Search results for 'Direct Realism' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
See also:
  1. Erik C. Banks (2013). Williams James' Direct Realism: A Reconstruction. History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (3):271-291.score: 240.0
    William James' Radical Empiricist essays offer a unique and powerful argument for direct realism about our perceptions of objects. This theory can be completed with some observations by Kant on the intellectual preconditions for a perceptual judgment. Finally James and Kant deliver a powerful blow to the representational theory of perception and knowledge, which applies quite broadly to theories of representation generally.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. David R. Hilbert (2004). Hallucination, Sense-Data and Direct Realism. Philosophical Studies 120 (1-3):185-191.score: 240.0
    Although it has been something of a fetish for philosophers to distinguish between hallucination and illusion, the enduring problems for philosophy of perception that both phenomena present are not essentially different. Hallucination, in its pure philosophical form, is just another example of the philosopher’s penchant for considering extreme and extremely idealized cases in order to understand the ordinary. The problem that has driven much philosophical thinking about perception is the problem of how to reconcile our evident direct perceptual contact (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Pierre le Morvan (2004). Arguments Against Direct Realism and How to Counter Them. American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):221-234.score: 240.0
    Since the demise of the Sense-Datum independent objects or events to be objects Theory and Phenomenalism in the last cenof perception; however, unlike Direct Retury, Direct Realism in the philosophy of alists, Indirect Realists take this percepperception has enjoyed a resurgence of tion to be indirect by involving a prior popularity.1 Curiously, however, although awareness of some tertium quid between there have been attempts in the literature the mind and external objects or events.3 to refute some of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Moltke S. Gram (1983). Direct Realism: A Study Of Perception. Boston: Nijhoff.score: 240.0
    a vigorous and challenging defence of direct realism in which one gets not only a clear overview of what precisely the problems are, but also a forceful and ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. N. M. L. Nathan (2005). Direct Realism: Proximate Causation and the Missing Object. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 20 (36):3-6.score: 240.0
    Direct Realists believe that perception involves direct awareness of an object not dependent for its existence on the perceiver. Howard Robinson rejects this doctrine in favour of a Sense-Datum theory of perception. His argument against Direct Realism invokes the principle ‘same proximate cause, same immediate effect’. Since there are cases in which direct awareness has the same proximate cerebral cause as awareness of a sense datum, the Direct Realist is, he thinks, obliged to deny (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Benjamin Bayer (2011). A Role for Abstractionism in a Direct Realist Foundationalism. Synthese 180 (3):357-389.score: 240.0
    Both traditional and naturalistic epistemologists have long assumed that the examination of human psychology has no relevance to the prescriptive goal of traditional epistemology, that of providing first-person guidance in determining the truth. Contrary to both, I apply insights about the psychology of human perception and concept-formation to a very traditional epistemological project: the foundationalist approach to the epistemic regress problem. I argue that direct realism about perception can help solve the regress problem and support a foundationalist account (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Phillip John Meadows (2013). On A. D. Smith's Constancy Based Defence of Direct Realism. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):513-525.score: 240.0
    This paper presents an argument against A D Smith’s Direct Realist theory of perception, which attempts to defend Direct Realism against the argument from illusion by appealing to conscious perceptual states that are structured by the perceptual constancies. Smith’s contention is that the immediate objects of perceptual awareness are characterised by these constancies, which removes any difficulty there may be in identifying them with the external, or normal, objects of awareness. It is here argued that Smith’s theory (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Benjamin Bayer (2012). Internalism Empowered: How to Bolster a Theory of Justification with a Direct Realist Theory of Awareness. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 27 (4):383-408.score: 240.0
    Abstract The debate in the philosophy of perception between direct realists and representationalists should influence the debate in epistemology between internalists and externalists about justification. If direct realists are correct, there are more consciously accessible justifiers for internalists to exploit than externalists think. Internalists can retain their distinctive internalist identity while accepting this widened conception of internalistic justification: even if they welcome the possibility of cognitive access to external facts, their position is still quite distinct from the typical (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Keith A. Wilson (2013). Reid's Direct Realism and Visible Figure. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):783-803.score: 240.0
