Search results for 'Duality' (try it on Scholar)

724 found
Order:
  1.  83
    David Ellerman, On the Duality Between Existence and Information.
    Recent developments in pure mathematics (category theory) and in mathematical logic (partition logic) have uncovered a fundamental duality between "existence" and "information." In logic, the duality is between the Boolean logic of subsets (mis-specified as the logic of "propositions") and the logic of quotient sets, equivalence relations, or partitions. The analogue to an element of a subset is the notion of a distinction (a pair of elements in different blocks) of a partition, and that leads to a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  27
    Roland Puccetti (1981). The Case for Mental Duality: Evidence From Split-Brain Data and Other Considerations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (1):93-123.
    Contrary to received opinion among philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists, conscious duality as a principle of brain organization is neither incoherent nor demonstrably false. The present paper begins by reviewing the history of the theory and its anatomical basis and defending it against the claim that it rests upon an arbitrary decision as to what constitutes the biological substratum of mind or person.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   101 citations  
  3.  7
    P. N. Kaloyerou (2016). Critique of Quantum Optical Experimental Refutations of Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity, of the Wootters–Zurek Principle of Complementarity, and of the Particle–Wave Duality Relation. Foundations of Physics 46 (2):138-175.
    I argue that quantum optical experiments that purport to refute Bohr’s principle of complementarity fail in their aim. Some of these experiments try to refute complementarity by refuting the so called particle–wave duality relations, which evolved from the Wootters–Zurek reformulation of BPC. I therefore consider it important for my forgoing arguments to first recall the essential tenets of BPC, and to clearly separate BPC from WZPC, which I will argue is a direct contradiction of BPC. This leads to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  2
    Hans Smessaert (2012). The Classical Aristotelian Hexagon Versus the Modern Duality Hexagon. Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):171-199.
    Peters and Westerståhl (Quantifiers in Language and Logic, 2006), and Westerståhl (New Perspectives on the Square of Opposition, 2011) draw a crucial distinction between the “classical” Aristotelian squares of opposition and the “modern” Duality squares of opposition. The classical square involves four opposition relations, whereas the modern one only involves three of them: the two horizontal connections are fundamentally distinct in the Aristotelian case (contrariety, CR vs. subcontrariety, SCR) but express the same Duality relation of internal negation (SNEG). (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5.  16
    Guram Bezhanishvili & Ramon Jansana (2011). Priestley Style Duality for Distributive Meet-Semilattices. Studia Logica 98 (1-2):83-122.
    We generalize Priestley duality for distributive lattices to a duality for distributive meet-semilattices. On the one hand, our generalized Priestley spaces are easier to work with than Celani’s DS-spaces, and are similar to Hansoul’s Priestley structures. On the other hand, our generalized Priestley morphisms are similar to Celani’s meet-relations and are more general than Hansoul’s morphisms. As a result, our duality extends Hansoul’s duality and is an improvement of Celani’s duality.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  10
    R. M. Angelo & A. D. Ribeiro (2015). Wave–Particle Duality: An Information-Based Approach. Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1407-1420.
    Recently, Bohr’s complementarity principle was assessed in setups involving delayed choices. These works argued in favor of a reformulation of the aforementioned principle so as to account for situations in which a quantum system would simultaneously behave as wave and particle. Here we defend a framework that, supported by well-known experimental results and consistent with the decoherence paradigm, allows us to interpret complementarity in terms of correlations between the system and an informer. Our proposal offers formal definition and operational interpretation (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  3
    Mir Faizal & Tsou Sheung Tsun (2015). Supersymmetric Duality in Deformed Superloop Space. Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1421-1432.
    In this paper, we will analyse the superloop space formalism for a four dimensional supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory in deformed superspace. We will deform the \ superspace by imposing imposing non-anticommutativity. This non-anticommutative deformation of the superspace will break half the supersymmetry of the original theory. So, this theory will have \ supersymmetry. We will analyse the superloop space duality for this deformed supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory using the \ superspace formalism. We will demonstrate that the sources in the original theory (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  46
    Yoshihiro Maruyama (2010). Fuzzy Topology and Łukasiewicz Logics From the Viewpoint of Duality Theory. Studia Logica 94 (2):245 - 269.
