Search results for 'Design Argument' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Graham Oppy (1996). Hume and the Argument for Biological Design. Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):519-534.score: 67.0
    There seems to be a widespread conviction — evidenced, for example, in the work of Mackie, Dawkins and Sober — that it is Darwinian rather than Humean considerations which deal the fatal logical blow to arguments for intelligent design. I argue that this conviction cannot be well-founded. If there are current logically decisive objections to design arguments, they must be Humean — for Darwinian considerations count not at all against design arguments based upon apparent cosmological fine-tuning. I (...)
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  2. Lloyd Strickland (2014). The “Who Designed the Designer?” Objection to Design Arguments. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (2):87-100.score: 66.0
    One of the most commonly-raised objections to the design argument is the so-called “who designed the designer?” objection, which charges that any designer invoked to explain complexity in the universe will feature complexity of its own, and thus require explanation in terms of design. There are two distinct versions of this objection in the contemporary literature, with it being couched in terms of: (1) Complexity of designer: a designer exhibits complexity, which calls for explanation in terms of (...)
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  3. Jonathan Weisberg (2005). Firing Squads and Fine-Tuning: Sober on the Design Argument. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):809-821.score: 60.0
    Elliott Sober has recently argued that the cosmological design argument is unsound, since our observation of cosmic fine-tuning is subject to an observation selection effect (OSE). I argue that this view commits Sober to rejecting patently correct design inferences in more mundane scenarios. I show that Sober's view, that there are OSEs in those mundane cases, rests on a confusion about what information an agent ought to treat as background when evaluating likelihoods. Applying this analysis to the (...)
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  4. Mark A. Walker & M. Milan (2006). Astrophysical Fine Tuning, Naturalism, and the Contemporary Design Argument. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):285 – 307.score: 60.0
    Evidence for instances of astrophysical 'fine tuning' (or 'coincidences') is thought by some to lend support to the design argument (i.e. the argument that our universe has been designed by some deity). We assess some of the relevant empirical and conceptual issues. We argue that astrophysical fine tuning calls for some explanation, but this explanation need not appeal to the design argument. A clear and strict separation of the issue of anthropic fine tuning on one (...)
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  5. Joseph M. Zycinski (1996). The Weak Anthropic Principle and the Design Argument. Zygon 31 (1):115-130.score: 60.0
    The design argument for God’s existence was critically assessed when in the growth of modern science the cognitive value of teleological categories was called into question. In recent discussions dealing with anthropic principles there has appeared a new version of the design argument, in which cosmic design is described without the use of teleological terms. The weak anthropic principle (WAP), a most critical version of all these principles, describes the fine-tuning of physical parameters necessary to (...)
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  6. Helen de Cruz & Johan de Smedt (2010). Paley's Ipod: The Cognitive Basis of the Design Argument Within Natural Theology. Zygon 45 (3):665-684.score: 60.0
    The argument from design stands as one of the most intuitively compelling arguments for the existence of a divine Creator. Yet, for many scientists and philosophers, Hume's critique and Darwin's theory of natural selection have definitely undermined the idea that we can draw any analogy from design in artifacts to design in nature. Here, we examine empirical studies from developmental and experimental psychology to investigate the cognitive basis of the design argument. From this it (...)
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  7. Mark Walker & Milan Cirkovic, Anthropic Reasoning and the Contemporary Design Argument in Astrophysics: A Reply to Robert Klee.score: 60.0
    In a recent study of astrophysical “fine-tunings” (or “coincidences”), Robert Klee critically assesses the support that such astrophysical evidence might be thought to lend to the design argument (i.e., the argument that our universe has been designed by some deity). Klee argues that a proper assessment indicates that the universe is not as “fine-tuned” as advertised by proponents of the design arguments. We argue (i) that Klee’s assessment of the data is, to a certain extent, problematic; (...)
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  8. Robert Klee (2002). The Revenge of Pythagoras: How a Mathematical Sharp Practice Undermines the Contemporary Design Argument in Astrophysical Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):331-354.score: 60.0
    Recent developments in astrophysical cosmology have revived support for the design argument among a growing clique of astrophysicists. I show that the scientific/mathematical evidence cited in support of intelligent design of the universe is infected with a mathematical sharp practice: the concepts of two numbers being of the same order of magnitude, and of being within an order of each other, have been stretched from their proper meanings so as to doctor the numbers evidentially. This practice started (...)
