Search results for 'Derek Dalton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Derek Dalton & Marc Ortegren (2011). Gender Differences in Ethics Research: The Importance of Controlling for the Social Desirability Response Bias. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):73-93.score: 240.0
    Gender is one of the most frequently studied variables within the ethics literature. In prior studies that find gender differences, females consistently report more ethical responses than males. However, prior research also indicates that females are more prone to responding in a socially desirable fashion. Consequently, it is uncertain whether gender differences in ethical decision-making exist because females are more ethical or perhaps because females are more prone to the social desirability response bias. Using a sample of 30 scenarios from (...)
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  2. Derek Dalton & Robin R. Radtke (2013). The Joint Effects of Machiavellianism and Ethical Environment on Whistle-Blowing. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):153-172.score: 240.0
    Given the importance of the Machiavellianism construct on informing a wide range of ethics research, we focus on gaining a better understanding of Machiavellianism within the whistle-blower context. In this regard, we examine the effect of Machiavellianism on whistle-blowing, focusing on the underlying mechanisms through which Machiavellianism affects whistle-blowing. Further, because individuals who are higher in Machiavellianism (high Machs) are expected to be less likely to report wrongdoing, we examine the ability of an organization’s ethical environment to increase whistle-blowing intentions (...)
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  3. Anne Marie Dalton (2007). The Contribution of Ziauddin Sardar's Work to the Religion-Science Conversation. World Futures 63 (8):599 – 610.score: 30.0
    The article claims that Ziauddin Sardar's contribution to the religion-science conversation is primarily a performance situated in a social location that gives him access to a highly significant perspective. Sardar places Western science within the context of the Western culture from which it emerged and which it continues to serve. The contemporary hegemonous science of today is one form of science. Its acceptance as a universal and objective form enables its users and promoters to exercise imperialistic control over much of (...)
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  4. Stuart Dalton (1999). Subjectivity and Orientation in Levinas and Kant. Continental Philosophy Review 32 (4):433-449.score: 30.0
    This essay presents an argument for reconceptualizing subjectivity as orientational rather than foundational in nature. My focus is on the work of Emmanuel Levinas and Immanuel Kant. I begin by summarizing Levinas''s theory of ethical subjectivity as a theory of the self where the internal and the external are in constant play. Then I turn to two works of Kant for resources to understand better the meaning of Levinas''s theory of the self. In "What is Orientation in Thinking?" Kant presents (...)
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  5. T. C. Dalton (2000). Review of “a Revolutionary Way of Thinking: From a Near Fatal Accident to a New Science of Healing” by Charles Krebs. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):324-329.score: 30.0
  6. Thomas C. Dalton (2000). The Developmental Roots of Consciousness and Emotional Experience. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):55-89.score: 30.0
    Charles Darwin is generally credited with having formulated the first systematic attempt to explain the evolutionary origins and function of the expression of emotions in animals and humans. His ingenious theory, however, was burdened with popular misconceptions about human phylogenetic heritage and bore the philosophical and theoretical deficiencies of the brain science of his era that his successors strove to overcome. In their attempts to rectify Darwin?s errors, William James, James Mark Baldwin and John Dewey each made important contributions to (...)
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  7. Peter C. Dalton (1976). Pascal's Wager: The First Argument. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2):346 - 368.score: 30.0
  8. Benjamin Dalton (2004). Creativity, Habit, and the Social Products of Creative Action: Revising Joas, Incorporating Bourdieu. Sociological Theory 22 (4):603-622.score: 30.0
    Hans Joas's The Creativity of Action (1996) posits that conceiving of all action as fundamentally creative would overcome problems inherent in rational and normative theories of action and would provide an alternative basis for action-based theories of macrosociological phenomena. Joas conceives of creativity as a response to the frustration of "prereflective aspirations," which necessitates innovative adjustment to reestablish habitual intentions. This conceptualization creates an unsupportable duality between habitual action and creativity that neglects other possible sources of creative action, including habit (...)
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  9. Stuart Dalton (1999). Bodies of Experience and Bodies of Thought: Freud and Kant on Excessively Intense Ideas. Angelaki 4 (3):93 – 101.score: 30.0
  10. Peter C. Dalton (1975). Pascal's Wager: The Second Argument. Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):31-46.score: 30.0
  11. Dan R. Dalton & Michael B. Metzger (1993). “Integrity Testing” for Personnel Selection: An Unsparing Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):147 - 156.score: 30.0
    Federal legislation (the Employee Polygraph Protection Act) adopted in 1988 prohibits virtually all private sector employers from requiring or requesting preemployment polygraph examinations for prospective employees. Since then, written integrity testing designed to reliably distinguish those prospective employees who may steal from the company from those who are far less likely to do so has been something of a growth industry. Indeed, the American Psychological Association has recently noted that honesty tests have demonstrated useful levels of validity as an employee (...)