    In his account of visual perception, Thomas Reid describes visible figure as both ‘real and external’ to the eye and as the ‘immediate object of sight’. These claims appear to conflict with Reid's direct realism, since if the ‘immediate’ object of vision is also its direct object, then sight would be perceptually indirect due to the role of visible figure as a perceptual intermediary. I argue that this apparent threat to Reid's direct realism may be (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Laurence BonJour (2004). In Search of Direct Realism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):349-367.score: 210.0
  11. Ryan Hickerson (2004). An Indirect Defense of Direct Realism. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (1):1-6.score: 210.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Lawrence Richard Carleton (1978). Toward a Defense of Direct Realism. Auslegung 5 (February):101-111.score: 210.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. J. J. C. Smart (2002). The Compatibility of Direct Realism with the Scientific Account of Perception; Comment on Mark Crooks. Journal of Mind and Behavior 23 (3):239-244.score: 210.0
  14. J. R. Smythies & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (1997). An Empirical Refutation of the Direct Realist Theory of Perception. Inquiry 40 (4):437-438.score: 192.0
    There are currently two main philosophical theories of perception - Direct Realism and the Representative Theory. The former is supported by most contemporary philosophers, whereas the latter forms the groundwork for most scientific theories in this area. The paper describes a recent experiment involving retinal and cortical rivalry that provides strong empirical evidence that the Direct Realist theory is incorrect. There are of course a large number of related experiments on visual perception that would tend to lead (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Murat Aydede (2001). Naturalism, Introspection, and Direct Realism About Pain. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (1):29-73.score: 192.0
    This paper examines pain states (and other intransitive bodily sensations) from the perspective of the problems they pose for pure informational/representational approaches to naturalizing qualia. I start with a comprehensive critical and quasi-historical discussion of so-called Perceptual Theories of Pain (e.g., Armstrong, Pitcher), as these were the natural predecessors of the more modern direct realist views. I describe the theoretical backdrop (indirect realism, sense-data theories) against which the perceptual theories were developed. The conclusion drawn is that pure representationalism (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Paul Hoffman (2002). Direct Realism, Intentionality, and the Objective Being of Ideas. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):163-179.score: 192.0
    My aim is to arrive at a better understanding of the distinction between direct realism and representationalism by offering a critical analysis of Steven Nadler.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Susanna Siegel (2006). Direct Realism and Perceptual Consciousness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):378-410.score: 180.0
    In The Problem of Perception, A.D. Smith’s central aim is to defend the view that we can directly perceive ordinary objects, such as cups, keys and the like.1 The book is organized around the two arguments that Smith considers to be serious threats to the possibility of direct perception: the argument from illusion, and the argument from hallucination. The argument from illusion threatens this possibility because it concludes that indirect realism is true. Indirect realism is the view (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Sascha Vongehr, Many Worlds Model Resolving the Einstein Podolsky Rosen Paradox Via a Direct Realism to Modal Realism Transition That Preserves Einstein Locality.score: 180.0
    The violation of Bell inequalities by quantum physical experiments disproves all relativistic micro causal, classically real models, short Local Realistic Models (LRM). Non-locality, the infamous “spooky interaction at a distance” (A. Einstein), is already sufficiently ‘unreal’ to motivate modifying the “realistic” in “local realistic”. This has led to many worlds and finally many minds interpretations. We introduce a simple many world model that resolves the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox. The model starts out as a classical LRM, thus clarifying that the (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Rebecca Copenhaver (2000). Thomas Reid's Direct Realism. Reid Studies 4 (1):17-34.score: 180.0
    Thomas Reid thought of himself as a critic of the representative theory of perception, of what he called the ‘theory of ideas’ or ‘the ideal theory’.2 He had no kind words for that theory: “The theory of ideas, like the Trojan horse, had a specious appearance both of innocence and beauty; but if those philosophers had known that it carried in its belly death and destruction to all science and common sense, they would not have broken down their walls to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Kenneth Hobson (2013). In Defense of Relational Direct Realism. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):550-574.score: 180.0
    According to proponents of relational direct realism, veridical perceptual experiences are irreducibly relational mental states that include as constituents perceived physical objects or intrinsic aspects of them. One consequence of the theory is the rejection of the causal theory of perception. This paper defends the relational theory against several objections recently developed by Paul Coates. He argues that the required experiential relation is incoherent and unmotivated. The argument that it is incoherent commits a fallacy. In reply to the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Steven M. Levine (2007). Sellars' Critical Direct Realism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):53 – 76.score: 180.0
