Search results for 'Depicting' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  24
    Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2004). Endurants and Perdurants in Directly Depicting Ontologies. AI Communications 13 (4):247–258.
    We propose an ontological theory that is powerful enough to describe both complex spatio-temporal processes and the enduring entities that participate therein. For this purpose we introduce the notion a directly depicting ontology. Directly depicting ontologies are based on relatively simple languages and fall into two major categories: ontologies of type SPAN and ontologies of type SNAP. These represent two complementary perspectives on reality and employ distinct though compatible systems of categories. A SNAP (snapshot) ontology comprehends enduring entities (...)
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  2. R. Tansey, M. R. Hyman & G. Brown (forthcoming). Ethical Judgments About Wartime Ads Depicting Combat. Journal of Advertising:57--74.
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  3.  15
    Maria T. Wowk & Andrew P. Carlin (2004). Depicting a Liminal Position in Ethnomethodology, Conversation Analysis and Membership Categorization Analysis: The Work of Rod Watson. Human Studies 27 (1):69-89.
    This paper provides a provisional examination of Rod Watson ''s work and contributions to EM/CA/MCA, in part through a critique of misrepresentations of his arguments in secondary accounts of his work. The form of these misrepresentations includes adumbration and traducement of his arguments. Focusing on the reflexivity of category and sequence and turn-generated categories, we suggest that his analytic position within ethnomethodological fields is unique and remarkable, yet largely unacknowledged. We argue that a re-examination of the body of Watson ''s (...)
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  4. Tomis Kapitan, On Depicting Indexical Reference.
    According to Hector-Neri Castañeda, indexical reference is our most basic means of identifying the objects and events we experience and think about. Its tokens reveal our own part in the process by denoting what are "referred to as items present in experience" (Castañeda 1981, 285-6). If you hear me say, "Take that box over there and set it next to this box here," you learn something about my orientation towards the referents in a way that is not conveyed by, "Take (...)
     
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  5.  23
    Jennifer M. Rampling (2013). Depicting the Medieval Alchemical Cosmos. Early Science and Medicine 18 (1-2):45-86.
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  6.  1
    Mark W. Person (2016). Review of Sabine Wilke, German Culture and the Modern Environmental Imagination: Narrating and Depicting Nature. [REVIEW] Environmental Values 25 (2):250-252.
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  7.  16
    Judith Keilbach (2009). Photographs, Symbolic Images, and the Holocaust: On the (Im)Possibility of Depicting Historical Truth. History and Theory 48 (2):54-76.
    Photography has often been scrutinized regarding its relationship to reality or historical truth. This includes not only the indexicality of photography, but also the question of how structures and processes that comprise history and historical events can be depicted. In this context, the Holocaust provides a particular challenge to photography. As has been discussed in numerous publications, this historic event marks the “limits of representation.” Nevertheless there are many photographs “showing” the Holocaust that have been produced in different contexts that (...)
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  8.  1
    Alastair J. L. Blanshard (2004). Depicting Democracy: An Exploration of Art and Text in the Law of Eukrates. Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:1-15.
    This paper examines the range of symbolic associations surrounding the relief sculpture (Democracy crowning the Athenian people) that accompanied the law proposed by Eukrates against the establishment of tyranny. It examines some of the investments made in it by various communities and individuals. The role of personifications in political allegory is examined. This analysis shows both the potency of personifying representations of the Athenian people and the interpretative complexities that they create.
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  9.  38
    Philip V. Kargopoulos & Andreas Demetriou (1988). Logical and Psychological Partitioning of Mind: Depicting the Same Map? Philosophical Explorations.
    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that empirically delimited structures of mind are also differentiable by means of systematic logical analysis. In the sake of this aim, the paper first summarizes Demetriou's theory of cognitive organization and growth. This theory assumes that the mind is a multistructural entity that develops across three fronts: the processing system that constrains processing potentials, a set of specialized structural systems (SSSs) that guide processing within different reality and knowledge domains, and a hypecognitive (...)
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  10.  28
    John Hyman (2007). Depicting Colours: Reply to Newall. Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):674–678.
    In a recent paper in this journal, 'Pictures, Colour and Resemblance', Michael Newall criticizes my views about how colours are depicted. In this reply, I set out my views and then discuss Newall's criticism of them.
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  11.  7
    Roger Squires (1969). Depicting. Philosophy 44 (169):193 - 204.
