Search results for 'Dependence' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. College on Problems of Drug Dependence (1996). College on Problems of Drug Dependence Policy on Administering Drugs with Abuse Potential in Human Research. Irb 18 (5):5.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Context Dependence (1997). V. Attitude Ascriptions and Context Dependence. In Dunja Jutronic (ed.), The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics. Maribor. 243.score: 180.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Steven French (2010). The Interdependence of Structure, Objects and Dependence. Synthese 175 (S1):89 - 109.score: 24.0
    According to 'Ontic Structural Realism' (OSR), physical objects—qua metaphysical entities—should be reconceptualised, or, more strongly, eliminated in favour of the relevant structures. In this paper I shall attempt to articulate the relationship between these putative objects and structures in terms of certain accounts of metaphysical dependence currently available. This will allow me to articulate the differences between the different forms of OSR and to argue in favour of the 'eliminativist' version. A useful context is provided by Floridi's account of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Øystein Linnebo (2008). Structuralism and the Notion of Dependence. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):59-79.score: 24.0
    This paper has two goals. The first goal is to show that the structuralists’ claims about dependence are more significant to their view than is generally recognized. I argue that these dependence claims play an essential role in the most interesting and plausible characterization of this brand of structuralism. The second goal is to defend a compromise view concerning the dependence relations that obtain between mathematical objects. Two extreme views have tended to dominate the debate, namely the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Erich Rast (2011). Nonindexical Context-Dependence and the Interpretation as Abduction Approach. Lodz Journal of Pragmatics 7 (2):259-279.score: 24.0
    Abstract -/- Inclusive nonindexical context-dependence occurs when the preferred interpretation of an utterance implies its lexically-derived meaning. It is argued that the corresponding processes of free or lexically mandated enrichment can be modeled as abductive inference. A form of abduction is implemented in Simple Type Theory on the basis of a notion of plausibility, which is in turn regarded a preference relation over possible worlds. Since a preordering of doxastic alternatives taken for itself only amounts to a relatively vacuous (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Darren Bradley (2011). Functionalist Response-Dependence Avoids Missing Explanations. Analysis 71 (2):297-300.score: 24.0
    I argue that there is a flaw in the way that response-dependence has been formulated in the literature, and this flawed formulation has been correctly attacked by Mark Johnston’s Missing Explanation Argument. Moving to a better formulation, which is analogous to the move from behaviourism to functionalism, avoids the Missing Explanation Argument.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Patrick Todd (2013). Soft Facts and Ontological Dependence. Philosophical Studies 164 (3):829-844.score: 24.0
    In the literature on free will, fatalism, and determinism, a distinction is commonly made between temporally intrinsic (‘hard’) and temporally relational (‘soft’) facts at times; determinism, for instance, is the thesis that the temporally intrinsic state of the world at some given past time, together with the laws, entails a unique future (relative to that time). Further, it is commonly supposed by incompatibilists that only the ‘hard facts’ about the past are fixed and beyond our control, whereas the ‘soft facts’ (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Thomas Ede Zimmermann (2012). Context Dependence. In C. Maienborn, K. von Heusinger & P. Portner (eds.), Handbook of Semantics. Volume 3. de Gruyter.score: 24.0
    Linguistic expressions frequently make reference to the situation in which they are uttered. In fact, there are expressions whose whole point of use is to relate to their context of utterance. It is such expressions that this article is primarily about. However, rather than presenting the richness of pertinent phenomena (cf. Anderson & Keenan 1985), it concentrates on the theoretical tools provided by the (standard) two-dimensional analysis of context dependence, essentially originating with Kaplan (1989)--with a little help from Stalnaker (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Claudia Bianchi (1999). Three Forms of Contextual Dependence. In Paolo Bouquet (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Second International and Interdisciplinary Conference, CONTEXT '99, Trento, Italy, September 9-11, 1999, Proceedings. Springer.score: 24.0
    The paper emphasizes the inadequacy of formal semantics, the classical paradigm in semantics, in treating contextual dependence. Some phenomena of contextual dependence threaten one central assumption of the classical paradigm, namely the idea that linguistic expressions have a fixed meaning, and utterances have truth conditions well defined. It is possible to individuate three forms of contextual dependence: the one affecting pure indexicals, the one affecting demonstratives and "contextual expressions", and the one affecting all linguistic expressions. The third (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Gabriele Contessa (2006). On the Supposed Temporal Asymmetry of Counterfactual Dependence; Or: It Wouldn't Have Taken a Miracle! Dialectica 60 (4):461–473.score: 24.0
