and thussupply reasons for special concern. I maintain that there are nogrounds for accepting this. What matters morally, I argue, is (...)
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  46.  27
    Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2006). Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  47.  22
    Tristram McPherson (2008). Moral Fictionalism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 117 (3):445-448.
    This is a short review of Mark Kalderon's book Moral Fictionalism.
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  48.  19
    Thomas McPherson (1954). Positivism and Religion. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (3):319-331.
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  49.  9
    Lawrence J. Dennis & George W. Stickel (1981). Mead and Dewey: Thematic Connections on Educational Topics. Educational Theory 31 (3-4):319-331.
  50.  27
    Lionel K. McPherson (2005). The Limits of the War Convention. Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (2):147-163.
    What is the relation between the rules of war covered by ‘the war convention’ and the source of their normative authority? According to Michael Walzer, these rules have normative authority by virtue of being widely established in theory and practice and conforming to our moral sensibilities. It is striking that his influential account of just war has a conventionalist grounding similar to his more scrutinized general theory of justice. Indeed, we should question whether a shared moral understanding is an adequate (...)
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