Search results for 'Dongming Xu' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Dongming Xu (2010). Beyond Simon's Means-Ends Analysis: Natural Creativity and the Unanswered 'Why' in the Design of Intelligent Systems for Problem-Solving. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):327-347.
    Goal-directed problem solving as originally advocated by Herbert Simon’s means-ends analysis model has primarily shaped the course of design research on artificially intelligent systems for problem-solving. We contend that there is a definite disregard of a key phase within the overall design process that in fact logically precedes the actual problem solving phase. While systems designers have traditionally been obsessed with goal-directed problem solving, the basic determinants of the ultimate desired goal state still remain to be fully understood or categorically (...)
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  2. Chongqing Xu (2004). Xu Chongqing Wen Ji. Zhongshan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  3. Fancheng Xu (2006). Xu Fancheng Wen Ji. Hua Dong Shi Fan da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  4. Heng Xu (2010). Xu Heng Ji. Jilin Wen Shi Chu Ban She.
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  5. Lizhi Xu (2008). Xu Lizhi Tan Shu Xue Zhe Xue =. Dalian Li Gong da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  6. Lizhi Xu (2008). Xu Lizhi Tan Shu Xue Fang Fa Lun =. Dalian Li Gong da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  7. Zhigong Xu (2007). Xu Zhigong Zi Xuan Ji =. Xue Xi Chu Ban She.
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  8. Fuguan Xu (2004). Zhongguo Si Xiang Shi Lun Ji Xu Pian. Shanghai Shu Dian Chu Ban She.
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  9.  20
    Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu (2010). Integrating Physical Constraints in Statistical Inference by 11-Month-Old Infants. Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908.
    Much research on cognitive development focuses either on early-emerging domain-specific knowledge or domain-general learning mechanisms. However, little research examines how these sources of knowledge interact. Previous research suggests that young infants can make inferences from samples to populations (Xu & Garcia, 2008) and 11- to 12.5-month-old infants can integrate psychological and physical knowledge in probabilistic reasoning (Teglas, Girotto, Gonzalez, & Bonatti, 2007; Xu & Denison, 2009). Here, we ask whether infants can integrate a physical constraint of immobility into a statistical (...)
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  10.  15
    Liang Li, Tian Liu & Ke Xu (2013). Variable-Centered Consistency in Model RB. Minds and Machines 23 (1):95-103.
    Model RB is a model of random constraint satisfaction problems, which exhibits exact satisfiability phase transition and many hard instances, both experimentally and theoretically. Benchmarks based on Model RB have been successfully used by various international algorithm competitions and many research papers. In a previous work, Xu and Li defined two notions called i-constraint assignment tuple and flawed i-constraint assignment tuple to show an exponential resolution complexity of Model RB. These two notions are similar to some kind of consistency in (...)
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  11.  16
    F. Xu & E. S. Spelke (2000). Large Number Discrimination in 6-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 74 (1):1-11.
    Six-month-old infants discriminate between large sets of objects on the basis of numerosity when other extraneous variables are controlled, provided that the sets to be discriminated differ by a large ratio (8 vs. 16 but not 8 vs. 12). The capacities to represent approximate numerosity found in adult animals and humans evidently develop in human infants prior to language and symbolic counting.
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  12. Amy Perfors, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Fei Xu (2011). A Tutorial Introduction to Bayesian Models of Cognitive Development. Cognition 120 (3):302-321.
  13.  5
    Susan Carey & Fei Xu (2001). Infants' Knowledge of Objects: Beyond Object Files and Object Tracking. Cognition 80 (1-2):179-213.
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  14. Dajian Xu (2006). Business Corruption in China's Economic Reform and its Institutional Roots. In Xiaohe Lu & Georges Enderle (eds.), Developing Business Ethics in China. Palgrave Macmillan 143.
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  15.  13
    Fei Xu & Stephanie Denison (2009). Statistical Inference and Sensitivity to Sampling in 11-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 112 (1):97-104.
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  16.  23
    Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl (1998). Indexing and the Object Concept: Developingwhat'andwhere'systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  17.  16
    S. X. Zeng, X. D. Xu, H. T. Yin & C. M. Tam (2012). Factors That Drive Chinese Listed Companies in Voluntary Disclosure of Environmental Information. Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):309-321.
    Based on the institutional theory, this article attempts to examine two consecutive questions regarding the impact of various factors on corporate decision in environmental information disclosure (EID): (1) whether or not to disclose; and (2) the level of disclosure. The relevance of these factors is empirically tested using data collected from publicly listed manufacturing companies from 2006 to 2008 in China. Some interesting findings appear. We find that firms that are state-owned, those that operate in environmentally sensitive industries, those having (...)