    The thesis that a temporal asymmetry of counterfactual dependence characterizes our world plays a central role in Lewis’s philosophy, as. among other things, it underpins one of Lewis most renowned theses—that causation can be analyzed in terms of counterfactual dependence. To maintain that a temporal asymmetry of counterfactual dependence characterizes our world, Lewis committed himself to two other theses. The first is that the closest possible worlds at which the antecedent of a counterfactual conditional is true is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Marion Smiley (2001). 'Welfare Dependence': The Power of a Concept. Thesis Eleven (64):21-38.score: 24.0
    This essay argues that the concept of dependence now invoked in noramtive discussions of the welfare state is both incoherent and biased as a result of its conflation of four distinctly different notions of dependence, ranging from the purely causal to that associated with lower class identities.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Toby Meadows (2013). Truth, Dependence and Supervaluation: Living with the Ghost. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):221-240.score: 24.0
    In J Philos Logic 34:155–192, 2005, Leitgeb provides a theory of truth which is based on a theory of semantic dependence. We argue here that the conceptual thrust of this approach provides us with the best way of dealing with semantic paradoxes in a manner that is acceptable to a classical logician. However, in investigating a problem that was raised at the end of J Philos Logic 34:155–192, 2005, we discover that something is missing from Leitgeb’s original definition. Moreover, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Joseph Mendola (2003). A Dilemma for Asymmetric Dependence. Noûs 37 (2):232-257.score: 24.0
    Accounts of mental content rooted in asymmetric dependence hold, crudely speaking, that the content of a mental representation is the cause of that representation on which all its other causes depend.1 To speak somewhat less crudely, such accounts, hereafter.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Andrew Howat (2005). Pragmatism, Truth and Response-Dependence. Facta Philosophica 7 (2):231-253.score: 24.0
    Mark Johnston claims the pragmatist theory of truth is inconsistent with the way we actually employ and talk about that concept. He is, however, sympathetic enough to attempt to rescue its respectable core using ‘response-dependence’, a revisionary form of which he advocates as a method for clarifying various philosophically significant concepts. But Johnston has misrepresented pragmatism; it does not require rescuing, and as I show here, his ‘missing explanation argument’ against pragmatism therefore fails. What Johnston and other critics including (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Anthony Everett (2013). Disquotationalism, Reference, and Object Dependence. Philosophical Studies 165 (3):939-955.score: 24.0
    In this paper I consider whether disquotationalist accounts of reference can accommodate our intuitions concerning reference. I argue that, if our intuitions are to be satisfactorily accommodated, the disquotationalist must regard the semantic content of a referring singular term as depending upon the object which is the intuitive referent of that singular term. Granted this, however, the way then looks open for the inflationist about reference to simply identify the object dependence relation with the reference relation. I consider how (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Jeremy Randel Koons (2003). Why Response-Dependence Theories of Morality Are False. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (3):275 - 294.score: 24.0
    Many response-dependence theorists equate moral truth with the generation of some affective psychological response: what makes this action wrong, as opposed to right, is that it would cause (or merit) affective response of type R (perhaps under ideal conditions). Since our affective nature is purely contingent, and not necessarily shared by all rational creatures (or even by all humans), response-dependence threatens to lead to relativism. In this paper, I will argue that emotional responses and moral features do not (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Gilbert T. Null (2007). The Ontology of Intentionality II: Dependence Ontology as Prolegomenon to Noetic Modal Semantics. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 23 (2):119-159.score: 24.0
    This is the second in a sequence of three essays which axiomatize and apply Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology of parts and wholes as a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal semantics for first-order predicate modal languages. The Ontology of Intentionality I introduced enough of Husserl's dependence-ontology of parts and wholes to formulate his account of order as effected by relating moments of unity, and The Ontology of Intentionality II extends that axiomatic dependence-ontology far enough to enable its semantic application. Formalizing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Gilbert T. Null (2007). The Ontology of Intentionality I: The Dependence Ontological Account of Order: Mediate and Immediate Moments and Pieces of Dependent and Independent Objects. Husserl Studies 23 (1):33-69.score: 24.0