    This paper explores relationships between many-valued logic and fuzzy topology from the viewpoint of duality theory. We first show a fuzzy topological duality for the algebras of Łukasiewicz n -valued logic with truth constants, which generalizes Stone duality for Boolean algebras to the n -valued case via fuzzy topology. Then, based on this duality, we show a fuzzy topological duality for the algebras of modal Łukasiewicz n -valued logic with truth constants, which generalizes Jónsson-Tarski (...) for modal algebras to the n -valued case via fuzzy topology. We emphasize that fuzzy topological spaces naturally arise as spectrums of algebras of many-valued logics. (shrink)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  6
    Jort M. Bergfeld, Kohei Kishida, Joshua Sack & Shengyang Zhong (2015). Duality for the Logic of Quantum Actions. Studia Logica 103 (4):781-805.
    In this paper we show a duality between two approaches to represent quantum structures abstractly and to model the logic and dynamics therein. One approach puts forward a “quantum dynamic frame” :2267–2282, 2005), a labelled transition system whose transition relations are intended to represent projections and unitaries on a Hilbert space. The other approach considers a “Piron lattice”, which characterizes the algebra of closed linear subspaces of a Hilbert space. We define categories of these two sorts of structures and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  15
    Steven S. Gubser (2013). The Gauge-String Duality and Heavy Ion Collisions. Foundations of Physics 43 (1):140-155.
    I review at a non-technical level the use of the gauge-string duality to study aspects of heavy ion collisions, with special emphasis on the trailing string calculation of heavy quark energy loss. I include some brief speculations on how variants of the trailing string construction could provide a toy model of black hole formation and evaporation. This essay is an invited contribution to “Forty Years of String Theory” and is aimed at philosophers and historians of science as well as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  18
    A. Jung & U. Rivieccio (2012). Priestley Duality for Bilattices. Studia Logica 100 (1-2):223-252.
    We develop a Priestley-style duality theory for different classes of algebras having a bilattice reduct. A similar investigation has already been realized by B. Mobasher, D. Pigozzi, G. Slutzki and G. Voutsadakis, but only from an abstract category-theoretic point of view. In the present work we are instead interested in a concrete study of the topological spaces that correspond to bilattices and some related algebras that are obtained through expansions of the algebraic language.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  31
    Jonathan Bentwich (2006). The Duality Principle: Irreducibility of Sub-Threshold Psychophysical Computation to Neuronal Brain Activation. Synthese 153 (3):451-455.
    A key working hypothesis in neuroscience is ‘materialistic reductionism’, i.e., the assumption whereby all physiological, behavioral or cognitive phenomena is produced by localized neurochemical brain activation (but not vice versa). However, analysis of sub-threshold Weber’s psychophysical stimulation indicates its computational irreducibility to the direct interaction between psychophysical stimulation and any neuron/s. This is because the materialistic-reductionistic working hypothesis assumes that the determination of the existence or non-existence of any psychophysical stimulation [s] may only be determined through its direct interaction [di1] (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  5
    Martin Land (2005). Duality in Off-Shell Electromagnetism. Foundations of Physics 35 (7):1245-1262.
    In this paper, we examine the Dirac monopole in the framework of Off-Shell Electromagnetism, the five-dimensional U(1) gauge theory associated with Stueckelberg–Schrodinger relativistic quantum theory. After reviewing the Dirac model in four dimensions, we show that the structure of the five-dimensional theory prevents a natural generaliza tion of the Dirac monopole, since the theory is not symmetric under duality transforma tions. It is shown that the duality symmetry can be restored by generalizing the electromagnetic field strength to an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  5
    B. A. Davey, M. Haviar & H. A. Priestley (1995). The Syntax and Semantics of Entailment in Duality Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1087-1114.
    Both syntactic and semantic solutions are given for the entailment problem of duality theory. The test algebra theorem provides both a syntactic solution to the entailment problem in terms of primitive positive formulae and a new derivation of the corresponding result in clone theory, viz. the syntactic description of $\operatorname{Inv(Pol}(R))$ for a given set R of finitary relations on a finite set. The semantic solution to the entailment problem follows from the syntactic one, or can be given in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Michael Detlefsen (2014). Duality, Epistemic Efficiency and Consistency. In G. Link (ed.), Formalism & Beyond. 1-24.
