Search results for 'Dimension' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Federico José Arena (2016). Embodied Conventions. Some Comments on Their Social Dimension and Intentionality. Revus.
    In these brief comments on Bruno Celano’s “Pre-conventions. A Fragment of the Background”, I propose further thoughts on what, following Celano’s analysis, I call embodied conventions. I begin with a number of remarks on Celano’s philosophical method. Then I claim, first, that the social dimension of conventionality remains obscure in his account of embodied conventions, and, second, that his account of pre-conventions is still imprecise due to the ambiguity of the notion of the Background.
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  2.  5
    Jonathan Stephenson (2016). Controlling Effective Packing Dimension of $Delta^{0}_{2}$ Degrees. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 57 (1):73-93.
    This paper presents a refinement of a result by Conidis, who proved that there is a real $X$ of effective packing dimension $0\lt \alpha\lt 1$ which cannot compute any real of effective packing dimension $1$. The original construction was carried out below $\emptyset''$, and this paper’s result is an improvement in the effectiveness of the argument, constructing such an $X$ by a limit-computable approximation to get $X\leq_{T}\emptyset'$.
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  3.  5
    Roger D. Maddux (1992). Relation Algebras of Every Dimension. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1213-1229.
    Conjecture (1) of [Ma83] is confirmed here by the following result: if $3 \leq \alpha < \omega$, then there is a finite relation algebra of dimension α, which is not a relation algebra of dimension α + 1. A logical consequence of this theorem is that for every finite α ≥ 3 there is a formula of the form $S \subseteq T$ (asserting that one binary relation is included in another), which is provable with α + 1 variables, (...)
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  4.  4
    Philip Scowcroft (2015). More on Generic Dimension Groups. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 56 (4):511-553.
    While finitely generic dimension groups are known to admit no proper self-embeddings, these groups also have no automorphisms other than scalar multiplications, and every countable infinitely generic dimension group admits proper self-embeddings and has automorphisms other than scalar multiplications. The finite-forcing companion of the theory of dimension groups is recursively isomorphic to first-order arithmetic, the infinite-forcing companion of the theory of dimension groups is recursively isomorphic to second-order arithmetic, and the first-order theory of existentially closed (...) groups is a complete $\Pi_{1}^{1}$-set. While many special properties of f.g. dimension groups may be realized in recursive e.c. dimension groups, and many special properties of i.g. dimension groups may be realized in hyperarithmetic e.c. dimension groups, no f.g. dimension group is arithmetic and no i.g. dimension group is analytical. Yet there is an f.g. dimension group recursive in first-order arithmetic, and there is an i.g. dimension group recursive in second-order arithmetic. (shrink)
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  5.  20
    Sergio Sergio Ortiz Leroux (2012). Democracia y totalitarismo: La dimensión simbólica de lo político según Claude Lefort. Apuntes Filosóficos 19 (36).
    El súbito consenso que se ha producido en nuestros días alrededor de la importancia de la noción democracia no se ha acompañado de una reflexión filosófica sobre su sentido moderno. La obra filosófica de Claude Lefort ha contribuido a llenar este vacío teórico. Para Lefort, el sentido de la democracia moderna no puede revelarse, como ha supuesto la ciencia política, a través de la descripción del funcionamiento de sus instituciones, sino puede estudiarse mediante la exploración de su dimensión simbólica. En (...)
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  6.  9
    Henri Lombardi & Claude Quitté (2008). Comparison of Picard Groups in Dimension 1. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 54 (3):247-252.
    We compare two Picard groups in dimension 1. Our proofs are constructive and the results generalize a theorem of J. Sands [11].
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  7.  14
    Nicolas Guzy & Françoise Point (2012). Topological Differential Fields and Dimension Functions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (4):1147-1164.
    We construct a fibered dimension function in some topological differential fields.
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  8.  9
    Sergio Sergio Ortiz Leroux (2012). Democracia y totalitarismo: La dimensión simbólica de lo político según Claude Lefort. Apuntes Filosóficos 19 (36).
    El súbito consenso que se ha producido en nuestros días alrededor de la importancia de la noción democracia no se ha acompañado de una reflexión filosófica sobre su sentido moderno. La obra filosófica de Claude Lefort ha contribuido a llenar este vacío teórico. Para Lefort, el sentido de la democracia moderna no puede revelarse, como ha supuesto la ciencia política, a través de la descripción del funcionamiento de sus instituciones, sino puede estudiarse mediante la exploración de su dimensión simbólica. En (...)
