Disambiguations:
Douglas N. Walton [104]Douglas Neil Walton [1]
  1.  33
    Douglas N. Walton (1996). Argumentation Schemes for Presumptive Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This book identifies 25 argumentation schemes for presumptive reasoning and matches a set of critical questions to each.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   47 citations  
  2.  22
    Thomas F. Gordon, Henry Prakken & Douglas N. Walton (2007). The Carneades Model of Argument and Burden of Proof. Artificial Intelligence 171 (10-15):875-896.
    We present a formal, mathematical model of argument structure and evaluation, taking seriously the procedural and dialogical aspects of argumentation. The model applies proof standards to determine the acceptability of statements on an issue-by-issue basis. The model uses different types of premises (ordinary premises, assumptions and exceptions) and information about the dialectical status of statements (stated, questioned, accepted or rejected) to allow the burden of proof to be allocated to the proponent or the respondent, as appropriate, for each premise separately. (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   28 citations  
  3.  34
    Douglas N. Walton (2005). Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation. Cambridge University Press.
    Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation presents the basic tools for the identification, analysis, and evaluation of common arguments for beginners. The book teaches by using examples of arguments in dialogues, both in the text itself and in the exercises. Examples of controversial legal, political, and ethical arguments are analyzed. Illustrating the most common kinds of arguments, the book also explains how to evaluate each kind by critical questioning. Douglas Walton shows how arguments can be reasonable under the right dialogue conditions by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   21 citations  
  4. Douglas N. Walton (1998). The New Dialectic Conversational Contexts of Argument. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  5.  60
    Douglas N. Walton (1989). Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation. Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introductory guide to the basic principles of constructing good arguments and criticizing bad ones. It is nontechnical in its approach, and is based on 150 key examples, each discussed and evaluated in clear, illustrative detail. The author explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound argument strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical questions for responding. Among the many subjects covered are: techniques of posing, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   38 citations  
  6.  27
    Douglas N. Walton (2008). Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation, Artificial Intelligence, and Law. Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in artificial intelligence has increasingly turned to argumentation as a rich, interdisciplinary area of research that can provide new methods related to evidence and reasoning in the area of law. Douglas Walton provides an introduction to basic concepts, tools and methods in argumentation theory and artificial intelligence as applied to the analysis and evaluation of witness testimony. He shows how witness testimony is by its nature inherently fallible and sometimes subject to disastrous failures. At the same time such (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  7. Douglas N. Walton (2008). Informal Logic: A Pragmatic Approach. Cambridge University Press.
    Informal Logic is an introductory guidebook to the basic principles of constructing sound arguments and criticizing bad ones. Non-technical in approach, it is based on 186 examples, which Douglas Walton, a leading authority in the field of informal logic, discusses and evaluates in clear, illustrative detail. Walton explains how errors, fallacies, and other key failures of argument occur. He shows how correct uses of argument are based on sound strategies for reasoned persuasion and critical responses. Among the many subjects covered (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  8. Douglas N. Walton (1991). Begging the Question: Circular Reasoning as a Tactic of Argumentation. Greenwood Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   23 citations  
  9.  46
    M. Brand & Douglas N. Walton (eds.) (1976). Action Theory. Reidel.
    INTRODUCTION BY THE EDITORS Gilbert Ryle, in his Concept of Mind (1949), attacked volitional theories of human actions; JL Austin, in his "If and Cans" ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   35 citations  
  10. Douglas N. Walton (2004). Relevance in Argumentation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  11. Douglas N. Walton (1984). Logical Dialogue-Games and Fallacies. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  12. Douglas N. Walton (1992). Slippery Slope Arguments. Oxford University Press.
    A "slippery slope argument" is a type of argument in which a first step is taken and a series of inextricable consequences follow, ultimately leading to a disastrous outcome. Many textbooks on informal logic and critical thinking treat the slippery slope argument as a fallacy. Walton argues that used correctly in some cases, they can be a reasonable type of argument to shift a burden of proof in a critical discussion, while in other cases they are used incorrectly. Walton identifies (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  13. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Arguer's Position: A Pragmatic Study of Ad Hominem Attack, Criticism, Refutation, and Fallacy. Greenwood Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  14.  4
    Douglas N. Walton (1990). Practical Reasoning: Goal-Driven, Knowledge-Based, Action-Guiding Argumentation. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book is an analysis of the distinctive form of reasoning, called practical reasoning by Aristotle (as opposed to theoretical reasoning), that serves to guide behaviour.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  15. Douglas N. Walton (1992). Plausible Argument in Everyday Conversation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  16.  29
    Douglas N. Walton (2001). Enthymemes, Common Knowledge, and Plausible Inference. Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):93-112.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  17. Douglas N. Walton (1996). Argument Structure a Pragmatic Theory. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  18.  20
    Douglas N. Walton (1985). Are Circular Arguments Necessarily Vicious? American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (October):263-274.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  19.  72
    Douglas N. Walton (1994). Begging the Question as a Pragmatic Fallacy. Synthese 100 (1):95 - 131.