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  12. Stuart Dalton (2000). Nancy and Kant on Inoperative Communities. Critical Horizons 1 (1):29-50.score: 30.0
    This essay argues that Kant's explanation of the purposiveness-without-a-purpose of beauty (in the third Critique) can help to make sense of Nancy's theory of the inoperative community.
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  13. William D. Murry, James C. Wimbush & Dan R. Dalton (2001). Genetic Screening in the Workplace: Legislative and Ethical Implications. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):365 - 378.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses legal and ethical issues related to genetic screening. It is argued that persons identified with actual or perceived deleterious genetic markers are protected by the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, if members of a protected group, regardless of whether or not they are currently ill. However, legislation may not protect all employees in all scenarios, in which case, ethical principles should guide decision-making. In doing so a model of preventive (...)
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  14. Peter Dalton (1995). Extended Action. Philosophia 24 (3-4):253-270.score: 30.0
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  15. Peter Dalton (1997). A Theological Escape From the Cartesian Circle? International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (1):41-59.score: 30.0
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  16. Thomas C. Dalton (1998). The Developmental Gap in Phenomenal Experience: A Comment on J. G. Taylor's "Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap''. J:Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164.score: 30.0
    J. G. Taylor advances an empirically testable local neural network model to understand the neural correlates of phenomenal experience. Taylor's model is better able to explain the presence (i.e., persistence, latency, and seamlessness) and unity of phenomenal consciousness which support the idea that consciousness is coherent, undivided, and centered. However, Taylor fails to offer a satisfactory explanation of the nonlinear relationship between local and global neural systems. In addition, the ontological assumptions that PE is immediate, intrinsic, and incorrigible limit an (...)
     
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  17. R. Mills Grant, A. Austin Simon, S. Thomson Derek & Hannah Devine-Wright (2009). Applying a Universal Content and Structure of Values in Construction Management. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4).score: 30.0
    There has recently been a reappraisal of value in UK construction and calls from a wide range of influential individuals, professional institutions and government bodies for the industry to exceed stakeholders’ expectations and develop integrated teams that can deliver world class products and services. As such value is certainly topical, but the importance of values as a separate but related concept is less well understood. Most construction firms have well-defined and well-articulated values, expressed in annual reports and on websites; however, (...)
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  18. Tanya L. Chartrand & Amy N. Dalton (2009). Mimicry: Its Ubiquity, Importance, and Functionality. In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press. 458--483.score: 30.0
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  19. Russell J. Dalton (2013). Ian Marsh and Raymond Miller, Democratic Decline and Democratic Renewal: Political Change in Britain, Australia and New Zealand, Cambridge University Press, 2012, 383pp. [REVIEW] Japanese Journal of Political Science 14 (4):587-589.score: 30.0
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  20. Drew M. Dalton (2006). Strange Bedfellows. Idealistic Studies 36 (1):13-26.score: 30.0
    Much has been made within certain philosophic circles of Emmanuel Levinas’s interaction with and critique of Western philosophy in general and German Idealism in particular. What is little recognized, however, is that J. G. Fichte is often the hidden target of this salvo. Indeed, Fichte appears within Levinas’s work as one of the major foils against whom he attempts to define his own insights. Whenexamined in light of Levinas’s attack, however, Fichte’s work actually appears to be in remarkable contiguity with (...)
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  21. Stuart Dalton (1996). The General Will and the Legislator in Rousseau's on the Social Contract. Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (2):85-97.score: 30.0
  22. Dan R. Dalton, Catherine M. Daily & James C. Wimbush (1997). Collecting "Sensitive" Data in Business Ethics Research: A Case for the Unmatched Count Technique (UCT). [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1049-1057.score: 30.0
    Some would argue that the more promising areas of business ethics research are "sensitive." In such areas, it would be expected that subjects, if inclined to respond at all, would be guarded in their responses, or respond inaccurately. We provide an introduction to an empirical approach -- the unmatched block count (UCT) -- for collecting these potentially sensitive data which provides absolute anonymity and confidentiality to subjects and "legal immunity" to the researcher. Interestingly, under UCT protocol researchers could not divulge (...)
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  23. Drew M. Dalton (2009). Otherwise Than Nothing. Philosophy and Theology 21 (1/2):105-128.score: 30.0
    Central to Emmanuel Levinas’s critique of Martin Heidegger is his assessment that Heidegger’s phenomenology delimits the possibility of dealing with ethical questions in any sincere way. According to Levinas, Heidegger ontologizes these questions, reducing them to mere means to a deeper understanding of Being. Levinas, by contrast, attempts to forge a phenomenology which can providea metaphysical account of ethics which goes beyond being. In this paper we will explore the nature and validity of Levinas’s critiqueof Heidegger by comparing his approach (...)
