Search results for 'Dennis Patrick O'Hara' (try it on Scholar)

144 found
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  1.  24
    Dennis Patrick O'Hara & Alan Abelsohn (2011). Ethical Response to Climate Change. Ethics and the Environment 16 (1):25-50.
    The same attitudes that allowed a significant increase in the anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations that are causing climate change are the same attitudes that are retarding an adequate ethical response to the impact that climate change is having on both human populations and the rest of the planet. The industrialized nations of the West paid little attention during the past three centuries to the impacts that their economies and cultures were having on the environment, both locally and globally. There (...)
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  2.  10
    Robert J. O'Hara (1996). Mapping the Space of Time: Temporal Representation in the Historical Sciences. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 20: 7–17.
    William Whewell (1794–1866), polymathic Victorian scientist, philosopher, historian, and educator, was one of the great neologists of the nineteenth century. Although Whewell's name is little remembered today except by professional historians and philosophers of science, researchers in many scientific fields work each day in a world that Whewell named. "Miocene" and "Pliocene," "uniformitarian" and "catastrophist," "anode" and "cathode," even the word "scientist" itself—all of these were Whewell coinages. Whewell is particularly important to students of the historical sciences for another word (...)
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  3.  4
    Robert J. O'Hara (2006). Trees of History in Systematics, Historical Linguistics, and Stemmatics: A Working Interdisciplinary Bibliography. SSRN Electronic Journal 2540351.
    138 titles across a wide range of scholarly publications illustrate the conceptual affinities that connect the palaetiological sciences of biological systematics, historical linguistics, and stemmatics. These three fields all have as their central objective the reconstruction of evolutionary "trees of history" that depict phylogenetic patterns of descent with modification among species, languages, and manuscripts. All three fields flourished in the nineteenth century, underwent parallel periods of quiescence in the early twentieth century, and in recent decades have seen widespread parallel revivals. (...)
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  4. Daniel T. O'Hara & Alan Singer (1998). Thinking Through Art: Aesthetic Agency and Global Modernity. Duke University Press Books.
    In the eighteenth century the category of the aesthetic sought to bridge the gap between the prevalent dualities of Cartesian thought: art and science, history and science, prejudice and truth. This special issue of _boundary 2_ addresses current debates about the status of art in the context of global modernity. The range of arguments represented here cover a broad historical scope—from Cartesianism to present-day global modernity—of cultural discourse on the aesthetic to bring a focus to contemporary discussions of the corollary (...)
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  5.  76
    Kieron O'Hara & Wendy Hall (forthcoming). 3.3 Web Science and Reflective Practice. Common Knowledge: The Challenge of Transdisciplinarity.
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  6. David O'Hara (2011). Pragmatism as Transition: Historicity and Hope in James, Dewey, and Rorty. The Pluralist 6 (2):70-74.
    This book is an extended and provocative exercise in describing pragmatism’s past and in attempting to chart a course for its future. This description is not merely a history of philosophy or paean to American thought. It is rather a re-description that draws attention to a neglected and potentially fruitful theme in pragmatism, one that Koopman has termed “transitionalism” for its focus on historicity and temporality. One of the enduring features of pragmatism is its commitment to the revisability of (...)
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  7.  5
    Charles W. Eriksen, Michael G. Coles, L. R. Morris & William P. O'Hara (1985). An Electromyographic Examination of Response Competition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):165-168.
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  8. Paul O'Hara (2003). Rotational Invariance and the Spin-Statistics Theorem. Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1349-1368.
    In this article, the rotational invariance of entangled quantum states is investigated as a possible cause of the Pauli exclusion principle. First, it is shown that a certain class of rotationally invariant states can only occur in pairs. This is referred to as the coupling principle. This in turn suggests a natural classification of quantum systems into those containing coupled states and those that do not. Surprisingly, it would seem that Fermi–Dirac statistics follows as a consequence of this coupling while (...)
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  9.  6
    Robert J. O'Hara (1988). Homage to Clio, or, Toward an Historical Philosophy for Evolutionary Biology. Systematic Zoology 37 (2): 142–155.
    Discussions of the theory and practice of systematics and evolutionary biology have heretofore revolved around the views of philosophers of science. I reexamine these issues from the different perspective of the philosophy of history. Just as philosophers of history distinguish between chronicle (non-interpretive or non-explanatory writing) and narrative history (interpretive or explanatory writing), I distinguish between evolutionary chronicle (cladograms, broadly construed) and narrative evolutionary history. Systematics is the discipline which estimates the evolutionary chronicle. ¶ Explanations of the events described in (...)
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  10.  7
    Robert J. O'Hara (1997). Population Thinking and Tree Thinking in Systematics. Zoologica Scripta 26 (4): 323–329.
