Search results for 'Description' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Scott Soames (2005). Reference and Description: The Case Against Two-Dimensionalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Scott Soames defends the revolution in philosophy led by Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan against attack from those wishing to revive ..
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  2.  21
    Alessandro Graheli (2012). A Preliminary List and Description of the Nyāyamañjarī Manuscripts. Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (3):317-337.
    The present paper is an inventory and a description of the known manuscripts of the Nyāyamañjarī, meant as a tool for philological research on Bhaṭṭa Jayanta’s magnum opus. The inventory is gradually built through a systematic analysis of archival data found in catalogi catalogorum, bibliographies of catalogues, individual catalogues, unpublished lists, and editions of the Nyāyamañjarī. The list is followed by a concise description of each manuscript, including an external description, an outline of the contents, and historical (...)
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  3.  14
    Aaron Bronfman (2015). Deference and Description. Philosophical Studies 172 (5):1333-1353.
    Consider someone whom you know to be an expert about some issue. She knows at least as much as you do and reasons impeccably. The issue is a straightforward case of statistical inference that raises no deep problems of epistemology. You happen to know the expert’s opinion on this issue. Should you defer to her by adopting her opinion as your own? An affirmative answer may appear mandatory. But this paper argues that a crucial factor in answering this question is (...)
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  4.  9
    Roderick I. Sutherland (2015). Lagrangian Description for Particle Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics: Single-Particle Case. Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1454-1464.
    A Lagrangian description is presented which can be used in conjunction with particle interpretations of quantum mechanics. A special example of such an interpretation is the well-known Bohm model. The Lagrangian density introduced here also contains a potential for guiding the particle. The advantages of this description are that the field equations and the particle equations of motion can both be deduced from a single Lagrangian density expression and that conservation of energy and momentum are assured. After being (...)
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  5.  17
    Jeff Sugarman (2009). Historical Ontology and Psychological Description. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):5-15.
    The author describes and examines Ian Hacking’s approach to historical ontology and its application to psychological description. Historical ontology is concerned with the study of phenomena that come in and out of being. Phenomena under psychological description not only are historical, but also are particularly susceptible to what Hacking calls dynamic nominalism. Dynamic nominalism characterizes the ways our descriptive practices of naming interact with things named. More precisely, in describing ourselves psychologically, we humans are uniquely capable of reacting (...)
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  6.  33
    Stefan Hirschauer (2006). Puttings Things Into Words. Ethnographic Description and the Silence of the Social. Human Studies 29 (4):413 - 441.
    The article defines a new referential problem of ethnographic description: the verbalization of the “silent” dimension of the social. As a documentary procedure, description has been devalued by more advanced recording techniques that set a naturalistic standard concerning the reification of qualitative “data.” I discuss this standard from the perspective of the sociology of knowledge and replace it by a challenge unknown to all empirical procedures relying on primary verbalizations of informants. Descriptions have to solve the problems of (...)
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  7. Ari Maunu (2015). Frege and the Description Theory: An Attempt at Rehabilitation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 92:109-116.
    I question the received view that Frege advocates the description theory of proper names. First, I argue that the textual evidence for this view from Frege’s writings is not conclusive. Secondly, I propose that the Fregean Sinne (of proper names) may be understood nondescriptionally in terms of symbolhood. Finally, I suggest that in the notorious passages where Frege is apparently supporting the description theory he is just indicating the potential problems with communication with proper names.
     
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  8.  4
    Christiane Chauviré (2010). La philosophie comme description de l'ordinaire chez Peirce et chez Wittgenstein. Archives de Philosophie 1 (1):81-91.
    Au début du XXe siècle une idée semble prééminente chez deux philosophes aussi différents que Husserl et Peirce : le projet d’une philosophie purement descriptive appelée phénoménologie , une science sans présuppositions. Dans les années 1920-1940, deux autres philosophes importants, Dewey et Wittgenstein revendiquent l’idée que la philosophie est une description de l’ordinaire. Wittgenstein entend décrire des faits bien connus qui nous échappent à cause de leur familiarité. Ainsi la philosophie doit être descriptive, mais le peut-elle ? Et qu’est-ce (...)