    Duality has often been described as a means of extending our knowledge with a minimal additional outlay of investigative resources. I consider possible arguments for this view. Major elements of this argument are out of keeping with certain widely held views concerning the nature of axiomatic theories (both in projective geometry and elsewhere). They also require a special form of consistency requirement.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  34
    Howard Barnum, Carl Philipp Gaebler & Alexander Wilce (2013). Ensemble Steering, Weak Self-Duality, and the Structure of Probabilistic Theories. Foundations of Physics 43 (12):1411-1427.
    In any probabilistic theory, we say that a bipartite state ω on a composite system AB steers its marginal state ω B if, for any decomposition of ω B as a mixture ω B =∑ i p i β i of states β i on B, there exists an observable {a i } on A such that the conditional states $\omega_{B|a_{i}}$ are exactly the states β i . This is always so for pure bipartite states in quantum mechanics, a fact (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17.  15
    Shahriar S. Afshar, Eduardo Flores, Keith F. McDonald & Ernst Knoesel (2007). Paradox in Wave-Particle Duality. Foundations of Physics 37 (2):295-305.
    We report on the simultaneous determination of complementary wave and particle aspects of light in a double-slit type “welcher-weg” experiment beyond the limitations set by Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity. Applying classical logic, we verify the presence of sharp interference in the single photon regime, while reliably maintaining the information about the particular pinhole through which each individual photon had passed. This experiment poses interesting questions on the validity of Complementarity in cases where measurements techniques that avoid Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  9
    Stuart Macdonald (2015). The Role of the Courts in Imposing Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures: Normative Duality and Legal Realism. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (2):265-283.
    This article argues that the courts, not the Home Secretary, should be empowered to issue Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures. It explains that at the heart of the debate are three questions: whether measures like TPIMs should be viewed primarily from the perspective of security or liberty; how we should conceive the executive and the courts; and the empirical question of how these two arms of government answer these questions. The non-mechanistic nature of legal reasoning means that legal reasons may (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  35
    Stevan Harnad (1982). Metaphor and Mental Duality. In Language, Mind, And Brain. Hillsdale: Erlbaum
    I am going to attempt to argue, given certain premises, there are reasons, not only empirical, but also logical, for expecting a certain division of labor in the processing of information by the human brain. This division of labor consists specifically of a functional bifurcation into what may be called, to a first approximation, "verbal" and "nonverbal" modes of information- processing. That this dichotomy is not quite satisfactory, however, will be one of the principal conclusions of this chapter, for I (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  5
    A. Harrington (1985). Nineteenth-Century Ideas on Hemisphere Differences and "Duality of Mind". Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):617-660.
    It is widely felt that the sorts of ideas current in modern laterality and split-brain research are largely without precedent in the behavioral and brain sciences. This paper not only challenges that view, but makes a first attempt to define the relevance of older concepts and data to present research programs.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  10
    Katalin Bimbó (2007). Functorial Duality for Ortholattices and de Morgan Lattices. Logica Universalis 1 (2):311-333.
    . Relational semantics for nonclassical logics lead straightforwardly to topological representation theorems of their algebras. Ortholattices and De Morgan lattices are reducts of the algebras of various nonclassical logics. We define three new classes of topological spaces so that the lattice categories and the corresponding categories of topological spaces turn out to be dually isomorphic. A key feature of all these topological spaces is that they are ordered relational or ordered product topologies.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  3
    Miguel Pina E. Cunha, Arménio Rego & Antonino Vaccaro (2014). Organizations as Human Communities and Internal Markets: Searching for Duality. Journal of Business Ethics 120 (4):441-455.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  7
    Michael Washburn (1987). Human Wholeness in Light of Five Types of Psychic Duality. Zygon 22 (1):67-85.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. I. J. Good (1968). Creativity and Duality in Perception and Recall. In Proceedings of the Iee/Npl Conference on Pattern Recognition No. 42. Inst Elec Eng Npl
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  21
    Sebastian de Haro, Daniel Mayerson & Jeremy Butterfield, Conceptual Aspects of Gauge/Gravity Duality.
    We give an introductory review of gauge/gravity duality, and associated ideas of holography, emphasising the conceptual aspects. The opening Sections gather the ingredients, viz. anti-de Sitter spacetime, conformal field theory and string theory, that we need for presenting, in Section 5, the central and original example: Maldacena's AdS/CFT correspondence. Sections 6 and 7 develop the ideas of this example, also in applications to condensed matter systems, QCD, and hydrodynamics. Sections 8 and 9 discuss the possible extensions of holographic ideas (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  41
    Jonathan Bain (2000). Against Particle/Field Duality: Asymptotic Particle States and Interpolating Fields in Interacting Qft (Or: Who's Afraid of Haag's Theorem?). [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 53 (3):375-406.
