Search results for 'Dieter Wallach' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christian Lebiere & Dieter Wallach (1999). Implicit and Explicit Learning in a Hybrid Architecture of Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):772-773.score: 240.0
    We present a theoretical account of implicit and explicit learning in terms of ACT-R, an integrated architecture of human cognition as a computational supplement to Dienes & Perner's conceptual analysis of knowledge. Explicit learning is explained in ACT-R by the acquisition of new symbolic knowledge, whereas implicit learning amounts to statistically adjusting subsymbolic quantities associated with that knowledge. We discuss the common foundation of a set of models that are able to explain data gathered in several signature paradigms of implicit (...)
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  2. Richard W. Wallach (2000). Selected Opinions of Judge Richard W. Wallach. Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (2):219-242.score: 180.0
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  3. Colin Allen, Iva Smit & Wendell Wallach (2005). Artificial Morality: Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Hybrid Approaches. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):149-155.score: 30.0
    A principal goal of the discipline of artificial morality is to design artificial agents to act as if they are moral agents. Intermediate goals of artificial morality are directed at building into AI systems sensitivity to the values, ethics, and legality of activities. The development of an effective foundation for the field of artificial morality involves exploring the technological and philosophical issues involved in making computers into explicit moral reasoners. The goal of this paper is to discuss strategies for implementing (...)
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  4. Wendell Wallach, Stan Franklin & Colin Allen (2010). A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):454-485.score: 30.0
    Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in general, comprehensive models of human cognition. Such models aim to explain higher-order cognitive faculties, such as deliberation and planning. Given a computational representation, the validity of these models can be tested in computer simulations such as software agents or embodied robots. The push to implement computational models of this kind has created the field of artificial general intelligence (AGI). Moral decision making is arguably one of the most challenging tasks for computational (...)
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  5. Wendell Wallach (2010). Robot Minds and Human Ethics: The Need for a Comprehensive Model of Moral Decision Making. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):243-250.score: 30.0
    Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attempt by moral philosophers to illuminate the “ought” of ethics or the research by cognitive scientists directed at revealing the mechanisms that influence moral psychology, and yet it draws on both. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have tended to stress the importance of particular cognitive mechanisms, e.g., reasoning, moral sentiments, heuristics, intuitions, or a moral grammar, (...)
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  6. Alan Wallach (1997). Meyer Schapiro's Essay on Style: Falling Into the Void. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (1):11-15.score: 30.0
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  7. Michael A. Wallach (1959). Art, Science, and Representation: Toward an Experimental Psychology of Aesthetics. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (2):159-173.score: 30.0
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  8. Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Iva Smit (2007). Machine Morality: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Approaches for Modelling Human Moral Faculties. [REVIEW] AI and Society 22 (4):565-582.score: 30.0
    The implementation of moral decision making abilities in artificial intelligence (AI) is a natural and necessary extension to the social mechanisms of autonomous software agents and robots. Engineers exploring design strategies for systems sensitive to moral considerations in their choices and actions will need to determine what role ethical theory should play in defining control architectures for such systems. The architectures for morally intelligent agents fall within two broad approaches: the top-down imposition of ethical theories, and the bottom-up building of (...)
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  9. John R. Wallach (1987). Liberals, Communitarians, and the Tasks of Political Theory. Political Theory 15 (4):581-611.score: 30.0
  10. Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Stan Franklin (2011). Consciousness and Ethics: Artificially Conscious Moral Agents. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):177-192.score: 30.0
  11. John R. Wallach (2003). Review: Plato's Progeny: How Plato and Socrates Still Captivate the Modern Mind. [REVIEW] Mind 112 (445):151-156.score: 30.0
  12. Wendell Wallach (2010). Cognitive Models of Moral Decision Making. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):420-429.score: 30.0
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  13. Ellen Agard, Daniel Finkelstein & Edward Wallach (1998). Cultural Diversity and Informed Consent. Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (2):173.score: 30.0
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  14. Richard C. Dieter (1994). Commentary: Secondary Smoke Surrounds the Capital Punishment Debate. Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (1):2-84.score: 30.0
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  15. Wendell Wallach (2010). Applied Ethicists: Naysayers or Problem Solvers? Interaction Studies 11 (2):283-289.score: 30.0
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  16. John R. Wallach (2001). Smith, Strauss, and Platonic Liberalism. Political Theory 29 (3):424-429.score: 30.0
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  17. John R. Wallach (1992). Contemporary Aristotelianism. Political Theory 20 (4):613-641.score: 30.0
  18. Wendell Wallach (2010). Robot Morals and Human Ethics. [REVIEW] Teaching Ethics 11 (1):87-92.score: 30.0
    Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attempt by moral philosophers to illuminate the “ought” of ethics or the research by cognitive scientists directed at revealing the mechanisms that influence moral psychology, and yet it draws on both. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have tended to stress the importance of particular cognitive mechanisms, e.g., reasoning, moral sentiments, heuristics, intuitions, or a moral grammar, (...)