    In this paper, I attempt to demonstrate the structure of Sellars' critical direct realism in the philosophy of perception. This position is original because it attempts to balance two claims that many have thought to be incompatible: (1) that perceptual knowledge is direct, i.e., not inferential, and (2) that perceptual knowledge is irreducibly conceptual. Even though perceptual episodes are not the result of inferences, they must still stand within the space of reasons if they are to be (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Hagit Benbaji (2007). Is Thomas Reid a Direct Realist About Perception? European Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):1-29.score: 180.0
    The controversy over the interpretative issue2014is Thomas Reid a perceptual direct realist?2014has recently had channelled into it a host of imaginative ideas about what direct perception truly means. Paradoxically enough, it is the apparent contradiction at the heart of his view of perception which keeps teasing us to review our concepts: time and again, Reid stresses that the very idea of any mental intermediaries implies scepticism, yet, nevertheless insists that sensations are signs of objects. But if sensory signs (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Gianfranco Soldati (2012). Direct Realism and Immediate Justification. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112 (1pt1):29-44.score: 180.0
    Direct realism with respect to perceptual experiences has two facets, an epistemological one and a metaphysical one. From the epistemological point of view it involves the claim that perceptual experiences provide immediate justification. From the metaphysical point of view it involves the claim that in perceptual experience we enter into direct contact with items in the external world. In a more radical formulation, often associated with naive realism, the metaphysical conception of direct realism involves (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Todd Buras (2002). The Problem with Reid's Direct Realism. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):457-477.score: 180.0
    There is a problem about the compatibility of Reid's commitment to both a sign theory of sensations and also direct realism. I show that Reid is committed to three different senses of the claim that mind independent bodies and their qualities are among the immediate objects of perception, and I then argue that Reid's sign theory conflicts with one of these. I conclude by advocating one proposal for reconciling Reid's claims, deferring a thorough development and defence of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Jake Quilty-Dunn (2013). Was Reid a Direct Realist? British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):302 - 323.score: 180.0
    There are issues in Reid scholarship as well as the primary texts that seem to suggest that Reid is not a direct realist about visual perception. In this paper, I examine two key issues ? colour perception and visible figure ? and attempt to defend the direct realism of Reid's theory through an interpretation of ?directness? as well as what Reid calls ?acquired perception?, which is ?mediate? in that it requires prior perception of signs, but nonetheless constitutes (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Roderick Millar (1982). A Defence of Direct Surface Realism. Philosophy 57 (July):339-355.score: 180.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Caleb Liang (2008). Perceptual Phenomenology and Direct Realism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:103-148.score: 180.0
    I discuss the so-called “problem of perception” in relation to the Argument from Illusion: Can we directly perceive the external world? According to Direct Realism, at least sometimes perception provides direct and immediate awareness of reality. But the Argument from Illusion threatens to undermine the possibility of genuine perception. In The Problem of Perception (2002), A. D. Smith proposes a novel defense of Direct Realism based on a careful study of perceptual phenomenology. According to his (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. J. Todd Buras (2002). The Problem with Reid's Direct Realism. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):457 - 477.score: 180.0
    There is a problem about the compatibility of Reid's commitment to both a sign theory of sensations and also direct realism. I show that Reid is committed to three different senses of the claim that mind independent bodies and their qualities are among the immediate objects of perception, and I then argue that Reid's sign theory conflicts with one of these. I conclude by advocating one proposal for reconciling Reid's claims, deferring a thorough development and defence of the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Michael Huemer (2005). Reply to Ari Armstrong's "A Direct Realist's Challenge to Skepticism" (Spring 2004): How to Be a Perceptual Realist. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (1):229 - 237.score: 180.0
    In response to Ari Armstrong's essay, "A Direct Realist's Challenge to Skepticism," Huemer defends his views on two issues concerning the nature of perception, against the Objectivist position: First, he argues that perceptual experiences have propositional but nonconceptual content; second, he argues that in perceptual illusions, the senses misrepresent their objects. He finds that the Objectivist view that perception cannot misrepresent because it lacks propositional content not only is absurd but opens the door to philosophical skepticism.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. John Peterson (1988). Direct Realism, Skepticism and Truth. Grazer Philosophische Studien 31:147-150.score: 180.0