    This is the first of three essays which use Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology to formulate a non-Diodorean and non-Kantian temporal semantics for two-valued, first-order predicate modal languages suitable for expressing ontologies of experience (like physics and cognitive science). This essay's primary desideratum is to formulate an adequate dependence-ontological account of order. To do so it uses primitive (proper) part and (weak) foundation relations to formulate seven axioms and 28 definitions as a basis for Husserl's dependence ontological theory (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Nenad Miščević (2011). No More Tears in Heaven: Two Views of Response-Dependence. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 26 (1):75-93.score: 24.0
    The paper defends a neo-Lockean view of secondary qualities, in particular color, according to which the being of a given color amounts to having the disposition to produce in normal viewers under normal circumstances the response of seeing an objective manifest simple color. It also defends the view that the naïve color-concept, the simple color concept, so to speak, is a fully objective property. The defense of this view is carried against its nearest cousin , the view proposed and defended (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Jeroen de Ridder (2013). Epistemic Dependence and Collective Scientific Knowledge. Synthese 191 (1):1-17.score: 24.0
    I argue that scientific knowledge is collective knowledge, in a sense to be specified and defended. I first consider some existing proposals for construing collective knowledge and argue that they are unsatisfactory, at least for scientific knowledge as we encounter it in actual scientific practice. Then I introduce an alternative conception of collective knowledge, on which knowledge is collective if there is a strong form of mutual epistemic dependence among scientists, which makes it so that satisfaction of the justification (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Itamar Francez (2010). Context Dependence and Implicit Arguments in Existentials. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (1):11-30.score: 24.0
    This paper discusses the semantics of bare existentials , i.e. existentials in which nothing follows the post copular NP (e.g. There are four sections ). While it has sometimes been recognized that the interpretation of such sentences depends in some way on context, the exact nature of the context dependence involved has not been properly understood. It is shown that the meaning of bare existentials involves a set-denoting implicit argument, and that the range of interpretations found with bare existentials (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Fredrik Engström (2012). Generalized Quantifiers in Dependence Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):299-324.score: 24.0
    We introduce generalized quantifiers, as defined in Tarskian semantics by Mostowski and Lindström, in logics whose semantics is based on teams instead of assignments, e.g., IF-logic and Dependence logic. Both the monotone and the non-monotone case is considered. It is argued that to handle quantifier scope dependencies of generalized quantifiers in a satisfying way the dependence atom in Dependence logic is not well suited and that the multivalued dependence atom is a better choice. This atom is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Avram Hiller (2013). Object-Dependence. Essays in Philosophy 14 (1):33-55.score: 24.0
    There has been much work on ontological dependence in recent literature. However, relatively little of it has been dedicated to the ways in which individual physical objects may depend on other distinct, non-overlapping objects. This paper gives several examples of such object-dependence and distinguishes between different types of it. The paper also introduces and refines the notion of an n-tet. N-tets (typically) occur when there are object-dependence relations between n objects. I claim that the identity (or, rather, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Pietro Perconti (2002). Context-Dependence in Human and Animal Communication. Foundations of Science 7 (3):341-362.score: 24.0
    The aim of this paper is to show that humanlanguage is context-dependent in a veryspecific way. In order to support this thesis,a detailed comparison is made between the waysin which verbal expressions depend on thecontext of occurrence and evaluation and animalcommunication systems. The comparisonhighlights a series of analogies anddifferences between human language and thecommunication systems of other animals. Myproposal is to use the term `indexicality' toindicate the characteristic way of using thecontext in human language and to use the moregeneral phrase (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Juha Kontinen & Jouko Väänänen (2010). A Remark on Negation in Dependence Logic. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (1):55-65.score: 24.0
    We show that for any pair $\phi$ and $\psi$ of contradictory formulas of dependence logic there is a formula $\theta$ of the same logic such that $\phi\equiv\theta$ and $\psi\equiv\neg\theta$. This generalizes a result of Burgess.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Juha Kontinen & Jouko Väänänen (2009). On Definability in Dependence Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (3):317-332.score: 24.0
    We study the expressive power of open formulas of dependence logic introduced in Väänänen [Dependence logic (Vol. 70 of London Mathematical Society Student Texts), 2007]. In particular, we answer a question raised by Wilfrid Hodges: how to characterize the sets of teams definable by means of identity only in dependence logic, or equivalently in independence friendly logic.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Wim J. M. Dekkers (2001). Autonomy and Dependence: Chronic Physical Illness and Decision-Making Capacity. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):185-192.score: 24.0
