Search results for 'Dilip Kumar Basu' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Dilip Kumar Basu (1971). Quine on Logical Truth. Southern Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):341-343.score: 870.0
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  2. Dilip K. Basu (1983). Russell on Denoting. Analysis 43 (2):65 - 70.score: 240.0
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  3. Dilip K. Basu (1986). A Question of Begging. Informal Logic 8 (1).score: 240.0
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  4. Dilip K. Basu (1994). Begging the Question, Circularity and Epistemic Propriety. Argumentation 8 (3):217-226.score: 240.0
    In this paper we shall try to understand what it is to beg the question, and since begging the question is generally believed to be linked with circularity, we shall also explore this relationship. Finally, we shall consider whether certain forms of valid argument can go through smoothly in anepistemio context without begging the question. We shall consider, especially, the claims of the disjunctive syllogism in this regard.
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  5. Bimalendra Kumar, Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.score: 120.0
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
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  6. Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.) (2008). Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume II: Society, Institutions, and Development. OUP Oxford.score: 120.0
    Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the academic disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences more broadly. He has engaged in policy dialogue and public debate, advancing the cause of a human development focused policy agenda, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the poor, and for plurality in cultural perspective. It is not surprising that he has won the highest awards, ranging from the Nobel Prize (...)
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  7. Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.) (2008). Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume II: Society, Institutions, and Development. OUP Oxford.score: 120.0
    Amartya Sen has made deep and lasting contributions to the academic disciplines of economics, philosophy, and the social sciences more broadly. He has engaged in policy dialogue and public debate, advancing the cause of a human development focused policy agenda, and a tolerant and democratic polity. This argumentative Indian has made the case for the poorest of the poor, and for plurality in cultural perspective. It is not surprising that he has won the highest awards, ranging from the Nobel Prize (...)
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  8. Victor Kumar (2011). In Support of Anti-Intellectualism. Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.score: 30.0
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
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  9. Rahul Kumar (2008). Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57 - 80.score: 30.0
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life (OUP: 2002). In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to kill (...)
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  10. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.score: 30.0
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
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  11. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2012). Moral Reasoning on the Ground. Ethics 122 (2):273-312.score: 30.0
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
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  12. Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (2012). On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.score: 30.0
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
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  13. Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar (2004). Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck. Ratio 17 (3):329–344.score: 30.0
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  14. Rahul Kumar (1999). Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275–309.score: 30.0
  15. Rahul Kumar (2003). Who Can Be Wronged? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99–118.score: 30.0
  16. Rahul Kumar (2003). Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument. Ethics 114 (1):6-37.score: 30.0
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  17. R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Richard Freeman (eds.) (2011). Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
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  18. Shiv K. Kumar (1957). Bergson and Stephen Dedalus' Aesthetic Theory. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (1):124-127.score: 30.0
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  19. Rahul Kumar (2001). Contractualism on Saving the Many. Analysis 61 (2):165–170.score: 30.0
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  20. S. Basu (1999). Dialogic Ethics and the Virtue of Humor. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):378–403.score: 30.0
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  21. Chandra Kumar (2008). A Pragmatist Spin on Analytical Marxism and Methodological Individualism. Philosophical Papers 37 (2):185-211.score: 30.0
    The debates of the 1980s and 1990s on methodological individualism versus methodological holism have not been adequately resolved. Within analytical Marxism, G.A. Cohen, John Roemer, Jon Elster and others have come down in favour of methodological individualism as part of the effort to make analytical Marxism more 'scientific' and 'rigorous' than earlier versions of Marxism. In doing so they have presented methodological individualism as a necessary ingredient in ridding Marxism of obscurantism. This view is here challenged from a pragmatist philosophical (...)