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  9.  11
    Eddy Roulet (1989). Des Dimensions Argumentatives du Récit Et de la Description Dans le Discours. Argumentation 3 (3):247-270.
    This essay aims at questioning different aspects of narrative and description by means of the model of discourse analysis presented in Roulet & al. . After showing the necessity of a unified approach to the structure of different discourse types and the problem of discourse heterogeneity, the author examines the following problems: the distinction between a relation and a narrative and the different modes of insertion of those two types of discourse in an exchange structure, the hierarchical and argumentative (...)
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  10.  10
    Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2007). Meinong’s Version of the Description Theory. Russell 27 (1):73-85.
    Around 1904 Meinong formulated his most famous idea: There are no empty (non-referential) singular terms. Each singular term refers to an object. Some of these objects do not exist but all of them enjoy status of Außersein. Russell also did not accept non-referential singular terms. But in his paper “On denoting” (1905) he claimed that all singular terms that are apparently empty could be reinterpreted as apparent singular terms. In short, Meinong expands his universe, while Russell narrows the category of (...)
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  11.  13
    Brian R. Gaines (2009). Designing Visual Languages for Description Logics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (2):217-250.
    Semantic networks were developed in cognitive science and artificial intelligence studies as graphical knowledge representation and inference tools emulating human thought processes. Formal analysis of the representation and inference capabilities of the networks modeled them as subsets of standard first-order logic (FOL), restricted in the operations allowed in order to ensure the tractability that seemed to characterize human reasoning capabilities. The graphical network representations were modeled as providing a visual language for the logic. Sub-sets of FOL targeted on knowledge representation (...)
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  12.  5
    John Bender & Michael Marrinan (eds.) (2005). Regimes of Description: In the Archive of the Eighteenth Century. Stanford University Press.
    As a group, the essays in this volume pose that question as a first attempt to write the archaeology of the nature and history of description in the digital age.
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  13. Michel Dalissier (2006). La description de la chose chez Hegel. In M. Caron (ed.), Hegel. 335-361.
    Que peut bien signifier la notion de description ? Désigne-t-on par là un simple acte psychique de l’esprit, une opération épistémique à part entière, ou encore un phénomène ancré dans la réalité même de la perception des choses ? Quel est « l’objet » de la description, et pourquoi se présente-t-il comme « chose » ? Et qui est le « sujet » de la description, qui décrit et selon quelles modalités ? La force des analyses hégéliennes (...)
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  14. John T. Sanders (1998). Knowledge and Description: Bohr's Epistemology. In Jan Such & Malgorzata Szczesniak (eds.), Z epistemologii wiedzy naukowej. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Filozofii
    In this paper, I try to explain the philosophical problems that Niels Bohr felt had been exposed by the discovery of the "quantum of action," and by the emergence of the quantum theory that arose in large part as a result of his efforts. I won't have space to make the case adequately here, but my own view is that we have not yet fully digested the message brought to us by Bohr's "Copenhagen Interpretation" of Quantum Mechanics, and I suspect (...)
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  15.  63
    Mark W. Brown (2008). The Place of Description in Phenomenology's Naturalization. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):563-583.
    The recent move to naturalize phenomenology through a mathematical protocol is a significant advance in consciousness research. It enables a new and fruitful level of dialogue between the cognitive sciences and phenomenology of such a nuanced kind that it also prompts advancement in our phenomenological analyses. But precisely what is going on at this point of ‘dialogue’ between phenomenological descriptions and mathematical algorithms, the latter of which are based on dynamical systems theory? It will be shown that what is happening (...)
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  16.  8
    David O'connor (1980). Identification and Description in Ayer's Sense-Datum Theory. Modern Schoolman 57 (March):213-242.
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  17. Sören Stenlund (1973). The Logic of Description and Existence. Filosofiska Föreningen Och Filosofiska Institutionen Vid Uppsala Universitet.
