Search results for 'Donald J. Wolf' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  11
    Mark Reader & Donald J. Wolf (1973). On Being Human. Political Theory 1 (2):186-202.
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  2.  3
    Brian R. Clack, C. J., B. P., H. P. & C. B. (1995). Colin Falck. Myth, Truth and Literature: Towards a True Post-Modernism. Pp. Xix + 208. £27.50.Luke Gormally . Moral Truth and Moral Tradition: Essays in Honour of Peter Geach and Elizabeth Anscombe. Pp. 243. £35.00.Thomas F. Tracy, Ed. The God Who Acts. Pp. Xi + 148. $28.50 Hb, $14.95 Pb.Irena S. M. Makarushka. Religious Imagination and Language in Emerson and Nietzsche. Pp. Xviii + 133. £35.00.Weaver Santaniello. Nietzsche, God and the Jews. Pp. Xvi + 232. $17.95.Donald Wiebe. Beyond Legitimation: Essays on the Problem of Religious Knowledge. Pp. Xiii + 243. £40.00. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 31 (3):413.
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  3.  2
    Kirsten Wolf (2010). Kevin J. Wanner, Snorri Sturluson and the “Edda”: The Conversion of Cultural Capital in Medieval Scandinavia.(Toronto Old Norse–Icelandic Series, 4.) Toronto; Buffalo, NY; and London: University of Toronto Press, 2008. Pp. X, 257; 2 Black-and-White Figures. $70. [REVIEW] Speculum 85 (2):478-479.
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  4. E. Wolf (1934). De Venarum Ostiolis 1603 of Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente by K. J. Franklin. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 22:238-240.
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  5. E. Wolf (1934). De Venarum Ostiolis 1603 of Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente K. J. Franklin. Isis 22 (1):238-240.
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  6. A. Wolf (1912). PETZOLDT, J. -Das Weltproblem Vom Standpunkte des Relativistischen Positivismus, Etc. [REVIEW] Mind 21:597.
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  7. A. Wolf (1914). VERWEYEN, J. M. -Philosophie des Möglichen. [REVIEW] Mind 23:300.
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  8.  6
    Cornelis J. Schilt, Rob Wolf, David Baneke, Hendrik Deelstra, Annemarie De Knecht-van Eekelen & Toine Pieters (2015). Boekbesprekingen/Comptes Rendus. Studium 8 (1):51.
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  9.  1
    George Allan, Merle Allshouse, Harley Chapman, John B. Cobb, John Compton, Donald A. Crosby, Paul T. Durbin, Barbara Meister Ferré, Frederick Ferré, Frank B. Golley, Joseph Grange, John Granrose, David Ray Griffin, David Keller, Eugene Thomas Long, Elisabethe Segars McRae, Leslie A. Muray, William L. Power, James F. Salmon, Hans Julius Schneider, Dr Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Udo E. Simonis, Donald Wayne Viney & Clark Wolf (eds.) (2005). Nature, Truth, and Value: Exploring the Thinking of Frederick Ferrz. Lexington Books.
    In this thorough compendium, nineteen accomplished scholars explore, in some manner the values they find inherent in the world, their nature, and revelence through the thought of Frederick FerrZ. These essays, informed by the insights of FerrZ and coming from manifold perspectives—ethics, philosophy, theology, and environmental studies, advance an ambitious challenge to current intellectual and scholarly fashions.
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  10. Elisa J. Gordon & Michael S. Wolf (2007). Beyond the Basics: Designing a Comprehensive Response to Low Health Literacy. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (11):11 – 13.
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  11.  1
    J. Donald (1989). The Hollywood Effect. Theory, Culture and Society 6 (4):691-699.
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  12. George Allan, Merle Allshouse, Harley Chapman, John B. Cobb, John Compton, Donald A. Crosby, Paul T. Durbin, Barbara Meister Ferré, Frederick Ferré, Frank B. Golley, Joseph Grange, John Granrose, David Ray Griffin, David Keller, Eugene Thomas Long, Elisabethe Segars McRae, Leslie A. Muray, William L. Power, James F. Salmon, Hans Julius Schneider, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Udo E. Simonis, Donald Wayne Viney & Clark Wolf (eds.) (2005). Nature, Truth, and Value: Exploring the Thinking of Frederick Ferrz. Lexington Books.