    What is the connection between a representation, such as a painting, statue or engraving, and its subject? For example, what makes a painting a painting of McX? The problem is not how to paint McX, which belongs to art experts. So the answer is not, for example, ‘The painter starts at the top with an egg-shape for the head …” The question is rather: what makes the results of such efforts a painting of McX? What conditions must a painting satisfy (...)
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  12.  8
    Gerrit J. Dimmendaal (2002). Colourful Psi¿s Sleep Furiously: Depicting Emotional States in Some African Languages. Pragmatics and Cognition 10 (1):57-84.
    This study sets out to investigate the ¿poetry of grammar¿, more specifically the role of the body in figurative speech, in African languages mainly belonging to Nilotic and Bantu. Apprehending the semantics and pragmatics of metaphorical and metonymic expressions in these languages presupposes an interaction between a number of cognitive processes, as argued below. Interestingly, these languages seem to use these strategies involving figurative speech in tandem with alternative strategies involving on-record statements. This multivocality only makes sense if we place (...)
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  13.  16
    Hedy Amiri & Chad J. Marsolek (2002). Depicting Second-Order Isomorphism and “Depictive” Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):182-183.
    According to Pylyshyn, depictive representations can be explanatory only if a certain kind of first-order isomorphism exists between the mental representations and real-world displays. What about a system with second-order isomorphism (similarities between different mental representations corresponding with similarities between different real-world displays)? Such a system may help to address whether “depictive” representations contribute to the visual nature of imagery.
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  14.  15
    Norvin Richards (1973). Depicting and Visualizing. Mind 82 (326):218-225.
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  15.  2
    Corey Creekmur & Teresa Mangum (2007). A Graphic Novel Depicting War as an Interspecies Event: Pride of Baghdad. Society and Animals 15 (4):405-408.
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  16.  2
    Teresa Mangum & Corey K. Creekmur (2007). A Graphic Novel Depicting War as an Interspecies Event: Pride of Baghdad. Society and Animals 15 (4):405-408.
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  17.  4
    Nele Van Den Cruyce, Joke Bauwens & Katia Segers (2009). Reflections of a Child. Depicting Healthy Childhood in the 1940s and 1960s. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 87 (3):759-774.
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  18.  5
    Nils Güttler (2013). Depicting Evolution: The Visual Material of Darwin's Works. [REVIEW] Metascience 22 (2):355-358.
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  19.  2
    David Knight (2003). 'Exalting Understanding Without Depressing Imagination': Depicting Chemical Process. Hyle 9 (2):171 - 189.
    Alchemists' illustrations indicated through symbols the processes being attempted; but with Lavoisier's Elements (1789), the place of imagination and symbolic language in chemistry was much reduced. He sought to make chemistry akin to algebra and its illustrations merely careful depictions of apparatus. Although younger contemporaries sought, and found in electrochemistry, a dynamical approach based upon forces rather than weights, they found this very difficult to picture. Nevertheless, by looking at chemical illustrations in the eighty years after Lavoisier's revolutionary book, we (...)
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  20.  4
    Sonia E. Murrow (2011). Depicting Teachers' Roles in Social Reconstruction in the Social Frontier, 1934–1943. Educational Theory 61 (3):311-333.
    According to the dominant historiographical narrative, the social reconstructionists were a homogeneous group with a shared social, political, economic, and educational agenda. However, the pages of the journal The Social Frontier are replete with evidence that they were not in agreement on significant issues, especially when it came to the proper role of teachers in reform efforts. In fact, a close look reveals that the social reconstructionists presented multiple, overlapping, and often conflicting theories and strategies to advance the reconstruction of (...)
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  21. Herbert H. Clark (2016). Depicting as a Method of Communication. Psychological Review 123 (3):324-347.
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  22. Paul Corey (2008). Messiahs and Machiavellians: Depicting Evil in the Modern Theatre. University of Notre Dame Press.
    _Messiahs and Machiavellians_ is an innovative exploration of “modern evil” in works of early- and late-modern theatre, raising issues about ethics, politics, religion, and aesthetics that speak to our present condition. Paul Corey examines how theatre—which expressed a key political dynamic both in the Renaissance and the twentieth century—lays open the impulses that instigated modernity and, ultimately, unparalleled levels of violence and destruction. Starting with Albert Camus’ _Caligula_ and Samuel Beckett’s _Waiting for Godot_, then turning to Machiavelli’s _Mandragola_ and Shakespeare’s (...)