    This essay touches on a number of topics in philosophy of quantum field theory from the point of view of the LSZ asymptotic approach to scattering theory. First, particle/field duality is seen to be a property of free field theory and not of interacting QFT. Second, it is demonstrated how LSZ side-steps the implications of Haag's theorem. Finally, a recent argument due to Redhead , Malament and Arageorgis against the concept of localized particle states is addressed. Briefly, the argument (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  27.  32
    Dean Rickles (2013). AdS/CFT Duality and the Emergence of Spacetime. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 44 (3):312-320.
    The AdS/CFT duality has been a source of several strong conceptual claims in the physics literature that have yet to be explored by philosophers. In this paper I focus on one of these: the extent to which spacetime geometry and locality can be said to emerge from this duality, so that neither is fundamental. I argue: that the kind of emergence in question is relatively weak, involving one kind of spacetime emerging from another kind of spacetime; inasmuch as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  28.  14
    Vincenzo Marra & Luca Spada (2013). Duality, Projectivity, and Unification in Łukasiewicz Logic and MV-Algebras. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (3):192-210.
    We prove that the unification type of Łukasiewicz logic and of its equivalent algebraic semantics, the variety of MV-algebras, is nullary. The proof rests upon Ghilardiʼs algebraic characterisation of unification types in terms of projective objects, recent progress by Cabrer and Mundici in the investigation of projective MV-algebras, the categorical duality between finitely presented MV-algebras and rational polyhedra, and, finally, a homotopy-theoretic argument that exploits lifts of continuous maps to the universal covering space of the circle. We discuss the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  17
    Silvio Ghilardi & Marek Zawadowski (1995). A Sheaf Representation and Duality for Finitely Presented Heyting Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (3):911-939.
    A. M. Pitts in [Pi] proved that HA op fp is a bi-Heyting category satisfying the Lawrence condition. We show that the embedding $\Phi: HA^\mathrm{op}_\mathrm{fp} \longrightarrow Sh(\mathbf{P_0,J_0})$ into the topos of sheaves, (P 0 is the category of finite rooted posets and open maps, J 0 the canonical topology on P 0 ) given by $H \longmapsto HA(H,\mathscr{D}(-)): \mathbf{P_0} \longrightarrow \text{Set}$ preserves the structure mentioned above, finite coproducts, and subobject classifier, it is also conservative. This whole structure on HA op (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  30.  36
    Steve Awodey (2013). First-Order Logical Duality. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (3):319-348.
    From a logical point of view, Stone duality for Boolean algebras relates theories in classical propositional logic and their collections of models. The theories can be seen as presentations of Boolean algebras, and the collections of models can be topologized in such a way that the theory can be recovered from its space of models. The situation can be cast as a formal duality relating two categories of syntax and semantics, mediated by homming into a common dualizing object, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31.  22
    Roberto Magari (1975). Representation and Duality Theory for Diagonalizable Algebras. Studia Logica 34 (4):305 - 313.
    The duality theory established by Halmos in [2] for boolean hemimorphism applies of course to the diagonalizable algebra, because ντν is an hemimorphism. For commodity in working on diagonalizable algebras we recall the basic facts and give the characteristic conditions on the dual of ντν.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  32.  6
    Viorica Sofronie-Stokkermans (2000). Duality and Canonical Extensions of Bounded Distributive Lattices with Operators, and Applications to the Semantics of Non-Classical Logics I. Studia Logica 64 (1):93-132.
    The main goal of this paper is to explain the link between the algebraic and the Kripke-style models for certain classes of propositional logics. We start by presenting a Priestley-type duality for distributive lattices endowed with a general class of well-behaved operators. We then show that finitely-generated varieties of distributive lattices with operators are closed under canonical embedding algebras. The results are used in the second part of the paper to construct topological and non-topological Kripke-style models for logics that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  33.  4
    John Hendry (2006). The Development of Attitudes to the Wave-Particle Duality of Light and Quantum Theory, 1900–1920. Annals of Science 37 (1):59-79.