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  9.  5
    Satyadev Nandakumar (2009). A Characterization of Constructive Dimension. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (2):185-200.
    In the context of Kolmogorov's algorithmic approach to the foundations of probability, Martin-Löf defined the concept of an individual random sequence using the concept of a constructive measure 1 set. Alternate characterizations use constructive martingales and measures of impossibility. We prove a direct conversion of a constructive martingale into a measure of impossibility and vice versa such that their success sets, for a suitably defined class of computable probability measures, are equal. The direct conversion is then generalized to give a (...)
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  10.  9
    Carolyn Brighouse (2014). Geometric Possibility- an Argument From Dimension. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):31-54.
    One cannot expect an exact answer to the question “What are the possible structures of space?”, but rough answers to it impact central debates within philosophy of space and time. Recently Gordon Belot has suggested that a rough answer takes the class of metric spaces to represent the possible structures of space. This answer has intuitive appeal, but I argue, focusing on topological characterizations of dimension, examples of prima facie space-like mathematical spaces that have pathological dimension properties, and (...)
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  11.  17
    Lilian Bermejo-Luque (2010). Intrinsic Versus Instrumental Values of Argumentation: The Rhetorical Dimension of Argumentation. [REVIEW] Argumentation 24 (4):453-474.
    I distinguish four current strategies for integrating a rhetorical perspective within normative models for argumentation. Then I propose and argue for a fifth one by defending a conception of acts of arguing as having a rhetorical dimension that provides conditions for characterizing good argumentation, understood as argumentation that justifies a target-claim.
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  12.  4
    Blaine J. Fowers (1993). Psychology as Public Philosophy: An Illustration of the Moral Dimension of Psychology with Marital Research. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):124-136.
    Suggests that contemporary marriage is at the heart of a serious cultural paradox that renders it strongly valued, but rather brittle. Scientific and therapeutic approaches to this dilemma have had limited success in resolving this problem because professionals have accepted and promoted the popular aspiration of personal fulfillment through marriage, which may have engendered the fragility of marriage. The author provides a brief hermeneutic account designed to make the incoherence of contemporary marriage more intelligible, and to clarify the moral (...) of psychology. Marital research illustrates how a hermeneutic perspective can guide a specific research domain in becoming more responsive to the essential social and ethical concerns that animate it. Suggestions for how researchers can explore why marriage is so central to modern life are offered. 2012 APA, all rights reserved). (shrink)
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  13.  10
    Chris J. Conidis (2012). A Real of Strictly Positive Effective Packing Dimension That Does Not Compute a Real of Effective Packing Dimension One. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (2):447-474.
    Recently, the Dimension Problem for effective Hausdorff dimension was solved by J. Miller in [14], where the author constructs a Turing degree of non-integral Hausdorff dimension. In this article we settle the Dimension Problem for effective packing dimension by constructing a real of strictly positive effective packing dimension that does not compute a real of effective packing dimension one (on the other hand, it is known via [10, 3, 7] that every real of (...)
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  14.  5
    Rod Downey & Keng Meng Ng (2010). Effective Packing Dimension and Traceability. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (2):279-290.
    We study the Turing degrees which contain a real of effective packing dimension one. Downey and Greenberg showed that a c.e. degree has effective packing dimension one if and only if it is not c.e. traceable. In this paper, we show that this characterization fails in general. We construct a real $A\leq_T\emptyset''$ which is hyperimmune-free and not c.e. traceable such that every real $\alpha\leq_T A$ has effective packing dimension 0. We construct a real $B\leq_T\emptyset'$ which is not (...)
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  15.  4
    Jack H. Lutz & Klaus Weihrauch (2008). Connectivity Properties of Dimension Level Sets. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 54 (5):483-491.
    This paper initiates the study of sets in Euclidean spaces ℝn that are defined in terms of the dimensions of their elements. Specifically, given an interval I ⊆ [0, n ], we are interested in the connectivity properties of the set DIMI, consisting of all points in ℝn whose dimensions lie in I, and of its dual DIMIstr, consisting of all points whose strong dimensions lie in I. If I is [0, 1) or.
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  16.  4
    Loren E. Acker & Allan E. Edwards (1964). Transfer of Vasoconstriction Over a Bipolar Meaning Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (1):1.
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  17.  2
    William J. Thomson (1972). Effect of Number of Response Categories on Dimension Selection, Paired-Associate Learning, and Complete Learning in a Conjunctive Concept Identification Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):95.
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  18.  4
    Donald E. Guy, Frederick M. Van Fleet & Lyle E. Bourne Jr (1966). Effects of Adding a Stimulus Dimension Prior to a Nonreversal Shift. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):161.
