Search results for 'Description' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stefan Hirschauer (2006). Puttings Things Into Words. Ethnographic Description and the Silence of the Social. Human Studies 29 (4):413 - 441.score: 18.0
    The article defines a new referential problem of ethnographic description: the verbalization of the “silent” dimension of the social. As a documentary procedure, description has been devalued by more advanced recording techniques that set a naturalistic standard concerning the reification of qualitative “data.” I discuss this standard from the perspective of the sociology of knowledge and replace it by a challenge unknown to all empirical procedures relying on primary verbalizations of informants. Descriptions have to solve the problems of (...)
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  2. Alessandro Graheli (2012). A Preliminary List and Description of the Nyāyamañjarī Manuscripts. Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (3):317-337.score: 18.0
    The present paper is an inventory and a description of the known manuscripts of the Nyāyamañjarī, meant as a tool for philological research on Bhaṭṭa Jayanta’s magnum opus. The inventory is gradually built through a systematic analysis of archival data found in catalogi catalogorum, bibliographies of catalogues, individual catalogues, unpublished lists, and editions of the Nyāyamañjarī. The list is followed by a concise description of each manuscript, including an external description, an outline of the contents, and historical (...)
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  3. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2007). Meinong’s Version of the Description Theory. Russell 27 (1):73-85.score: 18.0
    Around 1904 Meinong formulated his most famous idea: There are no empty (non-referential) singular terms. Each singular term refers to an object. Some of these objects do not exist but all of them enjoy status of Außersein. Russell also did not accept non-referential singular terms. But in his paper “On denoting” (1905) he claimed that all singular terms that are apparently empty could be reinterpreted as apparent singular terms. In short, Meinong expands his universe, while Russell narrows the category of (...)
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  4. Brian R. Gaines (2009). Designing Visual Languages for Description Logics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (2):217-250.score: 18.0
    Semantic networks were developed in cognitive science and artificial intelligence studies as graphical knowledge representation and inference tools emulating human thought processes. Formal analysis of the representation and inference capabilities of the networks modeled them as subsets of standard first-order logic (FOL), restricted in the operations allowed in order to ensure the tractability that seemed to characterize human reasoning capabilities. The graphical network representations were modeled as providing a visual language for the logic. Sub-sets of FOL targeted on knowledge representation (...)
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  5. Eddy Roulet (1989). Des Dimensions Argumentatives du R�Cit Et de la Description Dans le Discours. Argumentation 3 (3):247-270.score: 18.0
    This essay aims at questioning different aspects of narrative and description by means of the model of discourse analysis presented in Roulet & al. (1985). After showing the necessity of a unified approach to the structure of different discourse types and the problem of discourse heterogeneity, the author examines the following problems: the distinction between a relation and a narrative and the different modes of insertion of those two types of discourse in an exchange structure, the hierarchical and argumentative (...)
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  6. Yue-Jia Luo Jiaxin Peng, Chen Qu, Ruolei Gu (2012). Description-Based Reappraisal Regulate the Emotion Induced by Erotic and Neutral Images in a Chinese Population. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Previous emotion-regulation research has shown that the late positive potential (LPP) is sensitive to the down-regulation of emotion; however, whether LPP is also sensitive to the up-regulation of emotion remains unclear. The present study examined the description-based reappraisal effects on the up-regulation of positive emotions induced by erotic and neutral images in a Chinese population. Self-reported ratings and event-related potential (ERP) were recorded when subjects viewed pleasant and neutral images, which were shown after either a neutral or positive (...). Self-reported results showed that images following positive descriptions were rated as more pleasant compared to images following neutral descriptions. ERP results revealed that the P2, P3, and slow wave (SW) components were larger for erotic pictures than for neutral pictures, while the positive description condition yielded attenuated erotic image-induced P2, P3 and SW and increased SW induced by neutral images. The results demonstrated that description-based reappraisal, as a method of reappraisal, significantly modulates the emotional experience and ERP responses to erotic and neutral images. (shrink)
