Search results for 'Disasters' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Leonard Kahn (2013). Rule Consequentialism and Disasters. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):219-236.score: 18.0
    Rule consequentialism (RC) is the view that it is right for A to do F in C if and only if A's doing F in C is in accordance with the the set of rules which, if accepted by all, would have consequences which are better than any alternative set of rules (i.e., the ideal code). I defend RC from two related objections. The first objection claims that RC requires obedience to the ideal code even if doing so has disastrous (...)
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  2. Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2010). Gauging the Societal Impacts of Natural Disasters Using a Capability Approach. Disasters 34 (3):619-636.score: 15.0
    There is a widely acknowledged need for a single composite index that provides a comprehensive picture of the societal impact of disasters. A composite index combines and logically organizes important information policy-makers need to allocate resources for the recovery from natural disasters; it can also inform hazard mitigation strategies. This paper develops a Disaster Impact Index (DII) to gauge the societal impact of disasters on the basis of the changes in individuals’ capabilities. The DII can be interpreted (...)
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  3. Bryan Kibbe (2011). Aging and Disasters: Facing Natural and Other Disasters. In Ethics, Aging, and Society: The Critical Turn. Springer Publishing. 255-279.score: 14.0
    “Aging and Disasters,” is an effort to tell a consistent and compelling story about the elderly amidst catastrophic disaster, and to then develop an ethical analysis and practical strategy for addressing the unique situation of the elderly. In the first portion of the chapter I make the case that the elderly are routinely overlooked amidst catastrophic disasters, and thereby often suffer disproportionately relative to the general population. More than being just a vulnerable population of people, the elderly are (...)
     
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  4. John D. Bishop (1991). The Moral Responsibility of Corporate Executives for Disasters. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):377 - 383.score: 12.0
    This paper examines whether or not senior corporate executives are morally responsible for disasters which result from corporate activities. The discussion is limited to the case in which the information needed to prevent the disaster is present within the corporation, but fails to reach senior executives. The failure of information to reach executives is usually a result of negative information blockage, a phenomenon caused by the differing roles of constraints and goals within corporations. Executives should be held professionally responsible (...)
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  5. John Protevi, Evolution, Neuroscience, and Prosocial Behavior in Disasters.score: 12.0
    Sociologists have known for some time of the widespread incidence of prosocial behavior in the aftermath of disasters (research summarized in Rodriguez, Trainor, and Quarantelli 2006). They have also criticized the role of media in spreading “disaster myths” which include the idea of widespread anti-social behavior (Tierney, Bevc, and Kuligowski 2006). In this essay I will investigate the evolutionary theory and neuroscience needed to account for such prosocial behavior, as well as to discuss the political entailments and consequence of (...)
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  6. Robert Larmer (1996). Corporate Executives: Disasters and Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (7):785 - 788.score: 12.0
    In his article The Moral Responsibility of Corporate Executives for Disasters, John Bishop has argued that we are justified on moral considerations for holding corporate executives responsible for disasters resulting from corporate activities, even in circumstances where they could not reasonably have been expected to possess the information necessary to avert these disasters. I argue that he is mistaken in this claim.
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  7. Alan Muller & Gail Whiteman (2009). Exploring the Geography of Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response: A Study of Fortune Global 500 Firms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):589 - 603.score: 12.0
    In recent years, major disasters have figured prominently in the media. While corporate response to disasters may have raised corporate philanthropy to a new level, it remains an understudied phenomenon. This article draws on comparative research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate philanthropy to explore the geography of corporate philanthropic disaster response. The study analyzes donation announcements made by Fortune Global 500 firms from North America, Europe and Asia to look for regional patterns across three recent (...): the South Asian Tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, and the Kashmiri earthquake. The results reveal inter-regional differences in the overall likelihood of donations and in their cash value, in addition to the identification of home-region- and local presence effects. Implications for researchers and practitioners are discussed. (shrink)
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  8. C. Murphy & P. Gardoni (2008). Recovery From Natural and Man-Made Disasters As Capabilities Restoration and Enhancement. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 3 (4):1-17.score: 12.0
    In the literature on the recovery of societies from natural disasters, a dominant theme is the importance of pursuing and achieving sustainable recovery. Sustainability implies that recovery efforts should aim to (re-) build, maintain, and, if possible, enhance the quality of life of members of the disaster-stricken community in the short and long term. In this paper, we propose a capabilities-based approach to recovery and argue that it provides important theoretical resources for better realizing this ideal of sustainability in (...)
