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  1. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe & Erik Steen Kristensen (2003). Toward a Systemic Ethic. Environmental Ethics 25 (1):59-78.
    There are many different meanings of sustainability and precaution and no evident connection between the new normative concepts and the traditional moral theories. We seek an ethical basis for sustainability and precaution—a common framework that can serve as a means of resolving the conceptual ambiguities of the new normative concepts and the conflicts between new and traditional moralconcepts and theories. We employ a systemic approach to analyze the past and possible future extension of ethics and establish an inclusive framework of (...)
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  2. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe & Erik Steen Kristensen (2003). Toward a Systemic Ethic: In Search of the Ethical Basis for Sustainability and Precaution. Environmental Ethics 25 (1):59-78.
    There are many different meanings of sustainability and precaution and noevident connection between the new normative concepts and the traditional moraltheories. We seek an ethical basis for sustainability and precaution—a commonframework that can serve as a means of resolving the conceptual ambiguities ofthe new normative concepts and the conflicts between new and traditional moralconcepts and theories. We employ a systemic approach to analyze the past andpossible future extension of ethics and establish an inclusive framework of ethicalextension. This framework forms the (...)
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  3. Erik Steen Kristensen (2003). Toward a Systemic Ethic. Environmental Ethics 25 (1):59-78.
    There are many different meanings of sustainability and precaution and no evident connection between the new normative concepts and the traditional moral theories. We seek an ethical basis for sustainability and precaution—a common framework that can serve as a means of resolving the conceptual ambiguities of the new normative concepts and the conflicts between new and traditional moralconcepts and theories. We employ a systemic approach to analyze the past and possible future extension of ethics and establish an inclusive framework of (...)
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  4. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe & Erik Steen Kristensen (2002). Towards a Systemic Research Methodology in Agriculture: Rethinking the Role of Values in Science. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 19 (1):3-23.
    The recent drastic developmentof agriculture, together with the growingsocietal interest in agricultural practices andtheir consequences, pose a challenge toagricultural science. There is a need forrethinking the general methodology ofagricultural research. This paper takes somesteps towards developing a systemic researchmethodology that can meet this challenge – ageneral self-reflexive methodology that forms abasis for doing holistic or (with a betterterm) wholeness-oriented research and providesappropriate criteria of scientific quality.From a philosophy of research perspective,science is seen as an interactive learningprocess with both a cognitive (...)
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  5. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe, Mette Vaarst & Erik Steen Kristensen (2001). Does Organic Farming Face Distinctive Livestock Welfare Issues? – A Conceptual Analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (3):275-299.
    The recent development and growth oforganic livestock farming and the relateddevelopment of national and internationalregulations has fueled discussions amongscientists and philosophers concerning theproper conceptualization of animal welfare.These discussions on livestock welfare inorganic farming draw on the conventionaldiscussions and disputes on animal welfare thatinvolve issues such as different definitions ofwelfare (clinical health, absence of suffering,sum of positive and negative experiences,etc.), the possibility for objective measuresof animal welfare, and the acceptable level ofwelfare. It seems clear that livestock welfareis a value-laden concept and (...)
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  6. A. H. Fjelsted, M. Vaarst & E. Steen Kristensen (2001). Does Organic Farming Face Distinctive Livestock Welfare Issues. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14:275-299.
     
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  7. M. Vaarst, L. Alban, L. Mogensen, Stig Milan Thamsborg & E. S. Kristensen (2001). Animal Health and Welfare During Conversion to Organic Dairy Production: Problems, Priorities and Perspectives. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14:367-390.
     
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  8. Mette Vaarst, Lis Alban, Lisbeth Mogensen, Stig Milan & Erik Steen Kristensen (2001). Health and Welfare in Danish Dairy Cattle in the Transition to Organic Production: Problems, Priorities and Perspectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (4):367-390.
    During the past few years,organic dairy farming has grown dramatically inDenmark. Consequently, an increasing number ofpeople are encountering this method ofproduction for the first time. Amongst these,many veterinarians have suddenly had to dealwith organic herds in their home district, and,meeting examples of poor animal welfare, theyhave recently started to express some concerns.
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  9. N. Halberg, E. Steen Kristensen & I. Sillebak Kristensen (1995). Nitrogen Turnover on Organic and Conventional Mixed Farms. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (1):30-51.
    Separate focus on crop fertilization or feeding practices inadequately describes nitrogen (N) loss from mixed dairy farms because of (1) interaction between animal and crop production and between the production system and the manager, and (2) uncertainties of herd N production and crop N utilization. Therefore a systems approach was used to study N turnover and N efficiency on 16 conventional and 14 organic private Danish farms with mixed animal (dairy) and crop production. There were significant differences in N surplus (...)
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  10. I. Kollemorten, C. Strandberg, B. M. Thomsen, O. Wiberg, T. Windfeld-Schmidt, V. Binder, L. Elsborg, C. Hendriksen, E. Kristensen, J. R. Madsen, M. K. Rasmussen, L. Willumsen, H. R. Wulff & P. Riis (1981). Ethical Aspects of Clinical Decision-Making. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (2):67-69.
    The aim of the present investigation was to describe and to classify significant ethical problems encountered by the members of the staff during the daily clinical work at a hospital medical department. A set of definitions was prepared for the purpose, including the definition of a 'significant ethical problem'. During a three month period 426 inpatients and 173 outpatients were admitted. Significant ethical problems were encountered during the management of 106 in-patients (25 per cent) and 9 out-patients (5 per cent). (...)
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