    Two new modes of thinking have spread through systematics in the twentieth century. Both have deep historical roots, but they have been widely accepted only during this century. Population thinking overtook the field in the early part of the century, culminating in the full development of population systematics in the 1930s and 1940s, and the subsequent growth of the entire field of population biology. Population thinking rejects the idea that each species has a natural type (as the earlier essentialist view (...)
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  11.  64
    Paul O'Hara (2005). Quantum Mechanics and the Metrics of General Relativity. Foundations of Physics 35 (9):1563-1584.
    A one-to-one correspondence is established between linearized space-time metrics of general relativity and the wave equations of quantum mechanics. Also, the key role of boundary conditions in distinguishing quantum mechanics from classical mechanics, will emerge naturally from the procedure. Finally, we will find that the methodology will enable us to introduce not only test charges but also test masses by means of gauges.
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  12.  21
    Charles M. O'Hara (1935). Catholicism in Education. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):142-146.
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  13.  19
    Charles M. O'Hara (1936). Molders of the American Mind. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):500-504.
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  14.  50
    Robert J. O'Hara (1992). Telling the Tree: Narrative Representation and the Study of Evolutionary History. Biology and Philosophy 7 (2): 135–160.
    Accounts of the evolutionary past have as much in common with works of narrative history as they do with works of science. Awareness of the narrative character of evolutionary writing leads to the discovery of a host of fascinating and hitherto unrecognized problems in the representation of evolutionary history, problems associated with the writing of narrative. These problems include selective attention, narrative perspective, foregrounding and backgrounding, differential resolution, and the establishment of a canon of important events. The narrative aspects of (...)
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  15.  10
    J. D. O'hara, R. Ormond, Harold Osborne & Stephen Prickett (1971). Twentieth Century Interpretations of Molloy, Malone Dies, the Unnamable. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):428-428.
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  16.  7
    Kieron O'Hara, The Technology of Collective Memory and the Normativity of Truth.
    Neither our evolutionary past, nor our pre-literate culture, has prepared humanity for the use of technology to provide records of the past, records which in many context become normative for memory. The demand that memory be true, rather than useful or pleasurable, has changed our social and psychological under-standing of ourselves and our fellows. The current vogue for lifelogging, and the rapid proliferation of digital memory-supporting technologies, may accelerate this change, and create dilemmas for policymakers, designers and social thinkers.
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  17.  11
    Robert J. O'Hara (1991). Representations of the Natural System in the Nineteenth Century. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2): 255–274.
    "The Natural System" is the abstract notion of the order in living diversity. The richness and complexity of this notion is revealed by the diversity of representations of the Natural System drawn by ornithologists in the Nineteenth Century. These representations varied in overall form from stars, to circles, to maps, to evolutionary trees and cross-sections through trees. They differed in their depiction of affinity, analogy, continuity, directionality, symmetry, reticulation and branching, evolution, and morphological convergence and divergence. Some representations were two-dimensional, (...)
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  18.  6
    Robert J. O'Hara (1996). Trees of History in Systematics and Philology. Memorie Della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 27 (1): 81–88.
    "The Natural System" is the name given to the underlying arrangement present in the diversity of life. Unlike a classification, which is made up of classes and members, a system or arrangement is an integrated whole made up of connected parts. In the pre-evolutionary period a variety of forms were proposed for the Natural System, including maps, circles, stars, and abstract multidimensional objects. The trees sketched by Darwin in the 1830s should probably be considered the first genuine evolutionary diagrams of (...)
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  19. J. J. O'Hara (1998). True Names: Vergil and the Alexandrian Tradition of Etymological Wordplay (Pamela R. Bleisch). American Journal of Philology 119:300-303.
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  20.  3
    Kieron O'Hara, Mischa M. Tuffield & Nigel Shadbolt (2008). Lifelogging: Privacy and Empowerment with Memories for Life. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):155-172.
    The growth of information acquisition, storage and retrieval capacity has led to the development of the practice of lifelogging, the undiscriminating collection of information concerning one’s life and behaviour. There are potential problems in this practice, but equally it could be empowering for the individual, and provide a new locus for the construction of an online identity. In this paper we look at the technological possibilities and constraints for lifelogging tools, and set out some of the most important privacy, identity (...)
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  21.  16
    Charles M. O'Hara (1929). Gestalt Psychology. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):335-337.
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  22.  7
    David O'Hara (2009). The Conduct of Life. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108):28-30.
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  23.  2
    Mary L. O'Hara (1977). The Person and the Body: Roman Rhetors and Greek Naturalists. Apeiron 11 (1).