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  23. Gerrit J. Dimmendaal (2002). Colourful Psi’s Sleep Furiously: Depicting Emotional States in Some African Languages. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 10 (1-2):57-83.
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  24. Nils Guttler (2013). Depicting Evolution: The Visual Material of Darwins Works: Julia Voss: Darwins Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 18371874. Translated by Lori Lantz. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 2010, 368pp, $45.00 HB. [REVIEW] Metascience 22 (2):355-358.
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  25. Marcus A. Henning, Phillipa Malpas, Sanya Ram, Vijay Rajput, Vladimir Krstić, Matt Boyd & Susan J. Hawken (2016). Students' Responses to Scenarios Depicting Ethical Dilemmas: A Study of Pharmacy and Medical Students in New Zealand. Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (7):466-473.
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  26. E. Marbach (2000). On Depicting. Facta Philosophica 2:291-308.
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  27. Kuravi Pradeep, Caggiano Vittorio, Giese Martin & Vogels Rufin (2014). Repetition Suppression in Macaque Superior Temporal Sulcus for Dynamic Visual Stimuli Depicting Hand Actions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  28. A. Sandman (2006). David Buisseret. The Mapmakers' Quest: Depicting New Worlds in Renaissance Europe. Early Science and Medicine 11 (1):111.
     
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  29. Charles W. J. Withers (2004). David Buisseret.The Mapmakers’ Quest: Depicting New Worlds in Renaissance Europe. Xxi + 227 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. $35. [REVIEW] Isis 95 (4):693-694.
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  30. Barry Smith (1992). Characteristica Universalis. In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer 48--77.
    Recent work in formal philosophy has concentrated over-whelmingly on the logical problems pertaining to epistemic shortfall - which is to say on the various ways in which partial and sometimes incorrect information may be stored and processed. A directly depicting language, in contrast, would reflect a condition of epistemic perfection. It would enable us to construct representations not of our knowledge but of the structures of reality itself, in much the way that chemical diagrams allow the representation (at a (...)
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  31.  19
    Alastair Hannay (1971). Mental Images: A Defense. Allen & Unwin.
    Reissue from the classic Muirhead Library of Philosophy series (originally published between 1890s - 1970s).
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  32.  49
    Barry Smith (1993). Putting the World Back Into Semantics. Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:91-109.
    To what in reality do the logically simple sentences with empirical content correspond? Two extreme positions can be distinguished in this regard: 'Great Fact' theories, such as are defended by Davidson; and trope-theories, which see such sentences being made the simply by those events or states to which the relevant main verbs correspond. A position midway between these two extremes is defended, one according to which sentences of the given sort are made tme by what are called 'dependence structures', or (...)
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  33.  20
    Werner Ceusters, Peter Elkin & Barry Smith (2006). Referent Tracking: The Problem of Negative Findings. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 124:741-46.
    The paradigm of referent tracking is based on a realist presupposition which rejects so-called negative entities (congenital absent nipple, and the like) as spurious. How, then, can a referent tracking-based Electronic Health Record deal with what are standardly called ‘negative findings’? To answer this question we carried out an analysis of some 748 sentences drawn from patient charts and containing some form of negation. Our analysis shows that to deal with these sentences we need to introduce a new ontological relationship (...)
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  34. David Rose, Wesley Buckwalter & Shaun Nichols (2015). Neuroscientific Prediction and the Intrusion of Intuitive Metaphysics. Cognitive Science 39 (7).
    How might advanced neuroscience—in which perfect neuro-predictions are possible—interact with ordinary judgments of free will? We propose that peoples' intuitive ideas about indeterminist free will are both imported into and intrude into their representation of neuroscientific scenarios and present six experiments demonstrating intrusion and importing effects in the context of scenarios depicting perfect neuro-prediction. In light of our findings, we suggest that the intuitive commitment to indeterminist free will may be resilient in the face of scientific evidence against such (...)
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  35.  38
    Lisa Gannett (2010). Questions Asked and Unasked: How by Worrying Less About the 'Really Real' Philosophers of Science Might Better Contribute to Debates About Genetics and Race. Synthese 177 (3):363 - 385.