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  19. Wendell Wallach (2009). The Challenge of Moral Machines. Philosophy Now 72:6-9.score: 30.0
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  20. Henrich Dieter (1959). Hegels Theorie Über den Zufall. Kant-Studien 50 (1-4):131-148.score: 30.0
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  21. Kurt J. Teller, Richard Dieter & Milton D. Suboski (1972). Time Estimation and the Interstimulus Interval Function in Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):445.score: 30.0
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  22. Hans Wallach (1948). Brightness Constancy and the Nature of Achromatic Colors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):310.score: 30.0
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  23. Wendell Wallach & Colin Allen (2013). Framing Robot Arms Control. Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):125-135.score: 30.0
    The development of autonomous, robotic weaponry is progressing rapidly. Many observers agree that banning the initiation of lethal activity by autonomous weapons is a worthy goal. Some disagree with this goal, on the grounds that robots may equal and exceed the ethical conduct of human soldiers on the battlefield. Those who seek arms-control agreements limiting the use of military robots face practical difficulties. One such difficulty concerns defining the notion of an autonomous action by a robot. Another challenge concerns how (...)
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  24. John R. Wallach (2002). American Constitutionalism and Democratic Virtue. Ratio Juris 15 (3):219-241.score: 30.0
  25. Wendell Wallach (2008). Implementing Moral Decision Making Faculties in Computers and Robots. AI and Society 22 (4):463-475.score: 30.0
    The challenge of designing computer systems and robots with the ability to make moral judgments is stepping out of science fiction and moving into the laboratory. Engineers and scholars, anticipating practical necessities, are writing articles, participating in conference workshops, and initiating a few experiments directed at substantiating rudimentary moral reasoning in hardware and software. The subject has been designated by several names, including machine ethics, machine morality, artificial morality, or computational morality. Most references to the challenge elucidate one facet or (...)
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  26. Hans Wallach, D. N. O'Connell & Ulric Neisser (1953). The Memory Effect of Visual Perception of Three-Dimensional Form. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):360.score: 30.0
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  27. Kevin Conrad Dieter & Duje Tadin (2011). Understanding Attentional Modulation of Binocular Rivalry: A Framework Based on Biased Competition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
    Starting from early scientific explorations of binocular rivalry, researchers have wondered about the degree to which an observer can exert voluntary attentional control over rivalry dynamics. The answer to this question would not only reveal the extent to which we may determine our own conscious visual experience, but also advance our understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying binocular rivalry. Classic studies, intriguingly, reached contradictory conclusions, ranging from an absence of attentional control, as advocated by Breese, to nearly complete control of (...)
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  28. John R. Wallach (2003). Charles Blattberg, From Pluralist to Patriotic Politics: Putting Practice First:From Pluralist to Patriotic Politics: Putting Practice First. Ethics 114 (1):158-161.score: 30.0
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  29. Stephen M. Kosslyn, Jennifer Brunn, Kyle R. Cave & Roger W. Wallach (1984). Individual Differences in Mental Imagery Ability: A Computational Analysis. Cognition 18 (1-3):195-243.score: 30.0
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  30. R. M. Ogilvie, H. Caplan & L. Wallach (1968). The Classical Tradition: Literary and Historical Studies in Honor of Harry Caplan. Journal of Hellenic Studies 88:249.score: 30.0
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  31. John R. Wallach (1997). Plato's Socratic Problem, and Ours. History of Political Thought 18 (3):377-398.score: 30.0
  32. Michael A. Wallach & Lise Wallach (1990). Rethinking Goodness. State University of New York Press.score: 30.0
    Essays, most of which were published between 1978 and 1985. Evans writes social, not political history. These essays do not give a coherent picture of 19th (and early 20th) century Germany, but make interesting supplementary reading.