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  24. Jacob Dalton (2004). The Development of Perfection: The Interiorization of Buddhist Ritual in the Eighth and Ninth Centuries. Journal of Indian Philosophy 32 (1):1-30.score: 30.0
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  25. Dan R. Dalton & Richard A. Cosier (1991). An Issue in Corporate Social Responsibility: An Experiential Approach to Establish the Value of Human Life. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):311 - 315.score: 30.0
    While the notion of establishing a value for human life may be uncomfortable for some, we argue that it is a fundamental requirement for many aspects of public policy. We compare a number of approaches which have been traditionally relied on to make estimations. Also, we provide an exercise which provides an unusual, but we hope provocative, perspective on the evaluation of human life.
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  26. Drew M. Dalton (2013). Review of The Philosophical Sense of Transcendence: Levinas and Plato on Loving Beyond Being, by Sara Allen. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (6):611-615.score: 30.0
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  27. Drew M. Dalton (2006). The Pains of Contraction Understanding Creation in Levinas Through Schelling. Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):215 - 240.score: 30.0
    There is an apparent contradiction within Levinas’s work: on the one hand, Levinas upholds an account of existence that seemingly requires a creation narrative, while maintaining, on the other hand, that an account of the ethical import of that existence needs no recourse to the divine. This seeming contradiction results from a fundamental misunderstanding concerning Levinas’s account of creation and its logical consequences concerning the divine. This paper aims to clarify this misunderstanding by exploring the similarities between and influence of (...)
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  28. Hugh Dalton (1913). Book Review:Arthur James Balfour, as Philosopher and Thinker: A Collection of the More Important and Interesting Passages in His Non-Political Writings, Speeches, and Addresses (1879-1912). Arthur James Balfour. [REVIEW] Ethics 23 (4):481-.score: 30.0
  29. Peter Dalton (1986). Liberty, Autonomy, Toleration. Philosophical Papers 15 (2-3):185--196.score: 30.0
  30. Paula L. Rechner, Chamu Sundaramurthy & Dan R. Dalton (1993). Corporate Governance Predictors of Adoption of Anti-Takeover Amendments: An Empirical Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):371 - 378.score: 30.0
    This study of 481 corporations provides an assessment of the relationship between several corporate governance variables (board composition, type of board leadership, officer and director stock holdings, institutional stock holdings, number of majority owners, existence of severance agreements) and adoption of anti-takeover amendments. The results of analysis suggest that the two groups (adopters/non-adopters) differ significantly in regards to these variables.
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  31. S. Trevis Certo, Catherine M. Dalton, Dan R. Dalton & Richard H. Lester (2008). Boards of Directors' Self Interest: Expanding for Pay in Corporate Acquisitions? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):219 - 230.score: 30.0
    Director compensation can potentially represent an ethical minefield. When faced with supporting strategic decisions that can lead to an increase in director pay, directors may consider their own interests and not solely those of the shareholders to whom they are legally bound to represent. In such cases, directors essentially become agents, rather than those installed to protect principals (shareholders) from agents. Using acquisitions as a study context, we employ a matched-pair design and find a statistically significant difference in outside director (...)
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  32. Dan R. Dalton (2003). Are Director Equity Policies Exclusionary? Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):415-432.score: 30.0
    This paper examines two recent trends relative to boards of directors’ compensation, and their potential incompatibility. There has been some progress in increasing board diversity, specifically the inclusion of women and minorities on boards. The increasing trendrequiring directors to hold/purchase equity as a requirement of board membership may seriously compromise further improvements in diversifying boards. Also, an increasing number of companies compensate directors partially or fully in stock grants and options.These compensation policies may be exclusionary, especially for women and minorities, (...)
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  33. Stuart Dalton (forthcoming). Beginnings and Endings in Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil. Journal of Nietzsche Studies.score: 30.0
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  34. Drew M. Dalton (2008). Being and Time for Schelling. Idealistic Studies 38 (3):175-184.score: 30.0
    The recent re-evaluation of Schelling’s work has blossomed interest and research into a number of Schelling’s core ideas. Amongst these Schelling’s analysis of God, the creative act and human freedom have been amongst the most explored. Much less explored has been his theory of temporality, a theory which not only underpins but is essential to understanding properly these other insights. It is the goal of this essay to correct that oversight by offering some initial remarks concerning Schelling’s theory of temporality, (...)
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  35. Peter Dalton (2003). Hume's Third Cause. Journal of Philosophical Research 28:169-190.score: 30.0
    It is widely believed that Hume recognizes only two types of causality-one equivalent to a constant conjunction between two "objects," the other involving somesort of necessary connection between them. I will refer to these types, respectively, as "conjunction" and "necessity." I believe that Hume relies on a third type of causality-a process by which a constant conjunction of perceptions causes someone to acquire a mental habit. To remain close to Hume's terminology, I will refer to the process as "repetition." The (...)
