Search results for 'Dr Sieghard Beller' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Dr Sieghard Beller, Andrea Bender & Gregory Kuhnm (2005). Understanding Conditional Promises and Threats. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):209 – 238.score: 870.0
    Conditional promises and threats are speech acts that are used to manipulate other people's behaviour. Studies on human reasoning typically use propositional logic to analyse what people infer from such inducements. While this approach is sufficient to uncover conceptual features of inducements, it fails to explain them. To overcome this limitation, we propose a multilevel analysis integrating motivational, linguistic, deontic, behavioural, and emotional aspects. Commonalities and differences between conditional promises and threats on various levels were examined in two experiments. The (...)
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  2. Sieghard Beller (2008). Deontic Norms, Deontic Reasoning, and Deontic Conditionals. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):305 – 341.score: 300.0
    Deontic reasoning is thinking about whether actions are forbidden or allowed, obligatory or not obligatory. It is proposed that social norms, imposing constraints on individual actions, constitute the fundamental concept for the system of these four deontic modalities, and that people reason from such norms flexibly according to deontic core principles. Two experiments are presented, one on deontic conditional reasoning, the other on “pure” deontic reasoning. Both experiments demonstrate people's high deontic competence and confirm the proposed representational and inferential principles. (...)
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  3. Sieghard Beller, Andrea Bender & Douglas L. Medin (2012). Should Anthropology Be Part of Cognitive Science? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):342-353.score: 240.0
    Anthropology and the other cognitive science (CS) subdisciplines currently maintain a troubled relationship. With a debate in topiCS we aim at exploring the prospects for improving this relationship, and our introduction is intended as a catalyst for this debate. In order to encourage a frank sharing of perspectives, our comments will be deliberately provocative. Several challenges for a successful rapprochement are identified, encompassing the diverging paths that CS and anthropology have taken in the past, the degree of compatibility between (1) (...)
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  4. Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnm (2007). What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426 – 460.score: 240.0
    Causal conditional reasoning means reasoning from a conditional statement that refers to causal content. We argue that data from causal conditional reasoning tasks tell us something not only about how people interpret conditionals, but also about how they interpret causal relations. In particular, three basic principles of people's causal understanding emerge from previous studies: the modal principle, the exhaustive principle, and the equivalence principle. Restricted to the four classic conditional inferences—Modus Ponens, Modus Tollens, Denial of the Antecedent, and Affirmation of (...)
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  5. Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller & Douglas L. Medin (2012). Turning Tides: Prospects for More Diversity in Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):462-466.score: 240.0
    This conclusion of the debate on anthropology’s role in cognitive science provides some clarifications and an overview of emergent themes. It also lists, as cases of good practice, some examples of productive cross-disciplinary collaboration that evince a forward momentum in the relationship between anthropology and the other cognitive sciences.
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  6. Sieghard Beller & Hans Spada (2003). The Logic of Content Effects in Propositional Reasoning: The Case of Conditional Reasoning with a Point of View. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (4):335 – 378.score: 240.0
    In order to resolve the controversial discussion regarding content effects in deductive reasoning, we propose distinguishing between two inferential sources—an argument's form , and additional relations people associate with the argument's content —and analysing their interplay. Both sources are equally necessary in order to understand the role content plays in deductive reasoning. People make valid deductions from the content relations ( content competence ), but in thematic reasoning tasks, these deductions lead to the intriguing phenomenon known as content effects . (...)
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  7. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2014). Mapping Spatial Frames of Reference Onto Time: A Review of Theoretical Accounts and Empirical Findings. [REVIEW] Cognition 132 (3):342-382.score: 240.0
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  8. Gregory Kuhnmünch & Sieghard Beller (2005). Distinguishing Between Causes and Enabling Conditions—Through Mental Models or Linguistic Cues? Cognitive Science 29 (6):1077-1090.score: 240.0
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  9. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2012). Nature and Culture of Finger Counting: Diversity and Representational Effects of an Embodied Cognitive Tool. Cognition 124 (2):156-182.score: 240.0
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  10. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2011). Causal Asymmetry Across Cultures: Assigning Causal Roles in Symmetric Physical Settings. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 240.0
    In the cognitive sciences, causal cognition in the physical domain has featured as a core research topic, but the impact of culture has been rarely ever explored. One case in point for a topic on which this neglect is pronounced is the pervasive tendency of people to consider one of two (equally important) entities as more important for bringing about an effect. In order to scrutinize how robust such tendencies are across cultures, we asked German and Tongan participants to assign (...)