     
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  18. Klaus-Henrik Jacobsen (1972). A Companion to Dr. Zinkernagel's Conditions for Description. Odense,Odense University Press.
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  19. Klaus-Henrik Jacobsen & Peter Zinkernagel (1972). A Companion to Dr. Zinkernagel's Conditions for Description. Translated From the Danish by Morris Gradel.
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  20. Clifford Geertz (1973). Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture. In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books
  21.  35
    Bart Geurts (1997). Good News About the Description Theory of Names. Journal of Semantics 14 (4):319-348.
    This is an attempt at reviving Kneale's version of the description theory of names, which says that a proper name is synonymous with a definite description of the form ‘the individual named so-and-so’. To begin with, I adduce a wide range of observations to show that names and overt definites are alike in all relevant respects. I then turn to Kripke's main objection against Kneale's proposal, and endeavour to refute it. In the remainder of the paper I elaborate (...)
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  22.  12
    Paula Chidwick, Jennifer Bell, Eoin Connolly, Michael Coughlin, Andrea Frolic, Laurie Hardingham & Randi Zlotnik Shaul (2010). Exploring a Model Role Description for Ethicists. HEC Forum 22 (1):31-40.
    This paper provides a description of the role of the clinical ethicist as it is generally experienced in Canada. It examines the activities of Canadian ethicists working in healthcare institutions and the way in which their work incorporates more than ethics case consultation. The Canadian Bioethics Society established a Taskforce on Working Conditions for Bioethics (hereafter referred to as the Taskforce), to make recommendations on a number of issues affecting ethicists and to develop a model role description. This (...)
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  23. Jean-Baptiste Dussert (2008). Le primat de la description dans la phénoménologie et le Nouveau Roman. Studia Phaenomenologica 8:241-258.
    The point shared by phenomenology and the French Nouveau Roman is that they both confer great importance to description. But is it philosophically interesting to compare the works of authors like Nathalie Sarraute, Alain Robbe-Grillet or Claude Simon (which relate to details in the material world) with the works of Husserl (whose object is the eidos)? In this article, we first study in what way the method suggested by Husserl was innovative and in what way it influenced his examples (...)
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  24. Niels Bohr (1934/1987). Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature. Ox Bow Press.
    Introductory survey -- Atomic theory and mechanics -- The quantum postulate and the recent development of atomic theory -- The quantum of action and the description of nature -- The atomic theory and the fundamental principles underlying the description of nature.
     
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  25.  50
    Dirk Aerts (1982). Description of Many Separated Physical Entities Without the Paradoxes Encountered in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 12 (12):1131-1170.
    We show that it is impossible in quantum mechanics to describe two separated physical systems. This is due to the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics. It is possible to give a description of two separated systems in a theory which is a generalization of quantum mechanics and of classical mechanics, in the sense that this theory contains both theories as special cases. We identify the axioms of quantum mechanics that make it impossible to describe separated systems. One of these (...)
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  26.  1
    Franz Baader & Silvio Ghilardi (2011). Unification in Modal and Description Logics. Logic Journal of the Igpl 19 (6):705-730.
    Unification was originally introduced in automated deduction and term rewriting, but has recently also found applications in other fields. In this article, we give a survey of the results on unification obtained in two closely related, yet different, application areas of unification: description logics and modal logics.
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  27.  57
    Michel Morange (1997). The Transformation of Molecular Biology on Contact with Higher Organisms, 1960-1980: From a Molecular Description to a Molecular Explanation. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (3):369 - 393.
    The convergence of developmental biology — embryology — and molecular biology was one of the major scientific events of the last decades of the twentieth century. The transformation of developmental biology by the concepts and methods of molecular biology has already been described. Less has been told on the reciprocal transformation of molecular biology on contact with higher organisms. The transformation of molecular biology occurred at the end of a deep crisis which affected this discipline in the sixties and seventies (...)
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  28. M. Enderle & H. Neumann (1994). Embedding of the Classical Into the Quantum Description of Photons. Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1415-1424.