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  9. Neil A. Manson (2000). Anthropocentrism and the Design Argument. Religious Studies 36 (2):163-176.score: 60.0
    The design argument for the existence of God is often criticized for resting on anthropocentrism. Some critics maintain that anthropocentrism explains the origin of the design argument. Such critics commit the genetic fallacy. Others say anthropocentrism explains the appeal of the belief that human beings are ends especially worthy of creation. They fail to appreciate that the design argument need not be framed in terms of the fitness of the universe for humanity. Lastly, some (...)
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  10. Ira M. Schnall (2009). Anthropic Observation Selection Effects and the Design Argument. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):361-377.score: 60.0
    The Argument from Fine-Tuning, a relatively new version of the Design Argument, has given rise to an objection, based on what is known as the An­thropic Principle. It is alleged that the argument is fallacious in that it involves an observation selection effect—that given the existence of intelligent living observers, the observation that the universe is fine-tuned for the existence of intelligent life is not surprising. Many find this objection puzzling, or at least easily refutable. My (...)
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  11. Darren Bradley (2012). Weisberg on Design: What Fine-Tuning's Got to Do with It. Erkenntnis 77 (3):435-438.score: 54.0
    Jonathan Weisberg (2010 ) argues that, given that life exists, the fact that the universe is fine-tuned for life does not confirm the design hypothesis. And if the fact that life exists confirms the design hypothesis, fine-tuning is irrelevant. So either way, fine-tuning has nothing to do with it. I will defend a design argument that survives Weisberg’s critique — the fact that life exists supports the design hypothesis, but it only does so given fine-tuning.
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  12. David Glass (2012). Darwin, Design and Dawkins' Dilemma. Sophia 51 (1):31-57.score: 52.0
    Richard Dawkins has a dilemma when it comes to design arguments. On the one hand, he maintains that it was Darwin who killed off design and so implies that his rejection of design depends upon the findings of modern science. On the other hand, he follows Hume when he claims that appealing to a designer does not explain anything and so implies that rejection of design need not be based on the findings of modern science. These (...)
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  13. Kenneth Einar Himma, Design Arguments for the Existence of God. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 51.0
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  14. Neil A. Manson (ed.) (2003). God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge.score: 51.0
    Recent discoveries in physics, cosmology and biochemistry have captured the public imagination and made the Design Argument - the theory that God created the world according to a specific plan - the object of renewed scientific and philosophical interest. This accessible but serious introduction to the design problem brings together new perspectives from prominent scientists and philosophers including Paul Davies, Richard Swinburne, Sir Martin Rees, Michael Behe, Elliot Sober and Peter van Inwagen.
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  15. Alexander Pruss, Programs, Bugs, DNA and a Design Argument Alexander R. Pruss May 27, 2004.score: 51.0
    I argue that an examination of the analogy between the notion of a bug and that of a genetic defect supports an analogy not just between a computer program and DNA, but between a computer program designed by a programmer and DNA. This provides an analogical teleological argument for the existence of a highly intelligent designer.
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  16. Clement Dore (2014). The Argument From Apparent Design. Think 13 (37):85-94.score: 51.0
    I point out that, though animal bodies and their parts are not sufficiently similar to the products of conscious design to warrant an inference to a supernatural designer of the former things, the proponent of the design argument would be on firmer ground were he to base his inference on the more specific resemblance of well-functioning human eyes and brains to well-functioning cameras and computers. Though I argue that Darwin has not refuted the design argument, (...)
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  17. Graham Oppy (2002). Paley's Argument for Design. Philo 5 (2):161-173.score: 49.0
    The main aim of this paper is to examine an almost universal assumption concerning the structure of Paley’s argument for design. Almost all commentators suppose that Paley’s argument is an inductive argument---either an argument by analogy or an argument by inference to the best explanation. I contend, on the contrary, that Paley’s argument is actually a straightforwardly deductive argument. Moreover, I argue that, when Paley’s argument is properly understood, it can readily (...)
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  18. Mark F. Sharlow, What's Really Wrong with the Argument From Design?score: 48.0
    This document is an edited transcript of an impromptu talk by Mark F. Sharlow. In this talk, Dr. Sharlow examines one of the common arguments for God’s existence. He suggests that this argument is wrong, but not for the reason that skeptics usually cite. Instead, he points out a deeper error — and shows that by understanding this mistake, we can gain new insights into evolution and design.
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  19. Robert Hambourger, The Argument From Design.score: 48.0
    The argument from design for God's existence is involved with important questions about the conditions under which it is reasonable to believe that a state of affairs was brought about intentionally. In this paper I shall offer a version of the argument and defend it, if not quite in the sense of trying to show conclusively that it succeeds, then, at least, in the sense of trying to show that it deserves to be taken seriously. In Part (...)