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  11. Hervé Abdi, Fred Adams, Shaaron Ainsworth, Erik Altmann, Richard Aslin, Robert Aunger, Jerry Balakrishnan, Dana Ballard, Sieghard Beller & Iris Berent (2004). Acknowledgment: Guest Reviewers. Cognitive Science 28:1041-1043.score: 240.0
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  12. Sieghard Beller & Andrea Bender (2011). Explicating Numerical Information: When and How Fingers Support (or Hinder) Number Comprehension and Handling. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 240.0
    Explicating Numerical Information: When and How Fingers Support (or Hinder) Number Comprehension and Handling.
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  13. Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnmünch (2007). What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426-460.score: 240.0
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  14. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2011). Fingers as a Tool for Counting – Naturally Fixed or Culturally Flexible? Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 240.0
    Fingers as a Tool for Counting – Naturally Fixed or Culturally Flexible?
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  15. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2011). The Cultural Constitution of Cognition: Taking the Anthropological Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 240.0
    To what extent is cognition affected by culture? And how might cognitive science profit from an intensified collaboration with anthropology in exploring this issue? In order to answer these questions, we will first give a brief description of different perspectives on cognition, one that prevails in most cognitive sciences—particularly in cognitive psychology—and one in anthropology. Three basic assumptions of cognitive science regarding the separability of content and process, the context-independence of processing, and the culture-independence of processing will then be discussed. (...)
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  16. Sieghard Beller, Andrea Bender & Gregory Kuhnmünch (2005). Understanding Conditional Promises and Threats. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):209-238.score: 240.0
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  17. Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller, Giovanni Bennardo, James S. Boster, Asifa Majid & Douglas L. Medin (2010). Bridging the Gap: From Cognitive Anthropology to Cognitive Science. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.score: 240.0
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  18. Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller, Marc Brysbaert, Stanislas Dehaene & Heike Wiese (2009). Mathematical Cognition and its Cultural Dimension. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.score: 240.0
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  19. Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther & Sieghard Beller (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 240.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (b) by comparing data (...)
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  20. Andrea Bender & Sieghard Beller (2013). Of Adding Oranges and Apples: How Non-Abstract Representations May Foster Abstract Numerical Cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:903.score: 240.0
    Of adding oranges and apples: how non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition.
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  21. Sieghard Beller Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 28.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (b) by comparing data (...)
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  22. Desh Raj Sirswal, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar ‘s Critique of Democracy in India.score: 18.0
    Various philosophers, political scientists and writers have given numerous ideas on democracy. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a relentless champion of human rights and staunch believer in democracy, he said: “Democracy is not a form of government, but a form of social organisation.” In “Prospects of Democracy in India” he analyzed Indian Democracy and said a democracy is more than a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living. The roots of democracy are to be searched in the (...)
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  23. Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel (2006). The Dr. Psycho Paradox and Newcomb's Problem. Erkenntnis 64 (1):85 - 100.score: 12.0
    Nicholas Rescher claims that rational decision theory “may leave us in the lurch”, because there are two apparently acceptable ways of applying “the standard machinery of expected-value analysis” to his Dr. Psycho paradox which recommend contradictory actions. He detects a similar contradiction in Newcomb’s problem. We consider his claims from the point of view of both Bayesian decision theory and causal decision theory. In Dr. Psycho and in Newcomb’s Problem, Rescher has used premisses about probabilities which he assumes to be (...)