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  7. Jiaxin Peng, Chen Qu, Ruolei Gu & Yue-Jia Luo (2012). Description-Based Reappraisal Regulate the Emotion Induced by Erotic and Neutral Images in a Chinese Population. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Previous emotion-regulation research has shown that the late positive potential (LPP) is sensitive to the down-regulation of emotion; however, whether LPP is also sensitive to the up-regulation of emotion remains unclear. The present study examined the description-based reappraisal effects on the up-regulation of positive emotions induced by erotic and neutral images in a Chinese population. Self-reported ratings and event-related potential (ERP) were recorded when subjects viewed pleasant and neutral images, which were shown after either a neutral or positive (...). Self-reported results showed that images following positive descriptions were rated as more pleasant compared to images following neutral descriptions. ERP results revealed that the P2, P3, and slow wave (SW) components were larger for erotic pictures than for neutral pictures, while the positive description condition yielded attenuated erotic image-induced P2, P3 and SW and increased SW induced by neutral images. The results demonstrated that description-based reappraisal, as a method of reappraisal, significantly modulates the emotional experience and ERP responses to erotic and neutral images. (shrink)
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  8. Mark W. Brown (2008). The Place of Description in Phenomenology's Naturalization. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):563-583.score: 16.0
    The recent move to naturalize phenomenology through a mathematical protocol is a significant advance in consciousness research. It enables a new and fruitful level of dialogue between the cognitive sciences and phenomenology of such a nuanced kind that it also prompts advancement in our phenomenological analyses. But precisely what is going on at this point of ‘dialogue’ between phenomenological descriptions and mathematical algorithms, the latter of which are based on dynamical systems theory? It will be shown that what is happening (...)
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  9. Scott Soames (2005). Reference and Description: The Case Against Two-Dimensionalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.score: 15.0
    In this book, Scott Soames defends the revolution in philosophy led by Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan against attack from those wishing to revive ..
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  10. John T. Sanders (1998). Knowledge and Description: Bohr's Epistemology. In Jan Such & Malgorzata Szczesniak (eds.), Z epistemologii wiedzy naukowej. Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Filozofii.score: 15.0
    In this paper, I try to explain the philosophical problems that Niels Bohr felt had been exposed by the discovery of the "quantum of action," and by the emergence of the quantum theory that arose in large part as a result of his efforts. I won't have space to make the case adequately here, but my own view is that we have not yet fully digested the message brought to us by Bohr's "Copenhagen Interpretation" of Quantum Mechanics, and I suspect (...)
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  11. Jeff Sugarman (2009). Historical Ontology and Psychological Description. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):5-15.score: 15.0
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  12. David O'connor (1980). Identification and Description in Ayer's Sense-Datum Theory. Modern Schoolman 57 (March):213-242.score: 15.0
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  13. Christiane Chauviré (2010). La philosophie comme description de l'ordinaire chez Peirce et chez Wittgenstein. Archives de Philosophie 1:81-91.score: 15.0
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  14. Klaus-Henrik Jacobsen (1972). A Companion to Dr. Zinkernagel's Conditions for Description. Odense,Odense University Press.score: 15.0
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  15. Sören Stenlund (1973). The Logic of Description and Existence. Filosofiska Föreningen Och Filosofiska Institutionen Vid Uppsala Universitet.score: 15.0
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  16. Stefano Predelli (2003). Russellian Description and Smith's Suicide. Acta Analytica 18 (1-2):125-141.score: 14.0
    When discussing the distinction between referential and attributive uses of definite descriptions, Keith Donnellan also mentions cases such as ‘Smith’s murderer is insane’, uttered in a scenario in which Smith committed suicide. In this essay, I defend a two-fold thesis: (i) the alleged intuition that utterances of ‘Smith’s murderer is insane’ are true in the scenario in question is independent from the phenomenon of referential uses of definite description, and, most importantly, (ii) even if such intuition is granted semantic (...)
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  17. Carmelo Calì (2005). Husserl and the Phenomenological Description of Imagery: Some Issues for the Cognitive Sciences? ARHE 2 (4):25-37.score: 12.0
    This paper deals with two theories Husserl worked out on imagery in order to see if the properties a phenomenological description ascribes to imagery are fit to give meaningful constraints upon theoretical models that guide empirical research. Husserlian descriptions and Kosslyn and colleagues models are hence compared as to their explanatory strategy and implications.
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  18. Martin Davies (2000). Interaction Without Reduction: The Relationship Between Personal and Subpersonal Levels of Description. Mind and Society 1 (2):87-105.score: 12.0
    Starting from Dennett's distinction between personal and sub-personal levels of description, I consider the relationships amongst three levels: the personal level, the level of information-processing mechanisms, and the level of neurobiology. I defend a conception of the relationship between the personal level and the sub-personal level of information-processing mechanisms as interaction without reduction . Even given a nonreductionist conception of persons, philosophical theorizing sometimes supports downward inferences from the personal to the sub-personal level. An example of a downward inference (...)