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  18.  15
    Larry A. Floyd, Feng Xu, Ryan Atkins & Cam Caldwell (2013). Ethical Outcomes and Business Ethics: Toward Improving Business Ethics Education. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):753-776.
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  19.  6
    Fei Xu (2002). The Role of Language in Acquiring Object Kind Concepts in Infancy. Cognition 85 (3):223-250.
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  20. Keqian Xu (2011). A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):445-462.
    Although being widely considered as only a Western tradition, individualism is not absent in traditional Chinese philosophy and culture. In some of the classic Chinese philosophic works such as Zhuangzi, we can clearly identify some elements which can be appropriately attributed to “individualism”, such as the awareness of individual “self” as an independent and unique existence, advocating individual freedom and liberty, emphasizing on the value and dignity of individual life, favoring individuals’ autonomy and privacy, pursuing unconstrained development in personality and (...)
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  21.  5
    X. H. Meng, S. X. Zeng, C. M. Tam & X. D. Xu (2013). Whether Top Executives' Turnover Influences Environmental Responsibility: From the Perspective of Environmental Information Disclosure. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):341-353.
    We have empirically examined the relationship between top executives’ turnover and the corporate environmental responsibility by identifying the influence of ten specific turnover reasons resulting in the chairman’s departure and two important types of chairman’s succession. Using a sample of 782 manufacturing listed companies across 3 years in China, we find that the corporate environmental responsibility is negatively associated with the involuntary and negative turnover (i.e., dismissal, health and death, and forced resignation) and positively associated with improving corporate governance, and (...)
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  22.  10
    Yaoda Xu & Marvin M. Chun (2009). Selecting and Perceiving Multiple Visual Objects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):167-174.
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  23.  45
    Fei Xu (1997). From Lot's Wife to a Pillar of Salt: Evidence That Physical Object is a Sortal Concept. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):365–392.
  24.  14
    Fei Xu (2003). Numerosity Discrimination in Infants: Evidence for Two Systems of Representations. Cognition 89 (1):B15-B25.
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  25. Keqian Xu (1997). The Unique Features of Hui Shi's Thought: A Comparative Study Between Hui Shi and Other Pre-Qin Philosophers. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (2):231-253.
    Hui Shi (370-310B.C.E.?) is a unique one among the pre-Qin scholars. The object and orientation of his scholarship emphasized on “chasing after the materials” or the research for objective knowledge of natural things. He shows a tendency of tolerating and advocating diversity and variety, and intentionally pursuing new and unusual ideas. In certain degree he judges the value of knowledge by its truthfulness rather than its usefulness. As pointed out by Wing-tsit Chan, Hui shi represents a “tendency in ancient (...)
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  26.  17
    Q. Miao, A. Newman, J. Yu & L. Xu (2013). The Relationship Between Ethical Leadership and Unethical Pro-Organizational Behavior: Linear or Curvilinear Effects? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):641-653.
    In this study, we examine the nature of the relationship between ethical leadership and unethical pro-organizational behavior (UPB), defined as unethical behavior conducted by employees with the aim of benefiting their organization, and whether the strength of the relationship differs between subordinates experiencing high and low identification with supervisor. Based on three-wave survey data obtained from 239 public sector employees in China, we find that ethical leadership has an inverted u-shaped (curvilinear) relationship with UPB. As the level of ethical leadership (...)
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  27.  6
    Fei Xu, Susan Carey & Jenny Welch (1999). Infants' Ability to Use Object Kind Information for Object Individuation. Cognition 70 (2):137-166.
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  28.  3
    Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu (2014). The Origins of Probabilistic Inference in Human Infants. Cognition 130 (3):335-347.
  29. Keqian Xu (2006). Early Confucian Principles: The Potential Theoretic Foundation of Democracy in Modern China. Asian Philosophy 16 (2):135 – 148.
    The subtle and complex relation between Confucianism and modern democracy has long been a controversial issue, and it is now again becoming a topical issue in the process of political modernization in contemporary China. This paper argues that there are some quite basic early Confucian values and principles that are not only compatible with democracy, but also may become the theoretic foundation of modern democracy in China. Early Confucianism considers 'the people's will' as the direct representative of 'Heaven's will', with (...)
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  30.  17
    Fei Xu (2007). Sortal Concepts, Object Individuation, and Language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):400-406.
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  31. Keqian Xu (2009). 儒家思想与中国传统文化的价值优先观(Confucianism and the Value Priority in Traditional Chinese Culture). 孔子研究 Confucius Studies 2009 (2):22-27.
