Search results for 'Dr Liane M. Gabora' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Dr Liane M. Gabora (forthcoming). The Fate of Evolutionary Archaeology: Survival or Extinction? .score: 2010.0
    It is important to be clear as to whether a theory such as evolutionary archaeology pertains to biological evolution, in which acquired change is obliterated at the end of each generation, or cultural change, in which acquired change is retained. In evolutionary archaeology, (1) the population is said to consist of artifacts, yet (2) artifacts are said to be phenotypic. Neither (1) nor (2) is necessarily problematic in and of itself, but the two are inconsistent, as the first pertains to (...)
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  2. Dr Liane M. Gabora, Dr Eleanor Rosch & Dr Diederik Aerts (forthcoming). Toward an Ecological Theory of Concepts. .score: 2010.0
    Psychology has had difficulty accounting for the creative, context-sensitive manner in which concepts are used. We believe this stems from the view of concepts as identifiers rather than bridges between mind and world that participate in the generation of meaning. This paper summarizes the history and current status of concepts research, and provides a non-technical summary of work toward an ecological approach to concepts. We outline the rationale for applying generalizations of formalisms originally developed for use in quantum mechanics to (...)
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  3. Dr Liane M. Gabora (2005). Creative Thought as a Non-Darwinian Evolutionary Process. [Journal (Paginated)] (in Press).score: 2010.0
    Selection theory requires multiple, distinct, simultaneously-actualized states. In cognition, each thought or cognitive state changes the 'selection pressure' against which the next is evaluated; they are not simultaneously selected amongst. Creative thought is more a matter of honing in a vague idea through redescribing successive iterations of it from different real or imagined perspectives; in other words, actualizing potential through exposure to different contexts. It has been proven that the mathematical description of contextual change of state introduces a non-Kolmogorovian probability (...)
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  4. Liane M. Gabora (1999). Weaving, Bending, Patching, Mending the Fabric of Reality: A Cognitive Science Perspective on Worldview Inconsistency. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 3 (2):395-428.score: 855.0
    In order to become aware of inconsistencies, one must first construe of the world in a way that reflects its consistencies. This paper begins with a tentative model for how a set of discrete memories transforms into an interconnected worldview wherein relationships between memories are forged by way of abstractions. Inconsistencies prompt the invention of new abstractions. In regions of the conceptual network where inconsistencies abound, a cognitive analog of simulated annealing is in order; there is a willingness to question (...)
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  5. Liane M. Gabora, Meme and Variations.score: 855.0
    American Political Science Association Meeting, New Orleans, 1985. Belew, R. K. "E,volut,ioi1. Leariiing, and Culture: Computational Metaphors for Adaptive Algorithms? Complex Systems 4 (1990}: 11-49. Banner, J. T. The Evolution of Culture in Animals. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univcrsitv Press. 1980.
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  6. Liane M. Gabora (2000). Toward a Theory of Creative Inklings. In [Book Chapter].score: 855.0
    It is perhaps not so baffling that we have the ability to develop, refine, and manifest a creative idea, once it has been conceived. But what sort of a system could spawn the initial seed of creativity from which an idea grows? This paper looks at how the mind is structured in such a way that we can experience a glimmer of insight or inkling of artistic inspiration.
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  7. Liane M. Gabora (1993). Cultural Transitions Occur When Mind Parasites Learn New Tricks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):760.score: 855.0
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  8. Liane M. Gabora (1993). Cultural Learning as the Transmission Mechanism in an Evolutionary Process. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):519.score: 855.0
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  9. Diederik Aerts & Liane Gabora (2005). A Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations I: The Structure of the Sets of Contexts and Properties. Aerts, Diederik and Gabora, Liane (2005) a Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations I.score: 480.0
    We propose a theory for modeling concepts that uses the state-context-property theory (SCOP), a generalization of the quantum formalism, whose basic notions are states, contexts and properties. This theory enables us to incorporate context into the mathematical structure used to describe a concept, and thereby model how context influences the typicality of a single exemplar and the applicability of a single property of a concept. We introduce the notion `state of a concept' to account for this contextual influence, and show (...)
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  10. Liane Gabora (2002). Amplifying Phenomenal Information: Toward a Fundamental Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):3-29.score: 240.0
    from non-conscious components by positing that consciousness is a universal primitive. For example, the double aspect theory of information holds that infor- mation has a phenomenal aspect. How then do you get from phenomenal infor- mation to human consciousness? This paper proposes that an entity is conscious to the extent it amplifies information, first by trapping and integrating it through closure, and second by maintaining dynamics at the edge of chaos through simul- taneous processes of divergence and convergence. The origin (...)