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  19. John Honner (1987). The Description of Nature: Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Quantum Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Niels Bohr, founding father of modern atomic physics and quantum theory, was as original a philosopher as he was a physicist. This study explores several dimensions of Bohr's vision: the formulation of quantum theory and the problems associated with its interpretation, the notions of complementarity and correspondence, the debates with Einstein about objectivity and realism, and his sense of the infinite harmony of nature. Honner focuses on Bohr's epistemological lesson, the conviction that all our description of nature is dependent (...)
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  20. Joseph F. Hanna (1969). Explanation, Prediction, Description, and Information Theory. Synthese 20 (3):308 - 334.score: 12.0
    The distinction between explanation and prediction has received much attention in recent literature, but the equally important distinction between explanation and description (or between prediction and description) remains blurred. This latter distinction is particularly important in the social sciences, where probabilistic models (or theories) often play dual roles as explanatory and descriptive devices. The distinction between explanation (or prediction) and description is explicated in the present paper in terms of information theory. The explanatory (or predictive) power of (...)
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  21. Gilles Brassard & André Allan Méthot (2010). Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Correct? Foundations of Physics 40 (4):463-468.score: 12.0
    In an earlier paper written in loving memory of Asher Peres, we gave a critical analysis of the celebrated 1935 paper in which Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) challenged the completeness of quantum mechanics. There, we had pointed out logical shortcomings in the EPR paper. Now, we raise additional questions concerning their suggested program to find a theory that would “provide a complete description of the physical reality”. In particular, we investigate the extent to which the EPR argumentation could (...)
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  22. M. Enderle & H. Neumann (1994). Embedding of the Classical Into the Quantum Description of Photons. Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1415-1424.score: 12.0
    The macroscopic properties of a many-particle quantum system are revealed by an embedding of the macroscopic classical into the microscopic quantum description of the system. Such an embedding is based on the assumption that the experiments to which the classical theory applies may also be described quantum mechanically. It results from the existence of an injective trajectory observable. For photon quantum systems with a finite number of modes an embedding is explicitly constructed using the well- known phase space observable (...)
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  23. Dirk Aerts (1982). Description of Many Separated Physical Entities Without the Paradoxes Encountered in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 12 (12):1131-1170.score: 12.0
    We show that it is impossible in quantum mechanics to describe two separated physical systems. This is due to the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics. It is possible to give a description of two separated systems in a theory which is a generalization of quantum mechanics and of classical mechanics, in the sense that this theory contains both theories as special cases. We identify the axioms of quantum mechanics that make it impossible to describe separated systems. One of these (...)
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  24. Holger Neumann (1983). The Description of Preparation and Registration of Physical Systems and Conventional Probability Theory. Foundations of Physics 13 (8):761-778.score: 12.0
    The connection of the structure of statistical selection procedures with measure theory is investigated. The methods of measure theory are applied in order to analyze a mathematical description of preparation and registration of physical systems that is used by G. Ludwig for a foundation of quantum mechanics.
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  25. Dan Priel (2010). Description and Evaluation in Jurisprudence. Law and Philosophy 29 (6):633-667.score: 12.0
    In the last three decades or so a prominent view among legal philosophers has been that while legal theory is evaluative because it requires making judgments of importance, it can remain morally neutral. This view, which I call the ‘orthodox view’, was first articulated by Joseph Raz and has since been supported by many other prominent legal philosophers. In this essay I examine it, and argue that it is indefensible. I begin by examining the terms ‘description’ and ‘evaluation’, and (...)
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  26. Reinhard Muskens, Construction by Description in Discourse Representation.score: 12.0
    This paper uses classical logic for a simultaneous description of the syntax and semantics of a fragment of English and it is argued that such an approach to natural language allows procedural aspects of linguistic theory to get a purely declarative formulation. In particular, it will be shown how certain construction rules in Discourse Representation Theory, such as the rule that indefinites create new discourse referents and definites pick up an existing referent, can be formulated declaratively if logic is (...)