    Confucianism has a deep influence on the opinion of value priority in traditional Chinese culture, which consider the value of morality prior to that of utility; the value of moral merit prior to that of intelligent; the value of group prior to that of individuals; the value of peace and safety prior to that of freedom and liberty; the value of harmony prior to that of conflict. This kind of value priority has performed very important and positive functions in Chinese (...)
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  32.  20
    Lili Ma & Fei Xu (2011). Young Children’s Use of Statistical Sampling Evidence to Infer the Subjectivity of Preferences. Cognition 120 (3):403-411.
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  33.  33
    Juemin Xu & Nigel Harvey (2014). Carry on Winning: The Gamblers’ Fallacy Creates Hot Hand Effects in Online Gambling. Cognition 131 (2):173-180.
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  34. Keqian Xu (2010). Chinese “Dao” and Western “Truth”: A Comparative and Dynamic Perspective. Asian Social Science 6 (12):8.
    In the Pre-Qin time, pursuing “Dao” was the main task in the scholarship of most of the ancient Chinese philosophers, while the Ancient Greek philosophers considered pursuing “Truth” as their ultimate goal. While the “Dao” in ancient Chinese texts and the “Truth” in ancient Greek philosophic literature do share or cross-cover certain connotations, there are subtle and important differences between the two comparable philosophic concepts. These differences have deep and profound impact on the later development of Chinese (...)
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  35.  18
    X. D. Xu, S. X. Zeng & C. M. Tam (2012). Stock Market's Reaction to Disclosure of Environmental Violations: Evidence From China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):227-237.
    The stock market’s reaction to information disclosure of environmental violation events (EVEs) is investigated multi-dimensionally for Chinese listed companies, including variables such as pollution types, information disclosure sources, information disclosure levels, modernization levels of the region where the company locates, ultimate ownership of the company, and ownership held by the largest shareholder. Using the method of event study, daily abnormal return (AR) and accumulative abnormal return (CAR) are calculated under different event window for examining the extent to which the stock (...)
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  36.  2
    Nantu Hu, Sheng He & Baihua Xu (2012). Different Efficiencies of Attentional Orienting in Different Wandering Minds. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):139-148.
    This study examined the relations between properties of attentional networks and Mind Wandering across individuals. For the attentional networks, we measured three components of attention, known as alerting, orienting, and executive control, using the Attention Network Test . To investigate MW, we measured thought probes embedded in the Sustained Attention to Response Task . Moreover, four performance characteristics of the SART were calculated as behavioral indices of MW. Three of them showed significant associations with probed MW. Most research regarding MW (...)
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  37.  45
    Bin Xu (2012). Grandpa Wen: Scene and Political Performace. Sociological Theory 30 (2):114 - 129.
    This article remedies the divide in the theory of cultural performance between contingent strategy and cultural structure by bringing scene back in. Scene fuses components of performance and links local performance to macrolevel cultural structures and historical events. I theorize two conceptual elements: scene-act ratio and event-scene link. A scene creates an emotive context that demands consistent and timely performance; features of macrolevel events shape the emotive context of the scene. The two concepts can be deployed to explain variation in (...)
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  38. Mowei Shen, Haokui Xu, Haihang Zhang, Rende Shui, Meng Zhang & Jifan Zhou (2015). The Working Memory Ponzo Illusion: Involuntary Integration of Visuospatial Information Stored in Visual Working Memory. Cognition 141:26-35.
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  39.  43
    Ming Xu (1997). Causation in Branching Time (I): Transitions, Events and Causes. Synthese 112 (2):137-192.
    We propose a theory of events and causes against the background of branching time. Notions discussed include possibility based on reality, transitions, events, determinacy, contingency, causes and effects. The main idea in defining causal relations is to introduce a certain preconditioning circumstance under which one event follows another. We also briefly compare this theory with some other theories.
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  40.  22
    Kaibin Xu & Wenqing Li (2013). An Ethical Stakeholder Approach to Crisis Communication: A Case Study of Foxconn's 2010 Employee Suicide Crisis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):371-386.
    We have conducted a case study of Foxconn’s suicide crisis when 12 Foxconn employees committed suicide during the first 5 months of 2010. In this case study, we have examined Foxconn’s crisis communication strategies during the critical period and explored the failure in crisis communication in terms of the stakeholder approach. Our findings show that Foxconn adopted a mixed response strategy by trying to address the concerns of various stakeholders while refusing to take responsibility for the suicides. Foxconn’s failure in (...)