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  9. Satoshi Kodama (forthcoming). Tsunami-Tendenko and Morality in Disasters. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-100813.score: 12.0
    Disaster planning challenges our morality. Everyday rules of action may need to be suspended during large-scale disasters in favour of maxims that that may make prudential or practical sense and may even be morally preferable but emotionally hard to accept, such as tsunami-tendenko. This maxim dictates that the individual not stay and help others but run and preserve his or her life instead. Tsunami-tendenko became well known after the great East Japan earthquake on 11 March 2011, when almost all (...)
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  10. B. Janz, Places That Disasters Leave Behind.score: 12.0
    In 2004 Orlando Florida was hit with an almost unprecedented series of storms and hurricanes. Within two months, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, and Jeanne hit, and Hurricane Ivan made a near miss. Billions of dollars of damage resulted from these disasters, and several dozen lives were lost. It is tempting, in the case of extreme events, to either regard them as having no need of interpretation (that is, as simply given, material events shared by everyone), or as a kind of (...)
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  11. Joana Arantes, Randolph C. Grace & Simon Kemp (2013). Press Freedom, Oil Exports, and Risk for Natural Disasters: A Challenge for Climato-Economic Theory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):483-483.score: 12.0
    Does the interaction between climactic demands, monetary resources, and freedom suggest a more general relationship between the environmental challenges that human societies face and their resources to meet those challenges? Using data on press freedom (Van de Vliert 2011a), we found no evidence of a similar interaction with natural resources (as measured by oil exports) or risk for natural disasters.
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  12. Leslie Irvine (2009). Filling the Ark: Animal Welfare in Disasters. Temple University Press.score: 11.0
    Companion animals -- Animals on factory farms -- Birds and marine wildlife -- Animals in research facilities -- Conclusion: Noah's task.
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  13. Ruth Austin Miller (2009). Law in Crisis: The Ecstatic Subject of Natural Disaster. Stanford University Press.score: 10.0
    Law in Crisis is an unsettling history of natural disaster and political subject formation in the modern world.
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  14. A. Akabayashi, Y. Takimoto & Y. Hayashi (2012). Physician Obligation to Provide Care During Disasters: Should Physicians Have Been Required to Go to Fukushima? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):697-698.score: 10.0
    On 11 March 2011, Japan experienced a major disaster brought about by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake and a massive tsunami that followed. This disaster caused extensive damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant with the release of a large amount of radiation, leading to a crisis level 7 on the International Atomic Energy Agency scale. In this report, we discuss the obligations of physicians to provide care during the initial weeks after the disaster. We appeal to the obligation of general (...)
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  15. David E. Alexander (2014). Social Media in Disaster Risk Reduction and Crisis Management. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):717-733.score: 10.0
    This paper reviews the actual and potential use of social media in emergency, disaster and crisis situations. This is a field that has generated intense interest. It is characterised by a burgeoning but small and very recent literature. In the emergencies field, social media (blogs, messaging, sites such as Facebook, wikis and so on) are used in seven different ways: listening to public debate, monitoring situations, extending emergency response and management, crowd-sourcing and collaborative development, creating social cohesion, furthering causes (including (...)
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  16. Eric C. Jones, Albert J. Faas, Arthur D. Murphy, Graham A. Tobin, Linda M. Whiteford & Christopher McCarty (2013). Cross-Cultural and Site-Based Influences on Demographic, Well-Being, and Social Network Predictors of Risk Perception in Hazard and Disaster Settings in Ecuador and Mexico. Human Nature 24 (1):5-32.score: 10.0
    Although virtually all comparative research about risk perception focuses on which hazards are of concern to people in different culture groups, much can be gained by focusing on predictors of levels of risk perception in various countries and places. In this case, we examine standard and novel predictors of risk perception in seven sites among communities affected by a flood in Mexico (one site) and volcanic eruptions in Mexico (one site) and Ecuador (five sites). We conducted more than 450 interviews (...)
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  17. George J. Annas (2010). Worst Case Bioethics: Death, Disaster, and Public Health. Oxford University Press.score: 9.0
    American healthcare -- Bioterror and bioart -- State of emergency -- Licensed to torture -- Hunger strikes -- War -- Cancer -- Drug dealing -- Toxic tinkering -- Abortion -- Culture of death -- Patient safety -- Global health -- Statue of security -- Pandemic fear -- Bioidentifiers -- Genetic genocide.
