Search results for 'Dilip Kumar Basu' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Dilip Kumar Basu (1971). Quine on Logical Truth. Southern Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):341-343.
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  2. D. P. Chattopadhyaya, S. Basu, M. N. Mitra & R. Mukhopadhyay (eds.) (2000). Realism, Responses and Reactions. Essays in Honour of Pranab Kumar Sen. Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
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  3.  7
    Dilip K. Basu (1986). A Question of Begging. Informal Logic 8 (1).
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  4.  46
    Dilip K. Basu (1983). Russell on Denoting. Analysis 43 (2):65 - 70.
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  5.  8
    Dilip K. Basu (1994). Begging the Question, Circularity and Epistemic Propriety. Argumentation 8 (3):217-226.
    In this paper we shall try to understand what it is to beg the question, and since begging the question is generally believed to be linked with circularity, we shall also explore this relationship. Finally, we shall consider whether certain forms of valid argument can go through smoothly in anepistemio context without begging the question. We shall consider, especially, the claims of the disjunctive syllogism in this regard.
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  6.  12
    Bimalendra Kumar, Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
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  7. Kaushik Basu (2010). Beyond the Invisible Hand: Groundwork for a New Economics. Princeton University Press.
    One of the central tenets of mainstream economics is Adam Smith's proposition that, given certain conditions, self-interested behavior by individuals leads them to the social good, almost as if orchestrated by an invisible hand. This deep insight has, over the past two centuries, been taken out of context, contorted, and used as the cornerstone of free-market orthodoxy. In Beyond the Invisible Hand, Kaushik Basu argues that mainstream economics and its conservative popularizers have misrepresented Smith's insight and hampered our understanding (...)
     
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  8. Kaushik Basu (2003). Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Mainstream economics was founded on many strong assumptions. Institutions and politics were treated as irrelevant, government as exogenous, social norms as epiphenomena. As an initial gambit this was fine. But as the horizons of economic inquiry have broadened, these assumptions have become hindrances rather than aids. If we want to understand why some economies succeed and some fail, why some governments are effective and others not, why some communities prosper while others stagnate, it is essential to view economics as embedded (...)
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  9.  22
    Victor Kumar (2016). Psychopathy and Internalism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):318-345.
    Do psychopaths make moral judgments but lack motivation? Or are psychopaths’ judgments are not genuinely moral? Both sides of this debate seem to assume either externalist or internalist criteria for the presence of moral judgment. However, if moral judgment is a natural kind, we can arrive at a theory-neutral criterion for moral judgment. A leading naturalistic criterion suggests that psychopaths have an impaired capacity for moral judgment; the capacity is neither fully present nor fully absent. Psychopaths are therefore not counterexamples (...)
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  10. Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2012). Moral Reasoning on the Ground. Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
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  11.  98
    Rahul Kumar (2001). Contractualism on Saving the Many. Analysis 61 (2):165–170.
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  12.  97
    Rahul Kumar (2003). Who Can Be Wronged? Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99–118.
  13.  62
    R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Richard Freeman (eds.) (2011). Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon. Oxford University Press.
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
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  14.  13
    Jean-Pascal Gond, Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu (2009). Reconsidering Instrumental Corporate Social Responsibility Through the Mafia Metaphor. Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):57-85.
    The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the instrumental perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in practice and theory by relying on sociological analyses of a well known organization: the Italian Mafia. Legal businesses might share features of the Mafia, such as the propensity to exploit a governance vacuum in society, a strong organizational identity that demarcates the inside from the outside, and an extreme profit motive. Instrumental CSR practices have the power to accelerate a firm’s transition to (...)
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  15.  63
    Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar (2013). Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity. Analysis 73 (3):446-455.
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
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  16.  36
    Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu (2007). The Ethical Backlash of Corporate Branding. Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):333 - 346.
    Past decades have witnessed the growing success of branding as a corporate activity as well as a rise in anti-brand activism. While appearing to be contradictory, both trends have emerged from common sources – the transition from industrial to post-industrial society, and the advent of globalization – the examination of which might lead to a socially grounded understanding of why brand success in the future is likely to demand more than superior product performance, placing increasing demand on corporations with regard (...)