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  41.  27
    Aditi Bhattacharyya, Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu (2011). Choice, Internal Consistency and Rationality. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):123-149.
    The classical theory of rational choice is built on several important internal consistency conditions. In recent years, the reasonableness of those internal consistency conditions has been questioned and criticized, and several responses to accommodate such criticisms have been proposed in the literature. This paper develops a general framework to accommodate the issues raised by the criticisms of classical rational choice theory, and examines the broad impact of these criticisms from both normative and positive points of view.
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  42.  33
    Ming Xu (1998). Axioms for Deliberative Stit. Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (5):505-552.
    Based on a notion of "companions to stit formulas" applied in other papers dealing with astit logics, we introduce "choice formulas" and "nested choice formulas" to prove the completeness theorems for dstit logics in a language with the dstit operator as the only non-truth-functional operator. The main logic discussed in this paper is the basic logic of dstit with multiple agents, other logics discussed include the basic logic of dstit with a single agent and some logics of dstit with multiple (...)
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  43.  12
    BaoChun Zhao & ShanShan Xu (2013). Does Consumer Unethical Behavior Relate to Birthplace? Evidence From China. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):475-488.
    This study explores the relationship between individual birthplace [rural birthplace (RB) and urban birthplace (UB)] and consumer unethical behavior (CUB). As a result, CUB is verified to closely relate to individual birthplace, and those new urban residents with RB are found to behave more ethically than the patrimonial urban residents with UB in CUB4 (“no harm/no foul”). This study also finds that the differentiation of CUB between two categories of consumers is correlated with the personal moral ideology or Machiavellianism (MA) (...)
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  44. Keqian Xu (2000). 论作为道路与方法的庄子之“道”. 中国哲学史(The History of Chinese Philosophy) 2000 (4):66-72.
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  45.  2
    Fei Xu & Susan Carey (2000). The Emergence of Kind Concepts: A Rejoinder to Needham and Baillargeon. Cognition 74 (3):285-301.
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  46. Keqian Xu (2008). The Abdication of King Kuai of Yan and the Issue of Political Legitimacy in the Warring States Period. Journal of School of Chinese Language and Culture 2008 (3).
    The event that King Kuai of Yan demised the crown to his premier Zizhi, is a tentative way of political power transmission happened in the social transforming Warring States Period, which was influenced by the popular theory of Yao and Shun’s demise of that time. However, this tentative was obviously a failure, coming under attacks from all Confucian, Taoist and Legalist scholars. We may understand the development of the thinking concerning the issue of political legitimacy during the Warring (...) Period by analyzing the different commentaries by different schools on this unusual event, and get some beneficial inspirations. (shrink)
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  47.  44
    Ming Xu (2012). Actions as Events. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (4):765 - 809.
    We present a theory of actions based on a theory of events in branching time, in which "particular" or "token" actions are taken to be sets of transitions from their initial states to the outcomes. We also present a simple theory of composition of events by which composite events can be formed out of other events. Various kinds of actions, including instantaneous group actions and sequential group actions, are introduced by way of composition, and an extended stit theory of agency (...)
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  48.  12
    Fei Xu, Kathryn Dewar & Amy Perfors (2009). Induction, Overhypotheses, and the Shape Bias: Some Arguments and Evidence for Rational Constructivism. In Bruce M. Hood & Laurie Santos (eds.), The Origins of Object Knowledge. Oxford University Press 263--284.
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  49. Keqian Xu (2006). 論儒家哲學之“道”的實踐屬性與歷史屬性On the Practice and History Attributes of the “Dao” in the Confucian Philosophy. 學術論壇 Academic Forum, 2006 (11):32-34.
    The important feature of Dao as a philosophic category in early Confucian philosophy is its prominent practical and historical properties, which make it different from those western metaphysic categories. Confucianism emphasizes that the Dao can not be separated with the practice and the history of human being, thus the Tao should be explored in peoples’ social activities and history. They believe that the Tao only lives in the historical tradition and can only be demonstrated by the narrative of history. The (...)
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  50.  52
    Shangkun Xu & Rudai Yang (2010). Indigenous Characteristics of Chinese Corporate Social Responsibility Conceptual Paradigm. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2):321 - 333.
    The purpose of this study is to identify China’s indigenous conceptual dimensions of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and to increase the knowledge and comprehension about CSR in specific context. We conducted an inductive analysis of CSR in China based on an open-ended survey of 630 CEOs and business owners in 12 provinces (municipalities) in China. In the survey, we collected CSR sample responses. After examining the qualitative data, we identified nine dimensions of CSR, among which six dimensions are similar to (...)
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