    The aim of this paper is to make it clear how and why begging the question should be seen as a pragmatic fallacy which can only be properly evaluated in a context of dialogue. Included in the paper is a review of the contemporary literature on begging the question that shows the gradual emergence over the past twenty years or so of the dialectical conception of this fallacy. A second aim of the paper is to investigate a number of general (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  20. Douglas N. Walton (1990). What is Reasoning? What is an Argument? Journal of Philosophy 87 (8):399-419.
    In redefining logic, philosophers need to go back to the Aristotelian roots of the subject, to expand the boundaries of the subject to include informal logic and to give up false oppositions between informal and formal logic.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  21.  4
    Douglas N. Walton (1982). Topical Relevance in Argumentation. J. Benjamins.
    It is a longstanding if not altogether coherent tradition of logic and rhetorical studies that an argument can be incorrect or fallacious in virtue of some ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  22.  13
    Douglas N. Walton (2007). Metadialogues for Resolving Burden of Proof Disputes. Argumentation 21 (3):291-316.
    In this paper, a solution to the problem of analyzing burden of proof in argumentation is developed by building on the pioneering work of Erik C. W. Krabbe on metadialogues. Three classic cases of burden of proof disputes are analyzed, showing how metadialogue theory can solve the problems they pose. The solution is based on five dialectical requirements: (1) global burden of proof needs to be set at the confrontation stage of a dialogue, (2) there need to be special mechanisms (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  23. Douglas N. Walton (1987). Informal Fallacies: Towards a Theory of Argument Criticisms. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  24.  14
    Douglas N. Walton (forthcoming). Pe'titio Principii and Argument Analysis. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  12
    Douglas N. Walton & Lynn M. Batten (1984). Games, Graphs and Circular Arguments. Logique Et Analyse 106 (6):133-164.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  26.  2
    Douglas N. Walton (1988). Courage: A Philosophical Investigation. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (2):117-118.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  27. Douglas N. Walton (1996). Fallacies Arising From Ambiguity.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  28.  20
    Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Jochen L. Leidner, David D. Lewis, Ronald P. Loui, L. Thorne McCarty, Henry Prakken, Frank Schilder, Erich Schweighofer, Paul Thompson, Alex Tyrrell, Bart Verheij, Douglas N. Walton & Adam Z. Wyner (2012). A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (3):215-319.
    We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987. Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the paper discussed in the context of the development of AI and Law, while often offering some personal reactions and reflections. As a whole, the subsections build into (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  23
    Douglas N. Walton (1989). Dialogue Theory for Critical Thinking. Argumentation 3 (2):169-184.
    A general outline of a theory of reasoned dialogue is presented as an underlying basis of critical analysis of a text of argument discourse. This theory is applied to the analysis of informal fallacies by showing how textual evidence can be brought to bear in argument reconstruction. Several basic types of dialogue are identified and described, but the persuasive type of dialogue is emphasized as being of key importance to critical thinking theory.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  30.  55
    Douglas N. Walton (1981). Epistemology of Brain Death Determination. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):259-274.
    This article assesses what standards of safety and certainty of diagnosis need to be met in the determination of brain death. Recent medical, legal, and philosophical developments on brain death are summarized. It is argued that epistemologically adequate standards require the finding of whole-brain death rather than destruction of the cortex. Because of the possibility of positive error in misdiagnosing death, a tutioristic approach of being on the safe side is advocated. Given uncertainties in diagnosis of so-called vegetative states like (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  31.  16
    Douglas N. Walton (1989). Reasoned Use of Expertise in Argumentation. Argumentation 3 (1):59-73.