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  27. John Bolender (2007). Prehistoric Cognition by Description: A Russellian Approach to the Upper Paleolithic. Biology and Philosophy 22 (3):383-399.score: 12.0
    A cultural change occurred roughly 40,000 years ago. For the first time, there was evidence of belief in unseen agents and an afterlife. Before this time, humans did not show widespread evidence of being able to think about objects, persons, and other agents that they had not been in close contact with. I argue that one can explain this transition by appealing to a population increase resulting in greater exoteric (inter-group) communication. The increase in exoteric communication triggered the actualization of (...)
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  28. Matthew C. Ally (2011). Sartre's Integrative Method: Description, Dialectics, and Praxis. Sartre Studies International 16 (2):48-74.score: 12.0
    This essay revisits the question of Sartre's method with particular emphasis on the posthumously published Notebooks for an Ethics , Critique of Dialectical Reason ( Volume II ), and “Morale et histoire.” I argue that Sartre's method—an ever-evolving though never seamless blend of phenomenological description, dialectical analysis, and logical inference—is at once the seed and fruit of his mature ontology of praxis. Free organic praxis, what Sartre more than once calls “the human act,” is neither closed nor integral, but (...)
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  29. Fabio Cardone & Roberto Mignani (1999). Broken Lorentz Invariance and Metric Description of Interactions in a Deformed Minkowski Space. Foundations of Physics 29 (11):1735-1783.score: 12.0
    We discuss the possible breakdown of Lorentz invariance—at distances greater than the Planck length—from both the theoretical and the phenomenological point of view. The theoretical tool to deal with such a problem is provided by a “deformation” of the Minkowski metric, with parameters dependent on the energy of the physical system considered. Such a deformed metric realizes, for any interaction, the “solidarity principle” between interactions and spacetime geometry (usually assumed for gravitation), according to which the peculiar features of every interaction (...)
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  30. E. Papp (1983). Light-Cone Approach to the Quantum Space-Time Description. Foundations of Physics 13 (11):1155-1165.score: 12.0
    Proofs have been given that the light-cone approximation can be analyzed in terms of the extended quantum-mechanical description of the space-time measurements by the complex numbers. It is then proved that the so established description is able to support both the asymptotical scale-invariant cross sections and the threshold behavior of the high-energy production processes.
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  31. Allen Dotson & Henry Folse (1994). Bearers of Properties in the Quantum Mechanical Description of Nature. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):179 – 194.score: 12.0
    (1994). Bearers of properties in the quantum mechanical description of nature. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 179-194.
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  32. Ø Grøn (1979). Relativistic Description of a Rotating Disk with Angular Acceleration. Foundations of Physics 9 (5-6):353-369.score: 12.0
    A rotating disk with angular acceleration is given a relativistic description as observed from the rotating rest frameR of the disk. It is shown how a non-Euclidean intrinsic spatial geometry develops inR, as the disk gets an angular velocity. The explanation of this as given by anR-observer is discussed. A recent description of the geometry inR presented by Grünbaum and Janis is criticized. The motion of light as described by use of coordinate clocks inR is discussed in connection (...)
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  33. Eros Corazza (2002). Description-Names. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):313-325.score: 12.0
    It is argued that, contrary to appearances, description-names (e.g.: "The Roman Empire", "The Beatles", "The Holy Virgin",...) do conform to Millianism, i.e. the view that proper names are directly referential expressions, referring regardless of whether the relevant individual satisfies some associated description or not. However, description-names name and describe. Some arguments supporting this peculiarity and a logic to handle description-names are proposed. It will be shown that the best framework with which to accommodate description-names is (...)
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  34. Andrew Khrennikov (1996). The Ultrametric Hilbert-Space Description of Quantum Measurements with a Finite Exactness. Foundations of Physics 26 (8):1033-1054.score: 12.0
    We provide a mathematical description of quantum measurements with a finite exactness. The exactness of a quantum measurement is used as a new metric on the space of quantum states. This metric differs very much from the standard Euclidean metric. This is the so-called ultrametric. We show that a finite exactness of a quantum measurement cannot he described by real numbers. Therefore, we must change the basic number field. There exist nonequivalent ultrametric Hilbert space representations already in the finite-dimensional (...)