    In this thorough compendium, nineteen accomplished scholars explore, in some manner the values they find inherent in the world, their nature, and revelence through the thought of Frederick Ferré. These essays, informed by the insights of Ferré and coming from manifold perspectives—ethics, philosophy, theology, and environmental studies, advance an ambitious challenge to current intellectual and scholarly fashions.
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  13. J. Donald (1986). Cinema, History and Culture. Theory, Culture and Society 3 (2):141-146.
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  14.  10
    F. S. Grodzinsky, K. W. Miller & M. J. Wolf (2011). Developing Artificial Agents Worthy of Trust: Would You Buy a Used Car From This Artificial Agent? [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):17-27.
    There is a growing literature on the concept of e-trust and on the feasibility and advisability of “trusting” artificial agents. In this paper we present an object-oriented model for thinking about trust in both face-to-face and digitally mediated environments. We review important recent contributions to this literature regarding e-trust in conjunction with presenting our model. We identify three important types of trust interactions and examine trust from the perspective of a software developer. Too often, the primary focus of research in (...)
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  15.  50
    Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf (2008). The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):115-121.
    In their important paper “Autonomous Agents”, Floridi and Sanders use “levels of abstraction” to argue that computers are or may soon be moral agents. In this paper we use the same levels of abstraction to illuminate differences between human moral agents and computers. In their paper, Floridi and Sanders contributed definitions of autonomy, moral accountability and responsibility, but they have not explored deeply some essential questions that need to be answered by computer scientists who design artificial agents. One such question (...)
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  16.  45
    Nir Fresco & Marty J. Wolf (2014). The Instructional Information Processing Account of Digital Computation. Synthese 191 (7):1469-1492.
    What is nontrivial digital computation? It is the processing of discrete data through discrete state transitions in accordance with finite instructional information. The motivation for our account is that many previous attempts to answer this question are inadequate, and also that this account accords with the common intuition that digital computation is a type of information processing. We use the notion of reachability in a graph to defend this characterization in memory-based systems and underscore the importance of instructional information for (...)
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  17. V. Gordon Childe, A. Wolf, H. T. Pledge, George Perazich, Philip M. Field & J. D. Bernal (1940). Man Makes Himself. Science and Society 4 (4):461-466.
     
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  18.  26
    Matthew J. Donald, On Many-Minds Interpretations of Quantum Theory.
    This paper is a response to some recent discussions of many-minds interpretations in the philosophical literature. After an introduction to the many-minds idea, the complexity of quantum states for macroscopic objects is stressed. Then it is proposed that a characterization of the physical structure of observers is a proper goal for physical theory. It is argued that an observer cannot be defined merely by the instantaneous structure of a brain, but that the history of the brain's functioning must also be (...)
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  19.  39
    Theodore J. Wolf (1946). Prevoir Et Savior. Modern Schoolman 23 (2):108-109.
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  20.  8
    F. S. Grodzinsky, K. Miller & M. J. Wolf (2003). Ethical Issues in Open Source Software. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 1 (4):193-205.
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  21.  99
    C. D. Broad, G. Galloway, Godfrey H. Thomson, W. Leslie Mackenzie, G. A. Johnston, M. L., Arthur Robinson, A. E. Taylor, L. J. Russell, W. D. Ross, R. M. MacIver, Herbert W. Blunt, A. Wolf, Helen Wodehouse & B. Bosanquet (1914). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 23 (90):274-306.
  22.  7
    Marty J. Wolf, Frances Grodzinsky & Keith Miller (2016). Augmented Reality All Around Us. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):126-131.
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  23.  16
    Theodore J. Wolf (1941). Scholasticism and Politics. Modern Schoolman 18 (2):38-38.
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  24.  20
    M. J. Wolf, K. W. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky (2009). On the Meaning of Free Software. Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):279-286.