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  18. Per Sandin & Misse Wester (2009). The Moral Black Hole. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (3):291 - 301.score: 9.0
    It is commonly believed that people become selfish and turn to looting, price gouging, and other immoral behaviour in emergencies. This has been the basis for an argument justifying extraordinary measures in emergencies. It states that if emergencies are not curtailed, breakdown of moral norms threaten (‘the moral black hole’). Using the example of natural disasters, we argue that the validity of this argument in non-antagonistic situations, i.e. situations other than war and armed conflict, is highly questionable. Available evidence (...)
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  19. Mark Coeckelbergh (2012). Moral Responsibility, Technology, and Experiences of the Tragic: From Kierkegaard to Offshore Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (1):35-48.score: 9.0
    The standard response to engineering disasters like the Deepwater Horizon case is to ascribe full moral responsibility to individuals and to collectives treated as individuals. However, this approach is inappropriate since concrete action and experience in engineering contexts seldom meets the criteria of our traditional moral theories. Technological action is often distributed rather than individual or collective, we lack full control of the technology and its consequences, and we lack knowledge and are uncertain about these consequences. In this paper, (...)
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  20. J. -J. Goux (2006). Beyond Hopes and Disasters: The Rejuvenation of Utopia. Diogenes 53 (1):95-102.score: 9.0
    Nowadays there is a paradox ruling utopia. The place for the ‘spirit of youth’ in our society, apart from the traditional age groups, ought to mean a strong upswell of utopian projects, since youth is the age for questioning the world as it is, and idealistically rebuilding the future. And yet there is a paralysis of optimistic imagination as to the future. It is the unpredictability of the future, in a world that makes creating the new in every field its (...)
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  21. Alejandra Mancilla (2014). The Volcanic Asymmetry or the Question of Permanent Sovereignty Over Natural Disasters. Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (2).score: 9.0
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  22. Atsushi Asai (forthcoming). Tsunami-Tendenko and Morality in Disasters. Journal of Medical Ethics:2013-101629.score: 9.0
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  23. Richard H. Carmona (2007). Preparedness for Natural Disasters. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35:11-16.score: 9.0
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  24. M. Daniel (2011). Bedside Resource Stewardship in Disasters: A Provider's Dilemma Practicing in an Ethical Gap. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):331-335.score: 9.0
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  25. Bartha Maria Knoppers, Madelaine Saginur & Howard Cash (2006). Ethical Issues in Secondary Uses of Human Biological Materials From Mass Disasters. Journal of Law, Medicine Ethics 34 (2):352-365.score: 9.0
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  26. J. T. Berger (2011). Resource Stewardship in Disasters: Alone at the Bedside. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):336-337.score: 9.0
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  27. B. De Marchi (2002). J. Dickie, J. Foot e F.M. Snowden (a cura di), "Disastro! Disasters in Italy since 1860". Polis 16 (2):304-307.score: 9.0
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  28. James Dwyer, Kenzo Hamano & Hsuan Hui Wei (2012). The Disasters of March 11th. Hastings Center Report 42 (4):11-13.score: 9.0
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  29. Jonathan E. Adler (1993). Book Review:Disasters and Dilemmas: Strategies for Real-Life Decision Making. Adam Morton. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (2):382-.score: 9.0
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  30. Joseph J. Fins (2005). Everyday Disasters. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (02):207-213.score: 9.0
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  31. Anthony Ricciardi, Michelle E. Palmer & Norman D. Yan (2011). Should Biological Invasions Be Managed as Natural Disasters? Bioscience 61 (4):312-317.score: 9.0
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  32. Chesmal Siriwardhana, Suwin Hewage, Ruwan Deshabandu, Sisira Siribaddana & Athula Sumathipala (2012). Psychosocial and Ethical Response to Disasters: A SWOT Analysis of Post-Tsunami Disaster Management in Sri Lanka. Asian Bioethics Review 4 (3):171-182.score: 9.0
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  33. Italo Subbarao, Matthew K. Wynia & Frederick M. Burkle Jr (2010). The Elephant in the Room: Collaboration and Competition Among Relief Organizations During High-Profile Disasters. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):328.score: 9.0