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  35. B. Geurts (1997). Good News About the Description Theory of Names. Journal of Semantics 14 (4):319-348.score: 12.0
    This is an attempt at reviving Kneale's version of the description theory of names, which says that a proper name is synonymous with a definite description of the form ‘the individual named so-and-so’. To begin with, I adduce a wide range of observations to show that names and overt definites are alike in all relevant respects. I then turn to Kripke's main objection against Kneale's proposal, and endeavour to refute it. In the remainder of the paper I elaborate (...)
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  36. Karel Lambert (1987). On the Philosophical Foundations of Free Description Theory. History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):57-66.score: 12.0
    This essay lays out the leading principles of the theories of definite descriptions advocated by Frege, Russell, and Hilbert and Bernays, and discusses various difficulties, philosophical and otherwise, with each treatment, fixing especially on the treatment of singular existence claims. Then the leading principles of free (definite) description theory are presented and it is shown how it resolves difficulties confronting the more traditional approaches. Finally, a pair of technical problems in free (definite) description theory are addressed. They help (...)
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  37. Vivian Waddell (2007). A Phenomenological Description of the Inner Voice Experience of Ordinary People. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (8):35-57.score: 12.0
    This is a phenomenological description of the inner voice experience (IVE) that emerged from a phenomenological research of the IVEs of twenty ordinary people. Research on IVEs of ordinary people is thin. If inner voices are studied at all, they are studied from a psychological or religious perspective where phenomenology allows for a multi- disciplinary view of this human experience. This description of the actual lived experienced of hearing an inner voice emerged through an iterative phenomenological analysis following (...)
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  38. Jennifer Bell Paula Chidwick, Michael Eoin Connolly, Andrea Frolic D. Coughlin & Randi Zlotnik Shaul Laurie Hardingham (2010). Exploring a Model Role Description for Ethicists. HEC Forum 22 (1).score: 12.0
    This paper provides a description of the role of the clinical ethicist as it is generally experienced in Canada. It examines the activities of Canadian ethicists working in healthcare institutions and the way in which their work incorporates more than ethics case consultation. The Canadian Bioethics Society established a “Taskforce on Working Conditions for Bioethics” (hereafter referred to as the Taskforce), to make recommendations on a number of issues affecting ethicists and to develop a model role description. This (...)
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  39. Douglas W. McLaughlin & Cesar R. Torres (2011). Sweet Tension and its Phenomenological Description: Sport, Intersubjectivity and Horizon. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):270 - 284.score: 12.0
    In this paper, we argue that a rich phenomenological description of ?sweet tension? is an important step to understanding how and why sport is a meaningful human endeavour. We introduce the phenomenological concepts of intersubjectivity and horizon and elaborate how they inform the study and understanding of human experience. In the process, we establish that intersubjectivity is always embodied, developing and ethically committed. Likewise, we establish that our horizons are experienced from an embodied, developing and ethically committed perspective that (...)
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  40. Howard Sankey (1991). Feyerabend and the Description Theory of Reference. Journal of Philosophical Research 16:223-232.score: 12.0
    In his early work Feyerabend argues that certain theories are incommensurable due to semantic variance. In this paper it is argued that Feyerabend relies on a description theory of reference in the course of his argument for incommensurability and in his analysis of the relevant kind of semantic variance. Against this it is objected that such reliance on the description theory eliminates ostensive reference determination and obscures the presence of theoretical conflict.
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  41. Peter Zinkernagel (1968). Scepticism and Conditions for Description. Inquiry 11 (1-4):190 – 204.score: 12.0
    Conditions for description are general rules to which language must conform if it is to serve descriptive purposes. It is argued that the existence of such rules renders scepticism about them incoherent. The only way we can decide whether or not there are such conditions is by seeing in practice whether or not there are certain rules such that we cannot in fact break them without making language unfit for describing. The case is similar to that of, e.g., the (...)
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  42. Chris Dalton (2014). Beyond Description to Pattern. Journal of Critical Realism 13 (2):163-182.score: 12.0
    This paper proposes a limitation to epistemological claims to theory building prevalent in critical realist research. While accepting the basic ontological and epistemological positions of the perspective as developed by Roy Bhaskar, it is argued that application in social science has relied on sociological concepts to explain the underlying generative mechanisms, and that in many cases this has been subject to the effects of an anthropocentric constraint. A novel contribution to critical realist research comes from the work and ideas of (...)