    The macroscopic properties of a many-particle quantum system are revealed by an embedding of the macroscopic classical into the microscopic quantum description of the system. Such an embedding is based on the assumption that the experiments to which the classical theory applies may also be described quantum mechanically. It results from the existence of an injective trajectory observable. For photon quantum systems with a finite number of modes an embedding is explicitly constructed using the well- known phase space observable (...)
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  29. Carmelo Calì (2005). Husserl and the Phenomenological Description of Imagery: Some Issues for the Cognitive Sciences? ARHE 2 (4):25-37.
    This paper deals with two theories Husserl worked out on imagery in order to see if the properties a phenomenological description ascribes to imagery are fit to give meaningful constraints upon theoretical models that guide empirical research. Husserlian descriptions and Kosslyn and colleagues models are hence compared as to their explanatory strategy and implications.
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  30. John Honner (1987). The Description of Nature: Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Quantum Physics. Oxford University Press.
    Niels Bohr, founding father of modern atomic physics and quantum theory, was as original a philosopher as he was a physicist. This study explores several dimensions of Bohr's vision: the formulation of quantum theory and the problems associated with its interpretation, the notions of complementarity and correspondence, the debates with Einstein about objectivity and realism, and his sense of the infinite harmony of nature. Honner focuses on Bohr's epistemological lesson, the conviction that all our description of nature is dependent (...)
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  31.  10
    Douglas W. McLaughlin & Cesar R. Torres (2011). Sweet Tension and its Phenomenological Description: Sport, Intersubjectivity and Horizon. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):270 - 284.
    In this paper, we argue that a rich phenomenological description of ?sweet tension? is an important step to understanding how and why sport is a meaningful human endeavour. We introduce the phenomenological concepts of intersubjectivity and horizon and elaborate how they inform the study and understanding of human experience. In the process, we establish that intersubjectivity is always embodied, developing and ethically committed. Likewise, we establish that our horizons are experienced from an embodied, developing and ethically committed perspective that (...)
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  32. Eike V. Savigny (1990). Avowals in the Philosophical Investigations: Expression, Reliability, Description. Noûs 24 (4):507-527.
    In the Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein contrues psychological facts as patterns exhibited by `weaves' which include a person's behaviour as well as her temporal and social surroundings. Avowals, in being linguistic elements of such patterns, come to be taken as expressing psychological facts in a way that given the general liberty in pattern description, is normal with all conspicuous elements of behavioural patterns. Speakers come to be taken to express psychological facts because avowals are semantically self-predicating (which is understandable in (...)
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  33. Gilles Brassard & André Allan Méthot (2010). Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Correct? Foundations of Physics 40 (4):463-468.
    In an earlier paper written in loving memory of Asher Peres, we gave a critical analysis of the celebrated 1935 paper in which Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) challenged the completeness of quantum mechanics. There, we had pointed out logical shortcomings in the EPR paper. Now, we raise additional questions concerning their suggested program to find a theory that would “provide a complete description of the physical reality”. In particular, we investigate the extent to which the EPR argumentation could (...)
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  34. Amedeo Giorgi (1992). Description Versus Interpretation: Competing Alternative Strategies for Qualitative Research. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 23 (2):119-135.
    In the contemporary scene, psychological researchers seeking alternative research strategies are turning increasingly toward interpretation theory. However, other strategies are also available, and one of these is descriptive science. Descriptive practices as the basis for the clarification of meanings have received less emphasis because of several epistemological assumptions about meaning that have appeared in the literature of interpretive science. Based upon the work of contemporary transcendental philosophers, especially J. N. Mohanty, this article argues that a descriptive scientific perspective can respond (...)
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  35.  14
    Clemens Grabmayer, Joop Leo, Vincent van Oostrom & Albert Visser (2011). On the Termination of Russell's Description Elimination Algorithm. Review of Symbolic Logic 4 (3):367-393.
    In this paper we study the termination behavior of Russell’s description elimination rewrite system. We discuss certain claims made by Kripke (2005) in his paper concerning the possible nontermination of elimination of descriptions.