    (1980). The development of attitudes to the wave-particle duality of light and quantum theory, 1900–1920. Annals of Science: Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 59-79.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34.  25
    Guram Bezhanishvili (1999). Varieties of Monadic Heyting Algebras Part II: Duality Theory. Studia Logica 62 (1):21-48.
    In this paper we continue the investigation of monadic Heyting algebras which we started in [2]. Here we present the representation theorem for monadic Heyting algebras and develop the duality theory for them. As a result we obtain an adequate topological semantics for intuitionistic modal logics over MIPC along with a Kripke-type semantics for them. It is also shown the importance and the effectiveness of the duality theory for further investigation of monadic Heyting algebras and logics over MIPC.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  35.  17
    Alasdair Urquhart (1996). Duality for Algebras of Relevant Logics. Studia Logica 56 (1-2):263 - 276.
    This paper defines a category of bounded distributive lattice-ordered grupoids with a left-residual operation that corresponds to a weak system in the family of relevant logics. Algebras corresponding to stronger systems are obtained by adding further postulates. A duality theoey piggy-backed on the Priestley duality theory for distributive lattices is developed for these algebras. The duality theory is then applied in providing characterizations of the dual spaces corresponding to stronger relevant logics.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  36.  13
    Bruno Teheux (2007). A Duality for the Algebras of a Łukasiewicz N + 1-Valued Modal System. Studia Logica 87 (1):13 - 36.
    In this paper, we develop a duality for the varieties of a Łukasiewicz n + 1-valued modal System. This duality is an extension of Stone duality for modal algebras. Some logical consequences (such as completeness results, correspondence theory...) are then derived and we propose some ideas for future research.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  37.  24
    Frederick Travis & Jonathan Shear (2010). Reply to Josipovic: Duality and Non-Duality in Meditation Research. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1122--1123.
    We agree with Josipovic that a fundamental differentiating feature of meditation techniques is whether they remain within the dualistic subject–object cognitive structure, or they transcend this structure to reveal an underlying level of non-dual awareness. Further discussion is needed to delineate the basic non-dual experience in meditation, where all phenomenal content is absent, from the more advanced experience of non-duality in daily life, where phenomenal content is obviously present as well. In this discussion, it is important to recognize that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  25
    Chrysafis Hartonas (1997). Duality for Lattice-Ordered Algebras and for Normal Algebraizable Logics. Studia Logica 58 (3):403-450.
    Part I of this paper is developed in the tradition of Stone-type dualities, where we present a new topological representation for general lattices (influenced by and abstracting over both Goldblatt's [17] and Urquhart's [46]), identifying them as the lattices of stable compact-opens of their dual Stone spaces (stability refering to a closure operator on subsets). The representation is functorial and is extended to a full duality.In part II, we consider lattice-ordered algebras (lattices with additional operators), extending the Jónsson and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  39.  16
    Viorica Sofronie-Stokkermans (2000). Duality and Canonical Extensions of Bounded Distributive Lattices with Operators, and Applications to the Semantics of Non-Classical Logics II. Studia Logica 64 (2):151-172.
    The main goal of this paper is to explain the link between the algebraic models and the Kripke-style models for certain classes of propositional non-classical logics. We consider logics that are sound and complete with respect to varieties of distributive lattices with certain classes of well-behaved operators for which a Priestley-style duality holds, and present a way of constructing topological and non-topological Kripke-style models for these types of logics. Moreover, we show that, under certain additional assumptions on the variety (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  40.  16
    N. G. Martínez (1990). The Priestley Duality for Wajsberg Algebras. Studia Logica 49 (1):31 - 46.
    The Priestley duality for Wajsberg algebras is developed. The Wajsberg space is a De Morgan space endowed with a family of functions that are obtained in rather natural way.As a first application of this duality, a theorem about unicity of the structure is given.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  41.  37
    Jonathan C. Gold (2006). No Outside, No Inside: Duality, Reality and Vasubandhu's Illusory Elephant. Asian Philosophy 16 (1):1 – 38.
    Some of the basic terminology of Yogācāra philosophy needs reevaluation. Whereas commentaries almost universally gloss the term dvaya ('duality') with some version of the phrase grāhya grāhaka ca (lit. 'grasped and grasper', but usually translated as 'subject and object'), in fact this gloss is absent from the earliest strata. The term and its gloss are derived from separate streams of Yogācāra reasoning - one from discussions of linguistic conceptualization and the other from discussions of perception. Once we see that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  7
    James Trafford (2015). Duality and Inferential Semantics. Axiomathes 25 (4):495-513.