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  11. Diederik Aerts, Ellie D'Hondt & Liane Gabora (2000). Why the Disjunction in Quantum Logic is Not Classical. Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1473-1480.score: 240.0
    The quantum logical `or' is analyzed from a physical perspective. We show that it is the existence of EPR-like correlation states for the quantum mechanical entity under consideration that make it nonequivalent to the classical situation. Specifically, the presence of potentiality in these correlation states gives rise to the quantum deviation from the classical logical `or'. We show how this arises not only in the microworld, but also in macroscopic situations where EPR-like correlation states are present. We investigate how application (...)
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  12. D. Aerts, J. Broekaert & Liane Gabora (2002). Intrinsic Contextuality as the Crux of Consciousness. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind: Proceedings of Toward a Science of Consciousness: Fundamental Approaches (Tokyo '99). John Benjamins.score: 240.0
    A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what (...)
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  13. Diederik Aerts, Sven Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora (2000). The Violation of Bell Inequalities in the Macroworld. Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1387-1414.score: 240.0
    We show that Bell inequalities can be violated in the macroscopic world. The macroworld violation is illustrated using an example involving connected vessels of water. We show that whether the violation of inequalities occurs in the microworld or the macroworld, it is the identification of nonidentical events that plays a crucial role. Specifically, we prove that if nonidentical events are consistently differentiated, Bell-type Pitowsky inequalities are no longer violated, even for Bohm's example of two entangled spin 1/2 quantum particles. We (...)
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  14. Liane Gabora (1999). Microtubules, Anesthetics, and Quantum Consciousness:An Interview with Stuart Hameroff. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (2):205-223.score: 240.0
  15. Diederik Aerts, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo (2013). Concepts and Their Dynamics: A Quantum‐Theoretic Modeling of Human Thought. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):737-772.score: 240.0
    We analyze different aspects of our quantum modeling approach of human concepts and, more specifically, focus on the quantum effects of contextuality, interference, entanglement, and emergence, illustrating how each of them makes its appearance in specific situations of the dynamics of human concepts and their combinations. We point out the relation of our approach, which is based on an ontology of a concept as an entity in a state changing under influence of a context, with the main traditional concept theories, (...)
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  16. Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts, Contextualizing Concepts.score: 240.0
    To cope with problems arising in the description of (1) contextual interactions, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when quantum entities become entangled, the mathematics of quantum mechanics was developed. Similar problems arise with concepts. We use a generalization of standard quantum mechanics, the mathematical lattice theoretic formalism, to develop a formal description of the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning.
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  17. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora, Intrinsic Contextuality as the Crux of Consciousness.score: 240.0
    A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what (...)
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  18. Liane Gabora, Self-Other Organization: Why Early Life Did Not Evolve Through Natural Selection.score: 240.0
    The improbability of a spontaneously generated self-assembling molecule has suggested that life began with a set of simpler, collectively replicating elements, such as an enclosed autocatalytic set of polymers (or autocell). Since replication occurs without a self-assembly code, acquired characteristics are inherited. Moreover, there is no strict distinction between alive and dead; one can only infer that an autocell was alive if it replicates. These features of early life render natural selection inapplicable to the description of its change-of-state because they (...)
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  19. Diederik Aerts & Liane Gabora (2005). A Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations II: A Hilbert Space Representation. .score: 240.0
    The sets of contexts and properties of a concept are embedded in the complex Hilbert space of quantum mechanics. States are unit vectors or density operators, and contexts and properties are orthogonal projections. The way calculations are done in Hilbert space makes it possible to model how context influences the state of a concept. Moreover, a solution to the combination of concepts is proposed. Using the tensor product, a procedure for describing combined concepts is elaborated, providing a natural solution to (...)
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  20. Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts (2002). Contextualizing Concepts Using a Mathematical Generalization of the Quantum Formalism. .score: 240.0
    We outline the rationale and preliminary results of using the State Context Property (SCOP) formalism, originally developed as a generalization of quantum mechanics, to describe the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning. The quantum formalism was developed to cope with problems arising in the description of (1) the measurement process, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when particles become entangled. Similar problems arising with concepts motivated the formal treatment introduced (...)