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  24.  6
    Charles M. O'Hara (2012). Preface to an Educational Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 18 (1):20-20.
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  25.  46
    Kieron O'Hara (1993). Sceptical Overkill: On Two Recent Arguments Against Scepticism. Mind 102 (406):315-327.
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  26.  15
    Kieron O'Hara & Tom Scutt (1996). There is No Hard Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (4):290-302.
    The paper attempts to establish the importance of addressing what Chalmers calls the ‘easy problems’ of consciousness, at the expense of the ‘hard problem’. One pragmatic argument and two philosophical arguments are presented to defend this approach to consciousness, and three major theories of consciousness are criticized in this light. Finally, it is shown that concentration on the easy problems does not lead to eliminativism with respect to consciousness.
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  27.  5
    Robert J. O'Hara (1988). Diagrammatic Classifications of Birds, 1819–1901: Views of the Natural System in 19th-Century British Ornithology. Acta XIX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici: pp. 2746–2759.
    Classifications of animals and plants have long been represented by hierarchical lists of taxa, but occasional authors have drawn diagrammatic versions of their classifications in an attempt to better depict the "natural relationships" of their organisms. Ornithologists in 19th-century Britain produced and pioneered many types of classificatory diagrams, and these fall into three groups: (a) the quinarian systems of Vigors and Swainson (1820s and 1830s); (b) the "maps" of Strickland and Wallace (1840s and 1850s); and (c) the evolutionary diagrams of (...)
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  28. Erin O'Hara (2006). How Neuroscience Might Advance the Law. In Semir Zeki & Oliver Goodenough (eds.), Law and the Brain. OUP Oxford
  29.  6
    Mary L. O'Hara (1995). The Vanishing Person. International Studies in Philosophy 27 (2):101-107.
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  30.  7
    Robert J. O'Hara (2006). Essay-Review of Christian's 'Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History'. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1): 117–120.
    This well-written volume is an introduction, not to world history, but to the special genre of "Big History," as the subtitle indicates. Christian and his fellow big historians, reacting against popular scepticism toward "master narratives," seek to create a new class of grand works that incorporate not only the history of human society, but also of the Earth, its life, and the universe as a whole. Specialists in any of the fields covered by the volume may find rough spots in (...)
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  31.  44
    David L. O'Hara (2008). Peirce, Plato and Miracles: On the Mature Peirce's Re-Discovery of Plato and the Overcoming of Nominalistic Prejudice in History. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (1):pp. 26-39.
    Twenty-three years ago Robert Ayers noticed several brief and intriguing comments on miracles in the Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce. Working with just those scraps of information from the CP, he stitched together a rough but helpful starting point for understanding this aspect of Peirce's religious and scientific thought. In the last few years several more articles on this subject have been written, each filling in a gap left by the others: Ayers' is a theological view, based solely on (...)
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  32.  6
    Robert J. O'Hara (1993). Review of Atran's 'Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science'. [REVIEW] Forest and Conservation History 37 (1): 43.
  33.  6
    Robert J. O'Hara (2007). Essay-Review of Valentine's 'On the Origin of Phyla'. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1): 109–112.
    James Valentine's "On the Origin of Phyla" is divided into three main sections: "Evidence of the Origins of Metazoan Phyla," "The Metazoan Phyla," and "The Evolution of the Phyla." The second section is the zoological core of the book, a more or less conventional treatment of major animal taxa, arranged in chain-of-being fashion from sponges to cnidarians to "worms" of many kinds, and so onward to arthropods, echinoderms, chordates, and all others in between. Philosophically inclined readers will be most interested (...)
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  34.  9
    Kieron O'Hara (2006). Conservatism: Burke, Nozick, Bush, Blair? Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):354.
  35.  2
    Robert J. O'Hara (1993). Systematic Generalization, Historical Fate, and the Species Problem. Systematic Biology 42 (3): 231–246.
    The species problem is one of the oldest controversies in natural history. Its persistence suggests that it is something more than a problem of fact or definition. Considerable light is shed on the species problem when it is viewed as a problem in the representation of the natural system (sensu Griffiths, 1974, Acta Biotheor. 23: 85–131; de Queiroz, 1998, Philos. Sci. 55: 238–259). Just as maps are representations of the earth, and are subject to what is called cartographic generalization, so (...)
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  36.  20
    David L. O'Hara (2011). C.S. Lewis as Philosopher. Faith and Philosophy 28 (1):112-115.
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  37.  4
    Kieron O'Hara, Han Reichgelt & Nigel Shadbolt (1995). Avoiding Omnidoxasticity in Logics of Belief: A Reply to MacPherson. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 36 (3):475-495.