    It is well known that classical inferentialist semantics runs into problems regarding abnormal valuations. It is equally well known that the issues can be resolved if we construct the inference relation in a multiple-conclusion sequent calculus. The latter has been prominently developed in recent work by Restall, with the guiding interpretation that the valid sequent says that the simultaneous assertion of all of Γ with the denial of all of Δ is incoherent. However, such structures face significant interpretive challenges, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  6
    Peter Ping Li (2009). The Duality of Crony Corruption in Economic Transition: Toward an Integrated Framework. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):41 - 55.
    In order to shed light on the issue of crony corruption in the context of economic transition, I focus on the puzzle of China's unique experience of economic transition characterized by the duality forms and effects of crony corruption underlying local corporatism in a dual-track (i.e., market and political tracks) transition. I argue that the duality of local corporatism derives from the duality of crony corruption. First, the early form of local corporatism as state-business public alliance is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44.  2
    Sebastian de Haro (forthcoming). Dualities and Emergent Gravity: Gauge/Gravity Duality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    In this paper I develop a framework for relating dualities and emergence: two notions that are close to each other but also exclude one another. I adopt the conception of duality as 'isomorphism', from the physics literature, cashing it out in terms of three conditions. These three conditions prompt two conceptually different ways in which a duality can be modified to make room for emergence; and I argue that this exhausts the possibilities for combining dualities and emergence. I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  58
    Andrea Christofidou (2009). Self and Self-Consciousness: Aristotelian Ontology and Cartesian Duality. Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):134-162.
    The relationship between self-consciousness, Aristotelian ontology, and Cartesian duality is far closer than it has been thought to be. There is no valid inference either from considerations of Aristotle's hylomorphism or from the phenomenological distinction between body and living body, to the undermining of Cartesian dualism. Descartes' conception of the self as both a reasoning and willing being informs his conception of personhood; a person for Descartes is an unanalysable, integrated, self-conscious and autonomous human being. The claims that Descartes (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  10
    M. Gehrke & H. A. Priestley (2007). Duality for Double Quasioperator Algebras Via Their Canonical Extensions. Studia Logica 86 (1):31 - 68.
    This paper is a study of duality in the absence of canonicity. Specifically it concerns double quasioperator algebras, a class of distributive lattice expansions in which, coordinatewise, each operation either preserves both join and meet or reverses them. A variety of DQAs need not be canonical, but as has been shown in a companion paper, it is canonical in a generalized sense and an algebraic correspondence theorem is available. For very many varieties, canonicity (as traditionally defined) and correspondence lead (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  3
    Bernhard Banaschewski & Christopher J. Mulvey (2006). A Globalisation of the Gelfand Duality Theorem. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 137 (1):62-103.
    In this paper we bring together results from a series of previous papers to prove the constructive version of the Gelfand duality theorem in any Grothendieck topos , obtaining a dual equivalence between the category of commutative C*-algebras and the category of compact, completely regular locales in the topos.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48.  17
    Walter Wyss (1978). Duality. Foundations of Physics 8 (3-4):271-275.
    Starting from the study of the physical world, we develop the concept of a dual pair, Comparing dual pairs is known as duality. We show that duality is a basic mechanism for our intellectual curiosity.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  17
    Partha Ghose & Dipankar Home (1996). The Two-Prism Experiment and Wave-Particle Duality of Light. Foundations of Physics 26 (7):943-953.
    A number of papers on wave-particle duality has appeared since the two-prism experiment was performed by Mizobuchi and Ohtake, based on a suggestion by Ghose, Home, and Agarwal. Against this backdrop, the present paper provides further clarification of the key issues involved in the analysis of the two-prism experiment. In the process, we present an overview of wave-particle duality vis-a vis Bohr's complementarity principle.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  7
    Nestor G. Martinez (1996). A Simplified Duality for Implicative Lattices and L-Groups. Studia Logica 56 (1-2):185 - 204.
    A topological duality is presented for a wide class of lattice-ordered structures including lattice-ordered groups. In this new approach, which simplifies considerably previous results of the author, the dual space is obtained by endowing the Priestley space of the underlying lattice with two binary functions, linked by set-theoretical complement and acting as symmetrical partners. In the particular case of l-groups, one of these functions is the usual product of sets and the axiomatization of the dual space is given by (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 724