    This article evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of arguments based on appeals to expertise. The intersection of two areas is explored: (i) the traditional argumentum ad verecundiam (literally, “appeal to modesty,” but characteristically the appeal to the authority of expert judgment) in informal logic, and (ii) the uses of expert systems in artificial intelligence. The article identifies a model of practical reasoning that underlies the logic of expert systems and the model of argument appropriate for the informal logic of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  32.  19
    Douglas N. Walton (1986). J. Talja. Studies in Possibility, Ability and Not-Doing, Reports From the Department of Philosophy, No. 11, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. [REVIEW] Theoria 52 (1-2):117-123.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  22
    Douglas N. Walton (1987). The Ad Hominem Argument as an Informal Fallacy. Argumentation 1 (3):317-331.
    This article outlines criteria for the evaluation of the argumentum ad hominem (argument against the person, or personal attack in argument) that is traditionally a part of the curriculum in informal logic. The argument is shown to be a kind of criticism which works by shifting the burden of proof in dialogue through citing a pragmatic inconsistency in an arguer's position. Several specific cases of ad hominem argumentation which pose interesting problems in analyzing this type of criticism are studied.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34.  20
    Douglas N. Walton (1982). The Ethics of Deliberate Death. Teaching Philosophy 5 (4):359-360.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  3
    Douglas N. Walton (1999). Ethotic Arguments and Fallacies: The Credibility Function in Multi-Agent Dialogue Systems. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 7 (1):177-203.
    In this paper, it is shown how formal dialectic can be extended to model multi-agent argumentation in which each participant is an agent. An agent is viewed as a participant in a dialogue who not only has goals, and the capability for actions, but who also has stable characteristics of types that can be relevant to an assessment of some of her arguments used in that dialogue. When agents engage in argumentation in dialogues, each agent has a credibility function that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  36.  38
    Douglas N. Walton (2007). Media Argumentation: Dialectic, Persuasion, and Rhetoric. Cambridge University Press.
    Media argumentation is a powerful force in our lives. From political speeches to television commercials to war propaganda, it can effectively mobilize political action, influence the public, and market products. This book presents a new and systematic way of thinking about the influence of mass media in our lives, showing the intersection of media sources with argumentation theory, informal logic, computational theory, and theories of persuasion. Using a variety of case studies that represent arguments that typically occur in the mass (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37. Douglas N. Walton (1989). Question-Reply Argumentation. Greenwood Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  38. Douglas N. Walton (1997). Appeal to Pity Argumentum Ad Misericordiam. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  39.  4
    Douglas N. Walton (1993). The Speech Act of Presumption. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 1 (1):125-148.
    This paper presents a speech act analysis of presumption, using the framework of a dialogue in which two parties reason together. In the speech act of presumption, as opposed to that of assertion, the burden of proof resides not on the proponent to prove, but on the respondent to rebut. Some connections of this account with nonmonotonic reasoning and informal fallacies in argumentation are explored.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  40. Douglas N. Walton (1985). Physician-Patient Decision-Making: A Study in Medical Ethics. Greenwood Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  41.  33
    Douglas N. Walton (1985). New Directions in the Logic of Dialogue. Synthese 63 (3):259 - 274.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  42.  11
    Douglas N. Walton (1980). Omitting, Refraining and Letting Happen. American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (4):319 - 326.
  43.  28
    Douglas N. Walton (1984). New Directions in the Logic of Dialogue. Synthese 58 (2):259 - 274.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44.  42
    David Miller, Catherine Z. Elgin, Jonathan E. Adler & Douglas N. Walton (1980). Critical Notice. Synthese 43 (3):125 – 140.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  20
    Douglas N. Walton (1977). Practical Logic. Teaching Philosophy 2 (1):81-84.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  13
    Douglas N. Walton (1979). Relatedness in Intensional Action Chains. Philosophical Studies 36 (2):175 - 223.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  47. Douglas N. Walton (1982). Brain Death: Ethical Considerations. Philosophical Review 91 (4):656-657.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  48.  23
    Douglas N. Walton & K. T. Strongman (1998). Neonate Crusoes, the Private Language Argument and Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 11 (4):443-65.
    This article questions social constructionists' claims to introduce Wittgenstein's philosophy to psychology. The philosophical fiction of a neonate Crusoe is introduced to cast doubt on the interpretations and use of the private language argument to support a new psychology developed by the constructionists. It is argued that a neonate Crusoe's viability in philosophy and apparent absence in psychology offends against the integrity of the philosophical contribution Wittgenstein might make to psychology. The consequences of accepting Crusoe's viability are explored as they (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49.  7
    Douglas N. Walton (1991). Hamblin on the Standard Treatment of Fallacies. Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (4):353 - 361.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  50.  10
    Douglas N. Walton (1984). Cans, Advantages, and Possible Worlds. Philosophia 14 (1-2):83-97.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  51. Nothing found.