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  17. Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (2012). On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
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  18.  36
    Victor Kumar (2015). Moral Judgment as a Natural Kind. Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2887-2910.
    In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on the moral/conventional distinction suggests that in moral judgments right and wrong, good and bad, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, etc. are conceptualized as serious, general, authority-independent, and objective. After laying out the theory and the empirical evidence that supports it, I address recent empirical and conceptual objections. Finally, I suggest that the theory uniquely (...)
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  19.  84
    Rahul Kumar (1999). Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275–309.
  20.  87
    Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar (2004). Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck. Ratio 17 (3):329–344.
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  21.  38
    Victor Kumar (2014). 'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term. Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
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  22. Rahul Kumar (2008). Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57-80.
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing : Problems at the Margins of Life. In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to kill a (...)
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  23.  1
    H. Silverman, H. Sleem, K. Moodley, N. Kumar, S. Naidoo, T. Subramanian, R. Jaafar & M. Moni (2015). Results of a Self-Assessment Tool to Assess the Operational Characteristics of Research Ethics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):332-337.
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  24. Krishan Kumar (1989). Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Legislators and Interpreters: On Modernity, Post- Modernity, and Intellectuals, Oxford: Polity Press, 1987, £25.00, 209 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):265-269.
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  25.  42
    Rahul Kumar (2015). Risking and Wronging. Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (1):27-51.
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  26. Victor Kumar (2011). In Support of Anti-Intellectualism. Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
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  27. M. S. Vijay Kumar (2012). The New Landscape for the Innovative Transformation of Education. Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (3):619-630.
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  28. Manjit Kumar (2009). Quantum: Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality. Hachette India.
    The reluctant revolutionary -- The patent slave -- The golden Dane -- The quantum atom -- When Einstein met Bohr -- The prince of duality -- Spin doctors -- The quantum magician -- A late erotic outburst -- Uncertainty in Copenhagen -- Solvay 1927 -- Einstein forgets relativity -- Quantum reality -- For whom Bell's theorem tolls -- The quantum demon.
     
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  29. Krishan Kumar (2001). Sociology and the Englishness of English Social Theory. Sociological Theory 19 (1):41-64.
    Although England has a rich tradition of social and political thought, sociology does not figure strongly in this tradition. Several influential accounts-such as those by Noel Annan, Philip Abrams, and Perry Anderson-exist to explain this fact. I examine these accounts and, while largely agreeing with the explanations, question whether we should accept the authors' conclusions. In particular, we need to ask whether England was so different from other countries in this respect. Moreover, even if sociology was weak in England, does (...)
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  30. Prasanta S. Bandyopadhayay, Robert J. Boik & Prasun Basu (1996). The Curve Fitting Problem: A Bayesian Approach. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):272.
    In the curve fitting problem two conflicting desiderata, simplicity and goodness-of-fit, pull in opposite directions. To this problem, we propose a solution that strikes a balance between simplicity and goodness-of-fit. Using Bayes' theorem we argue that the notion of prior probability represents a measurement of simplicity of a theory, whereas the notion of likelihood represents the theory's goodness-of-fit. We justify the use of prior probability and show how to calculate the likelihood of a family of curves. We diagnose the relationship (...)
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  31. Ronald J. Pekala & V. K. Kumar (2007). An Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Quantifying Consciousness and States of Consciousness: With Particular Reference to Understanding the Nature of Hypnosis. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 167-194.
     
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  32.  3
    Jeff Weintraub & Krishan Kumar (eds.) (1997). Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy. University of Chicago Press.
    These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of ...
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  33.  54
    Rahul Kumar (2003). Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument. Ethics 114 (1):6-37.
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  34. Dharmendra Kumar (1969). Neutrality, Contingency and Undecidability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (4):353-356.
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  35.  41
    Krishan Kumar (2010). Nation-States as Empires, Empires as Nation-States: Two Principles, One Practice? [REVIEW] Theory and Society 39 (2):119-143.