    Increased attention paid to inter-group genetic variability following completion of the Human Genome Project has provoked debate about race as a category of classification in biomedicine and as a biological phenomenon at the level of the genome. Philosophers of science favor a metaphysical approach relying on natural kind theorizing, the underlying assumptions of which structure the questions asked. Limitations arise the more metaphysically invested and less attuned to scientific practice these questions are. Other questions—arguably, those that matter most socially and (...)
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  36.  89
    Brendan Murday (2015). Fictional Realism and Indeterminate Identity. Journal of Philosophical Research 40:205-225.
    Fictional realists hold that fictional characters are real entities. However, Anthony Everett [“Against Fictional Realism”, Journal of Philosophy (2005)] notes that some fictions leave it indeterminate whether character A is identical to character B, while other fictions depict A as simultaneously identical and distinct from B. Everett argues that these fictions commit the realist to indeterminate and impossible identity relations among actual entities, and that as such realism is untenable. This paper defends fictional realism: for fictions depicting non-classical identity (...)
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  37.  25
    Orly Fuhrman & Lera Boroditsky (2010). Cross-Cultural Differences in Mental Representations of Time: Evidence From an Implicit Nonlinguistic Task. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1430-1451.
    Across cultures people construct spatial representations of time. However, the particular spatial layouts created to represent time may differ across cultures. This paper examines whether people automatically access and use culturally specific spatial representations when reasoning about time. In Experiment 1, we asked Hebrew and English speakers to arrange pictures depicting temporal sequences of natural events, and to point to the hypothesized location of events relative to a reference point. In both tasks, English speakers (who read left to right) (...)
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  38.  30
    Yochai Ataria (2015). Dissociation During Trauma: The Ownership-Agency Tradeoff Model. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1037-1053.
    Dissociation during trauma lacks an adequate definition. Using data obtained from interviews with 36 posttraumatic individuals conducted according to the phenomenological approach, this paper seeks to improve our understanding of this phenomenon. In particular, it suggesting a trade off model depicting the balance between the sense of agency and the sense of ownership : a reciprocal relationship appears to exist between these two, and in order to enable control of the body during trauma the sense of ownership must decrease. (...)
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  39. Selim Berker (2015). Coherentism Via Graphs. Philosophical Issues 25 (1):322-352.
    Once upon a time, coherentism was the dominant response to the regress problem in epistemology, but in recent decades the view has fallen into disrepute: now almost everyone is a foundationalist (with a few infinitists sprinkled here and there). In this paper, I sketch a new way of thinking about coherentism, and show how it avoids many of the problems often thought fatal for the view, including the isolation objection, worries over circularity, and concerns that the concept of coherence is (...)
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  40. James R. Hofmann & Bruce H. Weber (2003). The Fact of Evolution: Implications for Science Education. Science and Education 12 (8):729-760.
    Creationists who object to evolution in the science curriculum of public schools often cite Jonathan Well’s book Icons of Evolution in their support (Wells 2000). In the third chapter of his book Wells claims that neither paleontological nor molecular evidence supports the thesis that the history of life is an evolutionary process of descent from preexisting ancestors. We argue that Wells inappropriately relies upon ambiguities inherent in the term ‘Darwinian’ and the phrase ‘Darwin’s theory’. Furthermore, he does not accurately distinguish (...)
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  41.  30
    Xiaohua Yang & Cheryl Rivers (2009). Antecedents of CSR Practices in MNCs' Subsidiaries: A Stakeholder and Institutional Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):155 - 169.
    This study investigates antecedents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in multinational corporations' (MNCs') subsidiaries. Using stakeholder theory and institutional theory that identify internal and external pressures for legitimacy in MNCs' subsidiaries, we integrate international business and CSR literatures to create a model depicting CSR practices in MNCs' subsidiaries. We propose that MNCs' subsidiaries will be likely to adapt to local practices to legitimize themselves if they operate in host countries with different institutional environments and demanding stakeholders. We also predict (...)
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  42. Ben Blumson (2009). Images, Intentionality and Inexistence. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (3):522-538.
    The possibilities of depicting non-existents, depicting non-particulars and depictive misrepresentation are frequently cited as grounds for denying the platitude that depiction is mediated by resemblance. I first argue that these problems are really a manifestation of the more general problem of intentionality. I then show how there is a plausible solution to the general problem of intentionality which is consonant with the platitude.
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  43.  33
    Edward Craig (1987). The Mind of God and the Works of Man. Clarendon Press.
