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  1. Douglas N. Walton (forthcoming). Pe'titio Principii and Argument Analysis. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
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  2. Hans V. Hansen & Douglas N. Walton (2013). Argument Kinds and Argument Roles in the Ontario Provincial Election, 2011. Journal of Argumentation in Context 2 (2):226-258.
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  3. Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner (2012). A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
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  4. Douglas N. Walton (2008). Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. Cambridge University Press.
    Informal Logic is an introductory guidebook to the basic principles of constructing sound arguments and criticizing bad ones. Non-technical in approach, it is based on 186 examples, which Douglas Walton, a leading authority in the field of informal logic, discusses and evaluates in clear, illustrative detail. Walton explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical responses. Among the many subjects covered (...)
     
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  5. Douglas N. Walton (2008). Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation, Artificial Intelligence, and Law. Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in artificial intelligence has increasingly turned to argumentation as a rich, interdisciplinary area of research that can provide new methods related to evidence and reasoning in the area of law. Douglas Walton provides an introduction to basic concepts, tools and methods in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence as applied to the analysis and evaluation of witness testimony. He shows how witness testimony is by its nature inherently fallible and sometimes subject to disastrous failures. At the same time such (...)
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  6. Thomas F. Gordon, Henry Prakken & Douglas N. Walton (2007). The Carneades Model of Argument and Burden of Proof. Artificial Intelligence 171 (10-15):875-896.
    We present a formal, mathematical model of argument structure and evaluation, taking seriously the procedural and dialogical aspects of argumentation. The model applies proof standards to determine the acceptability of statements on an issue-by-issue basis. The model uses different types of premises (ordinary premises, assumptions and exceptions) and information about the dialectical status of statements (stated, questioned, accepted or rejected) to allow the burden of proof to be allocated to the proponent or the respondent, as appropriate, for each premise separately. (...)
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  7. Douglas N. Walton (2007). Media Argumentation: Dialectic, Persuasion, and Rhetoric. Cambridge University Press.
    Media argumentation is a powerful force in our lives. From political speeches to television commercials to war propaganda, it can effectively mobilize political action, influence the public, and market products. This book presents a new and systematic way of thinking about the influence of mass media in our lives, showing the intersection of media sources with argumentation theory, informal logic, computational theory, and theories of persuasion. Using a variety of case studies that represent arguments that typically occur in the mass (...)
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  8. Douglas N. Walton (2007). Metadialogues for Resolving Burden of Proof Disputes. Argumentation 21 (3):291-316.
    In this paper, a solution to the problem of analyzing burden of proof in argumentation is developed by building on the pioneering work of Erik C. W. Krabbe on metadialogues. Three classic cases of burden of proof disputes are analyzed, showing how metadialogue theory can solve the problems they pose. The solution is based on five dialectical requirements: (1) global burden of proof needs to be set at the confrontation stage of a dialogue, (2) there need to be special mechanisms (...)
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  9. Douglas N. Walton (2006). Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation. Cambridge University Press.
    Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation presents the basic tools for the identification, analysis, and evaluation of common arguments for beginners. The book teaches by using examples of arguments in dialogues, both in the text itself and in the exercises. Examples of controversial legal, political, and ethical arguments are analyzed. Illustrating the most common kinds of arguments, the book also explains how to evaluate each kind by critical questioning. Douglas Walton shows how arguments can be reasonable under the right dialogue conditions by (...)
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  10. Douglas N. Walton (2004). Abductive Reasoning. University of Alabama Press.
     