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  20. Daniel Dennett (2008). Descartes's Argument From Design. Journal of Philosophy 105 (7):333 - 345.score: 48.0
    Descartes’s proof of the existence of God in the third ’Meditation’ can be interpreted as a version of the argument from design. He cannot point to the marvels of nature, since all he has after the second ’Meditation’ is his ideas, but his idea of God serves as the brilliantly designed entity that he claims he cannot have authored on his own. Several passages in his replies to commentators support this interpretation, and when one considers what Descartes believed (...)
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  21. Raymond D. Bradley, God, Design, and Evolution: A Teleological Argument for Atheism.score: 48.0
    Many things in the natural world work so well that they seem to have been designed. But by what? Could nature itself, by processes including those of evolution, be the designer? Or must their complex structure and function be attributed to some intelligent designer or God? Is natural design compatible with intelligent design? How good is the argument from the presence of design to an intelligent designer? And if we could legitimately infer the probable existence of (...)
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  22. R. G. Swinburne (1968). The Argument From Design. Philosophy 43 (165):199 - 212.score: 48.0
    ARGUMENTS FROM DESIGN TO THE EXISTENCE OF GOD MAY TAKE AS THEIR PREMISS EITHER THE EXISTENCE OF REGULARITIES OF COPRESENCE OR THE EXISTENCE OF REGULARITIES OF SUCCESSION. THERE ARE NO VALID FORMAL OBJECTIONS TO A CAREFULLY ARTICULATED ARGUMENT OF THE LATTER TYPE. AGAINST SUCH AN ARGUMENT NONE OF THE OBJECTIONS IN HUME’S "DIALOGUES" HAVE ANY WORTH. THE ARGUMENT MAY HOWEVER GIVE ONLY A SMALL DEGREE OF SUPPORT TO ITS CONCLUSION.
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  23. Joseph S. Fulda, Remarks on the Argument From Design.score: 48.0
    Gives two pared-down versions of the argument from design, which may prove more persuasive as to a Creator, discusses briefly the mathematics underpinning disbelief and nonbelief and its misuse and some proper uses, moves to why the full argument is needed anyway, viz., to demonstrate Providence, offers a theory as to how miracles (open and hidden) occur, viz. the replacement of any particular mathematics underlying a natural law (save logic) by its most appropriate nonstandard variant. -/- Note: (...)
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  24. R. G. Swinburne (1972). The Argument From Design - a Defence. Religious Studies 8 (3):193 - 205.score: 48.0
    I DEFEND IN DETAIL AN EXPOSITION OF THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN IN "PHILOSOPHY" 1968 AGAINST A. OLDING’S RECENT ATTACK IN RELIGIOUS STUDIES. I JUSTIFY THE DUALISM UNDERLYING THE ORIGINAL EXPOSITION. I FIND OLDING GUILTY OF TWO INTERESTING FALLACIES OF INDUCTIVE LOGIC - THE SUPERSIMILARITY FALLACY (POSTULATING IN AN ARGUMENT FROM ANALOGY SIMILARITIES OF CAUSES IN RESPECTS IN WHICH DIFFERENCES OF EFFECTS SUGGEST DIFFERENCES OF CAUSES) AND THE COMPLETIST FALLACY (CLAIMING THAT AN EXPLANATION OF E BY C IS (...)
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  25. Armin W. Schulz (2008). Structural Flaws: Massive Modularity and the Argument From Design. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):733-743.score: 48.0
    recent defence of the massive modularity thesis. However, as this paper seeks to show, there are major flaws in its structure. If construed deductively, it is unsound: modular mental architecture is not necessarily the best architecture, and even if it were, this alone would not show that this architecture evolved. If construed inductively, it is not much more convincing, as it then appears to be too weak to support the kind of modularity Carruthers is concerned with. The upshot of this (...)
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  26. Mark Wynn (1996). A Priori Judgments and the Argument From Design. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (3):169 - 185.score: 48.0
    At the outset of this discussion, I undertook to present an argument from design which would follow Swinburne's example in making use of a priori judgments, while avoiding some of the objections which have been posed in response to his treatment of these issues. So we need to ask: how does this approach to the question of design compare with Swinburne's?Swinburne argues that a chaotic world is a priori more likely than an ordered world: this consideration provides (...)