    What is the connection between philosophy as studied in universities and those general views of man and reality which are commonly considered "philosophy"? Through his attempt to rediscover this connection, Craig offers a view of philosophy and its history since the early 17th century. Craig discusses the two contrary visions of man's essential nature that dominated this period--one portraying man as made in the image of God and required to resemble him as closely as possible, the other depicting man (...)
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  44.  15
    Michael Litschka, Michaela Suske & Roman Brandtweiner (2011). Decision Criteria in Ethical Dilemma Situations: Empirical Examples From Austrian Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):473-484.
    This article is the result of an empirical research project analyzing the decision behaviour of Austrian managers in ethical dilemma situations. While neoclassical economic theory would suggest a pure economic rational basis for management decisions, the empirical study conducted by the authors put other concepts to a test, thereby analyzing their importance for managerial decision making: specific notions of fairness, reciprocal altruism, and commitment. After reviewing some of the theoretical literature dealing with such notions, the article shows the results of (...)
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  45.  8
    Reginald A. Litz & Nick Turner (2013). Sins of the Father's Firm: Exploring Responses to Inherited Ethical Dilemmas in Family Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):297-315.
    How do individuals respond when they perceive that their family business has been built upon unethical business conduct? Drawing on an expanded version of Hirschman’s typology of generic responses to declining situations (Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1970), which includes responses of Exit, Voice, Loyalty, and Neglect, we offer a model that predicts probability of intended response behavior as a function of normative obligation (i.e., what one perceives ought (...)
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  46.  68
    Machiel Keestra (2014). Mirrors of the Soul and Mirrors of the Brain? The Expression of Emotions as the Subject of Art and Science. In Gary Schwartz (ed.), Emotions. Pain and pleasure in Dutch painting of the Golden Age. Nai010 Publishers 81-92.
    Is it not surprising that we look with so much pleasure and emotion at works of art that were made thousands of years ago? Works depicting people we do not know, people whose backgrounds are usually a mystery to us, who lived in a very different society and time and who, moreover, have been ‘frozen’ by the artist in a very deliberate pose. It was the Classical Greek philosopher Aristotle who observed in his Poetics that people could apparently be (...)
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  47. Barry Smith & David Murray (1981). Logic, Form and Matter. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 55 (1):47 - 74.
    It is argued, on the basis of ideas derived from Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Husserl's Logical Investigations, that the formal comprehends more than the logical. More specifically: that there exist certain formal-ontological constants (part, whole, overlapping, etc.) which do not fall within the province of logic. A two-dimensional directly depicting language is developed for the representation of the constants of formal ontology, and means are provided for the extension of this language to enable the representation of certain materially necessary relations. (...)
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  48.  11
    Sharon Batt (2016). Pharmaceutical Company Corruption and the Moral Crisis in Medicine. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):10-13.
    A much-debated series of articles in the New England Journal of Medicine in May 2015 labeled the pharmaceutical industry's critics “pharmascolds.” Having followed the debate for two decades, I count myself among the scolds. The weight of the evidence overwhelmingly supports the claim that pharmaceutical policy no longer serves the public interest; the central questions now are how this happened and what to do about it. I approached three of the most recent books on the industry with these questions in (...)
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  49.  13
    David G. Pearson & Robert H. Logie (2014). A Sketch is Not Enough: Dynamic External Support Increases Creative Insight on a Guided Synthesis Task. Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):97-112.
    Although external representations, such as sketches, are regarded as facilitating insight during creative synthesis and design tasks, previous empirical studies have provided conflicting evidence in support of this role. Here, we argue sketches are static representations that fail to fully externalise mental imagery processes involved during creative synthesis tasks. An experiment is reported in which participants manipulate simple alpha-numeric and geometric shapes into patterns depicting familiar objects or symbols. Trials were performed using either mental imagery alone, drawing manipulations in (...)
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  50.  29
    Uskali Mäki (2004). Economic Epistemology: Hopes and Horrors. Episteme 1 (3):211-222.
    The cultural and epistemic status of science is under attack. Social and cultural studies of science are widely perceived to offer evidence and arguments in support of an anti-science campaign. They portray science as a mundane social endeavour, akin to religion and politics, with no privileged access to truthful information about the real world. Science is under threat and needs defence. Old philosophical legitimations have lost their bite. Alarm bells ring, new troops have to be mobilised. Call economics, the good (...)
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