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  19.  2
    Delos D. Wickens, Donald B. Reutener & F. Thomas Eggemeier (1972). Sense Impression as an Encoding Dimension of Words. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):301.
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  20.  2
    Wayne O. Evans (1961). Two Factors Affecting Stimulus Generalization on a Spatial Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):142.
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  21. Charles L. Richman & John Trinder (1968). Effect of a Novel Stimulus Dimension on Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):163.
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  22.  2
    Fred Abraham, Isidore Gormezano & Richard Wiehe (1964). Discrimination Learning as a Function of Prior Relevance of a Partially Reinforced Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (3):242.
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  23.  2
    Joseph Lyons (1969). Stimulus Generalization Along the Dimension of S+ as a Function of Discrimination Learning with and Without Error. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):95.
  24.  1
    Lyle E. Bourne Jr & Robert C. Haygood (1960). Effects of Intermittent Reinforcement of an Irrelevant Dimension and Task Complexity Upon Concept Identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (6):371.
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  25.  1
    Elaine Gumer & Marvin Levine (1971). The Missing Dimension in Concept Learning: Dimensionality or Local Consistency? Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):39-44.
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  26. Judson S. Brown, Edward A. Bilodeau & Martin R. Baron (1951). Bidirectional Gradients in the Strength of a Generalized Voluntary Response to Stimuli on a Visualspatial Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (1):52.
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  27. J. W. Kling (1952). Generalization of Extinction of an Instrumental Response to Stimuli Varying in the Size Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):339.
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  28. David Fritzsche & E. Oz (2007). Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of decision making using Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis. The study examines personal values as they relate to five types of ethical (...)
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  29.  63
    Joshua Knobe, Sandeep Prasada & George Newman (2013). Dual Character Concepts and the Normative Dimension of Conceptual Representation. Cognition 127 (2):242-257.
    Five experiments provide evidence for a class of ‘dual character concepts.’ Dual character concepts characterize their members in terms of both (a) a set of concrete features and (b) the abstract values that these features serve to realize. As such, these concepts provide two bases for evaluating category members and two different criteria for category membership. Experiment 1 provides support for the notion that dual character concepts have two bases for evaluation. Experiments 2-4 explore the claim that dual character concepts (...)
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  30.  26
    David J. Fritzsche (2000). Ethical Climates and the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 24 (2):125 - 140.
    Victor and Cullen (1987, 1988) developed a typology of ethical climates based upon the level of moral development of the work group (egoism, benevolence and principled a la Kohlberg, 1981) and the locus of analysis utilized in reaching decisions (individual, local, cosmopolitan). Building on this typology, data were obtained from a high technology company for the purpose of empirically extending the examination of the number of ethical climates that exist and portraying the relationship between ethical climates and the ethical (...) of decisions.When faced with decisions posing various types of ethical dilemmas, most respondents indicated they would take the ethical path. The one exception involved bribery where respondents were about equally likely to make or withhold payment. One climate guided by laws/professional codes accounted for over half of the respondents. Several climates accounted for less than ten percent of the respondents. (shrink)
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  31. John Cottingham (2005). The Spiritual Dimension: Religion, Philosophy, and Human Value. Cambridge University Press.
    The Spiritual Dimension offers a new model for the philosophy of religion, bringing together emotional and intellectual aspects of our human experience, and embracing practical as well as theoretical concerns. It shows how a religious worldview is best understood not as an isolated set of doctrines, but as intimately related to spiritual praxis and to the search for self-understanding and moral growth. It argues that the religious quest requires a certain emotional openness, but can be pursued without (...)
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  32.  11
    Terry Hyland (2011). Mindfulness and Learning: Celebrating the Affective Dimension of Education. Springer Verlag.
    The result is a one-dimensional, economistic and bleakly utilitarian conception of the educational task.In Mindfulness and Learning: Celebrating the Affective Dimension of Education, Terry Hyland advances the thesis that education stands in ...
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  33.  57
    James A. Waters & Frederick Bird (1987). The Moral Dimension of Organizational Culture. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):15 - 22.
    The lack of concrete guidance provided by managerial moral standards and the ambiguity of the expectations they create are discussed in terms of the moral stress experienced by many managers. It is argued that requisite clarity and feelings of obligation with respect to moral standards derive ultimately from public discussion of moral issues within organizations and from shared public agreement about appropriate behavior. Suggestions are made about ways in which the moral dimension of an organization's culture can be more (...)