    In this article some of the presuppositions that underly the current ideas about decision making capacity, autonomy and independence are critically examined. The focus is on chronic disorders, especially on chronic physical disorders. First, it is argued that the concepts of decision making competence and autonomy, as they are usually applied to the problem of legal (in)competence in the mentally ill, need to be modified and adapted to the situation of the chronically (physically) ill. Second, it is argued that autonomy (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Alexander Bochman (2002). Entrenchment Versus Dependence: Coherence and Foundations in Belief Change. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (1):3-27.score: 24.0
    We describe the relation between coherence and foundations approaches to belief change in terms of a correspondence between epistemic entrenchment relations(Gärdenfors and Makinson, 1988; Rott, 1992) and dependence consequence relations from Bochman (1999, 2000a).The general conclusion of the study is that dependence consequence relations are sufficiently expressive to subsume the notion of an epistemic entrenchment and its generalizations.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Arthur Paul Pedersen & Clark Glymour (2012). What Language Dependence Problem? A Reply for Joyce to Fitelson on Joyce. Philosophy of Science 79 (4):561-574.score: 24.0
    In an essay recently published in this journal, Branden Fitelson argues that a variant of Miller’s argument for the language dependence of the accuracy of predictions can be applied to Joyce’s notion of accuracy of credences formulated in terms of scoring rules, resulting in a general potential problem for Joyce’s argument for probabilism. We argue that no relevant problem of the sort Fitelson supposes arises since his main theorem and his supporting arguments presuppose the validity of nonlinear transformations of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Theo M. V. Janssen (2013). Compositional Natural Language Semantics Using Independence Friendly Logic or Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):453-466.score: 24.0
    Independence Friendly Logic, introduced by Hintikka, is a logic in which a quantifier can be marked for being independent of other quantifiers. Dependence logic, introduced by Väänänen, is a logic with the complementary approach: for a quantifier it can be indicated on which quantifiers it depends. These logics are claimed to be useful for many phenomena, for instance natural language semantics. In this contribution we will compare these two logics by investigating their application in a compositional analysis of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Jarmo Kontinen (2013). Coherence and Computational Complexity of Quantifier-Free Dependence Logic Formulas. Studia Logica 101 (2):267-291.score: 24.0
    We study the computational complexity of the model checking problem for quantifier-free dependence logic ${(\mathcal{D})}$ formulas. We characterize three thresholds in the complexity: logarithmic space (LOGSPACE), non-deterministic logarithmic space (NL) and non-deterministic polynomial time (NP).
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Peter Lohmann & Heribert Vollmer (2013). Complexity Results for Modal Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):343-366.score: 24.0
    Modal dependence logic was introduced recently by Väänänen. It enhances the basic modal language by an operator = (). For propositional variables p 1, . . . , p n , = (p 1, . . . , p n-1, p n ) intuitively states that the value of p n is determined by those of p 1, . . . , p n-1. Sevenster (J. Logic and Computation, 2009) showed that satisfiability for modal dependence logic is complete (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Jeremy Randel Koons (2003). Why Response-Dependence Theories of Morality Are False. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (3):275-294.score: 24.0
    Many response-dependence theorists equate moral truth with the generation of some affective psychological response: what makes this action wrong, as opposed to right, is that it would cause (or merit) affective response of type R (perhaps under ideal conditions). Since our affective nature is purely contingent, and not necessarily shared by all rational creatures (or even by all humans), response-dependence threatens to lead to relativism. In this paper, I will argue that emotional responses and moral features do not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Pietro Galliani (2013). The Dynamification of Modal Dependence Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (3):269-295.score: 24.0
    We examine the transitions between sets of possible worlds described by the compositional semantics of Modal Dependence Logic, and we use them as the basis for a dynamic version of this logic. We give a game theoretic semantics, a (compositional) transition semantics and a power game semantics for this new variant of modal Dependence Logic, and we prove their equivalence; and furthermore, we examine a few of the properties of this formalism and show that Modal Dependence Logic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Axel Gelfert (2013). Coverage-Reliability, Epistemic Dependence, and the Problem of Rumor-Based Belief. Philosophia 41 (3):763-786.score: 24.0
