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  1. Dudley Shapere (2001). Reasons, Radical Change and Incommensurability in Science. In. In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer. 181--206.
  2. Dudley Shapere (1998). Building on What We Have Learned. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 4 (2):142-151.
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  3. Dudley Shapere (1998). Incommensurability. In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge. 732-6.
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  4. Dudley Shapere (1998). Review: Churchland on Cognitive Creativity and the Understanding of Science. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):879 - 884.
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  5. Dudley Shapere (1996). The Origin and Nature of Time. Philosophia Scientiae 1 (S1):197-220.
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  6. Dudley Shapere (1995). Kitcher on Advancing Science. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):647-651.
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  7. Dudley Shapere (1995). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (1):647 - 651.
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  8. Dudley Shapere (1993). Astronomy and Antirealism. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):134-150.
    Relying on an analysis of the case of gravitational lensing, Hacking argues for a "modest antirealism" in astronomy. It is shown here that neither his scientific arguments nor his philosophical doctrines imply an antirealist conclusion. An alternative, realistic interpretation of gravitational lensing, and of the nature and history of astronomy more generally, is suggested.
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  9. Dudley Shapere (1992). Talking and Thinking About Nature Roots, Evolution, and Future Prospects. Dialectica 46 (3‐4):281-296.
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  10. Dudley Shapere (1991). Leplin on Essentialism. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):655-677.
    Jarrett Leplin has recently criticized a number of aspects of my views of the aims and goals of science, of the rationale of scientific change, and of the consequent relations between science and the philosophy of science, and in particular of the methodology of the latter (Leplin 1984, 1987, 1988a, 1988b). Here I will respond to those criticisms, and also reply to some related criticisms made by other writers.
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  11. Dudley Shapere (1991). On Deciding What to Believe and How to Talk About Nature. In Marcello Pera & William R. Shea (eds.), Persuading Science: The Art of Scientific Rhetoric. Science History Publications, Usa.
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  12. Dudley Shapere (1991). The Universe of Modern Science and its Philosophical Exploration. In. In Evandro Agazzi & Alberto Cordero (eds.), Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 87--202.
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  13. Dudley Shapere (1990). The Origin and Nature of Metaphysics. Philosophical Topics 18 (2):163-174.
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  14. Dudley Shapere (1989). Evolution and Continuity in Scientific Change. Philosophy of Science 56 (3):419-437.
    The alleged problem of "incommensurability" is examined, and attempts to explain scientific change in terms of concepts of meaning and reference are analyzed and rejected. A way of understanding scientific change through a properly developed concept of "reasons" is presented, and the issues of reasons, meaning, and reference are placed in the context of this broader interpretation of scientific change.
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  15. Dudley Shapere (1988). Doppelt Crossed. Philosophy of Science 55 (1):134-140.
    The chief objections raised by Doppelt (this issue, "The Philosophical Requirements for an Adequate Conception of Scientific Rationality") against my views fall into three groups: ones having to do with my concept of "success" (that I have provided no analysis of it, and that therefore my concept of "reason" in science is likewise unexplained; that it requires appeal to some universal criterion); ones having to do with the role of standards or criteria in science (how they are related to substantive (...)
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  16. Dudley Shapere (1988). Modern Physics and the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:201 - 210.
    This paper examines some sources of the concepts of existence, explanation, and force (together with some related ideas) in ancient thought, and shows how those ideas have been altered in fundamental ways in modem physics. Some lessons for the philosophy of science, in particular implications for its methodology, are considered.
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  17. Dudley Shapere (1988). Rationalism and Empiricism: A New Perspective. [REVIEW] Argumentation 2 (3):299-312.
    Though classical and twentieth-century versions of empiricism and rationalism fail in their aims, as does the Kantian attempt at a compromise between those views, there are residues of those views that play important roles in the scientific enterprise. Those residue, and their scientific roles, are examined in this paper.
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  18. Dudley Shapere (1987). Method in the Philosophy of Science and Epistemology. In Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.), The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  19. Dudley Shapere (1984). Objectivity, Rationality, and Scientific Change. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:637 - 663.