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  34.  18
    Chrisoula Andreou (2015). The Real Puzzle of the Self-Torturer: Uncovering a New Dimension of Instrumental Rationality. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (5-6):562-575.
    The puzzle of the self-torturer raises intriguing questions concerning rationality, cyclic preferences, and resoluteness. Interestingly, what makes the case puzzling has not been clearly pinpointed. The puzzle, it seems, is that a series of rational choices foreseeably leads the self-torturer to an option that serves his preferences worse than the one with which he started. But this is a very misleading way of casting the puzzle. I pinpoint the real puzzle of the self-torturer and, in the process, reveal a neglected (...)
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  35.  64
    Peter Gildenhuys (2009). An Explication of the Causal Dimension of Drift. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):521-555.
    Among philosophers, controversy over the notion of drift in population genetics is ongoing. This is at least partly because the notion of drift has an ambiguous usage among population geneticists. My goal in this paper is to explicate the causal dimension of drift, to say what causal influences are responsible for the stochasticity in population genetics models. It is commonplace for population genetics to oppose the influence of selection to that of drift, and to consider how the dynamics of (...)
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  36.  32
    Rinat M. Nugayev (2013). Space-Time Dimension Problem as a Stumbling Block of Inflationary Cosmology. In Vadim V. Kazutinsky, Elena A. Mamchur, Alexandre D. Panov & V. D. Erekaev (eds.), Metauniverse,Space,Time. Institute of Philosophy of RAS 52-73.
    It is taken for granted that the explanation of the Universe’s space-time dimension belongs to the host of the arguments that exhibit the superiority of modern (inflationary) cosmology over the standard model. In the present paper some doubts are expressed . They are based upon the fact superstring theory is too formal to represent genuine unification of general relativity and quantum field theory. Neveretheless, the fact cannot exclude the opportunity that in future the superstring theory can become more physical. (...)
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  37.  48
    Claire Petitmengin (2007). Towards the Source of Thoughts: The Gestural and Transmodal Dimension of Lived Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (3):54-82.
    The objective of this article is to study a deeply pre- reflective dimension of our subjective experience. This dimension is gestural and rhythmic, has precise transmodal sensorial submodalities, and seems to play an essential role in the process of emergence of all thought and understanding. In the first part of the article, using examples, we try to draw the attention of the reader to this dimension in his subjective experience. In the second part, we attempt to explain (...)
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  38.  30
    Joris Vlieghe (2010). Judith Butler and the Public Dimension of the Body: Education, Critique and Corporeal Vulnerability. Journal of Philosophy of Education 44 (1):153-170.
    In this paper I discuss some thoughts Judith Butler presents regarding corporeal vulnerability. This might help to elucidate the problem of whether critical education is still possible today. I first explain why precisely the possibility of critique within education is a problem for us today. This is because the traditional means of enhancing a critical attitude in pupils, stimulating their self-reflective capacities, contributes to the continued existence and strengthening of the current societal and political regime. A way out of this (...)
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  39.  49
    Ciano Aydin (2015). The Artifactual Mind: Overcoming the ‘Inside–Outside’ Dualism in the Extended Mind Thesis and Recognizing the Technological Dimension of Cognition. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):73-94.
    This paper explains why Clark’s Extended Mind thesis is not capable of sufficiently grasping how and in what sense external objects and technical artifacts can become part of our human cognition. According to the author, this is because a pivotal distinction between inside and outside is preserved in the Extended Mind theorist’s account of the relation between the human organism and the world of external objects and artifacts, a distinction which they proclaim to have overcome. Inspired by Charles S. Peirce’s (...)
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  40.  12
    M. -K. Lim (2012). Values and Health Care: The Confucian Dimension in Health Care Reform. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):545-555.
    Are values and social priorities universal, or do they vary across geography, culture, and time? This question is very relevant to Asia’s emerging economies that are increasingly looking at Western models for answers to their own outmoded health care systems that are in dire need of reform. But is it safe for them to do so without sufficient regard to their own social, political, and philosophical moorings? This article argues that historical and cultural legacies influence prevailing social values with regard (...)
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  41.  39
    Peter Gildenhuys (2009). An Explication of the Causal Dimension of Drift. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):521-555.
    Among philosophers, controversy over the notion of drift in population genetics is ongoing. This is at least partly because the notion of drift has an ambiguous usage among population geneticists. My goal in this paper is to explicate the causal dimension of drift, to say what causal influences are responsible for the stochasticity in population genetics models. It is commonplace for population genetics to oppose the influence of selection to that of drift, and to consider how the dynamics of (...)