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  33. Hans Wallach (1979). Three Functions of Motor-Sensory Feedback in Object Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):84-85.score: 30.0
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  34. H. Wallach (1940). The Role of Head Movements and Vestibular and Visual Cues in Sound Localization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):339.score: 30.0
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  35. Ellen S. Agard & Edward E. Wallach (1999). The Limits of Reproductive Technology: Who Decides? Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (4):329.score: 30.0
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  36. H. Atmanspacher, H. Romer & H. Wallach (2006). Weak Quantum Theory: Formal Framework and Selected Applications. Weak Quantum Theory: Complementarity and Entanglement in Physics and Beyond. Foundations of Physics 32:379-406.score: 30.0
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  37. Theodor Dieter (1987). Amor Hominis — Amor Crucis. Zu Luthers Aristoteleskritik in der Prohatio Zur 28. These der „Heidelberger Disputation“. Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 29 (1-3):241-258.score: 30.0
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  38. Theodor Dieter (2009). Heiliger Geist Und Vernunft Bei Luther. In Edith Düsing, Werner Neuer & Hans-Dieter Klein (eds.), Geist Und Heiliger Geist: Philosophische Und Theologische Modelle von Paulus Und Johannes Bis Barth Und Balthasar. Königshausen & Neumann.score: 30.0
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  39. Wunderlich Dieter (1991). Intonation and Contrast. Journal of Semantics 8 (3).score: 30.0
     
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  40. H. Dieter (2005). Konstellationsforschung zur klassischen deutschen Philosophie. In Martin Mulsow & Marcelo Stamm (eds.), Konstellationsforschung. Suhrkamp.score: 30.0
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  41. Rita T. Layson, Harold M. Adelman, Paul M. Wallach, Mark P. Pfeifer, Sarah Johnston & Robert A. McNutt (1994). Discussions About the Use of Life-Sustaining Treatments: A Literature Review of Physicians' and Patients' Attitudes and Practices. End of Life Study Group. Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (3):195.score: 30.0
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  42. Iva Smit, Wendell Wallach & G. E. Lasker (eds.) (2005). Cognitive, Emotive, and Ethical Aspects of Decision Making in Humans and in Ai. International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics.score: 30.0
  43. Milton D. Suboski, Tonnar G. Brace, Louise A. Jarrold, Kurt J. Teller & Richard Dieter (1972). Interstimulus Interval and Time Estimation in Ratings of Signaled Shock Aversiveness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):407.score: 30.0
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  44. H. Wallach & M. Henle (1941). An Experimental Analysis of the Law of Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (4):340.score: 30.0
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  45. H. Wallach & M. Henle (1942). A Further Study of the Function of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (2):147.score: 30.0
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  46. J. R. Wallach (1983). After Virtue: An Essay in Moral Theory. Telos 1983 (57):233-240.score: 30.0
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  47. J. R. Wallach (1989). Books in Review. Political Theory 17 (2):338-342.score: 30.0
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  48. J. R. Wallach (2009). Book in Review: Plato: Political Philosopher, by Malcolm Schofield. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. 384 Pp. $45.00 (Paper). [REVIEW] Political Theory 37 (1):181-185.score: 30.0
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  49. D. Wallach & C. Lebiere (2003). Conscious and Unconscious Knowledge: Mapping to the Symbolic and Subsymbolic Levels of a Hybrid Architecture. In Luis Jimenez (ed.), Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins.score: 30.0
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  50. John R. Wallach (1997). Connolly, The Ethos of Pluralization. Political Theory 25:886-892.score: 30.0
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