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  11. Douglas N. Walton (2001). Enthymemes, Common Knowledge, and Plausible Inference. Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):93-112.
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  12. Douglas N. Walton (2000). Case Study of the Use of a Circumstantial Ad Hominem in Political Argumentation. Philosophy and Rhetoric 33 (2):101 - 115.
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  13. Douglas N. Walton (2000). Case Study of the Use of a Circumstantial. Philosophy and Rhetoric 33 (2).
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  14. Douglas N. Walton (1998). Brassart) Frans H. Van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst and Francisca Snoeck Henkemans Et Al., Fundamentals of Argumen-Tation Theory: A Handbook of Historical Background and Contemporary Developments (Manfred Kien. [REVIEW] Argumentation 12:513-516.
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  15. Douglas N. Walton & K. T. Strongman (1998). Neonate Crusoes, the Private Language Argument and Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (4):443-65.
    This article questions social constructionists' claims to introduce Wittgenstein's philosophy to psychology. The philosophical fiction of a neonate Crusoe is introduced to cast doubt on the interpretations and use of the private language argument to support a new psychology developed by the constructionists. It is argued that a neonate Crusoe's viability in philosophy and apparent absence in psychology offends against the integrity of the philosophical contribution Wittgenstein might make to psychology. The consequences of accepting Crusoe's viability are explored as they (...)
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  16. Douglas N. Walton (1996). Argumentation Schemes for Presumptive Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This book identifies 25 argumentation schemes for presumptive reasoning and matches a set of critical questions to each.
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  17. Douglas N. Walton (1996). Practical Reasoning and the Structure of Fear Appeal Arguments. Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (4):301 - 313.
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  18. Douglas N. Walton (1994). Begging the Question as a Pragmatic Fallacy. Synthese 100 (1):95 - 131.
    The aim of this paper is to make it clear how and why begging the question should be seen as a pragmatic fallacy which can only be properly evaluated in a context of dialogue. Included in the paper is a review of the contemporary literature on begging the question that shows the gradual emergence over the past twenty years or so of the dialectical conception of this fallacy. A second aim of the paper is to investigate a number of general (...)
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  19. Douglas N. Walton (1993). The Normative Structure of Case Study Argumentation. Metaphilosophy 24 (3):207-226.
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  20. Douglas N. Walton (1993). Alethic, Epistemic, and Dialectical Modes of Argument. Philosophy and Rhetoric 26 (4):302 - 310.
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  21. Douglas N. Walton (1992). Slippery Slope Arguments. Oxford University Press.
    A "slippery slope argument" is a type of argument in which a first step is taken and a series of inextricable consequences follow, ultimately leading to a disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Walton argues that used correctly in some cases, they can be a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. Walton identifies (...)
     
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  22. Douglas N. Walton (1992). Which of the Fallacies Are Fallacies of Relevance? Argumentation 6 (2):237-250.
    This paper looks around among the major traditional fallacies — centering mainly around the so-called “gang of eighteen” — to discuss which of them should properly be classified as fallacies of relevance. The paper argues that four of these fallacies are fallacies primarily because they are failures of relevance in argumentation, while others are fallacies in a way that is more peripherally related to failures of relevance. Still others have an even more tangential relation to failures of relevance. This paper (...)
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  23. Douglas N. Walton (1991). Begging the Question: Circular Reasoning as a Tactic of Argumentation. Greenwood Press.
     
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  24. Douglas N. Walton (1991). Hamblin on the Standard Treatment of Fallacies. Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (4):353 - 361.
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  25. Douglas N. Walton (1990). Courage, Relativism and Practical Reasoning. Philosophia 20 (1-2):227-240.
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  26. Douglas N. Walton (1990). Ignoring Qualifications (Secundum Quid) as a Subfallacy of Hasty Generalization. Logique Et Analyse 129 (130):113-154.
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  27. Douglas N. Walton (1990). Philosophical Finesse: Studies in the Art of Rational Persuasion. History of European Ideas 12 (5):696-697.
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  28. Douglas N. Walton (1990). Practical Reasoning: Goal-Driven, Knowledge-Based, Action-Guiding Argumentation. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  29. Douglas N. Walton (1990). What is Reasoning? What is an Argument? Journal of Philosophy 87 (8):399-419.
    In redefining logic, philosophers need to go back to the Aristotelian roots of the subject, to expand the boundaries of the subject to include informal logic and to give up false oppositions between informal and formal logic.
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  30. Douglas N. Walton (1989). Dialogue Theory for Critical Thinking. Argumentation 3 (2):169-184.
    A general outline of a theory of reasoned dialogue is presented as an underlying basis of critical analysis of a text of argument discourse. This theory is applied to the analysis of informal fallacies by showing how textual evidence can be brought to bear in argument reconstruction. Several basic types of dialogue are identified and described, but the persuasive type of dialogue is emphasized as being of key importance to critical thinking theory.
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  31. Douglas N. Walton (1989). Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation. Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introductory guide to the basic principles of constructing good arguments and criticizing bad ones. It is nontechnical in its approach, and is based on 150 key examples, each discussed and evaluated in clear, illustrative detail. The author explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound argument strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical questions for responding. Among the many subjects covered are: techniques of posing, (...)
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  32. Douglas N. Walton (1989). Question-Reply Argumentation. Greenwood Press.
     