    In recent work MacPherson argues that the standard method of modeling belief logically, as a necessity operator in a modal logic, is doomed to fail. The problem with normal modal logics as logics of belief is that they treat believers as "ideal" in unrealistic ways (i.e., as omnidoxastic); however, similar problems re-emerge for candidate non-normal logics. The authors argue that logics used to model belief in artificial intelligence (AI) are also flawed in this way. But for AI systems, omnidoxasticity is (...)
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  38.  4
    Mary L. O'Hara (1979). Some Marxist Theories of Human Personality. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 53:115-123.
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  39.  8
    David O'Hara (2013). Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality, by David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls. Faith and Philosophy 30 (2):225-228.
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  40.  7
    Frank O'Hara (1990). G. K. Chesterton and the Environmental Ethic. The Chesterton Review 16 (3/4):239-243.
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  41.  20
    David L. O'Hara (2009). Review: H.G. Callaway (Ed.) R.W. Emerson, The Conduct of Life, A Philosophical Reading. [REVIEW] Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 37 (108).
    In the last few years H.G. Callaway has produced several helpful editions of some important texts by Emerson. Emerson's Conduct of Life was originally published in 1860, and it has appeared in a number of editions since then, but Callaway's edition has several noteworthy features that cause it to stand out from the crowd and make it an important contribution to Emerson studies. This is a rare volume that will serve students, academic philosophers, and causal readers alike: a critical edition (...)
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  42.  4
    Robert J. O'Hara (1998). Narrative in the Historical Sciences: A Working Interdisciplinary Bibliography. SSRN Electronic Journal 2542010.
    Models of scientific explanation derived from the physical sciences are often poorly suited to the historical sciences—to the fields William Whewell called the palaetiological sciences. A listing of 27 titles that explore the nature of narrative understanding across a range of scientific disciplines—from cosmology to paleontology to economics—attests to the importance of narrative epistemology in the sciences.
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  43.  4
    Robert J. O'Hara (1998). The History of Systematics: A Working Bibliography, 1965–1996. SSRN Electronic Journal 2541429.
    80 titles published between 1965 and 1996 in multiple languages attest to an increase in scholarly interest in the history of systematic biology, both among scientific practitioners and also among historians and philosophers of science. Topics studied have included the early history of the field (Ray, Linnaeus, Buffon), the influence of essentialism on systematics, the history of systematic diagrams, the development of cladistic analysis, the nature of species, and the growth of phylogenetic thinking.
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  44.  4
    Robert J. O'Hara (2006). Publications of Stephen Toulmin: A Working Bibliography. SSRN Electronic Journal 2542900.
    Stephen Edelston Toulmin has been one of the most wide-ranging scholars of the twentieth century. He has written extensively on the history and philosophy of the physical, biological, and historical sciences, as well as on logic, ethics, and rhetoric. This listing of more than 100 publications by and about Toulmin is intended to encourage those scholars who may have come to Toulmin's work from only one direction to explore the full range of his research and writing across many different disciplines.
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  45.  14
    Daniel T. O'Hara (2009). Experiments in Reading. New Nietzsche Studies 8 (1-2):151-160.
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  46.  6
    Kieron O'Hara, Trust From the Enlightenment to the Digital Enlightenment.
    A conceptual analysis of trust in terms of trustworthiness is set out, where trustworthiness is the property of an agent that she does what she claims she will do, and trust is an attitude taken by an agent to another, that the former believes that the latter is trustworthy. This analysis is then used to explore issues in the deployment of trustworthy digital systems online. The ideas of a series of philosophers from the Enlightenment – Hobbes, Burke, Rousseau, Hume, (...)
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  47.  5
    Sister H. Kevin O'Hara (1967). Perception. New Scholasticism 41 (2):263-265.
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  48.  5
    Sister M. Kevin O'Hara (1962). Toward a Norm for Normality. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 36:83-91.
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  49.  5
    Bernadette Macmahon, Margaret O'Brien & Marie O'Hara (1974). Education and Personal Relationships. Philosophical Studies 23:260-262.
  50.  3
    Robert J. O'Hara (1994). Vita: Chauncey Wright—Brief Life of an 'Indolent Genius': 1830–1875. Harvard Magazine 96 (4): 42–43.
    Chauncey Wright (1830–1874) was one of the first American philosophers to explore the implications of Charles Darwin's work in evolutionary biology. Wright became a strong supporter of the idea of natural selection and a strong critic of the anti-selectionist and teleological arguments of St. George Jackson Mivart and Herbert Spencer, and he laid the groundwork for the field that is today called evolutionary epistemology. As the mentor of the original Cambridge "Metaphysical Club" (William James, Charles Sanders Peirce, and Oliver Wendell (...)
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