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  43. Eike V. Savigny (1990). Avowals in the Philosophical Investigations: Expression, Reliability, Description. Noûs 24 (4):507-527.score: 12.0
    In the Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein contrues psychological facts as patterns exhibited by `weaves' which include a person's behaviour as well as her temporal and social surroundings. Avowals, in being linguistic elements of such patterns, come to be taken as expressing psychological facts in a way that given the general liberty in pattern description, is normal with all conspicuous elements of behavioural patterns. Speakers come to be taken to express psychological facts because avowals are semantically self-predicating (which is understandable in (...)
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  44. Jason Stanley (1999). Understanding, Context-Relativity, and the Description Theory. Analysis 59 (261):14-18.score: 12.0
    I argue that it follows from a very plausible principle concerning understanding that the truth of an ascription of understanding is context-relative. I use this to defend an account of lexical meaning according to which full understanding of a natural kind term or name requires knowing informative, uniquely identifying information about its referent. This point undermines Putnam-style 'elm-beech' arguments against the description theory of names and natural kind terms.
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  45. Guy C. Van Orden & Marian A. Jansen op de Haar (2000). Schneider's Apraxia and the Strained Relation Between Experience and Description. Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):247 – 259.score: 12.0
    Borrett, Kelly and Kwan [(2000) Phenomenology, dynamical neural networks and brain function, Philosophical Psychology, 13, 000-000] claim that unbiased, self-evident, direct description is possible, and may supply the data that brain theories account for. Merleau-Ponty's [(1962) Phenomenology of perception, London: Routledge] description of Schneider's apraxia is offered as a case in point. According to the authors, Schneider's apraxia justifies brain (...)
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  46. Franz Baader & Ulrike Sattler (2001). An Overview of Tableau Algorithms for Description Logics. Studia Logica 69 (1):5-40.score: 12.0
    Description logics are a family of knowledge representation formalisms that are descended from semantic networks and frames via the system Kl-one. During the last decade, it has been shown that the important reasoning problems (like subsumption and satisfiability) in a great variety of description logics can be decided using tableau-like algorithms. This is not very surprising since description logics have turned out to be closely related to propositional modal logics and logics of programs (such as propositional dynamic (...)
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  47. Jean-Yves Grandpeix & François Lurçat (2002). Particle Description of Zero-Energy Vacuum I: Virtual Particles. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 32 (1):109-131.score: 12.0
    First the “frame problem” is sketched: The motion of an isolated particle obeys a simple law in Galilean frames, but how does the Galilean character of the frame manifest itself at the place of the particle? A description of vacuum as a system of virtual particles will help to answer this question. For future application to such a description, the notion of global particle is defined and studied. To this end, a systematic use of the Fourier transformation on (...)
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  48. Daniel Koczy (2012). A Crystal-Theatre: Automation and Crystalline Description in the Theatre of Samuel Beckett. Deleuze Studies 6 (4):614-627.score: 12.0
    Throughout his cinema studies, Deleuze tends to define and to praise the cinematic in opposition to the theatrical. Cinema, for Deleuze, retains the potential to automate our perception of its images. Further, this capacity allows the cinema to profoundly disrupt the habitual patterns of its audience's thought. This article asks, however, whether Beckett's theatrical practice can be productively analysed through concepts derived from Deleuze's work on the cinema. In Beckett's Play and Not I, we see theatrical productions that strive for (...)
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  49. Sergio Martinez (1991). Lüders's Rule as a Description of Individual State Transformations. Philosophy of Science 58 (3):359-376.score: 12.0
    Usual derivations of Lilders's projection rule show that Liuders's rule is the rule required by quantum statistics to calculate the final state after an ideal (minimally disturbing) measurement. These derivations are at best inconclusive, however, when it comes to interpreting Liuders's rule as a description of individual state transformations. In this paper, I show a natural way of deriving Liiders's rule from well-motivated and explicit physical assumptions referring to individual systems. This requires, however, the introduction of a concept of (...)
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  50. Michel Morange (1997). The Transformation of Molecular Biology on Contact with Higher Organisms, 1960-1980: From a Molecular Description to a Molecular Explanation. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (3):369 - 393.score: 12.0
    The convergence of developmental biology — embryology — and molecular biology was one of the major scientific events of the last decades of the twentieth century. The transformation of developmental biology by the concepts and methods of molecular biology has already been described. Less has been told on the reciprocal transformation of molecular biology on contact with higher organisms. The transformation of molecular biology occurred at the end of a deep crisis which affected this discipline in the sixties and seventies (...)
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