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  42.  18
    Isabella Paoletti (2014). Ethics and the Social Dimension of Research Activities. Human Studies 37 (2):257-277.
    This study identifies some of the ethical issues that arise in the everyday practice of researching in collecting interactional data. A form of conceptualizing ethics in research is proposed as awareness of the social dimension of research practices and their transformative nature. The collection of ethnographic data—including interviewing, observing, audiovisual recording, and other methods—is achieved by means of social interactions that necessarily imply issues of face, relevance, appropriateness, politeness, and identity, to name a few. Research activities have an (...)
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  43. Maarten Marx & Szabolcs Mikulás (1999). Decidability of Cylindric Set Algebras of Dimension Two and First-Order Logic with Two Variables. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1563-1572.
    The aim of this paper is to give a new proof for the decidability and finite model property of first-order logic with two variables (without function symbols), using a combinatorial theorem due to Herwig. The results are proved in the framework of polyadic equality set algebras of dimension two (Pse 2 ). The new proof also shows the known results that the universal theory of Pse 2 is decidable and that every finite Pse 2 can be represented on a (...)
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  44. Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore (2003). A Computably Categorical Structure Whose Expansion by a Constant has Infinite Computable Dimension. Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1199-1241.
    Cholak, Goncharov, Khoussainov, and Shore [1] showed that for each k > 0 there is a computably categorical structure whose expansion by a constant has computable dimension k. We show that the same is true with k replaced by ω. Our proof uses a version of Goncharov's method of left and right operations.
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  45. Mog Stapleton (2012). Feeling the Strain: Predicting the Third Dimension of Core Affect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (3):166-167.
    This commentary (1) raises the question about the possible conflation of core affect with the neural representation of interoceptive changes in regard to whether biological value is subpersonal or must be experienced, and (2) proposes that Wundt’s third dimension of core affect – strain-relaxation – can be accounted for in the target model under a generalised predictive model of attention.
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  46.  10
    Dulce M. Redín, Reyes Calderón & Ignacio Ferrero (2013). Exploring the Ethical Dimension of Hawala. Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):1-11.
    The aim of this paper is to explore the ethical dimension of hawala, an ancient informal financial practice rooted in Islamic moral traditions. Widely used in countries with an Islamic background and their diasporas, hawala is considered an important vehicle for the financial and economic development of some less developed countries. Nevertheless, in Western countries, hawala is regarded with suspicion due its controversial ethical nature. Unlike other Islamic financial institutions, the controversial questions are not the legitimacy of profit sources (...)
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  47.  34
    Marcelo Finger & Dov M. Gabbay (1992). Adding a Temporal Dimension to a Logic System. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 1 (3):203-233.
    We introduce a methodology whereby an arbitrary logic system L can be enriched with temporal features to create a new system T(L). The new system is constructed by combining L with a pure propositional temporal logic T (such as linear temporal logic with Since and Until) in a special way. We refer to this method as adding a temporal dimension to L or just temporalising L. We show that the logic system T(L) preserves several properties of the original temporal (...)
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  48.  32
    Włodzimierz Zięba (2008). Metaphysics as an Inevitable Dimension of Cognition. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (1/3):81-85.
    The article concerns the metaphysical dimension of Jan Srzednicki’s epistemology. It is claimed that the metaphysical perspective of cognitive “normatives” (e. g. norm, form and presence) does not remove paradoxes of self-reference. It is especially difficult to separate the ontic and the cognitive dimensions.
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  49.  11
    Stella Reiter-Theil (2009). Dealing with the Normative Dimension in Clinical Ethics Consultation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (4):347.
    Clinical ethics consultation not only interprets moral issues at the bedside and is not restricted to giving support for the “technical” handling of these moral issues, but it has to substantively address moral values, norms, and conflicts in the process of discussing cases and problems. We call this the normative dimension and use normative in the sense of embracing moral values and convictions of persons and groups, norms, and relevant professional and ethical guidelines as well as legal frameworks. The (...)
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  50.  2
    Peter West‐Oram & Alena Buyx (2016). Conscientious Objection in Healthcare Provision: A New Dimension. Bioethics 30 (5):336-343.
    The right to conscientious objection in the provision of healthcare is the subject of a lengthy, heated and controversial debate. Recently, a new dimension was added to this debate by the US Supreme Court's decision in Burwell vs. Hobby Lobby et al. which effectively granted rights to freedom of conscience to private, for-profit corporations. In light of this paradigm shift, we examine one of the most contentious points within this debate, the impact of granting conscience exemptions to healthcare providers (...)
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