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  27. Kenneth R. Miller (2003). Answering the Biochemical Argument From Design. In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge.score: 48.0
     
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  28. Dan Moller (2011). A Simple Argument Against Design. Religious Studies 47 (4):513 - 520.score: 48.0
    This paper presents a simple argument against life being the product of design. The argument rests on three points, (1) We can conceive of the debate in terms of likelihoods, in the technical sense -how probable the design hypothesis renders our evidence, versus how probable the competing Darwinian hypothesis renders that evidence. (2) God, as traditionally conceived, had many more options by which to bring about life as we observe it than were available to natural selection. (...)
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  29. Michael Ruse (2003). Modern Biologists and the Argument From Design. In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge.score: 48.0
     
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  30. Elliott Sober (2003). The Argument From Design. In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge. 25--53.score: 48.0
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  31. Elliott Sober (2004). The Design Argument. In William Mann (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell Pub..score: 45.0
  32. John Jefferson Davis (1987). The Design Argument, Cosmic “Fine Tuning,” and the Anthropic Principle. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 22 (3):139 - 150.score: 45.0
  33. S. Gliboff (2000). Paley's Design Argument as an Inference to the Best Explanation, or, Dawkins' Dilemma. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (4):579-597.score: 45.0
  34. Maarten Boudry & Bert Leuridan (2011). Where the Design Argument Goes Wrong: Auxiliary Assumptions and Unification. Philosophy of Science 78 (4):558-578.score: 45.0
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  35. Lawrence Pasternack (2011). Regulative Principles and ‘the Wise Author of Nature’. Religious Studies 47 (4):411-429.score: 45.0
    There is much more said in the Critique of Pure Reason about the relationship between God and purposiveness than what is found in Kant's analysis of the physico-theological (design) argument. The ‘Wise Author of Nature’ is central to his analysis of regulative principles in the ‘Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic’ and also appears in the ‘Canon’, first with regards to the Highest Good and then again in relation to our theoretical use of purposiveness. This paper will begin with (...)
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  36. C. Mackenzie Brown (2008). The Design Argument in Classical Hindu Thought. International Journal of Hindu Studies 12 (2):103-151.score: 45.0
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  37. Paul Draper (1991). Hume's Reproduction Parody of the Design Argument. History of Philosophy Quarterly 8 (2):135 - 148.score: 45.0
  38. Robert Arp (1998). Hume's Mitigated Skepticism and the Design Argument. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (4):539-558.score: 45.0
  39. Benjamin Ives Gilman (1924). The Design Argument Survives Darwinism. Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):29-36.score: 45.0
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  40. William Dembski, Does the Design Argument Show There is a God? William A. Dembski.score: 45.0
    Suppose you take a tour of the Louvre, that great museum in Paris housing one of the finest art collections in the world. As you walk through the museum, you come across a painting by someone named Leonardo da Vinci -- the Mona Lisa . Suppose this is your first exposure to da Vinci -- you hadn't heard of him or seen the Mona Lisa before. What could you conclude? Certainly you could conclude that da Vinci was a consummate (...)
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  41. J. C. A. Gaskin (1976). The Design Argument: Hume's Critique of Poor Reason. Religious Studies 12 (3):331 - 345.score: 45.0
  42. James A. Sadowsky (1988). Did Darwin Destroy the Design Argument? International Philosophical Quarterly 28 (1):95-104.score: 45.0
  43. Neil Manson, The Design Argument.score: 45.0
    If you have taken a college biology class, or just watched Animal Planet, you may have been struck by the startling complexity of living organisms. From the grandest mammal to the lowliest cell, life displays intricacy and structure that would put a high-paid team of engineers to shame. How could such fantastically organized, complex structures arise blindly out of unintelligent matter? Speaking of matter, why is it the way it is? Though unimaginably vast, our universe has precise features, as does (...)
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  44. Alexander R. Pruss (2009). Programs, Bugs, DNA and a Design Argument. In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 45.0
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  45. Elmer Sprague (1988). Hume, Henry More and the Design Argument. Hume Studies 14 (2):305-327.score: 45.0
  46. Delmas Lewis (1982). On Salmon's Attempt to Redesign the Design Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (2):77 - 84.score: 45.0
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  47. James Duerlinger (1982). Unspoken Connections in the Design Argument. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (4):519-529.score: 45.0
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  48. Marvin Glass & Julian Wolfe (1986). Paley's Design Argument for God. Sophia 25 (2):17-19.score: 45.0
  49. H. M. Stanley (1885). Is the Design-Argument Scientific? Mind 10 (39):420-425.score: 45.0
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  50. E. L. Mascall (1966). Hume, Newton and the Design Argument. By Robert H. Hurlbutt III. (University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Neb., 1965. Pp. Xiv + 222. $5.00.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 41 (156):181-.score: 45.0
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