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  24. Adam Elga (2004). Defeating Dr. Evil with Self-Locating Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):383–396.score: 12.0
    Dr. Evil learns that a duplicate of Dr. Evil has been created. Upon learning this, how seriously should he take the hypothesis that he himself is that duplicate? I answer: very seriously. I defend a principle of indifference for self-locating belief which entails that after Dr. Evil learns that a duplicate has been created, he ought to have exactly the same degree of belief that he is Dr. Evil as that he is the duplicate. More generally, the principle shows that (...)
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  25. Dan Webb (2009). `If Adorno Isn't the Devil, It's Because He's a Jew': Lyotard's Misreading of Adorno Through Thomas Mann's Dr Faustus. Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (5):517-531.score: 12.0
    In this article, I explore the relationship between the philosophy of Theodor Adorno and the Bilderverbot , or biblical Second Commandment against images. My starting point is J. F. Lyotard's construction of the melancholic sublime in his essay `What is the Postmodern?', which I argue he uses to critique Adorno's aesthetics, and, more generally, his position as a `modern' thinker. To prove that Lyotard had Adorno in mind when he constructed the category of the melancholic sublime, I return to an (...)
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  26. Peter Millican, Hume's 'Compleat Answer to Dr Reid'.score: 12.0
    In October 1775, David Hume wrote to his printer William Strahan, requesting that an ‘Advertisement’ should be attached to remaining copies of the second volume of his Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects. This volume contained his two Enquiries, the Dissertation on the Passions, and The Natural History of Religion, and the Advertisement states that these works should ‘alone be regarded as containing his philosophical sentiments and principles’ (E 2). In the covering letter, Hume comments that this ‘is a compleat (...)
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  27. Alain Morin (2009). Self-Awareness Deficits Following Loss of Inner Speech: Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor's Case Study☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):524-529.score: 12.0
    In her 2006 book ‘‘My Stroke of Insight” Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor relates her experience of suffering from a left hemispheric stroke caused by a congenital arteriovenous malformation which led to a loss of inner speech. Her phenomenological account strongly suggests that this impairment produced a global self-awareness deficit as well as more specific dysfunctions related to corporeal awareness, sense of individuality, retrieval of autobiographical memories, and self-conscious emotions. These are examined in details and corroborated by numerous excerpts from Taylor’s (...)
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  28. Timothy F. Murphy (2011). A Philosophical Obituary: Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dead at 83 Leaving End of Life Debate in the US Forever Changed. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):3 - 6.score: 12.0
    The nationally-famous advocate of physician-assisted suicide did not die by his own hand. Dr. Jack Kevorkian died the old-fashioned way in America: in a hospital, with multiple disorders undercutting his life. Kevorkian took up interest in assisted suicide early in his medical career, and he wanted prisoners on death row to volunteer for experiments just before their execution. Kevorkian saw individual consent as the wheel, axle, and grease for all decisions in these matters. He helped many people die, but it (...)
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  29. Arthur Sullivan (2003). “Paging Dr. Lauben! Dr. Gustav Lauben!”: Some Questions About Individualism and Competence. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 115 (3):201 - 224.score: 12.0
    In several works, Frege argues that content is objective (i.e., thethoughts we entertain and communicate, and the senses of which theyare composed, are public, not private, property). There are, however,some remarks in the Fregean corpus that are in tension with this view.This paper is centered on an investigation of the most notorious andextreme such passage: the `Dr. Lauben example, from Frege (1918). Aprincipal aim is to attain more clarity on the evident tension withinFreges views on content, between this dominant objectivism (...)
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  30. Laurence Thomas, Dr. Laura: Ruminations From a Listener.score: 12.0
    This essay is a discussion of the radio talk show host Dr. Laura Schlessinger. It is an assessment of the moral advice that she dispenses her radio show, and kinds of criticisms to which she has been subjected.
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  31. A. Flew (1999). Advance Directives Are the Solution to Dr Campbell's Problem for Voluntary Euthanasia. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):245-246.score: 12.0
    Dr Neil Campbell suggests that when patients suffering extremes of protracted pain ask for help to end their lives, their requests should be discounted as made under compulsion. I contend that the doctors concerned should be referred to and then act upon advance directives made by those patients when of sound and calm mind and afflicted by no such intolerable compulsion.