    Rumors, for better or worse, are an important element of public discourse. The present paper focuses on rumors as an epistemic phenomenon rather than as a social or political problem. In particular, it investigates the relation between the mode of transmission and the reliability, if any, of rumors as a source of knowledge. It does so by comparing rumor with two forms of epistemic dependence that have recently received attention in the philosophical literature: our dependence on the testimony (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Eline Busck Gundersen (2011). The Chameleon's Revenge: Response-Dependence, Finks and Provisoed Biconditionals. Philosophical Studies 153 (3):435 - 441.score: 24.0
    Response-dependence theses are usually formulated in terms of a priori true biconditionals of roughly the form 'something, x, falls under the concept 'F' ↔ x would elicit response R from subjects S under conditions C'. Such formulations are vulnerable to conditional fallacy problems; counterexamples threaten whenever the C-conditions' coming to obtain might alter the object with respect to F. Crispin Wright has suggested that such problems can be avoided by placing the C-conditions in a proviso. This ensures that any (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Ross Inman (2012). Essential Dependence, Truthmaking, and Mereology: Then and Now. In Lukas Novak, Daniel D. Novotny, Prokop Sousedik & David Svoboda (eds.), Metaphysics: Aristotelian, Scholastic, Analytic. Ontos Verlag. 73-90.score: 24.0
    One notable area in analytic metaphysics that has seen a revival of Aristotelian and scho- lastic inspired metaphysics is the return to a more robust construal of the notion of essence, what some have labelled “real” or “serious” essentialism. However, it is only recently that this more robust notion of essence has been implemented into the debate on truthmaking, mainly by the work of E. J. Lowe. The first part of the paper sets out to explore the scholastic roots of (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Saladin Meckled-Garcia (2013). The Practice-Dependence Red Herring and Better Reasons for Restricting the Scope of Justice. Raisons Politiques 51:97-120.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I make three points. The first is that there is indeed a distinctive approach to moral methodology, different from standard moral reasoning, that can be described as “practice-dependence”. I argue that its distinctness lies in recommending an aptness claim , namely that moral principles for regulating social practices must be principles for better fulfilling the point of those practices, a point discoverable in shared understandings of the practice. Participants treat domestic political societies as having a different (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Georg J. W. Dorn (1997). Deductive, Probabilistic and Inductive Dependence. An Axiomatic Study in Probability Semantics. Verlag Peter Lang.score: 24.0
    This work is in two parts. The main aim of part 1 is a systematic examination of deductive, probabilistic, inductive and purely inductive dependence relations within the framework of Kolmogorov probability semantics. The main aim of part 2 is a systematic comparison of (in all) 20 different relations of probabilistic (in)dependence within the framework of Popper probability semantics (for Kolmogorov probability semantics does not allow such a comparison). Added to this comparison is an examination of (in all) 15 (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Fan Yang (2013). Expressing Second-Order Sentences in Intuitionistic Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):323-342.score: 24.0
    Intuitionistic dependence logic was introduced by Abramsky and Väänänen [1] as a variant of dependence logic under a general construction of Hodges’ (trump) team semantics. It was proven that there is a translation from intuitionistic dependence logic sentences into second order logic sentences. In this paper, we prove that the other direction is also true, therefore intuitionistic dependence logic is equivalent to second order logic on the level of sentences.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Andrew Botterell (2002). Physicalism, Supervenience, and Dependence: A Reply to Campbell. Dialogue 41 (1):155-161.score: 24.0
    Neil Campbell has argued that certain problems with the doctrine of psycho-physical supervenience can be overcome if supervenience is viewed as a relation between predicates rather than as a relation between properties. Campbell suggests that, when properly understood, this predicate version of supervenience "expresses a form of psycho-physical dependence that might be useful to those who wish to argue for a supervenience-based physicalism”. In this note I indicate why I think we ought to resist this suggestion. First, I argue (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Pietro Galliani (2013). Epistemic Operators in Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):367-397.score: 24.0
    The properties of the ${\forall^{1}}$ quantifier defined by Kontinen and Väänänen in [13] are studied, and its definition is generalized to that of a family of quantifiers ${\forall^{n}}$ . Furthermore, some epistemic operators δ n for Dependence Logic are also introduced, and the relationship between these ${\forall^{n}}$ quantifiers and the δ n operators are investigated.The Game Theoretic Semantics for Dependence Logic and the corresponding Ehrenfeucht- Fraissé game are then adapted to these new connectives.Finally, it is proved that the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. P. Galliani (2014). Transition Semantics: The Dynamics of Dependence Logic. Synthese 191 (6):1249-1276.score: 24.0