    To many who develop and use free software, the GNU General Public License represents an embodiment of the meaning of free software. In this paper we examine the definition and meaning of free software in the context of three events surrounding the GNU General Public License. We use a case involving the GPU software project to establish the importance of Freedom 0 in the meaning of free software. We analyze version 3 of the GNU General Public License and conclude that (...)
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  25.  39
    Kelling J. Donald & Jeffrey Kovac (2013). The Scientist's Education and a Civic Conscience. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1229-1240.
    A civic science curriculum is advocated. We discuss practical mechanisms for (and highlight the possible benefits of) addressing the relationship between scientific knowledge and civic responsibility coextensively with rigorous scientific content. As a strategy, we suggest an in-course treatment of well known (and relevant) historical and contemporary controversies among scientists over science policy or the use of sciences. The scientific content of the course is used to understand the controversy and to inform the debate while allowing students to see the (...)
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  26.  4
    Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky (forthcoming). This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  27.  26
    Theodore J. Wolf (1942). Books Received. [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 19 (2):40-40.
    Books Received Kantian Review , FirstView Article.
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  28.  21
    Marty J. Wolf (2011). Analysis, Clarification and Extension of the Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):246-254.
    This paper analyzes certain technical details of Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. It provides a clarification regarding desirable properties of degrees of informativeness functions by rejecting three of Floridi’s original constraints and proposing a replacement constraint. Finally, the paper briefly explores the notion of quantities of inaccuracy and shows an analysis that mimics Floridi’s analysis of quantities of vacuity.
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  29.  13
    Theodore J. Wolf (1941). Scholasticism and Politics. Modern Schoolman 18 (2):38-38.
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  30.  3
    Hassan Siddiki, J. G. Fletcher, Beth McFarland, Nora Dajani, Nicholas Orme, Barbara Koenig, Marguerite Strobel & Susan M. Wolf (2008). Incidental Findings in CT Colonography: Literature Review and Survey of Current Research Practice. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (2):320-331.
    Incidental fndings of potential medical signifcance are seen in approximately 5-8 percent of asymptomatic subjects and 16 percent of symptomatic subjects participating in large computed tomography colonography studies, with the incidence varying further by CT acquisition technique. While most CTC research programs have a well-defned plan to detect and disclose IFs, such plans are largely communicated only verbally. Written consent documents should also inform subjects of how IFs of potential medical signifcance will be detected and reported in CTC research studies.
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  31.  7
    Marty J. Wolf (2014). A Case for Information as a Basis for Ethics. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 18 (3):251-254.
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  32.  12
    Theodore J. Wolf (1941). Scholasticism and Politics. Modern Schoolman 18 (2):38-38.
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  33.  10
    Marty J. Wolf (2013). The Importance of Actualizing Control in the Processing of Instructional Information. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):67-70.
    This commentary on Fresco's article "Information processing as an account of concrete digital computation" illuminates the two intertwined roles that the definition of the term "information" plays in Fresco's analysis. It provides analysis of the notion of actualizing control in information processing. The key point made is that not all control information in common computational devices cannot be processed.
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  34.  3
    S. Neckel & J. Wolf (1994). The Fascination of Amorality: Luhmann's Theory of Morality and its Resonances Among German Intellectuals. Theory, Culture and Society 11 (2):69-99.
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  35. Matthew J. Donald, A Proof of Everett's Correlation Conjecture.
    In his long 1957 paper, “The Theory of the Universal Wave Function”, Hugh Everett III made some significant preliminary steps towards the application and generalization of Shannon’s information theory to quantum mechanics. In the course of doing so, he conjectured that, for a given wavefunction on a compound space, the Schmidt decomposition maximises the correlation between subsystem bases. This is proved here.
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  36.  1
    Michael A. Woodley of Menie, Aurelio José Figueredo, Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Heitor B. F. Fernandes, Guy Madison, Pedro S. A. Wolf & Candace J. Black (2015). Strategic Differentiation and Integration of Genomic-Level Heritabilities Facilitate Individual Differences in Preparedness and Plasticity of Human Life History. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  37. Matthew J. Donald (1999). Review Articles-Decoherence and the Appearance of a Classical World in Quantum Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 30 (3):437-442.