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  32. Orly R. Shenker, Science: Freedom and Reason, Comments on Mara Beller's 'Quantum Dialogue'.score: 12.0
    Mara Beller's book Quantum Dialogue: The Making of a Revolution is a book in history and historiography, which invites a philosophical reading. The book offers a new and quite radical approach in the philosophy of science, which Beller calls dialogism, and it demonstrates the application of this approach by studying cases in the history of physics. This paper reconstructs of some of the book's theses, in a way which emphasises its philosophical insights, and goes on to shows how (...)
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  33. Richard M. Zaner & Tom L. Beauchamp (2005). Reflections on the Appointment of Dr. Edmund Pellegrino to the President's Council on Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):W8-W9.score: 12.0
    (2005). Reflections on the Appointment of Dr. Edmund Pellegrino to the President's Council on Bioethics. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. W8-W9. doi: 10.1080/15265160500388640.
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  34. D. Ojanuga (1993). The Medical Ethics of the 'Father of Gynaecology', Dr J Marion Sims. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):28-31.score: 12.0
    Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) was a common ailment among American women in the 19th century. Prior to that time, no successful surgery had been developed for the cure of this condition until Dr J Marion Sims perfected a successful surgical technique in 1849. Dr Sims used female slaves as research subjects over a four-year period of experimentation (1845-1849). This paper discusses the controversy surrounding his use of powerless women and whether his actions were acceptable during that historical period.
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  35. Marie-Josée Potvin (2012). The Strange Case of Dr. B and Mr. Hide: Ethical Sensitivity as a Means to Reflect Upon One's Actions in Managing Conflict of Interest. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):225-227.score: 12.0
    The Strange Case of Dr. B and Mr. Hide: Ethical Sensitivity as a Means to Reflect Upon One’s Actions in Managing Conflict of Interest Content Type Journal Article Category Case Studies Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9360-4 Authors Marie-Josée Potvin, Programmes de bioéthique, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3J7 Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  36. Jacob M. Held (ed.) (2011). Dr. Seuss and Philosophy: Oh, the Thinks You Can Think! Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 12.0
    Anyone who loves Dr. Seuss or is interested in philosophy will find this book to be intriguing and enlightening.
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  37. Jane D. Hoyt (1981). “No Dr. Blue/Do Not Resuscitate”. Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):128-132.score: 12.0
    In December 1980 an elementary school teacher in Minnesota obtained a Restraining Order to ensure that a severely brain damaged friend would receive emergency medical care in her nursing home if she needed it. This situation focussed attention on the need for better understanding, among medical professionals and consumers alike, of the significance of a “No Dr. Blue/Do Not Resuscitate” order.
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  38. Rev Dr Leroy Stephens Rouner (2006). Remembering Rev. Dr. Leroy Stephens Rouner. Philosophy East and West 56 (3):367-368.score: 12.0
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  39. Thummapudi Bharathi (2008). Dr. Ambedkar's Philosophy. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 11:5-14.score: 12.0
    The one great quality of Socratic gift is that thinking as an activity continues but not repetitively but every time thinking takes place, it takes place a new. Thinking is the one activity that cannot be repeated like prayers and other pieties. All philosophical thinking is new thinking; it has to be new in order to be thinking. Philosophy had to become the handmaid of sociology and could not be allowed to remain surrogate sociology. When this happened new concepts or (...)
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  40. James Franklin (1996). Catholic Thought and Catholic Action: Dr Paddy Ryan Msc. Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 17:44-55.score: 12.0
    An account of the life of Dr P.J. Ryan, Australian Catholic scholastic philosopher and anti-Communist organiser.
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  41. W. Th G. Sleddens & J. Wissink (2013). De structuur Van de theologie Van dr. A. A. Van ruler. Bijdragen 36 (3):234-249.score: 12.0
    (1975). The Structure of Dr. A. A. van Ruler's Theology An Introduction to his Theology on the Occasion of the Publication of his “Theological Works”. Bijdragen: Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 234-249.