  36.  2
    L. Jeyaseelan, Shuba Kumar, Nithya Neelakantan, Abraham Peedicayil, Rajamohanam Pillai & Nata Duvvury (2007). Physical Spousal Violence Against Women in India: Some Risk Factors. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (5):657.
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  37.  29
    Malhar N. Kumar (2008). A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
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  38.  3
    Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Divya Trivedi, Tanuj Kanchan, Thapar Rekha, Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla & Mishaal Talish (forthcoming). Patients’ Awareness About Their Rights: A Study From Coastal South India. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Respecting patients’ rights is a fundamental aspect of providing quality healthcare. The present investigation attempts to explore the awareness among patients about their rights in a coastal township in India. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 215 patients admitted to the wards of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Mangalore. Awareness among patients regarding their rights varied for various issues and ranged between 48.4 and 87.4 %. Awareness about patients’ rights was independent of gender, socio-economic and educational status. (...)
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  39.  9
    V. K. Kumar (2010). Reflections on the Varieties of Hypnotizables: A Commentary on Terhune and Cardeña. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1151-1153.
    This commentary reflects on the varieties of high hypnotizable subjects suggested in the works by Barber, Barrett, Pekala and colleagues, and Terhune and Cardeña . These different studies point to the existence of different types of low, medium, and high hypnotizable subjects. However, types of high hypnotizables have received the most attention. Two main concerns are raised in this commentary: drawing parallels between the suggested typologies is not without problems given methodological differences among different studies, and the low base rates (...)
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  40.  13
    Y. Deenadayalan, K. Grimmer‐Somers, M. Prior & S. Kumar (2008). How to Run an Effective Journal Club: A Systematic Review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):898-911.
    BACKGROUND: Health-based journal clubs have been in place for over 100 years. Participants meet regularly to critique research articles, to improve their understanding of research design, statistics and critical appraisal. However, there is no standard process of conducting an effective journal club. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify core processes of a successful health journal club. METHOD: We searched a range of library databases using established keywords. All research designs were initially considered to establish the body of evidence. (...)
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  41.  8
    Raman Kumar, William B. Lamb & Richard E. Wokutch (2002). The End of South African Sanctions, Institutional Ownership, and the Stock Price Performance of Boycotted Firms Evidence on the Impact of Social/Ethical Investing. Business and Society 41 (2):133-165.
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  42.  7
    Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta (2009). Using Movement and Intentions to Understand Human Activity. Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
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  43.  77
    Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose L. V. Mejino, Daniel L. Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith (2005). A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies. In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA
    The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be integrated at a higher level, through what we shall call the OBR framework (for: Ontology of Biomedical Reality). OBR is designed to facilitate inference across the boundaries of domain ontologies (...)
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  44. Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
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  45.  57
    Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols (forthcoming). How Many of Us Are There? In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press
  46.  19
    Kriashan Kumar (1990). Utopian Thought and Communal Practice. Theory and Society 19 (1):1-35.
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  47.  15
    Kirill V. Mikhailov, Anastasiya V. Konstantinova, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Peter V. Troshin, Leonid Yu Rusin, Vassily A. Lyubetsky, Yuri V. Panchin, Alexander P. Mylnikov, Leonid L. Moroz, Sudhir Kumar & Vladimir V. Aleoshin (2009). The Origin of Metazoa: A Transition From Temporal to Spatial Cell Differentiation. Bioessays 31 (7):758-768.
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  48.  37
    S. Basu (1999). Dialogic Ethics and the Virtue of Humor. Journal of Political Philosophy 7 (4):378–403.
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  49.  13
    Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell (forthcoming). Honor and Moral Revolution. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-13.
    Western philosophers have generally neglected honor as a moral phenomenon worthy of serious study. Appiah’s recent work on honor in moral revolutions is an important exception, but even he is careful to separate honor from morality, regarding it as only “an ally” of morality. In this paper we take Appiah to be right about the psychological, social, and historical role honor has played in three notable moral revolutions, but wrong about the moral nature of honor. We defend two new theses: (...)
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  50. Rahul Kumar (1999). Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense. Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275-309.
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