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  36.  45
    Eros Corazza (2002). Description-Names. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):313-325.
    It is argued that, contrary to appearances, description-names (e.g.: "The Roman Empire", "The Beatles", "The Holy Virgin",...) do conform to Millianism, i.e. the view that proper names are directly referential expressions, referring regardless of whether the relevant individual satisfies some associated description or not. However, description-names name and describe. Some arguments supporting this peculiarity and a logic to handle description-names are proposed. It will be shown that the best framework with which to accommodate description-names is (...)
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  37. Sergio Martinez (1991). Lüders's Rule as a Description of Individual State Transformations. Philosophy of Science 58 (3):359-376.
    Usual derivations of Lilders's projection rule show that Liuders's rule is the rule required by quantum statistics to calculate the final state after an ideal (minimally disturbing) measurement. These derivations are at best inconclusive, however, when it comes to interpreting Liuders's rule as a description of individual state transformations. In this paper, I show a natural way of deriving Liiders's rule from well-motivated and explicit physical assumptions referring to individual systems. This requires, however, the introduction of a concept of (...)
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  38.  70
    Fabio Cardone & Roberto Mignani (1999). Broken Lorentz Invariance and Metric Description of Interactions in a Deformed Minkowski Space. Foundations of Physics 29 (11):1735-1783.
    We discuss the possible breakdown of Lorentz invariance—at distances greater than the Planck length—from both the theoretical and the phenomenological point of view. The theoretical tool to deal with such a problem is provided by a “deformation” of the Minkowski metric, with parameters dependent on the energy of the physical system considered. Such a deformed metric realizes, for any interaction, the “solidarity principle” between interactions and spacetime geometry (usually assumed for gravitation), according to which the peculiar features of every interaction (...)
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  39.  18
    Charlotte Werndl (2012). Evidence for the Deterministic or the Indeterministic Description? A Critique of the Literature About Classical Dynamical Systems. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (2):295-312.
    It can be shown that certain kinds of classical deterministic and indeterministic descriptions are observationally equivalent. Then the question arises: which description is preferable relative to evidence? This paper looks at the main argument in the literature for the deterministic description by Winnie (The cosmos of science—essays of exploration. Pittsburgh University Press, Pittsburgh, pp 299–324, 1998). It is shown that this argument yields the desired conclusion relative to in principle possible observations where there are no limits, in principle, (...)
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  40.  42
    Holger Neumann (1983). The Description of Preparation and Registration of Physical Systems and Conventional Probability Theory. Foundations of Physics 13 (8):761-778.
    The connection of the structure of statistical selection procedures with measure theory is investigated. The methods of measure theory are applied in order to analyze a mathematical description of preparation and registration of physical systems that is used by G. Ludwig for a foundation of quantum mechanics.
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  41. Martin Davies (2000). Interaction Without Reduction: The Relationship Between Personal and Subpersonal Levels of Description. Mind and Society 1 (2):87-105.
    Starting from Dennett's distinction between personal and sub-personal levels of description, I consider the relationships amongst three levels: the personal level, the level of information-processing mechanisms, and the level of neurobiology. I defend a conception of the relationship between the personal level and the sub-personal level of information-processing mechanisms as interaction without reduction . Even given a nonreductionist conception of persons, philosophical theorizing sometimes supports downward inferences from the personal to the sub-personal level. An example of a downward inference (...)
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  42.  47
    Stefano Mancini, Vladimir I. Man'ko & Paolo Tombest (1997). Classical-Like Description of Quantum Dynamics by Means of Symplectic Tomography. Foundations of Physics 27 (6):801-824.
    The dynamical equations of quantum mechanics are rewritten in the form of dynamical equations for the measurable, positive marginal distribution of the shifted, rotated, and squeezed quadrature introduced in the so-called “symplectic tomography”. Then the possibility of a purely classical description of a quantum system as well as a reinterpretation of the quantum measurement theory is discussed and a comparison with the well-known quasi-probabilities approach is given. Furthermore, an analysis of the properties of this marginal distribution, which contains all (...)