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  42. Daniel Coffeen (2003). This is Cinema: The Pleated Plenitude of the Cinematic Sign in David Lynch's Mulholland Dr. Film-Philosophy 7 (1).score: 12.0
    There are secrets but they are not the secrets of the filmmakers; the whispers remain inaudible to all: *Silencio*. The significance of _Mulholland Dr._ will be revealed indirectly, in a kind of articulate silence, like Kierkegaard's incognito Jesus.
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  43. Joseph J. Fins (2014). In Memoriam: Dr. Edmund Pellegrino's Legacy: Secure in the Annals of Medicine. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (2):97-104.score: 12.0
    I am honored to pay tribute to Dr. Pellegrino and a bit humbled as there are so many others who would want to have this opportunity and who knew Dr. Pellegrino better than I. Tom Beauchamp suggested that I might place Dr. Pellegrino into the broader context of the history of medicine. He wrote Thaddeus Pope:Without being disrespectful of the many celebrated figures from Hippocrates to Percival, my view is that no physician has been more productive in the field or (...)
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  44. David Philip Miller (2011). The Political Economy of Discovery Stories: The Case of Dr Irving Langmuir and General Electric. Annals of Science 68 (1):27-60.score: 12.0
    Summary The rhetorical uses of discovery and invention stories are legion, but of particular concern in this paper are those that are deployed for economic or commercial reasons, especially in claiming intellectual property rights, usually in the form of patents. The case of stories about Dr Irving Langmuir (1881?1957) of the General Electric Research Laboratory, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1932 and was the first industry-based laureate from the United States, is examined. Langmuir won the prize for (...)
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  45. Dr Frederick Ratcliffe & Anne Young (2000). Dr Frank Taylor, 1910-2000. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 82 (2):81-84.score: 12.0
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  46. Professur Prof Dr Axel C. Schwickert (2012). Mitarbeiter/In: Dr. Michael Falk. Studium 10 (2006).score: 12.0
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  47. Kris Vanspauwen & Tyrone Savage (2008). Restorative Justice and Truth-Seeking in the DR Congo: Much Closing for Peace, Little Opening for Justice. In Ivo Aertsen (ed.), Restoring Justice After Large-Scale Violent Conflicts: Kosovo, Dr Congo and the Israeli-Palestinian Case. Willan. 392--410.score: 12.0
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  48. Deborah Cheney (2010). Dr Mary Louisa Gordon (1861–1941): A Feminist Approach in Prison. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 18 (2):115-136.score: 12.0
    This article discusses the work of Dr Mary Louisa Gordon, who was appointed as the first English Lady Inspector of Prisons in 1908, and remained in post until 1921. Her attitude towards and treatment of women prisoners, as explained in her 1922 book Penal Discipline, stands in sharp contrast to that of her male contemporaries, and the categorisation of her approach as ‘feminist’ is reinforced by her documented connections with the suffragette movement. Yet her feminist and suffragist associations also resulted (...)
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  49. D. Evans (1996). Covert Video Surveillance -- A Response to Professor Southall and Dr. Samuels. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (1):29-31.score: 12.0
    In their reply to my recent paper on Munchausen's syndrome by proxy, Professor Southall and Dr. Samuels concede that some things may be learned from my observations. They do not attend to the main argument of the paper, however, that the proportion of research interest in their use of covert video surveillance merits consideration of the research protocol by an independent research ethics committee. It will not do simply to assert that the use of this technology for the purposes outlined (...)
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  50. Stephan Körner (1982). Reply to Dr. Rolf. Grazer Philosophische Studien 15:109-118.score: 12.0
    The Reply to Dr. Rolfs essay makes the following main points: (1) The logic of inexactness has the same syntax as Kleene's three-valued logic. Its semantics is different in that the third truth-value can by choice be correctly turned into either truth or falsehood. (2) The definition of resemblance classes includes, but is not exhausted by, ostensive rules. (3) The application of classical mathematics to sense-experience consists in the limited identification of non-isomorphic structures. (4) There are exact perceptual and vague (...)
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