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  33. Douglas N. Walton (1989). Reasoned Use of Expertise in Argumentation. Argumentation 3 (1):59-73.
    This article evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of arguments based on appeals to expertise. The intersection of two areas is explored: (i) the traditional argumentum ad verecundiam (literally, “appeal to modesty,” but characteristically the appeal to the authority of expert judgment) in informal logic, and (ii) the uses of expert systems in artificial intelligence. The article identifies a model of practical reasoning that underlies the logic of expert systems and the model of argument appropriate for the informal logic of the (...)
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  34. Douglas N. Walton (1988). Editor's Introduction. Argumentation 2 (4):393-393.
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  35. Douglas N. Walton (1988). Reply to Thomas on Models of Courage. Dialogue 27 (04):697-.
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  36. Douglas N. Walton (1987). Informal Fallacies: Towards a Theory of Argument Criticisms. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..
     
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  37. Douglas N. Walton (1987). The Ad Hominem Argument as an Informal Fallacy. Argumentation 1 (3):317-331.
    This article outlines criteria for the evaluation of the argumentum ad hominem (argument against the person, or personal attack in argument) that is traditionally a part of the curriculum in informal logic. The argument is shown to be a kind of criticism which works by shifting the burden of proof in dialogue through citing a pragmatic inconsistency in an arguer's position. Several specific cases of ad hominem argumentation which pose interesting problems in analyzing this type of criticism are studied.
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  38. Douglas N. Walton (1986). J. Talja. Studies in Possibility, Ability and Not-Doing, Reports From the Department of Philosophy, No. 11, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. [REVIEW] Theoria 52 (1-2):117-123.
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  39. Douglas N. Walton (1986). Virtue and Medicine: Explorations in the Character of Medicine Earl E. Shelp, Editor Philosophy and Medicine Series, Vol. 17 Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1985. Pp. Xx, 363. [REVIEW] Dialogue 25 (04):808-.
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  40. Jari Talja & Douglas N. Walton (1985). Preface. Synthese 65 (2):157-157.
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  41. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Are Circular Arguments Necessarily Vicious? American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (October):263-274.
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  42. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Arguer's Position: A Pragmatic Study of Ad Hominem Attack, Criticism, Refutation, and Fallacy. Greenwood Press.
     
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  43. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Jay F. Rosenberg, Thinking Clearly About Death Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (4):176-178.
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  44. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Multiple-Conclusion Logic D. J. Shoesmith and T. J. Smiley Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978. Pp. Xiii, 396. $59.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 24 (01):179-.
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  45. Douglas N. Walton (1985). New Directions in the Logic of Dialogue. Synthese 63 (3):259 - 274.
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  46. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Physician-Patient Decision-Making: A Study in Medical Ethics. Greenwood Press.
     
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  47. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Pragmatic Inferences About Actions. Synthese 65 (2):211 - 233.
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  48. Douglas N. Walton & Deborah C. Hobbs (1985). Non-Treatment of Spina Bifida Babies. Philosophy Research Archives 11:463-480.
    This article presents a philosophical framework for physician-family ethical decision-making for the controversial cases of withdrawal, initiation, or continuation of treatment for spina bifida infants. The well-known criteria for selective treatment proposed by Lorber are shown to be ethically sub-optimal on the grounds that they are based on a general conception of the decision framework that is open to serious criticisms and questioning.We propose a model of joint physician-family decision-making that we think represents a more rational method of balancing patient (...)
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  49. Douglas N. Walton (1984). Cans, Advantages, and Possible Worlds. Philosophia 14 (1-2):83-97.
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  50. Douglas N. Walton (1984). Death and Dying in Medicine: What Questions Are Still Worth Asking? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2):121-139.
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