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  22. Apaar Kumar (2010). Review: Melnick, Kant's Theory of Self. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):535-536.score: 30.0
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  23. Pramod Kumar (2008). A Critical Examination of Dinnaga's Views on Sentence. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:29-36.score: 30.0
    The idea to work on this topic was come to my mind when I came across Masaaki Hattori’s comment that Dinnaga has accepted Bhartrhari’s views regarding the meaning of a sentence although their theories of word meaning are completely different from each other. According to Bhartrhari, in all phenomenal entities there are two elements viz. jati and vyakti; jati refers to the real element and vyakti to the unreal. Vyakti suffer changes, whereas jati remains constant. Again according to him the (...)
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  24. Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu (2007). The Ethical Backlash of Corporate Branding. Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):333 - 346.score: 30.0
    Past decades have witnessed the growing success of branding as a corporate activity as well as a rise in anti-brand activism. While appearing to be contradictory, both trends have emerged from common sources – the transition from industrial to post-industrial society, and the advent of globalization – the examination of which might lead to a socially grounded understanding of why brand success in the future is likely to demand more than superior product performance, placing increasing demand on corporations with regard (...)
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  25. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith, The Ontology of Blood Pressure: A Case Study in Creating Ontological Partitions in Biomedicine. IFOMIS Reports.score: 30.0
    We provide a methodology for the creation of ontological partitions in biomedicine and we test the methodology via an application to the phenomenon of blood pressure. An ontology of blood pressure must do justice to the complex networks of intersecting pathways in the organism by which blood pressure is regulated. To this end it must deal not only with the anatomical structures and physiological processes involved in such regulation but also with the relations between these at different levels of granularity. (...)
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  26. N. Siva Kumar & U. S. Rao (1996). Guidelines for Value Based Management in Kautilya's Arthashastra. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):415 - 423.score: 30.0
    The paper develops value based management guidelines from the famous Indian treatise on management, Kautilya's Arthashastra. Guidelines are given for individual components of a total framework in detail, which include guidelines for organizational philosophy, value based leadership, internal corporate culture, accomplishment of corporate purpose and feedback from stakeholders.
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  27. Rahul Kumar (2007). Mulgan's Future People. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):679–685.score: 30.0
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  28. Chandra Kumar (2011). John Dewey, Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920). Philosophical Papers 38 (1):111-128.score: 30.0
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  29. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2007). The Ontology of Processes and Functions: A Study of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. In Sharing Knowledge through the ICF: 13th Annual North American WHO Collaborating Center Conference on the ICF, Niagara Falls, June 7, 2007. North American WHO Collaborating Center.score: 30.0
    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a classification of human bodily functions, which, while exhibiting non-conformance to many formal ontological principles, provides an insight into which basic functions such a classification should include. Its evaluation is an important first step towards such an adequate ontology of this domain. Presented at the 13th Annual North American WHO Collaborating Center Conference on the ICF, 2007.
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  30. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2013). Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity. Analysis 73 (3):446-455.score: 30.0
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
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  31. Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols (forthcoming). How Many of Us Are There? In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.score: 30.0
  32. Kaushik Basu (2010). The Moral Basis of Prosperity and Oppression: Altruism, Other-Regarding Behaviour and Identity. Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):189-216.score: 30.0
    Much of economics is built on the assumption that individuals are driven by self-interest and economic development is an outcome of the free play of such individuals. On the few occasions that the existence of altruism is recognized in economics, the tendency is to build this from the axiom of individual selfishness. The aim of this paper is to break from this tradition and to treat as a primitive that individuals are endowed with the , which allows them to work (...)
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  33. Malhar N. Kumar (2008). A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.score: 30.0
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
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  34. Rahul Kumar & Kok-Chor Tan (2006). Introduction. Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):323–329.score: 30.0
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  35. Krishan Kumar & Ekaterina Makarova (2008). The Portable Home: The Domestication of Public Space. Sociological Theory 26 (4):324 - 343.score: 30.0
    Much commentary indicates that, starting from the 19th century, the home has become the privileged site of private life. In doing so it has established an increasingly rigid separation between the private and public spheres. This article does not disagree with this basic conviction. But we argue that, in more recent times, there has been a further development, in that the private life of the home has been carried into the public sphere--what we call "the domestication of public space." This (...)