     
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  38.  3
    M. D. Reeve, F. A. Wolf, A. Grafton, G. W. Most & J. E. G. Zetzel (1988). Prolegomena to Homer, 1795. Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:219.
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  39.  7
    Robert Baird, Reagan Ramsower, Stuart E. Rosenbaum, Victoria Davion, Clark Wolf, John Martin Fischer, S. J. Mark Ravizza, Margaret Gilbert, Christopher W. Gowans & Jorge J. Gracia (2000). Almeder, Robert, Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics (Amherst: Prometheus Books, 2000), 211 Pages. Audi, Robert, Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (London: Routledge, 1998), 340 Pages. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 4:419-422.
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  40. Matthew J. Donald, Probabilities for Observing Mixed Quantum States Given Limited Prior Information.
    The original development of the formalism of quantum mechanics involved the study of isolated quantum systems in pure states. Such systems fail to capture important aspects of the warm, wet, and noisy physical world which can better be modelled by quantum statistical mechanics and local quantum field theory using mixed states of continuous systems. In this context, we need to be able to compute quantum probabilities given only partial information. Specifically, suppose that B is a set of operators. This set (...)
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  41.  4
    Theodore J. Wolf (1962). Philosophy of Nature. Modern Schoolman 39 (3):281-282.
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  42.  6
    Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf (2015). Developing Automated Deceptions and the Impact on Trust. Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):91-105.
    As software developers design artificial agents , they often have to wrestle with complex issues, issues that have philosophical and ethical importance. This paper addresses two key questions at the intersection of philosophy and technology: What is deception? And when is it permissible for the developer of a computer artifact to be deceptive in the artifact’s development? While exploring these questions from the perspective of a software developer, we examine the relationship of deception and trust. Are developers using deception to (...)
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  43.  3
    Matthew J. Donald (1998). Constitutions of Matter. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 29 (2):277-280.
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  44.  2
    M. Reader & D. J. Wolf (1973). On Being Human. Political Theory 1 (2):186-202.
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  45.  1
    Gail E. Henderson, Susan M. Wolf, Kristine J. Kuczynski, Steven Joffe, Richard R. Sharp, D. Williams Parsons, Bartha M. Knoppers, Joon-Ho Yu & Paul S. Appelbaum (2014). The Challenge of Informed Consent and Return of Results in Translational Genomics: Empirical Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (3):344-355.
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  46.  4
    F. S. Grodzinsky, K. Miller & M. J. Wolf (2012). Moral Responsibility for Computing Artifacts: The Rules and Issues of Trust. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 42 (2):15-25.
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  47.  3
    Gail E. Henderson, Susan M. Wolf, Kristine J. Kuczynski, Steven Joffe, Richard R. Sharp, D. Williams Parsons, Bartha M. Knoppers, Joon‐Ho Yu & Paul S. Appelbaum (2014). The Challenge of Informed Consent and Return of Results in Translational Genomics: Empirical Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 42 (3):344-355.
    As exome and genome sequencing move into clinical application, questions surround how to elicit consent and handle potential return of individual genomic results. This study analyzes nine consent forms used in NIH-funded sequencing studies. Content analysis reveals considerable heterogeneity, including in defining results that may be returned, identifying potential benefits and risks of return, protecting privacy, addressing placement of results in the medical record, and data-sharing. In response to lack of consensus, we offer recommendations.
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  48.  2
    N. Eze, J. M. Jefford, D. Wolf, P. Williamson & P. Neild (2007). PEG and RIG Tube Feeding in Head and Neck Patients: A Retrospective Review of Complications and Outcome. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):817-819.
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  49. J. -C. Wolf (1996). Moralischer Internalismus: Motivation durch Wünsche versus Motivation durch Überzeugungen. Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 29 (74):47-61.
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  50.  3
    N. Sirotin, L. E. Wolf, L. M. Pollack, J. A. Catania, M. M. Dolcini & B. Lo (2009). IRBs and Ethically Challenging Protocols: Views of IRB Chairs About Useful Resources. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (5):10-19.
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