    If (1) a person's knowing a proposition P implies that P is true and if (2) facts are unidentical with true propositions then in knowing P a person does not know a fact. Unless the correspondence view of truth is abandoned, this skepticism as regards facts cannot be answered by denying (2). If facts are identical with true propositions then facts are (trivially) true. But if truth consists in a correspondence to fact then every fact, being true, corresponds to a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Greg Hodes (2007). Lonergan and Perceptual Direct Realism: Facing Up to the Problem of the External Material World. International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (2):203-220.score: 174.0
    In this paper I call attention to the fact that Lonergan gives two radically opposed accounts of how sense perception relates us to the external world and of how we know that this relation exists. I argue that the position that Lonergan characteristically adopts is not the one implied by what is most fundamental in his theory of cognition. I describe the initial epistemic position with regard to the problem of skepticism about the external material world that is in fact (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Tadeusz Szubka (2002). The Causal Theory of Perception and Direct Realism. In Pragmatism and Realism. New York: Routledge.score: 168.0
  33. Harold I. Brown (1992). Direct Realism, Indirect Realism, and Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):341-363.score: 162.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Richard A. Fumerton (2001). Brewer, Direct Realism, and Acquaintance with Acquaintance. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):417-422.score: 162.0
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Richard A. Fumerton (1998). Externalism and Epistemological Direct Realism. The Monist 81 (3):393-406.score: 162.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Stephen J. Noren (1974). Direct Realism, Sensations, and Materialism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):83-94.score: 162.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Keith Campbell (1969). Direct Realism and Perceptual Error. In The Business of Reason. Routledge & K Paul.score: 162.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Brian E. O'Neil (1974). Epistemological Direct Realism in Descartes' Philosophy. University of New Mexico Press.score: 162.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Michael Huemer (1998). A Direct Realist Account of Perceptual Awareness. Dissertation, Rutgers Universityscore: 156.0
    In the first chapter, I explain the concept of awareness and the distinction between direct and indirect awareness. Direct awareness of x is understood as awareness of x which is not based on awareness of anything else, and the "based on" relation is understood as a particular way in which one state of awareness can be caused by another state of awareness when the contents of the two states are logically related.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Edward Pols (1992). Radical Realism: Direct Knowing in Science and Philosophy. Cornell University Press.score: 156.0
    Introduction A Preliminary Look at the Scandal of Radical Realism: Direct and Indirect Knowing • This book is about the nature and scope of rationality, ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Michael Huemer (2000). Direct Realism and the Brain-in-a-Vat Argument. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):397-413.score: 150.0
  42. A. D. Smith (2006). In Defence of Direct Realism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):411-424.score: 150.0
  43. Dominik Perler (2000). Essentialism and Direct Realism: Some Late Medieval Perspectives. Topoi 19 (2):111-122.score: 150.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Richard Fumerton (2006). Direct Realism, Introspection, and Cognitive Science. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):680–695.score: 150.0
  45. Michael Esfeld (2000). Aristotle's Direct Realism in "De Anima". Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):321 - 336.score: 150.0
  46. Roger F. Gibson (1996). McDowell's Direct Realism and Platonic Naturalism. Philosophical Issues 7:275-281.score: 150.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Cass Weller (2001). Why Hume is a Direct Realist. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (3):258-285.score: 150.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Keith DeRose (2005). Direct Warrant Realism. In Andrew Dole & Andrew Chignell (eds.), God and the Ethics of Belief: New Essays in Philosophy of Religion. Cambridge University Press.score: 150.0
    Direct Realism often emerges as a solution to a certain type of problem. Hume and, especially, Berkeley, wielding some of the most powerful arguments of 18th Century philosophy, forcefully attacked the notion that there could be good inferences from the occurrence of one’s sensations to the existence of external, mind-independent bodies (material objects). Given the success of these attacks, and also given the assumption, made by Berkeley and arguably by Hume as well, that our knowledge of and rational (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Marc Lange (2004). Would "Direct Realism" Resolve the Classical Problem of Induction? Noûs 38 (2):197–232.score: 150.0
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Bill Brewer (2013). Attention and Direct Realism. Analytic Philosophy 54 (4):421-435.score: 150.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000