    We examine the relationship between dependence logic and game logics. A variant of dynamic game logic, called Transition Logic, is developed, and we show that its relationship with dependence logic is comparable to the one between first-order logic and dynamic game logic discussed by van Benthem. This suggests a new perspective on the interpretation of dependence logic formulas, in terms of assertions about reachability in games of imperfect information against Nature. We then capitalize on this intuition by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. P. D. Welch (forthcoming). The Complexity of the Dependence Operator. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-4.score: 24.0
    We show that Leitgeb’s dependence operator of Leitgeb (Journal of Philosophical Logic, 34, 155–192, 2005) is a \({{\Pi }^{1}_{1}}\) -operator and that this is best possible.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Erich Grädel & Jouko Väänänen (2013). Dependence and Independence. Studia Logica 101 (2):399-410.score: 24.0
    We introduce an atomic formula ${\vec{y} \bot_{\vec{x}}\vec{z}}$ intuitively saying that the variables ${\vec{y}}$ are independent from the variables ${\vec{z}}$ if the variables ${\vec{x}}$ are kept constant. We contrast this with dependence logic ${\mathcal{D}}$ based on the atomic formula = ${(\vec{x}, \vec{y})}$ , actually equivalent to ${\vec{y} \bot_{\vec{x}}\vec{y}}$ , saying that the variables ${\vec{y}}$ are totally determined by the variables ${\vec{x}}$ . We show that ${\vec{y} \bot_{\vec{x}}\vec{z}}$ gives rise to a natural logic capable of formalizing basic intuitions about independence and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Takashi Hayashi (2011). Context Dependence and Consistency in Dynamic Choice Under Uncertainty: The Case of Anticipated Regret. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 70 (4):399-430.score: 24.0
    We examine if and to what extent choice dispositions can allow dependence on contexts and maintain consistency over time, in a dynamic environment under uncertainty. We focus on one of the context dependence properties, opportunity dependence because of being affected by anticipated regret, where the consequentialist choice framework is maintained. There are two sources of potential inconsistency: one is arrival of information, and the other is changing opportunities. First, we go over the general method of resolution of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. A. Sousa (2010). The Pharmacotherapy of Alcohol Dependence: A State of the Art Review. Mens Sana Monographs 8 (1):69.score: 24.0
    The psychopharmacology of alcohol dependence is today poised at interesting crossroads. Three major drugs Naltrexone, Disulfiram and Acamprosate have been tried and tested in various trials and have many meta-analyses each to support them. While Naltrexone may reduce craving, Acamprosate scores on cost effectiveness worldwide with Disulfiram being an alcohol deterrent drug. Studies support, refute and criticize the use of each of these drugs. Combining one or more of them is also a trend seen. The most important factor in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Thomas Forkmann Verena Mainz, Barbara Drüke, Maren Boecker, Ramona Kessel, Siegfried Gauggel (2012). Influence of Cue Exposure on Inhibitory Control and Brain Activation in Patients with Alcohol Dependence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    Alcohol dependence is a serious condition characterized by persistent desires to drink and unsuccessful efforts to control alcohol consumption despite the knowledge of dysfunction through the usage. Research provides evidence that trying to resist the temptation to drink exerts self-control, a limited resource which is used during all acts of inhibition. In line with this, studies demonstrate an impaired ability to regulate an already initiated response in alcohol dependent and healthy subjects when confronted with alcohol-related stimuli. The study at (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Altug Yalcintas (2006). Historical Small Events and the Eclipse of Utopia: Perspectives on Path Dependence in Human Thought. Culture, Theory, and Critique 47 (1):53-70.score: 24.0
    Questions such as ‘What if such small companies as Hewletts and the Varians had not been established in Santa Clara County in California?’ or ‘What if Q-type keyboards had not been invented?’ are well known among economists. The questions point at a phenomenon called path dependence: ‘small events’, the argument goes, may cause the evolution of institutions to lock in to specific paths that may produce undesirable consequences. How about applying such skeptical views in economics to human ideas and (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Karl-Ernst Bühler (2005). Euphoria, Ecstacy, Inebriation, Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction: A Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (1):79-87.score: 24.0
    A conceptual analysis of basic notions of addictiology, i.e., Euphoria, Ecstasy, Inebriation, Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction was presented. Three different forms of dependence were distinguished: purely psychic, psycho-physiological, and purely somatic dependence. Two kinds of addiction were differentiated, i.e. appetitive and deprivative addiction. The conceptual requirements of addiction were discussed. Keeping these in mind some ethical problems of drug therapy and psychotherapy were explained. Criteria for the assessment of therapeutic approaches are suggested: effectiveness, side effects, economic, ethic, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000