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  36. Rahul Kumar (2001). Consensualism in Principle: On the Foundations of Non-Consequentialist Moral Reasoning. Routledge.score: 30.0
    This book presents and argues for a suitably articulated version of consensualism as a form of Kantian moral theory with an ability to powerfully illuminate the moral intuitions to which Kantian and utilitarian theories have traditionally appealed.
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  37. Nandini Kumar, G. D. Ravindran, A. Bhan, J. S. Srivastava & V. M. Nair (2008). The India Experience. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (4):295-303.score: 30.0
    This article featuring India constitutes one of five articles in a collection of essays on local capacity-building in research ethics by graduates from the University of Toronto’s Joint Centre for Bioethics MHSc in Bioethics, International Stream program funded by the Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences. Research ethics is a growing area of work and interest in India. Ethics review remains the weakest component in the mechanism of good clinical practice, and there is a severe dearth (...)
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  38. Rahul Kumar (2001). Rationing Problems and the Aims of Ethical Theory. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):30 – 31.score: 30.0
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  39. Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb (2005). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.score: 30.0
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  40. Prajit K. Basu (2003). Theory-Ladenness of Evidence: A Case Study From History of Chemistry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (2):351-368.score: 30.0
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  41. U. A. Vinay Kumar (1988). Existence of Self and Adhyāsa in Advaita. Journal of Indian Philosophy 16 (3):201-215.score: 30.0
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  42. Victor Kumar (2014). 'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term. Synthese 191 (3):439-457.score: 30.0
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
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  43. Barry Smith, Anand Kumar, Werner Ceusters & Cornelius Rosse (2005). On Carcinomas and Other Pathological Entities. Comparative and Functional Genomics 6 (7/8):379–387.score: 30.0
    Tumors, abscesses, cysts, scars, fractures are familiar types of what we shall call pathological continuant entities. The instances of such types exist always in or on anatomical structures, which thereby become transformed into pathological anatomical structures of corresponding types: a fractured tibia, a blistered thumb, a carcinomatous colon. In previous work on biomedical ontologies we showed how the provision of formal definitions for relations such as is_a, part_of and transformation_of can facilitate the integration of such ontologies in ways which have (...)
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  44. Shaun Nichols, Shikhar Kumar & Theresa Lopez, Rational Learners and Non-Utilitarian Rules.score: 30.0
  45. Barry Smith, Jose L. V. Mejino Jr, Stefan Schulz, Anand Kumar & Cornelius Rosse (2005). Anatomical Information Science. In Spatial Information Theory. Springer.score: 30.0
    The Foundational Model of Anatomy (FMA) is a map of the human body. Like maps of other sorts – including the map-like representations we find in familiar anatomical atlases – it is a representation of a certain portion of spatial reality as it exists at a certain (idealized) instant of time. But unlike other maps, the FMA comes in the form of a sophisticated ontology of its objectdomain, comprising some 1.5 million statements of anatomical relations among some 70,000 anatomical kinds. (...)
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  46. Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu (1996). The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):272.score: 30.0
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
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  47. R. M. Pujari, Pradeep Kolhe & N. R. Kumar (eds.) (2006). Pride of India : A Glimpse Into India's Scientific Heritage. Samskrita Bharati.score: 30.0
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  48. Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.score: 30.0
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  49. Apaar Kumar (2013). Kant's Idealism: New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine Ed. By Dennis Schulting, Jacco Verburgt (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):492-494.score: 30.0
    The literature on transcendental idealism is vast and controversy-ridden. Some interpreters view this puzzling doctrine as detracting from Kant’s real contribution—his theory of experience. Those who take the doctrine seriously debate whether or not appearances and things-in-themselves constitute two ontologically discrete worlds. Currently, the discussion centers around whether the appearance/thing-in-itself distinction should be read epistemologically, as referring to two different aspects of the same object, or as a metaphysical distinction, since Kant thinks of appearances as non-ultimate reality. The essays in (...)
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  50. Dharmendra Kumar (1969). Neutrality, Contingency and Undecidability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (4):353-356.score: 30.0
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