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  34. Susan E. Alcock & Robin Osbourne (2011). Aben, R., and S. deWit. The Enclosed Garden: History and Development of the Hortus Conclusus and Its Reintroduction Into the Present-Day Urban Landscape. Uitgeverij: 010 Publishers, 1999. Abramovitz, Jane. Unnatural Disasters. Washington, DC: Worldwatch Paper 158, 2001. [REVIEW] In Jeff Malpas (ed.), The Place of Landscape: Concepts, Contexts, Studies. Mit Press. 319.score: 9.0
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  35. Elliot Aronson (2008). Fear, Denial, and Sensible Action in the Face of Disasters. Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):855-872.score: 9.0
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  36. Anant Bhan (2010). Ethical Issues Arising in Responding to Disasters: Need for a Focus on Preparation, Prioritisation and Protection. Asian Bioethics Review 2 (2):143-147.score: 9.0
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  37. Robert D. Bullard (2008). Differential Vulnerabilities: Environmental and Economic Inequality and Government Response to Unnatural Disasters. Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):753-784.score: 9.0
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  38. John L. Casti (2001). Risk, Natural Disasters, and Complex System Theory. Complexity 7 (2):11-13.score: 9.0
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  39. Kenzo Hamano (2012). Case Study. The Disasters of March 11th. Commentary. Hastings Center Report 42 (4):12-12.score: 9.0
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  40. Alexander M. Kerr & Andrew H. Baird (2007). Natural Barriers to Natural Disasters. Bioscience 57 (2):102-103.score: 9.0
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  41. Kenneth Kipnis (2013). Disasters, Catastrophes, and Worse. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):297-307.score: 9.0
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  42. Laurence B. McCullough (2010). Taking Seriously the" What Then?" Question: An Ethical Framework for the Responsible Management of Medical Disasters. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):321.score: 9.0
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  43. Adam Morton (1993). [Book Review] Disasters and Dilemmas, Strategies for Real-Life Decision Making. [REVIEW] Ethics 103:382-385.score: 9.0
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  44. Dennis Olson (forthcoming). Book Review: Creation Untamed: The Bible, God, and Natural Disasters. [REVIEW] Interpretation 65 (4):421-421.score: 9.0
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  45. Eleni Papagaroufali (2010). Disasters That Matter: Gifts of Life in the Arena of International Diplomacy. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 12 (2):43-68.score: 9.0
    This article examines the bodily donations made by Greeks, Turks and Cypriots to the victims of two devastating earthquakes in Turkey and Greece (1999), as well as to a Greek and a Turkish Cypriot boy, both suffering from leukemia (2000). Considering the age old discourse of amity and enmity shared by the citizens of the three nation states, I ask what made them see these hardly rare events as exceptionally important, and rush to offer each other their blood and body (...)
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  46. Thaddeus M. Pope & Mitchell F. Palazzo (2010). Legal Briefing: Crisis Standards of Care and Legal Protections During Disasters and Emergencies. Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):358-367.score: 9.0
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  47. Gary W. Barrett (2005). Quick Response to Natural Disasters. Bioscience 55 (12):1028.score: 9.0
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  48. Sandra L. Borden (2010). As Lee Wilkins Argues in Her Article in This Collection, Journalism Seems to Come Into its Own During Natural Disasters. The Sheer Drama of Such Events Makes for Great Storytelling and Provides a National Showcase for the Talents of Local Reporters. This Was Illustrated Again in 2005 When the Great Flood Caused by Hurricane Katrina Overcame New Orleans and Chased Out the Staff of the Times-Picayune. At First, the Paper Was Unable to Issue a Print Edi-Tion and Instead Published on its Affiliated Nola ... [REVIEW] In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press. 53.score: 9.0
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  49. Louise Fortmann (1988). Great Planting Disasters: Pitfalls in Technical Assistance in Forestry. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):49-60.score: 9.0
    Social forestry, in contrast to traditional forestry, is intended to meet biological/environmental, procedural and equity goals. Social forestry projects may not fulfill this multiplicity of goals either because priority is given to a single goal or because various factors including the structure and norms of implementing institutions and the distribution of local power overwhelm procedural and distributive intentions. Thus, despite participatory and equitable project designs, social forestry projects may result in the distribution of benefits to the rich and costs to (...)
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  50. Martin Gessmann (2012). On Crises, Disasters, and the Reawakening of the Story French Philosophy to Fukushima and the Financial Crisis. Philosophische Rundschau 59 (4):289 - 322.score: 9.0
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