    "Objectivity" and "rationality" of science do not depend on freedom from all "presuppositions", but are inextricably bound with the employment of background beliefs, so long as those background beliefs satisfy certain constraints. These latter have developed through application of the same kind of reasoning that they themselves dictate, and change in response to changes in the reasoning-patterns which they themselves generate. This interaction of constraints and reasoning does not eventuate in a vicious circle; rather, what results is a mutual reinforcement, (...)
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  20. Dudley Shapere (1982). Reason, Reference, and the Quest for Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-23.
    This paper examines the "causal theory of reference", according to which science aims at the discovery of "essences" which are the objects of reference of natural kind terms (among others). This theory has been advanced as an alternative to traditional views of "meaning", on which a number of philosophical accounts of science have relied, and which have been criticized earlier by the present author. However, this newer theory of reference is shown to be equally subject to fatal internal difficulties, and (...)
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  21. Dudley Shapere (1982). The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy. Philosophy of Science 49 (4):485-525.
    Through a study of a sophisticated contemporary scientific experiment, it is shown how and why use of the term 'observation' in reference to that experiment departs from ordinary and philosophical usages which associate observation epistemically with perception. The role of "background information" is examined, and general conclusions are arrived at regarding the use of descriptive language in and in talking about science. These conclusions bring out the reasoning by which science builds on what it has learned, and, further, how that (...)
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  22. Dudley Shapere (1977). VII. "Scientific Thought". Teaching Philosophy 2 (2):130-134.
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  23. Dudley Shapere (1977). What Can the Theory of Knowledge Learn From the History of Knowledge? The Monist 60 (4):488-508.
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  24. Dudley Shapere (1976). The Influence of Knowledge on the Description of Facts. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:281 - 298.
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  25. Dudley Shapere (1974). Galileo: A Philosophical Study. University of Chicago Press.
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  26. Dudley Shapere (1974). Natural Science and the Future of Metaphysics. In. In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences. Boston,Reidel. 161--171.
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  27. Dudley Shapere (1974). 12. On the Relations Between Compositional and Evolutionary Theories. In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. 187.
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  28. Dudley Shapere (1972). Discovery, Rationality, and Progress in Science: A Perspective in the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:407 - 419.
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  29. Ernst Mayr, Ernest Nagel, Dudley Shapere, Everett Mendelsohn & John Platt (1969). Commentary: Part I. Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):123 - 147.
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  30. Everett Mendelsohn, Dudley Shapere & Garland E. Allen (1969). Editors' Foreword. Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):v-vi.
  31. Dudley Shapere (1969). Biology and the Unity of Science. Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):3 - 18.
  32. Dudley Shapere (1967). Newton, Isaac in Paul Edwards. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan. 489--491.
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  33. Dudley Shapere (1966). Meaning and Scientific Change. In R. Colodny (ed.), Mind and Cosmos: Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy. University of Pittsburgh Press. 41--85.
  34. Dudley Shapere (1966). Plausibility and Justification in the Development of Science. Journal of Philosophy 63 (20):611-621.
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  35. Dudley Shapere (1965). Philosophical Problems of Natural Science. New York, Macmillan.
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  36. Dudley Shapere (1964). The Causal Efficacy of Space. Philosophy of Science 31 (2):111-121.
    Through an analysis of conditions under which the question of spatial anisotropy can be raised, the present paper brings out intimate conceptual relationships between the scientific concept of space and the concepts of entities, behavior, and explanation specified by scientific theories. Thus scientific departures from ordinary usage (or from usage in other scientific theories) of the term "space" entail corresponding shifts in the use of other terms not generally seen to be connected. As a case study of the relations between (...)
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  37. Dudley Shapere (1964). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Philosophical Review 73 (3):383-394.
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  38. Dudley Shapere (1962). Book Review:Classics in Science: A Course of Selected Readings by Authorities. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 29 (3):326-.
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  39. Dudley Shapere (1962). Book Review:The Scientific Methodology of Theodoric of Freiberg William A. Wallace. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 29 (1):101-.
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  40. Dudley Shapere (1960). Book Review:History and Philosophy of Science L. W. H. Hull. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 27 (2):218-.
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  41. Dudley Shapere (1960). Mathematical Ideals and Metaphysical Concepts. Philosophical Review 69 (3):376-385.
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  42. Dudley Shapere (1960). Philosophy and the Analysis of Language. Inquiry 3 (1-4):29 – 48.
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