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  36. John Dalton & Emilie Severino (2010). The Position is Arranged. Angelaki 15 (1):61-76.score: 30.0
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  37. Sandra Murphy, Nick Fraenkel & Polly Dalton (2013). Perceptual Load Does Not Modulate Auditory Distractor Processing. Cognition 129 (2):345-355.score: 30.0
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  38. Michelle Dalton, John Blundell & Graham Stuart Finlayson (2013). Examination of Food Reward and Energy Intake Under Laboratory and Free-Living Conditions in a Trait Binge Eating Subtype of Obesity. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 30.0
    Background/Aims: Trait binge eating has been proposed as a ‘hedonic subtype’ of obesity characterised by enhanced food liking and wanting, and a preference for high-fat sweet foods in the laboratory. The current study examined the influence of trait binge eating in overweight or obese women on eating behaviour under laboratory and free-living conditions over a 48-hour period. Methods: In a matched pairs design, 24 overweight or obese females (BMI: 30.30 ± 2.60kg/m2; Age: 25.42 ± 3.65yrs) with high or low scores (...)
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  39. Dan R. Dalton & Paula L. Rechner (1989). On the Antecedents of Corporate Severance Agreements: An Empirical Assessment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):455 - 462.score: 30.0
    This study of major corporations (n=481) provides an empirical assessment of the effects of several corporate governance variables (CEO duality, boards of director composition, officers and directors common stock holdings, institutional common stock holdings, number of majority owners) on the adoption of so-called severance agreements. A discriminant analysis indicates a significant multivariate function. Wilks lambda univariate analyses suggest that the percentage of common stock held by owners and directors and number of majority stock holders are the more robust discriminators.
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  40. Dan R. Dalton & Idalene F. Kesner (1988). On the Dynamics of Corporate Size and Illegal Activity: An Empirical Assessment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):861 - 870.score: 30.0
    This research, relying on companies continuously listed on the Fortune 500 over a five-year period (n=384), provides an empirical assessment of two hypotheses. Based on 334 violations over the period the results indicate: (1) gross differences in illegal activity based on corporate size, and (2) similar differences in corporate recidivism also based on size. Discussion includes a number of size related dynamics which may account in part for such results.
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  41. Thomas C. Dalton (1998). The Developmental Gap in Phenomenal Experience: A Comment on J. G. Taylor's “Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap”. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164.score: 30.0
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  42. Drew Dalton (2006). The Pains of Contraction. Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):215-240.score: 30.0
    There is an apparent contradiction within Levinas’ work: on the one hand, Levinas upholds an account of existence that seemingly requires a creation narrative, while maintaining, on the other hand, that an account of the ethical import of that existence needs no recourse to the divine. This seeming contradiction results from a fundamental misunderstanding concerning Levinas’ account of creation and its logical consequences concerning the divine. This paper aims to clarify this misunderstanding by exploring the similarities between and influence of (...)
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  43. Hugh Dalton (1914). Book Review:Gold and Prices. W. J. Ashley; Environment and Efficiency. M. H. Thomson; The Social Policy of Bismarck. Annie Ashley. [REVIEW] Ethics 24 (2):246-.score: 30.0
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  44. Marion Nestle & Sharron Dalton (1994). Food Aid and International Hunger Crises: The United States in Somalia. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 11 (4):19-27.score: 30.0
    International food aid has long been known to be motivated by domestic and foreign policy objectives as well as humanitarian concerns. The policy objectives sometimes complicate delivery of emergency food, and lead to situations that result in adverse effects on the economic and agricultural systems of recipient countries. Despite the long history and extensive documentation of such effects, they were observed to occur once again during the 1992 Somalia intervention. This intervention encountered many frequently described barriers to effective use of (...)
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  45. Emilie Severino & John Dalton (2011). The Position is Arranged. Angelaki 15 (1):61-76.score: 30.0
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  46. Russell J. Dalton & Nhu-Ngoc T. Ong (2005). Authority Orientations and Democratic Attitudes: A Test of the 'Asian Values' Hypothesis. Japanese Journal of Political Science 6 (2):211-231.score: 30.0
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  47. Vicki Dalton (1999). Death and Dying in Prison in Australia: National Overview, 1980?1998. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (3):269-274.score: 30.0
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  48. Thomas C. Dalton & Victor W. Bergenn (1996). John Dewey, Myrtle McGraw and Logic: An Unusual Collaboration in the 1930s. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):69-107.score: 30.0
  49. Peter C. Dalton (1983). Kantian Freedom and the Possibility of the Critical Philosophy. Idealistic Studies 13 (2):85-109.score: 30.0
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  50. Peter C. Dalton (1975). Power and Fate. New Scholasticism 49 (4):451-466.score: 30.0
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