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  1. Sachiko Kinoshita & Dennis Norris (2012). Task-Dependent Masked Priming Effects in Visual Word Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.
    A method used widely to study the first 250 ms of visual word recognition is masked priming: These studies have yielded a rich set of data concerning the processes involved in recognizing letters and words. In these studies, there is an implicit assumption that the early processes in word recognition tapped by masked priming are automatic, and masked priming effects should therefore be invariant across tasks. Contrary to this assumption, masked priming effects are modulated by the task goal: For example, (...)
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  2. Dennis Norris & Sachiko Kinoshita (2012). Orthographic Processing is Universal; It's What You Do with It That's Different. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):34-35.
    We agree with Frost that the variety of orthographies in the world's languages complicates the task of Frost suggests that orthographic processing must therefore differ between orthographies. We suggest that the same basic orthographic processes are applied to all languages. Where languages differ is in what the reader must do with the results of orthographic processing.
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  3. Dennis Norris (2011). The Illusion of Mechanism: Mechanistic Fundamentalism or Enlightenment? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):208-209.
    Rather than worrying about Bayesian Fundamentalists, I suggest that our real concern should be with Mechanistic Fundamentalists; that is, those who believe that concrete, but frequently untestable mechanisms, should be at the heart of all cognitive theories.
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  4. James M. McQueen, Anne Cutler & Dennis Norris (2006). Phonological Abstraction in the Mental Lexicon. Cognitive Science 30 (6):1113-1126.
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  5. James M. McQueen, Dennis Norris & Anne Cutler (2006). Are There Really Interactive Processes in Speech Perception? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (12):533.
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  6. Odette Scharenborg, Dennis Norris, Louis Bosch & James M. McQueen (2005). How Should a Speech Recognizer Work? Cognitive Science 29 (6):867-918.
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  7. Dennis Norris, James M. McQueen & Anne Cutler (2000). Feedback on Feedback on Feedback: It's Feedforward. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):352-363.
    The central thesis of our target article is that feedback is never necessary in spoken word recognition. In this response we begin by clarifying some terminological issues that have led to a number of misunderstandings. We provide some new arguments that the feedforward model Merge is indeed more parsimonious than the interactive alternatives, and that it provides a more convincing account of the data than alternative models. Finally, we extend the arguments to deal with new issues raised by the commentators (...)
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  8. Dennis Norris, James M. McQueen & Anne Cutler (2000). Merging Information in Speech Recognition: Feedback is Never Necessary. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):299-325.
    Top-down feedback does not benefit speech recognition; on the contrary, it can hinder it. No experimental data imply that feedback loops are required for speech recognition. Feedback is accordingly unnecessary and spoken word recognition is modular. To defend this thesis, we analyse lexical involvement in phonemic decision making. TRACE (McClelland & Elman 1986), a model with feedback from the lexicon to prelexical processes, is unable to account for all the available data on phonemic decision making. The modular Race model (Cutler (...)
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  9. Anne Cutler & Dennis Norris (1999). Sharpening Ockham's Razor. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):40-41.
    Language production and comprehension are intimately interrelated; and models of production and comprehension should, we argue, be constrained by common architectural guidelines. Levelt et al.'s target article adopts as guiding principle Ockham's razor: the best model of production is the simplest one. We recommend adoption of the same principle in comprehension, with consequent simplification of some well-known types of models.
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  10. Dennis Norris (1994). Shortlist: A Connectionist Model of Continuous Speech Recognition. Cognition 52 (3):189-234.
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  11. Dennis Norris (1990). How to Built a Connectionist Idiot (Savant). Cognition 35 (3):277-291.
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  12. Dennis Norris (1986). Word Recognition: Context Effects Without Priming. Cognition 22 (2):93-136.
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  13. Dennis Norris (1985). So the “Strong” Theory Loses. But Are There Any Winners? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):718.
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  14. Dennis Norris & Gordon Brown (1985). Race Models and Analogy Theories: A Dead Heat? Reply to Seidenberg. Cognition 20 (2):155-168.
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  15. Dennis Norris (1982). Autonomous Processes in Comprehension: A Reply to Marslen-Wilson and Tyler. Cognition 11 (1):97-101.
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