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  1. Rogier Kievit, Willem Eduard Frankenhuis, Lourens Waldorp & Denny Borsboom (2013). Simpson's Paradox in Psychological Science: A Practical Guide. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    The direction of an association at the population-level may be reversed within the subgroups comprising that population—a striking observation called Simpson’s paradox. When facing this pattern, psychologists often view it as anomalous. Here, we argue that Simpson’s paradox is more common than conventionally thought, and typically results in incorrect interpretations – potentially with harmful consequences. We support this claim by drawing on empirical results from cognitive neuroscience, behavior genetics, psychopathology, personality psychology, educational psychology, intelligence research, and simulation studies. We show (...)
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  2. Angélique Oj Cramer, Kenneth S. Kendler & Denny Borsboom (2012). A Constructionist Account of Emotional Disorders. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):146-147.
    Lindquist et al. present a strong case for a constructionist account of emotion. First, we elaborate on the ramifications that a constructionist account of emotions might have for psychiatric disorders with emotional disturbances as core elements. Second, we reflect on similarities between Lindquist et al.'s model and recent attempts at formulating psychiatric disorders as networks of causally related symptoms.
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  3. Denny Borsboom, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers & Jan-Willem Romeijn (2011). Mechanistic Curiosity Will Not Kill the Bayesian Cat. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):192-193.
    Jones & Love (J&L) suggest that Bayesian approaches to the explanation of human behavior should be constrained by mechanistic theories. We argue that their proposal misconstrues the relation between process models, such as the Bayesian model, and mechanisms. While mechanistic theories can answer specific issues that arise from the study of processes, one cannot expect them to provide constraints in general.
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  4. Angélique Oj Cramer, Lourens J. Waldorp, Han Lj van der Maas & Denny Borsboom (2010). Comorbidity: A Network Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):137-150.
    The pivotal problem of comorbidity research lies in the psychometric foundation it rests on, that is, latent variable theory, in which a mental disorder is viewed as a latent variable that causes a constellation of symptoms. From this perspective, comorbidity is a (bi)directional relationship between multiple latent variables. We argue that such a latent variable perspective encounters serious problems in the study of comorbidity, and offer a radically different conceptualization in terms of a network approach, where comorbidity is hypothesized to (...)
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  5. Angélique Oj Cramer, Lourens J. Waldorp, Han Lj van der Maas & Denny Borsboom (2010). Complex Realities Require Complex Theories: Refining and Extending the Network Approach to Mental Disorders. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):178-193.
    The majority of commentators agree on one thing: Our network approach might be the prime candidate for offering a new perspective on the origins of mental disorders. In our response, we elaborate on refinements (e.g., cognitive and genetic levels) and extensions (e.g., to Axis II disorders) of the network model, as well as discuss ways to test its validity.
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  6. Denny Borsboom & Ingmar Visser (2008). Semantic Cognition or Data Mining? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):714-715.
    We argue that neural networks for semantic cognition, as proposed by Rogers & McClelland (R&M), do not acquire semantics and therefore cannot be the basis for a theory of semantic cognition. The reason is that the neural networks simply perform statistical categorization procedures, and these do not require any semantics for their successful operation. We conclude that this has severe consequences for the semantic cognition views of R&M.
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  7. Denny Borsboom (2006). Evolutionary Theory and the Riddle of the Universe. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):351-351.
    An effective restructuring of the social sciences around the evolutionary model requires that evolutionary theory has explanatory power with respect to the spread of cultural traits: The causal mechanisms involved should be structurally analogous to those of biological evolution. I argue that this is implausible because phenotypical consequences of cultural traits are not causally relevant to their chances of “survival.” (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  8. Denny Borsboom & Gideon J. Mellenbergh (2002). Varia Including Papers From the 1998 Iip Conference the First Five Papers Were Originally Presented to the Iip Conference, Boston, 1998. [REVIEW] Synthese 130:463-464.
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  9. Denny Borsboom, Gideon J. Mellenbergh & Jaap Van Heerden (2002). Functional Thought Experiments. Synthese 130 (3):379 - 387.
    The literature on thought experiments has been mainly concerned with thought experiments that are directed at a theory, be it in a constructive or a destructive manner. This has led some philosophers to argue that all thought experiments can be formulated as arguments. The aim of this paper is to draw attention to a type of thought experiment that is not directed at a theory, but fulfills a specific function within a theory. Such thought experiments are referred to as functional (...)
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  10. Denny Borsboom, Gideon J. Mellenbergh & Jaap van Heerden (2002). Functional Thought Experiments. Synthese 130 (3):379 - 387.
    The literature on thought experiments has been mainly concernedwith thought experiments that are directed at a theory, be it in aconstructive or a destructive manner. This has led somephilosophers to argue that all thought experiments can beformulated as arguments. The aim of this paper is to drawattention to a type of thought experiment that is not directed ata theory, but fulfills a specific function within a theory. Suchthought experiments are referred to as functional thoughtexperiments, and they are routinely used in (...)
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