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  43.  91
    Allen Dotson & Henry Folse (1994). Bearers of Properties in the Quantum Mechanical Description of Nature. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):179 – 194.
    (1994). Bearers of properties in the quantum mechanical description of nature. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 179-194.
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  44.  16
    Ralf Küsters & Ralf Molitor (2005). Structural Subsumption and Least Common Subsumers in a Description Logic with Existential and Number Restrictions. Studia Logica 81 (2):227-259.
    The least common subsumer of a set of concept descriptions is the most specific concept description that subsumes all of the concept descriptions in the given set. By computing the lcs, commonalities between concept descriptions can be made explicit. This is an important inference task useful in several applications, including, for instance, the bottom-up construction of description logic knowledge bases. Previous work on the lcs has concentrated on description logics that either allow for number restrictions or for (...)
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  45.  26
    Franz Baader & Ulrike Sattler (2001). An Overview of Tableau Algorithms for Description Logics. Studia Logica 69 (1):5-40.
    Description logics are a family of knowledge representation formalisms that are descended from semantic networks and frames via the system Kl-one. During the last decade, it has been shown that the important reasoning problems (like subsumption and satisfiability) in a great variety of description logics can be decided using tableau-like algorithms. This is not very surprising since description logics have turned out to be closely related to propositional modal logics and logics of programs (such as propositional dynamic (...)
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  46.  91
    Joseph F. Hanna (1969). Explanation, Prediction, Description, and Information Theory. Synthese 20 (3):308 - 334.
    The distinction between explanation and prediction has received much attention in recent literature, but the equally important distinction between explanation and description (or between prediction and description) remains blurred. This latter distinction is particularly important in the social sciences, where probabilistic models (or theories) often play dual roles as explanatory and descriptive devices. The distinction between explanation (or prediction) and description is explicated in the present paper in terms of information theory. The explanatory (or predictive) power of (...)
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  47.  36
    E. Papp (1983). Light-Cone Approach to the Quantum Space-Time Description. Foundations of Physics 13 (11):1155-1165.
    Proofs have been given that the light-cone approximation can be analyzed in terms of the extended quantum-mechanical description of the space-time measurements by the complex numbers. It is then proved that the so established description is able to support both the asymptotical scale-invariant cross sections and the threshold behavior of the high-energy production processes.
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  48.  59
    Howard Sankey (1991). Feyerabend and the Description Theory of Reference. Journal of Philosophical Research 16:223-232.
    In his early work Feyerabend argues that certain theories are incommensurable due to semantic variance. In this paper it is argued that Feyerabend relies on a description theory of reference in the course of his argument for incommensurability and in his analysis of the relevant kind of semantic variance. Against this it is objected that such reliance on the description theory eliminates ostensive reference determination and obscures the presence of theoretical conflict.
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  49.  77
    Jason Stanley (1999). Understanding, Context-Relativity, and the Description Theory. Analysis 59 (261):14-18.
    I argue that it follows from a very plausible principle concerning understanding that the truth of an ascription of understanding is context-relative. I use this to defend an account of lexical meaning according to which full understanding of a natural kind term or name requires knowing informative, uniquely identifying information about its referent. This point undermines Putnam-style 'elm-beech' arguments against the description theory of names and natural kind terms.
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  50.  33
    Andrew Khrennikov (1996). The Ultrametric Hilbert-Space Description of Quantum Measurements with a Finite Exactness. Foundations of Physics 26 (8):1033-1054.
    We provide a mathematical description of quantum measurements with a finite exactness. The exactness of a quantum measurement is used as a new metric on the space of quantum states. This metric differs very much from the standard Euclidean metric. This is the so-called ultrametric. We show that a finite exactness of a quantum measurement cannot he described by real numbers. Therefore, we must change the basic number field. There exist nonequivalent ultrametric Hilbert space representations already in the finite-dimensional (...)
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