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  21. Liane Gabora, Arxiv.Org > Nlin > Arxiv:Nlin/0512025.score: 240.0
    The improbability of a spontaneously generated self-assembling molecule has suggested that life began with a set of simpler, collectively replicating elements, such as an enclosed autocatalytic set of polymers (or protocell). Since replication occurs without a self-assembly code, acquired characteristics are inherited. Moreover, there is no strict distinction between alive and dead; one can only infer that a protocell was alive if it replicates. These features of early life render natural selection inapplicable to the description of its change-of-state because they (...)
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  22. Liane Gabora (2007). Epigenetic and Cultural Evolution Are Non-Darwinian. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):371-371.score: 240.0
    The argument that heritable epigenetic change plays a distinct role in evolution would be strengthened through recognition that it is what bootstrapped the origin and early evolution of life, and that, like behavioral and symbolic change, it is non-Darwinian. The mathematics of natural selection, a population-level process, is limited to replication with negligible individual-level change that uses a self-assembly code.
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  23. Liane Gabora, Revenge of the 'Neurds': Characterizing Creative Thought in Terms of the Structure and Dynamics of Memory.score: 240.0
    Empirical results suggest that defocusing attention results in primary process or associative thought , conducive to finding unusual connections, while focusing attention results in secondary process or analytic thought , conducive to rule-based operations. Creativity appears to involve both. It is widely believed that it is possible to escape mental fixation by spontaneously and temporarily engaging in a more divergent or associative mode of thought. The resulting insight (if found) may be refined in a more analytic mode of thought. The (...)
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  24. Liane Gabora, The Cultural Evolution of Socially Situated Cognition.score: 240.0
    Because human cognition is creative and socially situated, knowledge accumulates, diffuses, and gets applied in new contexts, generating cultural analogs of phenomena observed in population genetics such as adaptation and drift. It is therefore commonly thought that elements of culture evolve through natural selection. However, natural selection was proposed to explain how change accumulates despite lack of inheritance of acquired traits, as occurs with template-mediated replication. It cannot accommodate a process with significant retention of acquired or horizontally (e.g. socially) transmitted (...)
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  25. Liane Gabora (2004). Ideas Are Not Replicators but Minds Are. Biology and Philosophy 19 (1):127-143.score: 240.0
    An idea is not a replicator because it does not consist of coded self-assembly instructions. It may retain structure as it passes from one individual to another, but does not replicate it. The cultural replicator is not an idea but an associatively-structured network of them that together form an internal model of the world, or worldview. A worldview is a primitive, uncoded replicator, like the autocatalytic sets of polymers widely believed to be the earliest form of life. Primitive replicators generate (...)
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  26. Liane Gabora (1999). Complexity From Theory to Practise: An Interview with Bruce Sawhill. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (1):95-105.score: 240.0
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  27. Iris van Rooij, Christina Behme, Liane Gabora & Dorothée Legrand (2007). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):659 – 680.score: 240.0
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  28. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora (1999). Editorial: Formal and Informal Representations of Science. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (1):1-2.score: 240.0
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  29. Liane Gabora, Evolution as Context-Driven Actualization of Potential: Toward an Interdisciplinary Theory of Change of State.score: 240.0
    It is increasingly evident that there is more to biological evolution than natural selection; moreover, the concept of evolution is not limited to biology. We propose an integrative framework for characterizing how entities evolve, in which evolution is viewed as a process of context-driven actualization of potential (CAP). Processes of change differ according to the degree of nondeterminism, and the degree to which they are sensitive to, internalize, and depend upon a particular context. The approach enables us to embed phenomena (...)
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  30. Liane Gabora (2000). The Interwoven Conceptual Matrix of the Cultural Replicator. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):152-153.score: 240.0
    The capacity for flexible niche construction increases suddenly and dramatically when discrete memories and sensorimotor associations become woven into an interconnected worldview. Ontogenetic learning is as vital to culture as social learning because it is the wellspring of cultural novelty. Human altruism may result from pressures exerted at the level of cultural rather than biological replicators.
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  31. Liane Gabora (1998). Weaving, Bending, Patching, Mending the Fabric of Reality: A Cognitive Science Perspective on Worldview Inconsistency. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 3 (2):395-428.score: 240.0
    In order to become aware of inconsistencies, one must first construe of the world in a way that reflects its consistencies. This paper begins with a tentative model for how a set of discrete memories transforms into an interconnected worldview, wherein relationships between memories are forged by way of abstractions. Inconsistencies prompt the invention of new abstractions. In regions of the conceptual network where inconsistencies abound, a cognitive analog of simulated annealing is in order; there is a willingness to question (...)
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  32. Paul T. Sowden, Andrew Pringle & Liane Gabora (forthcoming). The Shifting Sands of Creative Thinking: Connections to Dual-Process Theory. Thinking and Reasoning.score: 240.0
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  33. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo (2013). Quantum Structure and Human Thought. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):274-276.score: 240.0
    We support the authors' claims, except that we point out that also quantum structure different from quantum probability abundantly plays a role in human cognition. We put forward several elements to illustrate our point, mentioning entanglement, contextuality, interference, and emergence as effects, and states, observables, complex numbers, and Fock space as specific mathematical structures.
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  34. Liane Gabora, Conceptual Closure: How Memories Are Woven Into an Interconnected Worldview.score: 240.0
    This paper describes a tentative model for how discrete memories transform into an interconnected conceptual network, or worldview, wherein relationships between memories are forged by way of abstractions. The model draws on Kauffman’s theory of how an information-evolving system could emerge through the formation and closure of an autocatalytic network. Here, the information units are not catalytic molecules, but memories and abstractions, and the process that connects them is not catalysis but reminding events (i.e. one memory evokes another). The result (...)
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  35. Liane Gabora, Lanl.Arxiv.Org > Q-Bio > Arxiv:Q-Bio/0402002.score: 240.0
    An idea is not a replicator because it does not consist of coded self-assembly instructions. It may retain structure as it passes from one individual to another, but does not replicate it. The cultural replicator is not an idea but an associatively-structured network of them that together form an internal model of the world, or worldview. A worldview is a primitive, uncoded replicator, like the autocatalytic sets of polymers widely believed to be the earliest form of life. Primitive replicators generate (...)
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  36. Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts (2008). A Cross-Disciplinary Framework for the Description of Contextually Mediated Change. In World Scientific (ed.), Physics of Emergence and Organization. 109--134.score: 240.0
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  37. Liane Gabora (2004). GAS Doesn't “Turn the Engine” When States Are Sequential or Context-Dependent. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):901-902.score: 240.0
    Selection theory requires multiple, simultaneously-actualized states. In cognition, each thought changes the “selection pressure” against which the next is evaluated; they are not simultaneously selected amongst. Cognitive change occurs not through selection among discrete “neural configurations,” but through interaction between conceptual web and context. This introduces a non-Kolmogorovian probability distribution, hence a classical formalism (e.g., selection theory) cannot be used.
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  38. Liane Gabora (2001). Mikrotubule, anestetyki i świadomość kwantowa: wywiad ze Stuartem Hameroffem [wywiad]. Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 29.score: 240.0
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  39. Liane Gabora (1996). A Day in the Life of a Meme. Philosophica 57 (1):53-90.score: 240.0
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  40. Liane Gabora & Kirsty Kitto (2013). Concept Combination and the Origins of Complex Cognition. In. In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. 361--381.score: 240.0
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  41. Liane Gabora (1999). Grounded in Perceptions yet Transformed Into Amodal Symbols. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):617-617.score: 240.0
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  42. L. M. Gabora (2007). Perspectives on Artistic Creativity: A Review of 'The Artful Mind'(Mark Turner. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):669-674.score: 240.0
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  43. Liane Gabora (2000). The Complex Matters of the Mind. Foundations of Science 5:391-393.score: 240.0
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  44. David L. Hull, Rodney E. Langman, Sigrid S. Glenn & Liane Gabora (2004). Commentary On: A General Account of Selection: Biology, Immunology, and Behavior. Authors' Reply. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):901-904.score: 240.0
     
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  45. Ignazio Licata & Ammar Sakaji (eds.) (2008). Physics of Emergence and Organization. World Scientific.score: 24.0
    This book is a state-of-the-art review on the Physics of Emergence. Foreword v Gregory J. Chaitin Preface vii Ignazio Licata Emergence and Computation at the Edge of Classical and Quantum Systems 1 Ignazio Licata Gauge Generalized Principle for Complex Systems 27 Germano Resconi Undoing Quantum Measurement: Novel Twists to the Physical Account of Time 61 Avshalom C. Elitzur and Shahar Dolev Process Physics: Quantum Theories as Models of Complexity 77 Kirsty Kitto A Cross-disciplinary Framework for the Description of Contextually Mediated (...)
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